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Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop (2009)


Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX C: JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES'/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES' COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12590.
Page 267
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX C: JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES'/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES' COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12590.
Page 268
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX C: JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES'/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES' COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12590.
Page 269
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX C: JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES'/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES' COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12590.
Page 270
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX C: JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES'/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES' COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES." National Academy of Sciences. 2009. Future of the Nuclear Security Environment in 2015: Proceedings of a Russian-U.S. Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12590.
Page 271

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APPENDIX C JOINT NATIONAL ACADEMIES’/RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES’ COMMITTEE BIOGRAPHIES National Academies’ Committee Members Bios Rose Gottemoeller, committee co-chair, became Director of the Carnegie Moscow Center in January 2006. She was previously a Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in arms control, non-proliferation and nuclear security issues. From 1998 to 2000, she served in the Department of Energy (DOE) as Assistant Secretary for Non-proliferation and National Security and then as Deputy Under-secretary for Defense Nuclear Non-proliferation. From 1993 to 1994, she was Director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs on the National Security Council in the White House. Linton F. Brooks served until January 2007 as Administrator of DOE’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), where he was responsible for the U.S. nuclear weapons program and for DOE’s international nuclear non-proliferation programs. Ambassador Brooks has over four decades of experience in national security, including service as Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Chief U.S. Negotiator for the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, Director of Arms Control on the National Security Council staff and a number of Navy and Defense Department assignments as a 30 year career naval officer. Mona Dreicer has 30 years of experience in various nuclear related fields: international security, non-proliferation, and arms control (e.g. CTBT/IMS, TTBT, FMCT, AMEC, NPT/IAEA); radiation dose and dose reconstruction (e.g. U.S. I-131 doses from NTS weapons tests, the aftermath of Chernobyl, SRS tritium releases); health and environmental risk assessment for the nuclear fuel cycle in Europe; and environmental/nuclear safety. Dreicer has worked for the USG, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), three different national laboratories, (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Livermore National Laboratory [LLNL] and the Environmental Measurements Laboratory), a French non-profit research organization, and as a private consultant. As Director of the Office of Nuclear Affairs at the U.S. Department of State, her office was responsible for assessing compliance of nuclear arms control treaties and worked to ensure effective verification of non-proliferation agreements and U.S.-Russia nuclear materials programs. Since 2003, she has been a Deputy Division Leader at LLNL overseeing non- proliferation and international global nuclear materials management programs. James Fuller is an Affiliate Professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington in Seattle. He is also a member of its Visiting Committee. For 267

many years, until his retirement in 2003, he was the Director of Defense Nuclear Non- proliferation Programs at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington; he remains a technical consultant for nuclear non-proliferation programs there and for other U.S. Government agencies. He holds a Ph.D. in nuclear science, specializing in plasma physics, from the University of Florida. He is credited with being a co-developer of the first nuclear driven laser. He has served in the U.S. Government as a national lab scientist in many capacities over the past 20-plus years in endeavors related to nuclear weapons material control and nuclear warhead dismantlement monitoring. Some relevant examples of this service include being the Executive Secretary in the George H.W. Bush Administration of the President’s Committee on Fissile Material Control and Nuclear Warhead Monitoring, Scientific Peer Review Group Chairman of the NNSA Warhead Radiation Signatures Campaign, and Chairman of the NNSA Information Barrier Advisory Group – a group whose task was to develop minimally intrusive equipment to monitor sensitive nuclear materials and nuclear warheads on a bilateral or multilateral basis with other nuclear states. He currently remains heavily involved in the U.S.- Russian Warhead Safety and Security Exchange Agreement. Richard W. Mies (Admiral United States Navy, retired) is the President and CEO of Hicks and Associates, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). Admiral Mies joined SAIC after retiring from the U.S. Navy in February 2002, at the rank of Admiral. During his military career, Admiral Mies served as Commander in Chief, United States Strategic Command, and in a number of staff positions. He is one of only a few flag officers to complete qualifications as both a submariner and naval aviation observer. His many service decorations include the Defense Distinguished Service Medal, Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Defense Superior Service Medal (two awards), Legion of Merit (four awards), and National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Admiral Mies graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy with a B.S., majoring in mechanical engineering and mathematics, and completed post-graduate education at England’s Oxford University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Harvard University. He holds a Masters degree in government administration and international relations and an Honorary Doctorate of Law degree from the University of Nebraska. Cherry Murray is deputy director for science and technology at LLNL. Prior to this appointment, she was physical sciences research senior vice president, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies. Murray has been recognized for her work in surface physics, light scattering, and complex fluids; she is best known for her work on imaging in phase transitions of colloidal systems. After receiving a B.S. and Ph.D. in physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she joined Bell Laboratories as a member of the technical staff in 1978. She has numerous publications and two patents to her credit. She was chair of the New Jersey Nanotechnology Consortium, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lucent managed by Bell Laboratories to promote research in nanotechnology as part of the economic development of New Jersey. Murray is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences and a member of numerous advisory committees and boards. 268

