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Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2009. The U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12669.
Page 129
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2009. The U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12669.
Page 130
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2009. The U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12669.
Page 131
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2009. The U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12669.
Page 132

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References AACN (American Association of Colleges of Nursing). 2004. AACN position statement on the practice doctorate in nursing. htm (accessed May 1, 2009). ADA Survey Center. 2008. 2006 survey of dental practice. Chicago, IL: American Dental Association. ADHA (American Dental Hygienists’ Association). 2009a. Direct access in some settings outside the dental office. A ­ ccess_Map.pdf (accessed June 18, 2009). ADHA. 2009b. Direct access states.­ direct_access.pdf (accessed June 18, 2009). ADHA. 2009c. Education and careers. (accessed June 18, 2009). ADHA. 2009d. States which directly reimburse dental hygienists for services under the ­ edicaid program. M ( ­ accessed June 18, 2009). Ambrose, E. R., A. B. Hord, and W. J. Simpson. 1976. A quality evaluation of specific dental services provided by the Saskatchewan dental plan: Final report. Regina, Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan Dental Plan. American Cancer Society. 2008. Cancer facts & figures 2008. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society. Amundson, C. 2009. Financing challenges. Presentation at Institute of Medicine Workshop on the Sufficiency of the U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade, Washington, DC. February 10, 2009. Armfield, J. M., G. D. Slade, and A. J. Spencer. 2007. Water fluoridation and children’s dental health: The child dental health survey Australia. Canberra, Australia: AIHW DSRU. Bailit, H., T. Beazoglou, N. Demby, J. McFarland, P. Robinson, and R. Weaver. 2006. Dental safety net: Current capacity and potential for expansion. Journal of the American Dental Association 137(6):807-815. 129

130 THE U.S. ORAL HEALTH WORKFORCE Battrell, A. M., C. C. Gadbury-Amyot, and P. R. Overman. 2008. A qualitative study of limited access permit dental hygienists in Oregon. Journal of Dental Education 72(3):329-343. BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics). 2007a. Occupational outlook handbook, 2008-09 edition, dental assistants. (accessed April 28, 2009). BLS. 2007b. Occupational outlook handbook, 2008-09 edition, dental hygienists. http://www. (accessed May 1, 2009). BLS. 2007c. Occupational outlook handbook, 2008-09 edition, dentists. http://www.bls. gov/oco/ocos072.htm (accessed May 1, 2009). Brown, E., and R. J. Manski. 2004. Dental services: Use, expenses, and sources of payment, 1996-2000. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Caspary, G., D. M. Krol, S. Boulter, M. A. Keels, and G. Romano-Clarke. 2008. Perceptions of oral health training and attitudes toward performing oral health screenings among graduating pediatric residents. Pediatrics 122(2):e465-e471. Catalanotto, F. A., D. E. Patthoff, and C. F. Gray. 2006. The ethics of access to oral health care: An introduction to the special issue. Journal of Dental Education 70(11):1117-1119. Colorado Health Institute. 2008. 2008 rural dentist survey: Preliminary findings and over- view of data. RD_2008.ppt#256,1,2008RuralDentistSurvey (accessed April 17, 2009). DANB (Dental Assisting National Board). 2009. Measuring dental assisting excellence: Recog­ nition through DANB certification. (accessed May 4, 2009). Douglass, A. B., M. Deutchman, J. Douglass, W. Gonsalves, R. Maier, H. Silk, J. Tysinger, and A. S. Wrightson. 2009. Incorporation of a national oral health curriculum into family medicine residency programs. Family Medicine 41(3):159-160. Dye, B. A., S. Tan, V. Smith, B. G. Lewis, L. K. Barker, G. Thornton-Evans, et al. 2007. Trends in oral health status: United States, 1988–1994 and 1999–2004. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Statistics 11(248). Ellershaw, A., and A. J. Spencer. 2006. Access to dental care among Australian children and adults. South Australia: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Dental Statistics and Research Unit. El-Solh, A. A., C. Pietrantoni, A. Bhat, M. Okada, J. Zambon, A. Aquilina, and E. Berbary. 2004. Colonization of dental plaques: A reservoir of respiratory pathogens for hospital- acquired pneumonia in institutionalized elders. Chest 126(5):1575-1582. Entwistle, B. A. 1992. Are we creating socially responsible dental professionals? Journal of Dental Education 56(2):109-111. FDOH (Florida Department of Health). 2008. Health professional shortage areas: Dental. (accessed June 19, 2009). Freed, G. L., K. M. Dunham, K. E. Switalski, M. D. Jones, and G. A. McGuinness. 2009. Recently trained general pediatricians: Perspectives on residency training and scope of practice. Pediatrics 123(Suppl 1):S38-S43. Gallagher, J. L., and D. A. Wright. 2003. General dental practitioners’ knowledge of and atti­tudes towards the employment of dental therapists in general practice. British Dental Journal 194(1):37-41. Haden, N. K., F. A. Catalanotto, C. J. Alexander, H. Bailit, A. Battrell, J. Broussard, Jr., J. Buchanan, C. W. Douglass, C. E. Fox 3rd, P. Glassman, R. I. Lugo, M. George, C. M ­ eyerowitz, E. R. Scott 2nd, N. Yaple, J. Bresch, Z. Gutman-Betts, G. G. Luke, M. Moss, J. C. Sinkford, R. G. Weaver, and R. W. Valachovic. 2003. Improving the oral health status of all Americans: Roles and responsibilities of academic dental institu- tions: The report of the ADEA president’s commission. Journal of Dental Education 67(5):563-583.

