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Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu (2006)

Chapter:Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
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D
Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

JOHN C. BAILAR III, M.D., Ph.D. (Co-Chair), is professor emeritus of the University of Chicago and has been a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) since 1993. His primary areas of expertise are epidemiology and biostatistics. More specifically he has interests that include risk assessment, especially of chemical hazards and air pollutants; biostatistics and epidemiology, especially as related to cancer; misconduct in science; combining research results; and Persian Gulf syndrome. Dr. Bailar has chaired six National Research Council (NRC) studies and has been a member of many more. He is also currently a member of the Report Review Committee.


DONALD S. BURKE, M.D. (Co-Chair), is professor of international health and epidemiology at The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he has been for nine years. Previously he served 23 years on active duty at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, including 6 years at the Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences in Bangkok, Thailand. His research focuses on the epidemiology and prevention of human epidemic virus diseases, including dengue, HIV/ AIDS, and influenza. He previously chaired the NRC Committee on Climate, Ecology, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health and currently serves as a board member on the IOM Medical Follow-up Agency. Later this year he will begin service as dean of the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
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LISA M. BROSSEAU, Sc.D., is an associate professor in the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. She received her Sc.D. in environmental health sciences, industrial hygiene, from Harvard University. Her research interests include performance of respiratory protection devices, aerosol measurement, filtration, and health and safety interventions in small businesses.


HOWARD J. COHEN, Ph.D., M.P.H., C.I.H., is a professor and coordinator of undergraduate programs in Occupational Safety and Health at the University of New Haven. He formerly was the manager of industrial hygiene at the Olin Corporation and editor in chief of the American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. He is a graduate of Boston University, where he received a B.A. in biology. Dr. Cohen received his master’s of public health and Ph.D. degrees in industrial health from the University of Michigan. He is certified in the comprehensive practice of industrial hygiene (C.I.H.) by the American Board of Industrial Hygiene. Dr. Cohen is chair of the ANSI Z88.2 committee on respiratory protection and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. He is the past chair of the American Industrial Hygiene Association’s Committee on Respiratory Protection, a past president of the Connecticut River Valley Chapter of the American Industrial Hygiene Association, and a past officer and treasurer of the American Board of Industrial Hygiene.


E. JOHN GALLAGHER, M.D., is university chair in the Department of Emergency Medicine and a professor of emergency medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1972. His research interests include out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, acute pain measurement and management, bedside clinical problem solving, and diagnostic testing strategies. His health policy interests include clinical guideline development and provision of safety-net healthcare to minorities, the uninsured, and other medically underserved inner-city populations.


KATHLEEN F. GENSHEIMER, M.D., M.P.H., is the state epidemiologist for the Maine Center for Disease Control, Department of Health and Human Services. As state epidemiologist, she is responsibile for providing medical and epidemiological guidance and consultation to the Maine CDC’s leadership team, medical professionals, diagnostic laboratories, veterinarians, and other state-level professional, official, and voluntary health

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×

organizations involved in the control of infectious diseases. This position responds to requests for medical epidemiology assistance within the state of Maine and throughout the northeastern United States as well as nationally, directing and/or coordinating special epidemiological surveys and studies, conducting outbreak investigations, providing input on public health policy and leading bioemergency and bioterrorism preparedness efforts. Dr. Gensheimer has been active in several national professional organizations in which she has assumed leadership positions. Special areas of interest include food-borne disease, influenza, tuberculosis, and emerging infections.


ALAN L. HACK, M.I.S., C.I.H., C.S.P., is retired from the Los Alamos National Laboratory. He is certified in the comprehensive practice of industrial hygiene (C.I.H.) and is a certified safety professional (C.S.P.). He has a masters’ degree in industrial safety, which he received in 1967 from New York University. He has extensive experience with facial measurements and respirator fit-testing. Mr. Hack is currently working as a consultant. He is a member of the ANSI Committee on Respiratory Protection and the American Industrial Hygiene Association respiratory protection committee.


