National Academies Press: OpenBook

Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation (2005)

Chapter:Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms

« Previous: Appendix A: Tables on Contaminants at Army and Other Facilities
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×

Appendix B
Abbreviations and Acronyms


AAP

Army ammunition plant

AD

Army depot

AFB

Air Force Base

ARAR

Applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements

AS/SVE

Air sparging with soil vapor extraction

AST

Aboveground storage tank


BRAC

Base realignment and closure

BTEX

Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene


CERCLA

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

CMC

Critical micelle concentration

CPT

Cone penetrometer

CT

Carbon tetrachloride

CTE

Central tendency exposure

CVOC

Chlorinated volatile organic compound


DCA

Dichloroethane

DCE

Dichloroethene

DERP

Defense Environmental Restoration Program

DMPL

Dense miscible phase liquids

DNAPL

Dense nonaqueous phase liquids

DNT

2,4-dinitrotoluene

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×

DoD U.S.

Department of Defense

DOE U.S.

Department of Energy

DPT

Drive point screening

DWEL

Drinking water equivalent level


ERH

Electrical resistance heating

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency


FLUTe

Flexible Liner Underground Technologies Everting


GPR

Ground-penetrating radar

GW

Groundwater


HC

Hydrocarbon

HMX

High Melt Explosive or Her Majesty’s Explosive; octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine

HRS

Hazard ranking system

HVOC

Halogenated volatile organic compound


ISCO

In situ chemical oxidation

ISTD

In situ thermal desorption


LNAPL

Light nonaqueous phase liquids


MCB

Marine Corps Base

MCL

Maximum contaminant level

MCLG

Maximum contaminant level goal

MIP

Membrane interface probe

MNA

Monitored natural attenuation

MNT

Mononitrotoluene

MTBE

Methyltertbutylether


NAPL

Nonaqueous phase liquid

NAS

Naval Air Station

NCP

National Contingency Plan

NFESC

Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center

NPL

National Priorities List

NRC

National Research Council

NRD

Natural resource damage


OU

Operational unit

O&M

Operation and maintenance

OMM

Operations, maintenance, and monitoring

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×

PAH

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyl

PCE

Perchloroethylene

PITT

Partitioning interwell tracer test

PRP

Potentially responsible parties

P&T

Pump-and-treat


RAGS

Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund

RCRA

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

R&D

Research and development

RDX

Royal Demolition Explosive/Research Demolition Explosive or hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine

RD/RA

Remedial design/remedial action

RIP

Remedy in place

RI/FS

Remedial investigation/feasibility study

ROD

Record of decision

RPM

Remedial project manager

RME

Reasonable maximum exposure


SARA

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

SCM

Site conceptual model

SEAR

Surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation

SERDP

Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program

SVE

Soil vapor extraction

SVOC

Semivolatile organic compound


TCA

Trichloroethane

TCE

Trichloroethylene

TI

Technical impracticability

TNB

1,3,5-trinitrobenzene

TNT

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene

TSDF

Treatment, storage, and disposal facilities

TSCA

Toxic Substances Control Act


UCL

Upper confidence limit

USACE

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

UST

Underground storage tank

UXO

Unexploded ordnance


VC

Vinyl chloride

VOC

Volatile organic compound


ZVI

Zero valent iron

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×
Page349
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×
Page350
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Abbreviations and Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11146.
×
Page351
Next: Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and NRC Staff »
Contaminants in the Subsurface: Source Zone Assessment and Remediation Get This Book
×
Buy Hardback | $77.00 Buy Ebook | $59.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

At hundreds of thousands of commercial, industrial, and military sites across the country, subsurface materials including groundwater are contaminated with chemical waste. The last decade has seen growing interest in using aggressive source remediation technologies to remove contaminants from the subsurface, but there is limited understanding of (1) the effectiveness of these technologies and (2) the overall effect of mass removal on groundwater quality. This report reviews the suite of technologies available for source remediation and their ability to reach a variety of cleanup goals, from meeting regulatory standards for groundwater to reducing costs. The report proposes elements of a protocol for accomplishing source remediation that should enable project managers to decide whether and how to pursue source remediation at their sites.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!