M. Teresa Olascoaga currently leads the Cooperative International Programs (CIP) Group, one of two International Security Center (ISC) groups at Sandia National Laboratory. She is also the former Deputy Director of the SC. She manages a broad spectrum of programs focused on nuclear and biological non-proliferation, nuclear materials management, regional security, and arms control, and leads the six CIP departments. Terri has 10 years experience managing and leading U.S. nuclear security programs and strategic initiatives, particularly those with Russia, including DOE/NNSA’s material protection, control, and accounting (MPC&A) program. She also has over 15 years of domestic and international experience in managing and performing security system design, evaluation, technology/policy support and training for various applications including DOE, Department of Defense, National Regulatory Commission, IAEA and NATO nuclear security, and for commercial aviation security in the U.S. Terri holds a B.S. degree in mathematics from New Mexico State University, and an M.S. in industrial engineering from Columbia University. Russian Academy of Sciences’ Committee Member Biographies Vice Admiral Ashot Arakelovich Sarkisov, Co-Chair, Academician Ashot Arakelovich Sarkisov is an Advisor of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). The scientific achievements of Academician Sarkisov relate to shipboard and stationary nuclear power safety, radioactive waste management and energy-related environmental problems. In the past 10 years, Academician Sarkisov has initiated and led large-scale studies on the problems related to decommissioning and environmental rehabilitation of the former Russian Navy facilities. His most recent major study focuses on the development of the Strategic Master Plan for Naval Decommissioning in the northwest region of the Russian Federation. He serves as Chair of the Expert Council on Naval and Shipbuilding Problems of the Higher Certification Commission of the Russian Federation, Chair of the Expert Council on the International Russian-American Scientific-Technical Program of the International Science and Technology Center, and Deputy Chair of the Scientific Council on Atomic Energy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is also the member of a number of other scientific councils and editorial boards of various scientific journals. Academician Sarkisov received his pregraduate education at the Leningrad Higher Naval Engineering College and Leningrad University. After years of military service he retired in the rank of vice-admiral. He has more than 200 scientific papers, including several monographs and many books. He participated in the Great Patriotic War from 1941 to 1945, he has been awarded nine Orders and many medals. In 2007, he was awarded the Aleksandrov Gold Medal of the RAS for nuclear science and engineering works. Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Apanasenko is corresponding member of the Russian Navy Missiles and Artillery Academy and International Informatization Academy, Academician and Professor of the Academy of Safety, Defense and Law Problems. After 37-years of military service, he retired at the rank of rear admiral. During his military career, Apanasenko served in a number of positions, including Navy Chief of Staff. He took part in the implementation of the Strategic Arms Reduction and Limitation Treaty (START-I, START-II), Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe and preparation of the Vienna Documents for the Negotiations on Confidence and Security-Building Measures as well as the Open Skies Treaty. Apanasenko has been a driving force and one of the authors of the comprehensive programs for arms reduction, on industry- scale decommissioning of weaponry and military equipment. He taught at the Brookings 269

