National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 9 Closing Panels
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

References

Abbadie, C., J. A. Lindia, A. M. Cumiskey, L. B. Peterson, J. S. Mudgett, E. K. Bayne, J. A. DeMartino, D. E. MacIntyre, and M. J. Forrest. 2003. Impaired neuropathic pain responses in mice lacking the chemokine receptor ccr2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(13):7947-7952.

Ablin, J. N., Y. Shoenfeld, and D. Buskila. 2006. Fibromyalgia, infection and vaccination: Two more parts in the etiological puzzle. Journal of Autoimmunity 27(3):145-152.

Adamek, B., A. Ksiaiek, A. Szczerba-Sachs, J. Kasperczyk, and A. Wiczkowski. 2006. Tick-borne diseases exposure of forestry workers and preventive methods usage. Przegl Epidemiology 60 (Suppl 1):11-15.

Adeyemi, E. O. A., K. D. Desai, M. Towsey, and D. Ghista. 1999. Characterization of autonomic dysfunction in patients with irritable bowel syndrome by means of heart rate variability studies. American Journal of Gastroenterology 94(3):816-823.

Adjemian, J. Z., J. Krebs, E. Mandel, and J. McQuiston. 2009. Spatial clustering by disease severity among reported Rocky Mountain spotted fever cases in the United States, 2001-2005.American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 80(1):72-77.

Aguero-Rosenfeld, M. E., G. Wang, I. Schwartz, and G. P. Wormser. 2005. Diagnosis of Lyme borreliosis. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 18(3):484-509.

Ahantarig, A., W. Trinachartvanit, and J. R. Milne. 2008. Tick-borne pathogens and diseases of animals and humans in Thailand. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine & Public Health 39(6):1015-1032.

Akalin, H., S. Helvaci, and S. Gedikoglu. 2009. Re-emergence of tularemia in Turkey. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 13(5):547-551.

Akhtar, J. 2005. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever: An alert for health care workers. Jcpsp, Journal of the College of Physicians & Surgeons—Pakistan 15(12):751-752.

Akkoyunlu, M., and E. Fikrig. 2000. Gamma interferon dominates the murine cytokine response to the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis and helps to control the degree of early rickettsemia. Infection and Immunity 68:1827-1833.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Alaedini, A., and B. A. Fallon. 2010. Effect of iv antibiotic therapy on antibody profilein patients with post-treatmentlyme encephalapothy. Paper presented at 135th Annual Meeting of the American Neurological Association (ANA), San Francisco, CA.

Alexopoulou, L., V. Thomas, M. Schnare, Y. Lobet, J. Anguita, R. T. Schoen, R. Medzhitov, E. Fikrig, and R. A. Flavell. 2002. Hyporesponsiveness to vaccination with Borrelia burgdorferi ospa in humans and in tlr1- and tlr2-deficient mice. Natural Medicine 8:878-884.

Allan, B. F., F. Keesing, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2003. Effect of forest fragmentation on Lyme disease risk. Conservation Biology 17(1):267-272.

Amar, S., Q. Zhou, Y. Shaik-Dasthagirisaheb, and S. Leeman. 2007. Diet-induced obesity in mice causes changes in immune responses and bone loss manifested by bacterial challenge. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104:20466-20471. PMID: 18077329. PMCID: PMC2154454.

Angelakis, E., S. A. Billeter, E. B. Breitschwerdt, B. B. Chomel, and D. Raoult. 2010. Potential for tick-borne bartonelloses. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(3):385-391.

Arnold, L. M., J. I. Hudson, E. V. Hess, A. E. Ware, D. A. Fritz, M. B. Auchenbach, L. O. Starck, and P. E. Keck. 2004. Family study of fibromyalgia. Arthritis and Rheumatism 50(3):944-952.

Assous, M. V., and A. Wilamowski. 2009. Relapsing fever borreliosis in Eurasia—forgotten, but certainly not gone! Clinical Microbiology & Infection 15(5):407-414.

Aucott, J., C. Morrison, B. Munoz, P. C. Rowe, A. Schwarzwalder, and S. K. West. 2009. Diagnostic challenges of early Lyme disease: Lessons from a community case series. Bmc Infectious Diseases 9.

