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Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
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C
List of Acronyms

AARI Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute

ANDRILL Antarctic Geological Drilling

AO Acridine Orange

APC Advanced Piston Corer

ASMA Antarctic Specially Managed Area

ASPA Antarctic Specially Protected Area

ATCM Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting

ATLO Assembly Test and Launch

AUV Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

AWI Alfred Wegener Institute

BAS British Antarctic Survey

BEQ Biological Energy Quantum

CCAMLR Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Living Marine Resources

CEE Comprehensive Environmental Evaluation

CEP Committee for Environmental Protection

COMNAP Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs

COSPAR International Committee on Space Research

CRREL Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory

CTDI Coiled-Tube Drilling for Ice

DAPI 4′,6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole

DEM Digital Elevation Model

DGGE Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis

DML Dronning Maud Land

DOC Dissolved Organic Carbon

DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Program

Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
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EAIS East Antarctic Ice Sheet

EPICA European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica

FISH Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization

FOSA Heptadecafluorooctane Sulfonamide

GC-MS Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy

GISP Greenland Ice Sheet Project

GRIP Greenland Ice Core Project

HCFC Hydrochlorofluorocarbon

ICSU International Council for Science

IEE Initial Environmental Evaluation

IGY International Geophysical Year

IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

IPEV French Polar Institute

IPY International Polar Year

LC-MS Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy

ME Maintenance Energy

MPa Megapascal

NAC NASA Advisory Council

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NDELA Nitrosodiethanolamine

NGRIP North Greenland Ice Core Project

NIPR National Institute of Polar Research

NPOC Non-purgeable Organic Carbon

NPR NASA Procedural Requirement

NRC National Research Council

NSF National Science Foundation

NTU Nephelometric Turbidity Unit

ODP Ocean Drilling Program

OPP Office of Polar Programs

PFT Perfluorocarbon Tracer

PNRA National Research Program in Antarctica

POC Particulate Organic Carbon

PP Planetary Protection

PPP Panel on Planetary Protection

PVC Polyvinyl Chloride

RCB Rotary Core Barrel

RES Radio-Echo Sounding

ROS Reactive Oxygen Species

Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
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ROV Remotely Operated Vehicle

SALE Subglacial Antarctic Lake Exploration

SALEGOS Subglacial Antarctic Lake Exploration Group of Specialists

SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar

SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

SRP Scientific Research Plan

SSB Space Studies Board

TDS Total Dissolved Solids

T-RFLP Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism

UNITED Unified Team for Exploration and Discovery

U.S. SALE U.S. Subglacial Lake Environments

WAIS West Antarctic Ice Sheet

Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
×
Page150
Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
×
Page151
Suggested Citation:"C List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 2007. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11886.
×
Page152
Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Environmental and Scientific Stewardship Get This Book
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Antarctica is renowned for its extreme cold; yet surprisingly, radar measurements have revealed a vast network of lakes, rivers, and streams several kilometers beneath the Antarctic ice sheet. Sealed from Earth's atmosphere for millions of years, they may provide vital information about microbial evolution, the past climate of the Antarctic, and the formation of ice sheets, among other things. The next stage of exploration requires direct sampling of these aquatic systems. However, if sampling is not done cautiously, the environmental integrity and scientific value of these environments could be compromised. At the request of the National Science Foundation, this National Research Council assesses what is needed to responsibly explore subglacial lakes. Exploration of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments concludes that it is time for research on subglacial lakes to begin, and this research should be guided by internationally agreed upon protocols. The book suggests an initial protocol, which includes full characterization of the lakes by remote sensing, and minimum standards for biological and other types of contamination.

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