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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
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Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACAP African Census Analysis Project

ACS American Community Survey

ADPC Asian Disaster Preparedness Center

AFRISTAT African Sub-Saharan Economic and Statistical Observatory

CE-DAT Complex Emergency Database

CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical

CIB Controlled Image Base

CIESIN Center for International Earth Science Information Network

COMET Centre for the Observation and Modeling of Earthquakes and Tectonics

CPS Current Population Survey

CRED Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters

DHS Demographic and Health Survey

DMSP-OLS Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-Operational Linescan System

DRI Disaster Risk Index

EERI Earthquake Engineering Research Institute

ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FEWS-NET Famine Early Warning System Network

FGDC Federal Geographic Data Committee

GIS geographic information systems

GNOCDC Greater New Orleans Community Data Center

GPS global positioning systems

GPW Gridded Population of the World

GRUMP Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project

HDI Human Development Index

HDM Humanitarian Data Model

HICP Humanitarian Information Centre Pakistan

HIS Humanitarian Information System

IAF Inquérito aos Agregados Familiares

ICDRM Institute for Crisis, Disaster, and Risk Management

IDP internally displaced person

IDRISI Imagery Classification Software

IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

IIASA International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática

INGC National Institute for Disaster Management of Mozambique

IPC International Programs Center

IPUMS Integrated Public Use Microdata Series

IT information technology

IUSSP International Union for the Scientific Study of Population

JERS-1 Japanese Earth Resources Satellite-1

MAE Mid-America Earthquake Center

MAUP modifiable areal unit problem

MEDS minimal essential data set

MICS Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys

MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MSF Médecins Sans Frontières

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×

NCGIA National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis

NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

NGDC National Geophysical Data Center

NGO nongovernmental organization

NIMA U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPOESS VIIRS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environment Satellite System Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite

NRC National Research Council

NSDI national spatial data infrastructure

NSO national statistical office

OAS Organization of American States

OCHA United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

ODI Overseas Development Institute

OFDA Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance

OGC Open GIS Consortium

ORC Macro Opinion Research Corporation

ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory

PALUCP African Project for Emergency Control of Migratory Locusts

PUMA Public Use Microdata Area

PVI Prevalent Vulnerability Index

SALB Second Administrative Level Boundary

SAR synthetic aperture radar

SEDAC Socioeconomic and Data Applications Center

SHARE Structured Humanitarian Assistance Reporting Effort

TIGER Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing system

UCSB University of California, Santa Barbara

ULCP Unit for Migratory Locust Control

UNCAP United Nations Consolidated Appeals Process

UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNFPA United Nations Population Fund

UNGIWG United Nations Geospatial Information Working Group

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×

UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund

UNPD United Nations Population Division

UNSD United Nations Statistics Division

UNSO Office to Combat Desertification and Drought

USAID U.S. Agency for International Development

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

VMap Vector Smart Map

WFP United Nations World Food Programme

WHO World Health Organization

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×
Page162
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×
Page163
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×
Page164
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2007. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11895.
×
Page165
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Worldwide, millions of people are displaced annually because of natural or industrial disasters or social upheaval. Reliable data on the numbers, characteristics, and locations of these populations can bolster humanitarian relief efforts and recovery programs. Using sound methods for estimating population numbers and characteristics is important for both industrialized and developing nations. Ensuring that the data are geographically referenced for projection onto maps is essential. However, good data alone are insufficient. Adequate staff training and strong organizational and political desire to maintain and use the information are also required. Tools and Methods for Estimating Populations at Risk from Natural Disasters and Complex Humanitarian Crises, reviews the main methods and tools for making estimates of subnational populations and makes several recommendations to improve the collection and the use of population data for emergency response and development.

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