Bacon, R. M., B. J. Biggerstaff, M. E. Schriefer, R. D. Gilmore, M. T. Philipp, A. C. Steere, G. P. Wormser, A. R. Marques, and B. J. B. Johnson. 2003. Serodiagnosis of Lyme disease by kinetic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using recombinant vlse1 or peptide antigens of Borrelia burgdorferi compared with 2-tiered testing using whole-cell lysates. Journal of Infectious Diseases 187(8):1187-1199.

Bacon, R. M., K. J. Kugeler, and P. S. Mead. 2008. Surveillance for Lyme disease—United States, 1992-2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 57(SS10, Suppl. S):1-9.

Bakken, J. S., J. S. Dumler, S. M. Chen, M. R. Eckman, L. L. Vanetta, and D. H. Walker. 1994. Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in the upper midwest United-States—a new species emerging. Journal of the American Medical Association 272(3):212-218.

Bakken, J. S., P. Goellner, M. Van Etten, D. Z. Boyle, O. L. Swonger, S. Mattson, J. Krueth, R. L. Tilden, K. Asanovich, J. Walls, and J. S. Dumler. 1998. Seroprevalence of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis among permanent residents of northwestern Wisconsin. Clinical Infectious Diseases 27(6):1491-1496.

Baldridge, G. D., T. J. Kurtti, N. Burkhardt, A. S. Baldridge, C. M. Nelson, A. S. Oliva, and U. G. Munderloh. 2007. Infection of Ixodes scapularis ticks with rickettsia monacensis expressing green fluorescent protein: A model system. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 94(3):163-174.

Ball, R., S. V. Shadomy, A. Meyer, B. T. Huber, M. S. Leffell, A. Zachary, M. Belotto, E. Hilton, M. E. Bryant-Genevier, F. W. Miller, and M. M. Braun. 2009. HLA type and immune response to Borrelia burgdorferi outer surface protein a in people in whom arthritis developed after Lyme disease vaccination. Arthritis and Rheumatism 60:1179-1186.

Bankhead, T., and G. Chaconas. 2007. The role of vlse antigenic variation in the Lyme disease spirochete: Persistence through a mechanism that differs from other pathogens. Molecular Biology 65(6):1547-1558.

Baranton, G., D. Postic, I. Saint Girons, P. Boerlin, J.-C. Piffaretti, M. Assous, and P. A. D. Grimont. 1992. Delineation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii sp. Nov., and group vs461 associated with Lyme borreliosis. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 42(3):378-383.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Barbara, G., and V. Stanghellini. 2009. Biomarkers in ibs: When will they replace symptoms for diagnosis and management? Gut 58(12):1571-1575.

Barbet, A. F., P. F. Meeus, M. Belanger, M. V. Bowie, J. Yi, A. M. Lundgren, A. R. Alleman, S. J. Wong, F. K. Chu, U. G. Munderloh, and S. D. Jauron. 2003. Expression of multiple outer membrane protein sequence variants from a single genomic locus of anaplasma phagocytophilum. Infection and Immunity 71:1706-1718.

Barbour, A. 2004. Specificity of borrelia-tick vector relationships. In Microbe-vector interactions in vector-borne diseases, edited by S. H. Gillespie, G. L. Smith and A. Osbourn. West Nyack, NY: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 75-90.

Barthold, S. W., D. S. Beck, G. M. Hansen, G. A. Terwilliger, and K. D. Moody. 1990. Lyme borreliosis in selected strains and ages of laboratory mice. Journal of Infectious Diseases 162:133-138.

Barthold, S. W., C. L. Sidman, and A. L. Smith. 1992. Lyme borreliosis in genetically resistant and susceptible mice with severe combined immunodeficiency. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 47:605-613.

Barthold, S. W., E. Hodzic, S. Tunev, and S. L. Feng. 2006. Antibody-mediated disease remission in the mouse model of Lyme borreliosis. Infection and Immunity 74(8):4817-4825.

Barthold, S. W., D. Cadavid, and M. T. Philipp. 2010. Animal models of borreliosis. In Borrelia: Molecular biology, host interaction and pathogenesis, edited by S. Samuels and J. Radolph. Norfolk, UK: Calister Academic Press.

Batra, H. V. 2007. Spotted fevers & typhus fever in Tamil nadu. Indian Journal of Medical Research 126(2):101-103.

Bayless, T. M., and M. L. Harris. 1990. Inflammatory bowel-disease and irritable bowel syndrome. Medical Clinics of North America 74(1):21-28.

