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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10684.
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Appendix D List of Acronyms


AES

Auger electron spectroscopy

AFCI

Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative

ANSTO

Australian National Science and Technology Organization


BNFL

British Nuclear Fuels, Limited


DOE

Department of Energy

DNFSB

Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board

DU

depleted uranium

DUF6

depleted uranium hexafluoride

DWPF

Defense Waste Processing Facility


EM

DOE Office of Environmental Management

EMSP

Environmental Management Science Program

ERSD

DOE Environmental Remediation Sciences Division


HEU

highly enriched uranium

HF

hydrogen fluoride

HLW

high-level waste


IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICRP

International Commission on Radiological Protection

INEEL

Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory


LEU

low-enriched uranium

LWR

light water reactor

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10684.
×

MFFF

MOX fuel fabrication facility

MOX

mixed oxide fuel

MPC&A

material protection, control and accounting

MTHM

metric tons of heavy metal


NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NDA

nondestructive analysis

NNSA

National Nuclear Security Administration

NRC

National Research Council

NZP

sodium zirconium phosphate


ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory


RFETS

Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site, Colorado

ROO

DOE Richland Operations Office, Washington


SNF

spent nuclear fuel

SROO

DOE Savannah River Operations Office, South Carolina

SRS

Savannah River Site

SS

stainless steel


TRU

transuranic


USEC

U.S. Enrichment Corporation

USNRC

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission


WAC

waste acceptance criteria

WESF

Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPP

Waste Isolation Pilot Plant

WSRC

Westinghouse Savannah River Company

WAPS

waste acceptance product specification


XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10684.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2003. Improving the Scientific Basis for Managing DOE's Excess Nuclear Materials and Spent Nuclear Fuel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10684.
×
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The production of nuclear materials for the national defense was an intense, nationwide effort that began with the Manhattan Project and continued throughout the Cold War. Now many of these product materials, by-products, and precursors, such as irradiated nuclear fuels and targets, have been declared as excess by the Department of Energy (DOE). Most of this excess inventory has been, or will be, turned over to DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM), which is responsible for cleaning up the former production sites. Recognizing the scientific and technical challenges facing EM, Congress in 1995 established the EM Science Program (EMSP) to develop and fund directed, long-term research that could substantially enhance the knowledge base available for new cleanup technologies and decision making.

The EMSP has previously asked the National Academies' National Research Council for advice for developing research agendas in subsurface contamination, facility deactivation and decommissioning, high-level waste, and mixed and transuranic waste. For this study the committee was tasked to provide recommendations for a research agenda to improve the scientific basis for DOE's management of its high-cost, high-volume, or high-risk excess nuclear materials and spent nuclear fuels. To address its task, the committee focused its attention on DOE's excess plutonium-239, spent nuclear fuels, cesium-137 and strontium-90 capsules, depleted uranium, and higher actinide isotopes.

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