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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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PRIORITIES FOR GEOINT RESEARCH AT THE NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

Committee on Basic and Applied Research Priorities in Geospatial Science for the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

Mapping Science Committee

Board on Earth Sciences and Resources

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS ,
500 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Grant No.HM1582-04-1-2020. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number 0-309-10149-2

Additional copies of this report are available from the
National Academies Press,
500 Fifth Street, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); Internet, http://www.nap.edu.

Cover: Upper left: Air Force personnel using a global positioning system handheld unit for mapping. Courtesy of the U.S. Air Force. Upper right: Courtesy of NASA. Lower left: Courtesy of Getty Images. Lower right: Army personnel flying an unmanned aerial vehicle. Courtesy of the U.S. Army.

Cover designed by Michele de la Menardiere

Copyright 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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COMMITTEE ON BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH PRIORITIES IN GEOSPATIAL SCIENCE FOR THE NATIONAL GEOSPATIAL-INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

KEITH C. CLARKE, Chair,

University of California, Santa Barbara

MARC P. ARMSTRONG,

The University of Iowa, Iowa City

BUDHENDRA L. BHADURI,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

BARBARA P. BUTTENFIELD,

University of Colorado, Boulder

MARK N. GAHEGAN,

Pennsylvania State University, University Park

MICHAEL J. JACKSON,

University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

SHASHI SHEKHAR,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

CHRISTOPHER TUCKER,

Ionic Enterprise, Alexandria, Virginia

National Research Council Staff

PAUL CUTLER, Study Director (until January 2005)

ANN FRAZIER, Study Director (starting January 2005)

VERNA J. BOWEN, Administrative Associate

AMANDA M. ROBERTS, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
×

MAPPING SCIENCE COMMITTEE

KEITH C. CLARKE, Chair,

University of California, Santa Barbara

ISABEL F. CRUZ,

The University of Illinois at Chicago

ROBERT P. DENARO,

NAVTEQ Corporation, Chicago, Illinois

SHOREH ELHAMI,

Delaware County Auditor’s Office, Delaware, Ohio

DAVID R. FLETCHER,

Geographic Paradigm Computing, Albuquerque, New Mexico

JIM GERINGER,

ESRI, Inc., Wheatland, Wyoming

JOHN R. JENSEN,

University of South Carolina, Columbia

NINA S.N. LAM,

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge

MARY L. LARSGAARD,

University of California, Santa Barbara

DAVID R. MAIDMENT,

University of Texas at Austin

ROBERT B. MCMASTER,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

SHASHI SHEKHAR,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

NANCY TOSTA,

Ross & Associates Environmental Consulting, Ltd., Seattle, Washington

EUGENE TROBIA,

Arizona State Land Department, Phoenix

National Research Council Staff

ANN FRAZIER, Program Officer

VERNA J. BOWEN, Administrative Associate

AMANDA M. ROBERTS, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES

GEORGE M. HORNBERGER, Chair,

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

M. LEE ALLISON,

Arizona Geological Survey, Tucson

STEVEN R. BOHLEN,

Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Washington, D.C.

DAVID COWEN,

University of South Carolina, Columbia

KATHERINE H. FREEMAN,

Pennsylvania State University, University Park

RHEA L. GRAHAM,

New Mexico Interstate Stream Commission, Albuquerque

ROBYN HANNIGAN,

Arkansas State University, Jonesboro

V. RAMA MURTHY,

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

RAYMOND A. PRICE,

Queen’s University, Ontario, Canada

BARBARA A. ROMANOWICZ,

University of California, Berkeley

JOAQUIN RUIZ,

University of Arizona, Tucson

MARK SCHAEFER,

Global Environment and Technology Foundation, Arlington, Virginia

RUSSELL STANDS-OVER-BULL,

BP American Production Company, Houston, Texas

BILLIE L. TURNER II,

Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts

STEPHEN G. WELLS,

Desert Research Institute, Reno, Nevada

THOMAS J. WILBANKS,

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

National Research Council Staff

ANTHONY R. DE SOUZA, Director

ELIZABETH EIDE, Senior Program Officer

DAVID A. FEARY, Senior Program Officer

ANNE M. LINN, Senior Program Officer

ANN FRAZIER, Program Officer

SAMMANTHA MAGSINO, Program Officer

RONALD F. ABLER, Senior Scholar

CAETLIN OFIESH, Research Assistant

JENNIFER T. ESTEP, Administrative Associate

VERNA J. BOWEN, Administrative Assistant

JARED ENO, Program Assistant

AMANDA M. ROBERTS, Senior Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Roberta Balstad, Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network, Palisades, New York

Kate Beard-Tisdale, University of Maine, Orono

William B. Gail, Vexcel Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

Roger L. King, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State

Werner Kuhn, University of Muenster, Muenster, Germany

David M. Mark, State University of New York, Buffalo

Harvey J. Miller, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

Mark E. Reichardt, Open Geospatial Consortium, Herndon, Virginia

Carl J. Stuerkerjuergen, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by David L. Skole, Michigan State University, East Lansing, and Robert J. Hermann, Global Technology Partners, LLC, Hartford, Connecticut. Appointed by the National Research Council they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2006. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11601.
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