PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING SERVICES UNDER TRICARE
INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
500 Fifth Street, N.W.
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.
This study was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and the US Department of Defense via HHS award HHSP23320080006T, TO#24. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.
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Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2010. Provision of Mental Health Counseling Services Under TRICARE. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES
Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.
The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.
The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.
The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.
COMMITTEE ON THE QUALIFICATIONS OF PROFESSIONALS PROVIDING MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING SERVICES UNDER TRICARE
GEORGE J. ISHAM (Chair), Medical Director and Chief Health Officer,
Health Partners, Inc., Bloomington, Minnesota
KATHRYN K. BASHAM, Professor,
Smith College School of Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts
ALISA B. BUSCH, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and of Health Care Policy,
Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital;
Director of Integration of Clinical Measurement and Health Services Research,
McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts
N. EMMANUEL G. CASSIMATIS, President and CEO,
Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
JOHN H. MOXLEY III, Independent Consultant,
HAROLD A. PINCUS, Professor and Vice Chair,
Department of Psychiatry and
Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, Columbia University;
Director of Quality and Outcomes Research,
New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York
THEODORE P. REMLEY, JR., Professor and Batten Endowed Chair in Counseling,
Department of Educational Leadership and Counseling, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia
PHYLLIS W. SHARPS, Professor and Chair,
Department of Community Public Health Nursing, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland
ROY A. SWIFT, Senior Director,
Personnel Credentialing Accreditation Programs, American National Standards Institute, Washington, DC
VILIA M. TARVYDAS, Professor,
Counseling, Rehabilitation, and Student Development, College of Education, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
RHONDA J. ROBINSON BEALE, Chief Medical Officer,
OptumHealth Behavioral Solutions, Glendale, California
DAVID A. BUTLER, Senior Program Officer; Study Director
JESSICA L. BUONO, Research Associate (until August 2009)
SARAH GAILLOT, Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Fellow
ANDREW BRADLEY, Intern
TIA S. CARTER, Senior Program Assistant
PAMELA RAMEY-MCCRAY, Administrative Assistant
FREDERICK (RICK) ERDTMANN, Director,
Board on the Health of Select Populations and Medical Follow-up Agency
NORMAN GROSSBLATT, Senior Editor
This report has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of the independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards of objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following for their review of the report:
Paula G. Allen-Meares, Chancellor, University of Illinois at Chicago
Dwight L. Evans, Chairman, Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Samuel Templeman (Sam) Gladding, Professor and Chair of Counseling, Wake Forest University
Sharon M. Goldsmith, President, Goldsmith International SP
Michael A. Hoge, Professor of Psychology and Director, Yale Behavioral Health, Yale University
Kevin C. Kiley, Associate Professor and Chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albany Medical College
Janice L. Krupnick, Professor of Psychiatry and Director, Trauma and Loss Program, Georgetown University
Richard A. McCormick, Consultant, Clinical Psychologist, and Senior Scholar, Center for Health Care Research and Policy, Case Western Reserve University
Robert J. Ursano, Chair, Department of Psychiatry, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Myrna M. Weissman, Professor of Epidemiology and Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and Chief, Department of Clinical-Genetic Epidemiology, New York State Psychiatric Institute
Reg Arthur Williams, Professor of Acute, Critical and Long Term Care Programs, School of Nursing and Professor of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Michigan
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of the report was overseen by Dan G. Blazer, J.P. Gibbons Professor of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, and Paul S. Appelbaum, Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Psychiatry, Medicine, and Law, Columbia University. Appointed by the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of the report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of the report rests with the authoring committee and the institution.
This report could not have been prepared without the guidance and expertise of numerous persons. Although it is not possible to mention by name all those who contributed to the committee’s work, the committee wants to express its gratitude to a number of them for their special contributions.
Sincere thanks go to all the participants at the public meetings convened on April 9 and July 7, 2009. The intent of the workshops was to gather information regarding issues related to the practice of mental health counselors in various care setting. The speakers, who are listed in Appendix A, gave generously of their time and expertise to help inform and guide the committee’s work. Many of them also provided additional information in response to the committee’s myriad questions.
We are indebted to Rhonda Robinson-Beale, who served as a consultant to the committee and who shared her deep knowledge of the provision of mental health–care services in managed-care settings.
The committee extends special thanks to the dedicated and hardworking staff of the Institute of Medicine’s Board on the Health of Select Populations, who supported and facilitated its work. Board Director Rick Erdtmann helped to ensure that this report met the highest standards of quality.
Finally, the committee members would like to thank the chair, George Isham, for his outstanding work, leadership, and dedication to this project.
TRICARE BENEFICIARIES AND MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES IN MILITARY FAMILIES
Special Exposures and Risk Factors in the TRICARE Population,
Mental Health Conditions Identified for Attention by the TRICARE Management Activity,