Institute and at the Simpson Universities, the Russian Federation Military Academy of Armed Forces Central Command, and at institutions of higher education in Russia. He is author of more than 50 scientific papers and proceedings addressing the problems of Navy weapons development, strategic arms reduction, etc. His many service decorations include Legion of Merit (1999), Order Red Star (1984), Peter the Great Medal (2003), and the Admiral Kuznetsov Medal (2006, 2007). Evgeny Nikolaevich Avrorin, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, is the honorary Scientific Supervisor of the Zababakhin Russian Federal Nuclear Center, Institute of Technical Physics (ZRFNC-VNIITF) in Snezhinsk. His primary research accomplishments involve the area of high energy density physics and include the developments of nuclear weapon and nuclear explosion devises for peaceful use, and basic investigation of nuclear explosion and laser fusion physics. During the nuclear test experiments (1956-1989), he participated in the fundamental and applied research performed at the Russian Federal Nuclear Center-VNIITF. In 1963, he was awarded the Lenin prize for achievements related to building the Soviet nuclear fusion shield. In 1966, he was awarded the Title of Hero of Socialist Labor for the development of nuclear explosion devises for peaceful application. Avrorin has also worked on applied problems of nuclear power engineering, non-proliferation and control of nuclear weapon technology, and environmental monitoring and remediation. He participated in the U.S.-Russian negotiations on nuclear test ban in international negotiations on the development of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty; he was invited by the IAEA as an expert in non-proliferation safeguards improvement. For his contribution to the progress and improvement of nuclear weapons Avrorin was awarded the Red Banner of Labor (1956), Order of Lenin (1987), and the Order of Merit for the Country of the II Degree (2006). Leonid A. Bolshov is the Director of Nuclear Safety Institute (IBRAE) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is a Doctor of Science in physics and mathematics. In 1997, he was elected as a corresponding member to the Energy Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was awarded the State Prize in physics in 1988 for solid surfaces studies. Bolshov is a prominent scientist in the field of nuclear energy safety and thermal physics processes under high energy fluxes. His current activities include works on development of the Russian Strategy in the field of Nuclear Power, Spent Fuel, Waste Management and Emergency Planning, as well as modeling and system analysis of severe accident phenomena and their radioecological consequences, and risk assessment for both nuclear and non-nuclear technologies. He focuses on such issues as reduction of radiological terrorism threats and cooperation on development of counter-terrorism measures at the national and international levels. At present, he leads the activity on the development of a Strategic Master Plan for nuclear submarine decommissioning in the North-West of Russia. He is the Vice-Chairman of the Scientific Council on Nuclear Energy of the Russian Academy of Sciences; member of the Scientific Councils of EMERCOM and Rosatom; and member of the Board of Editors of the professional magazine Atomic Energy. Bolshov is a member of the Safety Review Group of the EBRD and the Scientific Secretary of the Russian committee of the joint NAS-RAS Committee on Countering Terrorism. Bolshov is the author/co-author of more than 300 scientific publications. Lev Dmitrievich Ryabev is Senior Advisor to the Head of the Federal Atomic Energy Agency and Deputy Director of the Russian Federal Nuclear Center – the All-Russian Research Institute 270

of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF). His main activities are related to the development of the USSR and Russian nuclear weapons complex as well as the fuel and energy complex, including the nuclear power industry. He participated in the development of the CTBT and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty at the Disarmament Conference held in Geneva. Ryabev was the Director of the All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics, U.S.S.R. Deputy Prime Minister and Head of the State Fuel and Energy Commission of the Cabinet of Ministers. He has more than 10 publications related to the nuclear weapons complex and the nuclear power industry. He was awarded Order of Lenin, two Orders of Badge of Honor, and a Medal of Honor. He received the U.S.S.R. State Prize, and Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation. 271

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The U.S. National Academies (NAS) and the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), building on a foundation of years of interacademy cooperation, conducted a joint project to identify U.S. and Russian views on what the international nuclear security environment will be in 2015, what challenges may arise from that environment, and what options the U.S. and Russia have in partnering to address those challenges.

The project's discussions were developed and expanded upon during a two-day public workshop held at the International Atomic Energy Agency in November 2007. A key aspect of that partnership may be cooperation in third countries where both the U.S. and Russia can draw on their experiences over the last decade of non-proliferation cooperation. More broadly, the following issues analyzed over the course of this RAS-NAS project included: safety and security culture, materials protection, control and accounting (MPC&A) best practices, sustainability, nuclear forensics, public-private partnerships, and the expansion of nuclear energy.

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