REFERENCES 131 HRSA (Health Resources and Services Administration). 2000. The New Mexico health work- force: Highlights from the health workforce profile.­healthworkforce/ reports/statesummaries/newmexico.htm (accessed April 29, 2009). HRSA. 2009a. Dental HPSA designation. (accessed April 29, 2009). HRSA. 2009b. Designated health professional shortage areas (HPSA) statistics. http://ers. Format=HTML3.2 (accessed April 29, 2009). IHS (Indian Health Service). 1999. An oral health survey of American Indian and Alaska ­Native dental patients: Findings, regional differences, and national comparisons. ­Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services. IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1995. Dental education at the crossroads: Challenges and change. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. IOM. 2001. Crossing the quality chasm: A new health system for the 21st century. ­Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Jones, A. 2002. The national nursing home survey: 1999 summary. Hyattsville, MD: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2007. Health insurance coverage of the total population, states (2006-2007), U.S. (2007). cat=3&sub=39&yr=85&typ=2&o=d (accessed April 29, 2009). Kaste, L. M., R. H. Selwitz, R. J. Oldakowski, J. A. Brunelle, D. M. Winn, and L. J. Brown. 1996. Coronal caries in the primary and permanent dentition of children and adolescents 1-17 years of age: United States, 1988-1991. Journal of Dental Research 75(Special issue):631-641. Manski, R. J., and E. Brown. 2007. Dental use, expenses, private dental coverage, and changes, 1996 and 2004. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Manski, R. J., and E. Brown. 2008. Dental coverage of children and young adults under age 21, United States, 1996 and 2006. Rockville, MD: Agency for Health Care Research and Quality. McGinnis, J. M., P. Williams-Russo, and J. R. Knickman. 2002. The case for more active policy attention to health promotion. Health Affairs 21(2):78-93. Ministry of Health Malaysia. 2005. Oral healthcare in Malaysia.­ uploads/oral_healthcare_in_malaysia_05.pdf (accessed April 30, 2009). Minnesota Department of Health and Minnesota Board of Dentistry. 2009. Oral health prac- titioner recommendations: Report to the Minnesota legislature 2009. (accessed April 1, 2009). Mouradian, W. E. 2006. Band-aid solutions to the dental access crisis: Conceptually flawed—a response to Dr. David H. Smith. Journal of Dental Education 70(11):1174-1179. Nash, D. A., J. W. Friedman, T. B. Kardos, R. L. Kardos, E. Schwarz, J. Satur, D. G. Berg, J. Nasruddin, E. G. Mumghamba, E. S. Davenport, and R. Nagel. 2008. Dental therapists: A global perspective. International Dental Journal 58(2):61-70. NACOH (National Advisory Committee on Oral Health). 2004. Healthy mouths healthy lives; Australia’s national oral health plan 2004-2013. South Australia: Australian Health Ministers Council, South Australian Department of Health. O’Toole, B. 2006. Promoting access to oral health care: More than professional ethics is needed. Journal of Dental Education 70(11):1217-1220. Paradise, J. 2008. Dental coverage and care for low-income children: The role of Medicaid and SCHIP. Washington, DC: Kaiser Family Foundation. Riordan, P. J., I. Espelid, and A. B. Tveit. 1991. Radiographic interpretation and treatment ������������������������������������������������ decisions among dental therapists and dentists in Western Australia. Community Den- tistry and Oral Epidemiology 19(5):268-271.

132 THE U.S. ORAL HEALTH WORKFORCE Section on Pediatric Dentistry. 2003. Oral health risk assessment timing and establishment of the dental home. Pediatrics 111(5):1113-1116. Section on Pediatric Dentistry. 2008. Preventive oral health intervention for pediatricians. Pediatrics 122(6):1387-1394. Triangle Business Journal. 2009. Sageworks: Dentists posted highest profit margin in 2008. (accessed April 30, 2009). U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. United States—states and Puerto Rico: Population, housing units, area, and density: 2000. name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-CONTEXT=gct&-mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1_ US9&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=&-format=US-9|US-9S&-_lang=en (accessed April 29, 2009). U.S. Census Bureau. 2007a. Personal income per capita in current dollars, 2007. http://www. (accessed April 29, 2009). U.S. Census Bureau. 2007b. Population by sex, age, Hispanic origin, and race: 2006. http:// (accessed May 1, 2009). U.S. Census Bureau. 2007c. State & county quick facts: New Mexico. http://quickfacts.census. gov/qfd/states/35000.html (accessed April 29, 2009). U.S. Census Bureau. 2008. Hispanic population in the United States: 1970 to 2050. http://www. (accessed May 1, 2009). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2000. Oral health in America: A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.

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The U.S. Oral Health Workforce in the Coming Decade: Workshop Summary Get This Book
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Access to oral health services is a problem for all segments of the U.S. population, and especially problematic for vulnerable populations, such as rural and underserved populations. The many challenges to improving access to oral health services include the lack of coordination and integration among the oral health, public health, and medical health care systems; misaligned payment and education systems that focus on the treatment of dental disease rather than prevention; the lack of a robust evidence base for many dental procedures and workforce models; and regulatory barriers that prevent the exploration of alternative models of care.

This volume, the summary of a three-day workshop, evaluates the sufficiency of the U.S. oral health workforce to consider three key questions:

  • What is the current status of access to oral health services for the U.S. population?
  • What workforce strategies hold promise to improve access to oral health services?
  • How can policy makers, state and federal governments, and oral health care providers and practitioners improve the regulations and structure of the oral health care system to improve access to oral health services?
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