Beall, M. J., R. Chandrashekar, M. D. Eberts, K. E. Cyr, P. P. V. P. Diniz, C. Mainville, B. C. Hegarty, J. M. Crawford, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2008. Serological and molecular prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi, anaplasma phagocytophilum, and ehrlichia species in dogs from Minnesota. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 8(4):455-464.

Beattie, J. F., M. L. Michelson, and P. J. Holman. 2002. Acute babesiosis caused by babesia divergens in a resident of Kentucky. New England Journal of Medicine 347:697-698.

Bechelli, J. R., E. Rydkina, P. M. Colonne, and S. K. Sahni. 2009. Rickettsia rickettsii infection protects human microvascular endothelial cells against staurosporine-induced apoptosis by a ciap(2)-independent mechanism. Journal of Infectious Diseases 199(9):1389-1398.

Behera, A. K., E. Hildebrand, J. Scagliotti, A. C. Steere, and L. T. Hu. 2005. Induction of host matrix metalloproteinases by Borrelia burgdorferi differs in human and murine Lyme arthritis. Infection and Immunity 73:126-134.

Behera, A. K., E. Hildebrand, R. T. Bronson, G. Perides, S. Uematsu, S. Akira, and L. T. Hu. 2006a. Myd88 deficiency results in tissue-specific changes in cytokine induction and inflammation in interleukin-18-independent mice infected with Borrelia burgdorferi. Infection and Immunity 74:1462-1470.

Behera, A. K., E. Hildebrand, S. Uematsu, S. Akira, J. Coburn, and L. T. Hu. 2006b. Identification of a TLR-independent pathway for borrelia burgdorferi-induced expression of matrix metalloproteinases and inflammatory mediators through binding to integrin alpha 3 beta 1. Journal of Immunology 177:657-664.

Behera, A. K., E. Durand, C. Cugini, S. Antonara, L. Bourassa, E. Hildebrand, L. T. Hu, and J. Coburn. 2008. Borrelia burgdorferi bbb07 interaction with integrin alpha3beta1 stimulates production of pro-inflammatory mediators in primary human chondrocytes. Cell Microbiology 10:320-331.

Bell, J. F., S. J. Stewart, and S. K. Wikel. 1979. Resistance to tick-borne francisella-tularensis by tick-sensitized rabbits—allergic klendusity. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 28(5):876-880.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Belongia, E. A., K. D. Reed, and P. D. Mitchell. 1999. Clinical and epidemiological features of early Lyme disease and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in Wisconsin. Clinical Infectious Diseases 29:1472-1477.

Benhnia, M. R., D. Wrobleski, M. N. Akhtar, R. A. Patel, W. Lavezzi, S. C. Gangloff, S. M. Goyert, M. N. Caimano, J. D. Radolf, and T. J. Sellati. 2005. Signaling through cd14 attenuates the inflammatory response to Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease. Journal of Immunology 174:1539-1548.

Beugnet, F., and J.-L. Marie. 2009. Emerging arthropod-borne diseases of companion animals in Europe. Veterinary Parasitology 163(4):298-305.

Bockenstedt, L. K., I. Kang, C. Chang, D. Persing, A. Hayday, and S. W. Barthold. 2001. CD4+ T helper 1 cells facilitate regression of murine Lyme carditis. Infection and Immunity 69:5264-5269.

Bockenstedt, L. K., J. Mao, E. Hodzic, S. W. Barthold, and D. Fish. 2002. Detection of attenuated, noninfectious spirochetes in Borrelia burgdorferi-infected mice after antibiotic treatment. Journal of Infectious Diseases 186:1430-1437.

Bockenstedt, L. K., A. Belperron, D. Gonzalez, and A. Haberman. 2011. Persistent antigenic debris but not viable spirochetes after antibiotic therapy for murine Lyme borreliosis.

Bolz, D. D., R. S. Sundsbak, Y. Ma, S. Akira, C. J. Kirschning, J. F. Zachary, J. H. Weis, and J. J. Weis. 2004. Myd88 plays a unique role in host defense but not arthritis development in Lyme disease. Journal of Immunology 173:2003-2010.

Bourdoiseau, G. 2006. Canine babesiosis in France. Veterinary Parasitology 138(1-2):118-125.

Bowman, D. D. 2006. