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Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85 (2004)

Chapter:Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
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Biographical Memoirs


NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
×

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Biographical Memoirs

VOLUME 85

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
×

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970.

Any opinions expressed in this memoir are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Academy of Sciences.

INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-09183-7 (BOOK)

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COPYRIGHT 2004 BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
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CONTENTS

 

 

PREFACE

 

vii

 

 

D. BERNARD. AMOS
BY EDMOND J. YUNIS

 

3

 

 

PETER MICHAEL BLAU
BY W. RICHARD SCOTT AND CRAIG CALHOUN

 

21

 

 

SALOMON BOCHNER
BY ANTHONY W. KNAPP

 

41

 

 

C. CHAPIN CUTLER
BY PING KING TIEN

 

63

 

 

JOHN RAVEN JOHNSON
BY CHARLES F. WILCOX, JERROLD MEINWALD, AND KEITH R. JOHNSON

 

87

 

 

ELVIN A. KABAT
BY ROSE G. MAGE AND TEN FEIZI

 

99

 

 

BERWIND PETERSEN KAUFMANN
BY EDWARD B. LEWIS

 

125

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
×

 

 

ROBERT ALFRED LAUDISE
BY DONALD MURPHY

 

137

 

 

BOYCE DAWKINS McDANIEL
BY ALBERT SILVERMAN AND PETER STEIN

 

151

 

 

WILLIAM DAVID McELROY
BY J. WOODLAND HASTINGS

 

165

 

 

EDWIN THEODORE MERTZ
BY JOHN E. HALVER

 

185

 

 

WILLIAM AARON NIERENBERG
BY CHARLES F. KENNEL, RICHARD S. LINDZEN, AND WALTER MUNK

 

197

 

 

CHAIM LEIB PEKERIS
BY FREEMAN GILBERT

 

217

 

 

JOHN ROBINSON PIERCE
BY EDWARD E. DAVID, JR., MAX V. MATHEWS, AND A. MICHAEL NOLL

 

233

 

 

JOHN H. REYNOLDS
BY P. BUFORD PRICE

 

249

 

 

LOUIS BYRNE SLICHTER
BY LEON KNOPOFF AND CHARLES P. SLICHTER

 

269

 

 

GEORGE LEDYARD STEBBINS
BY VASSILIKI BETTY SMOCOVITIS AND FRANCISCO J. AYALA

 

291

 

 

LEWIS THOMAS
BY GERALD WEISSMANN

 

315

 

 

ALBERT EDWARD WHITFORD
BY DONALD E. OSTERBROCK

 

337

 

 

WALTER HENRY ZINN
BY ALVIN M. WEINBERG

 

365

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
×

PREFACE

On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy’s goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good.

The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject’s work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation’s contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world.

R. STEPHEN BERRY

Home Secretary

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academy of Sciences. 2004. Biographical Memoirs: Volume 85. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11172.
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Biographic Memoirs Volume 85 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.

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