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Acronyms ARND BPF CARE CBDMP CBR CEUs CF CHD CID CMV CNS CRS CRU CVS DALY DDH DNA ECLAMC alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder Bangladesh Protibondhi Foundation Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere Chinese Birth Defects Monitoring Program community-based rehabilitation clinical epidemiology units cystic fibrosis congenital heart disease generalized cytomegalic inclusion disease congenital cytomegalovirus central nervous system congenital rubella syndrome children's rehabilitation unit chorionic villus sampling disability-adjusted life years developmental dysplasia of the hip deoxyribonucleic acid Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EUROCAT European Register of Congenital Abnormalities and Twins FAS fetal alcohol syndrome G6PD - - - - - - Hb glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenas hemoglobin 239 e
240 REDUCING THE IMPACT OF BIRTH DEFECTS HbS sickle cell hemoglobin HbSC hemoglobin C HbSE hemoglobin E HbSS sickle cell anemia hCG human chorionic gonadotropin HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome HSV herpes simplex virus HSV-1 herpes simplex virus type 1 HSV-2 herpes simplex virus type 2 ICBDMS International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Monitoring System IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus IDDs iodine deficiency disorders IEF isoelectric focusing IgM immunoglobulin M INCLEN International Clinical Epidemiology Network IOM Institute of Medicine IQ intelligence quotient KFMI Korean Federation of Medical Insurance MCH maternal and child health MMR measles-mumps-rubella NGOs nongovernmental organizations NTD neural tube defect O-B Ortolani-Bariow PATH Program for Appropriate Technology in Health PCR polymerase chain reaction PDA patent ductus arteriosus PKU phenylketonuria PS pulmonary stenosis RA 27/3 rubella vaccine RBC red blood ce! SCD sickle cell disease SPF sun protection factor STDs sexually transmitted diseases STI sexually transmitted infections TDR Research and Training in Tropical Diseases UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization VSD ventricular septal defect WHO WorId Health Organization