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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

References

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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

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Ebersole, R.S. 2001. The New Zoo. Audubon Society. Available online at http://magazine.audubon.org/features0111/newzoo.html.


Fowler, M. 1993. Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine 3:547-549.


Gibis, B., J. Artiles, P. Corabian, K. Meiesaar, A. Koppel, P. Jacobs, P. Serrano, and D. Menon. 2001. Application of strengths, weakneses, opportunities and threats analysis in the development of a health technology assessment program. Health Policy 58:27-35.

Godet, M. 2000. The art of scenarios and strategic planning: tools and pitfalls. Technical Forecasting and Social Change 65:3-22.

Goldstein, I.L., and J. K. Ford. 2002. Training in Organizations. 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Goodrowe, K. L. 2003. Programs for Invasive Research in North American Zoos and Aquariums. ILAR Journal 44: 317-323.

Gummer, B. 1997. Heads it’s yes, tails it’s no: current perspectives on strategic decision making. Administration in Social Work 21:73-90.


Hancocks, D. 2001. A Different Nature: the Paradoxical world of Zoos and their uncertain future. Berkeley: University of California Press.

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IZS (Indianapolis Zoological Society). 2004. Core Training Components Indianapolis Zoo Collections Staff.


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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

Kirkwood, J.K. 2003. Welfare, husbandry and veterinary care of wild animals in captivity: changes in attitudes, progress in knowledge and techniques. Int. Zoo Yearbook 38:124-130.

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Maple, T.L. 2003. Strategic collection planning and individual animal welfare. JAVMA 223:966-969.

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Noe, R. A., J.A. Colquitt, M.J. Simmering, and S.A. Alvarez. 2003. Knowledge management: Developing intellectual and social capital. In: Managing knowledge for sustained competitive advantage. S. E. Jackson, M. A. Hitt, and A. S. DeNisi (eds), San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

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NRC (National Research Council). 2003c. Occupational Health and Safety in the Care and Use of Nonhuman Primates. Washington, D.C. National Academies Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 2004a. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Interim Report. Washington, D.C. National Academies Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 2004b. Nutrient Requirements of Dogs and Cats. Washington, D.C. National Academies Press.

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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

Shepherdson, D.J. 2003. Environmental enrichment: past, present and future. Int. Zoo Yearbook 38:118-123.

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Tsai, W., and S. Ghoshal. 1998. Social capital and value creation: The role of intrafirm networks. Academy of Management Journal 41:464-476.


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Zohar, D. 2002. Modifying supervisory practices to improve subunit safety: A leadership-based intervention model. Journal of Applied Psychology 87:156-163.

National Zoological Park Documents

NZP, Animal Collection Plan, 2004

NZP, Animal Health Patient Records, Accession #106006

NZP, Anonymous memo to Marcellini, October 27, 1994

NZP, AZA Accreditation Progress Report, 2004

NZP, Best Practices Manual, 2003

NZP, Budget Overview, August 12, 2004

NZP, Chemical Approval Form, September 24, 2003

NZP, CRC Preventive Medicine Protocol, 2004

NZP, CRC Veterinary Clinician’s Pathology Questionnaire, Accession #113296

NZP, Curatorial Daily Report from Hoofstock, November 1999-January 2000

NZP, DAH 4-year Staffing Chart (1997-2000)

NZP, DAH 4-year Staffing Chart (2001-2004)

NZP, DAH Procedures on Nutrition and Commissary Operating Protocols, September 15, 2003

NZP, Department of Animal Programs - Best Practices, 2003

NZP, Derrickson memo, June 20, 1994

NZP, Enrichment and Training Programs at the National Zoo, May 3, 2004

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

NZP, FTE Use, August 9, 2004

NZP, FY 01 Training, October 16, 2003

NZP, FY 02 Training, October 16, 2003

NZP, Great Ape Exams, undated

NZP, Marcellini memo, November 16, 1994

NZP, Megavertebrate Pathology Log 1999-2003, March 2004

NZP, memo to CRC keeper, February 9, 2001

NZP, memo to CRC keeper, March 29, 2000a

NZP, memo to CRC keeper, Marcy 29, 2000b

NZP, memo to CRC Union Steward, May 25, 2000

NZP, memo to Deputy Director, December 7, 2000

NZP, Murphy memo, July 25, 2001

NZP, NAS Action Plan Performance, July 2004

NZP, NAS Action Plan, April 13, 2004

NZP, NAS Action Plan, December 2004

NZP, NAS Action Plan, February 13, 2004

NZP, NAS Action Plan, May 3, 2004

NZP, Nichols and Stevens memo, undated

NZP, NZP-CRC Rodent Control Protocol, April 16, 2004

NZP, Office of Animal Programs Daily Report, Accession #110332

NZP, Organizational Chart for Department of Animal Programs, 2003

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110332

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #207549

NZP, Performance Plan, Assistant Curator

NZP, Preventative Health Program, March 2004

NZP, Preventive Health Schedule, March 2004

NZP, Preventive Health Schedule, May 3, 2004

NZP, Preventive Medicine Schedule, 1998

NZP, Response to Interim Report, March 17, 2004

NZP, Response to the NAS committee on requested items, Aprl 12, 2004

NZP, Response to the NAS committee on requested items, May 14, 2004

NZP, Response to the NAS committee on requested items, May 5, 2004

NZP, Responses to NAS on Nutrition Requests, May 12, 2004

NZP, Roberts memo, April 27, 2004

NZP, Roberts memo, May 12, 2004

NZP, Robinson memo, April 13, 1993

NZP, Robinson memo, March 18, 1993

NZP, Schoop Report to the Smithsonian Institution Office of Government Relations, May 4, 2004

