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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12074.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Research Council. 2008. Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design for the Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12074.
Page 46

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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Robert A. Beaudet, Chair, received his Ph.D. in physical chair of the NRC Committee on Review and Evaluation chemistry from Harvard University in 1962. From 1961 of International Technologies for the Destruction of Non- to 1962, he was a U.S. Army officer and served at the Jet Stockpile Chemical Materiel. He received his Ph.D. in Propulsion Laboratory as a research scientist. He joined the chemical engineering from the University of Illinois. faculty of the University of Southern California in 1962 and served continuously in the Department of Chemistry until Joan B. Berkowitz is currently managing director of Farkas his retirement in 2005. He also has served on Department of Berkowitz and Company. She graduated from the University Defense committees addressing both offensive and defensive of Illinois with a Ph.D. in physical chemistry. Dr. Berkowitz considerations surrounding chemical warfare agents. He was has extensive experience in the area of environmental and chair of an Army Science Board committee that addressed hazardous waste management, a knowledge of the tech- chemical detection and trace gas analysis. He also was the nologies available for the cleanup of contaminated soils chair of an Air Force technical conference on chemical war- and groundwater, and a background in physical and elec- fare decontamination and protection. He has participated in trochemistry. She has contributed to several Environmental two National Research Council (NRC) studies on chemical Protection Agency studies, been a consultant on remediation and biological sensor technologies and energetic materials techniques, and assessed various destruction technologies. and technologies. Most of his career has been devoted to Dr. Berkowitz is the author of numerous publications on research in molecular structure and molecular spectroscopy. hazardous waste treatment and environmental subjects. Dr. Beaudet served as chair of the Committee on the Assem- bled Chemical Weapons Alternative Program. Previously, he Willard C. Gekler is currently an independent consultant served as a member of the NRC Board on Army Science and working for his previous employer, ABS Consulting Inc. Technology (BAST), as a member of the NRC Committee He graduated from the Colorado School of Mines with on Review of the Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal the degree of Petroleum Refining Engineer and pursued Program, and as a BAST liaison to the Committee on Review graduate study in nuclear engineering at the University of and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal California in Los Angeles. His extensive experience includes Program (Stockpile Committee). membership on the NRC Chemical Materials Agency and Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives committees and Richard J. Ayen, now retired, was director of technology on the Mitretek Systems expert panel reviewing the quantita- for Waste Management Inc. Dr. Ayen also managed all as- tive risk assessments and safety analyses for the Anniston, pects of Waste Management’s Clemson Technical Center, Umatilla, Pine Bluff, and Aberdeen chemical agent disposal including treatability studies and technology demonstrations facilities. He also serves on the Technical Oversight Com- for the treatment of hazardous and radioactive waste. His mittee provided by the Consortium for Risk Evaluation with previous experience includes 20 years at Stauffer Chemical Stakeholder Participation for the review of design issues Company, where he was manager of the Process Develop- associated with the Hanford Waste Treatment Plant of the ment Department at Stauffer’s Eastern Research Center. Department of Energy’s Office of River Protection. He also Dr. Ayen has published extensively in his fields of interest. participated in the consequence screening assessment for He was a member of the NRC Committee on Review and the Newport Chemical Disposal Facility. Previously he was Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization project engineer for various nuclear test facility designs and of Assembled Chemical Weapons (I and II) and was also for development of facility design criteria for the Johnston 45