SUNDARESAN JAYARAMAN, Ph.D., is a professor in the School of Polymer, Textile and Fiber Engineering and in the College of Management at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta. He and his research students have made significant contributions in the following areas: (a) enterprise architecture and modeling methodologies for information systems; (b) engineering design of intelligent textile structures and processes, including the development of the world’s first wearable motherboard or smart shirt; and (c) design and development of knowledge-based systems for textiles and apparel. He received his Ph.D. degree from North Carolina State University in 1984 and the M.Tech and B.Tech degrees from the University of Madras, India, in 1978 and 1976, respectively. He was involved in the design and development of TK!Solver, the first equation-solving program from Software Arts, Inc. in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Dr. Jayaraman worked as a product manager at Software Arts, Inc., and at Lotus Development Corporation in Cambridge, before joining Georgia Tech in fall 1985. Professor Jayaraman is a recipient of the 1989 Presidential Young Investiga-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×

tor Award from the National Science Foundation for his research in the area of computer-aided manufacturing and enterprise architecture.


FRANK E. KARASZ, Sc.D., Ph.D., is the Silvio O. Conte distinguished professor in the Department of Polymer Science and Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He received his Sc.D. in macromolecular science from the University of London in 1972 and his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of Washington in 1958. Dr. Karasz’s primary area of interest lies in the physical chemistry of polymers (macromolecules) in the solution, solid, and melt states. For some years he has been studying the properties of multicomponent polymer mixtures with particular reference to the effects of chain microstructure on miscibility and compatibility. The electrical and optical properties of polymers and their blends are another focus of attention. From earlier studies of dielectric behavior, he has moved to electrical conductivity of conjugated polymer and copolymer systems and, most recently, to the nonlinear optical behavior and the light emission of such polymers in an electric field. In all these investigations there has been an attempt to balance scientific and technological aspects of the systems.


YOUCHENG LIU, M.D. Sc.D., MPH, is an assistant professor of medicine at Yale University. He received his M.D. in 1983 from Nanjing Medical University, an M.P.H. in environmental health sciences in 1987 from Peking University School of Public Health, an M.S. in environmental health in 1994, and an Sc.D. in industrial hygiene in 1997, the latter two degrees from the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Liu’s expertise is in exposure assessment and modeling, indoor air sciences, industrial hygiene, and occupational epidemiology with considerable expertise in respirator fit-testing and respirator workplace performance evaluation.


ALLISON MCGEER, M.D., is an associate professor of pathobiology and laboratory medicine and public health sciences at the University of Toronto. She is also a microbiologist and infectious disease consultant for the Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto. Dr. McGeer completed undergraduate and master’s degrees in biochemistry and went on to obtain her medical degree at the University of Toronto. She specialized in internal medicine and infectious diseases and later pursued a fellowship in hospital epidemiology at

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×

Yale New Haven Hospital. Her interests are in infection control and prevention and control in long-term-care settings.


MICHAEL T. OSTERHOLM, Ph.D., is a professor and director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Public Policy at the University of Minnesota. He received his M.P.H. in epidemiology and his Ph.D. in environmental health from the University of Minnesota. His interests are in public health, epidemiology, and infectious diseases.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×
Page89
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×
Page90
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×
Page91
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." Institute of Medicine. 2006. Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11637.
×
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Any strategy to cope with an influenza pandemic must be based on the knowledge and tools that are available at the time an epidemic may occur. In the near term, when we lack an adequate supply of vaccine and antiviral medication, strategies that rely on social distancing and physical barriers will be relatively more prominent as means to prevent spread of disease. The use of respirators and facemasks is one key part of a larger strategy to establish barriers and increase distance between infected and uninfected individuals. Respirators and facemasks may have a role in both clinical care and community settings.

Reusability of Facemasks During an Influenza Pandemic: Facing the Flu answers a specific question about the role of respirators and facemasks to reduce the spread of flu: Can respirators and facemasks that are designed to be disposable be reused safely and effectively? The committee—assisted by outstanding staff—worked intensively to review the pertinent literature; consult with manufacturers, researchers, and medical specialists; and apply their expert judgment. This report offers findings and recommendations based on the evidence, pointing to actions that are appropriate now and to lines of research that can better inform future decisions.

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