NZP, Small Mammal House/Propagation Primates, undated

NZP, Spelman letter, February 13

NZP, Spelman Letter, March 17, 2004

NZP, Staff Gain/Loss Statement 1993-2003, September 24, 2003

NZP, Status of Aves Inventory, December 2003

NZP, Status of Mammalia Inventory, December 2003

NZP, Status of the Collection Reports, 1993-2002

NZP, Strategic Plan, May 28, 2004

NZP, Submission of Animal Diets, January 8, 2004

NZP, Tanner memo, December 6, 2004

NZP, Tanner memo, July 19, 2004

NZP, Tanner memo, June 2004

NZP, Tanner memo, May 14, 2004

NZP, Tanner memo, November 10, 2003

NZP, Viner memo, April 29, 2004

Request for Specimen Euthanasia

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #100797

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #102584

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #104710

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #105170

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #111021

NZP, Request for Specimen Euthanasia, Accession #113355

Pathology Reports

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #100357

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #100797

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #101108

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #102584

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #102590

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #103175

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #104081

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #104111

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #104161

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #104834

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #105170

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #105791

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #105802

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #106006

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #106318

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #10654

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #106649

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #107566

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #107851

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #107973

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #108300

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #108300

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #108413

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #109080

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110177

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110565

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110612

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110627

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110719

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110842

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #110963

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #111021

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #111967

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #113194

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #113296

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #113355

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #113393

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #113442

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #214083

NZP, Pathology Report, Accession #29218

Keeper’s Log Report

NZP, Keepers Log, Accession #113417

NZP, Keepers Log, Accession #113392

Medical Records

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #100357

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #100797

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #101108

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #10170

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #102584

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #102590

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #103175

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #104081

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #104111

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #104161

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #104834

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #105791

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #105802

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #106054

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #106098

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #106318

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #106318

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #106649

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #107566

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #107566

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #107662

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #107851

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #107973

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #108300

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #108413

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #108778

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #109080

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #109698

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110177

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110332

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110565

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110719

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110719

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110842

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #110930

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #111021

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #111413

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #113220

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #113355

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #113393

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #207549

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #214083

NZP, Medical Record, Accession #29218

Specimen Records

NZP, Specimen Record, Accession #106006

NZP, Specimen Record, Accession #106054

NZP, Specimen Record, Accession #108300

NZP, Specimen Record, Accession #109698

NZP, Specimen Record, Accession #110719

Diet Specification and Diet Change Request Form

NZP, Diet Specification and Diet Change Request Form, Accession #106318

Animal Diets

NZP, Animal Diet, Accession #103874

NZP, Animal Diet, Accession #113866

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
×

Clinical Laboratory Rerports

NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-1949

NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-2050

NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-2133

NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-2178

NZP, Clinical Laboratory Report, Clinical Lab No. 2000-2194

General Memoranda

NZP, General Memorandum No. 100, August 9, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 11, August 8, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 11, August 8, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 125, September, 24, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 500, August 8, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 500, August 8, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 500, August 9, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 506, August 8, 2003

NZP, General Memorandum No. 105, August 8, 2003

Smithsonian Institution Documents

Smithsonian Institution, Evans letter to Potkay, April 30, 2004

Smithsonian Institution, Evans letter to Potkay, April 5, 2004

Smithsonian Institution, Evans letter to Potkay, March 31, 2004

Smithsonian Institution, Federal Business Opportunities Announcement for Master Planning Support, May 13, 2004

Smithsonian Institution, Foss memo, August 17, 1993

Smithsonian Institution, Foss memo, February 27, 2003

Smithsonian Institution, Foss memo, June 27, 2003

Smithsonian Institution, Memorandum of Understanding between Smithsonian Institution and the United States

Smithsonian Institution, Steiner memo; July 23, 1993

Smithsonian Institution, Vacancy Announcement, 04SP-1198

Smithsonian Institution, Vacancy Announcement, 04SP-1371

Other Documents

AZA, Healy letter, June 2, 2003

Dallas Zoo, Department of Herpetology Manual

Nichols letter to the authors, November 11, 2003

USDA, USDA Inspection Report, September 9, 2004

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2005. Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo: Final Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11212.
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This report follows up on an interim report released in February 2004 that focused on immediate needs in the areas of animal care and management, recordkeeping, and pest control. The report finds that the zoo has made good-faith efforts to correct deficiencies noted in the interim report and has made some noticeable improvements in the past year in zoo operations and animal care. However, problems in areas such as staff training, workplace culture, and strategic planning still need to be addressed. Specifically, the report recommends that the zoo immediately develop and implement animal-care training programs to ensure that people who are directly responsible for the well-being of its animal collection are adequately prepared and competent. The report commends a zoo-initiated strategic planning process as a positive step, but recommends it contain a more detailed, comprehensive strategy of how it will meet short-term goals and that it should link plans to upgrade facilities with those to acquire animals. The zoo should also focus on improving communication among keepers, veterinarians, nutritionists, senior managers, and curators.

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