46 Review and Assessment of Developmental Issues Concerning the Metal Parts Treater Design Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal system. His expertise is in Anniston, Pueblo, and Aberdeen sites. Ms. Kowbel has more plant design, hazard evaluation, quantitative risk analyses, than 25 years of experience in the environmental field and reliability assessment, and database development for risk and has been the environmental safety and health manager for reliability. Mr. Gekler is a member of the American Institute a 1,500-person workforce. She has also managed a team of of Chemical Engineers and the American Nuclear Society. 80 contractor staff providing environmental and industrial He is the author or coauthor of numerous publications. health services, including environmental compliance and permitting for the Edwards Air Force Base Environmental David A. Hoecke is currently president and CEO of Enercon Department. Ms. Kowbel is a registered professional engi- Systems Inc. He graduated from the Cooper Union with a neer and a board certified environmental engineer. She holds B.S.M.E. His expertise is in the fields of waste combustion, a B.S. in civil engineering from the University of Kentucky pyrolysis, heat transfer, and gas cleaning. In 1960 he began working for Midland-Ross Corporation as a project engineer, John E. Morral is a professor and former chair of the rising by 1972 to be its chief engineer for incineration. At Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the that time he founded his own company, and he has since Ohio State University and is an emeritus professor from the been responsible for the design and construction of numer- University of Connecticut. At the University of Connecticut ous combustion systems, including solid waste incinerators, he also served as head of the Department of Metallurgy and thermal oxidizers, heat recovery systems, and gas-to-air Materials Engineering. Dr Morral’s major research interest heat exchangers. Mr. Hoecke has considerable expertise is diffusional kinetics with applications to high-temperature in incineration technologies employed by the Army in its coatings, gas-solid reactions, and the heat treatment of al- demilitarization of chemical weapons. loys. He is former chair of the American Society for Metals (ASM) Heat Treating Society R&D Committee and helped John R. Howell (NAE) is the Ernest Cockrell, Jr., Memorial draft ASM’s 1999 R&D Plan. In addition, he is deputy Chair and Baker Hughes Incorporated Centennial Profes- editor of the Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion and sor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas former chair of the ASM Alloy Phase Diagram Committee, in Austin. He recently served (2003-2007) as the director Atomic Transport Committee, and Thermodynamics and of the Advanced Manufacturing Center at the University of Phase Equilibria Committee. With these committees he has Texas. Professor Howell received his Ph.D. in engineering helped organize a dozen national and international confer- (1962), his M.S. in chemical engineering (1958), and his ences, including two international conferences for ASM on B.S. in chemical engineering (1958), all from Case Institute heat treating. Dr. Morral received B.S. and M.S. degrees in of Technology (now Case Western Reserve University) and 1964 and 1965 from the Ohio State University and a Ph.D. joined the faculty of the University of Texas at Austin in in 1969 in metallurgy from the Massachusetts Institute of 1978. He has received national and international recognition Technology. for his continuing research in radiative transfer, particularly for adapting Monte Carlo techniques to radiative transfer Derrick K. Rollins serves as a professor of chemical en- analysis. His recent research has centered on inverse analy- gineering at Iowa State University, where he also holds a sis techniques applied to the design and control of thermal half-time appointment in the Departments of Statistics and systems with significant radiation transfer. Professor Howell Chemical & Biological Engineering. His areas of research has served on the NRC Panel on Benchmarking the Research and expertise are in predictive modeling and control of Competitiveness of the U.S. in Mechanical Engineering. He chemical processes, process dynamics and control, and was elected a member of the NAE in 2005. advanced statistical modeling in chemical engineering. Dr. Rollins has received a number of technical and professional Nelline Kowbel is vice president and environmental pro- awards including the National Science Foundation Faculty gram manager at Malcolm Pirnie Inc., a leading private Fellow Award, the Mentor Award of the American Associa- environmental consulting firm. She is experienced in ord- tion for the Advancement of Science, and selection as one of nance explosives and chemical weapons disposal program Iowa State University’s most outstanding faculty members. permitting and operational requirements. Ms. Kowbel has He holds a B.S. degree in chemical engineering from the worked directly with regulatory compliance requirements for University of Kansas, M.S. degrees in chemical engineer- waste disposal operations, including chemical weapons dis- ing and statistics from Ohio State University, and a Ph.D. in posal compliance at the Johnston Atoll, Tooele, Pine Bluff, chemical engineering from Ohio State University.

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The United States is in the process of destroying its chemical weapons stockpile. In 1996, Congress mandated that DOD demonstrate and select alternative methods to incineration at the Blue Grass and Pueblo sites. The Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives (ACWA) program was setup to oversee the development of these methods, and pilot plants were established at both sites. One of the new technologies being developed at the Blue Grass pilot plant are metal parts treaters (MPTs) to be used for the empty metal munitions cases. During recent testing, some issues arose with the MPTs that caused the ACWA to request a review by the NRC to investigate and determine their causes. This book presents a discussion of the MPT system; an assessment of the MPT testing activities; an analysis of thermal testing, modeling, and predicted throughput of the MPT; and an examination of the applicability of munitions treatment units under development at Pueblo for the Blue Grass pilot plant.


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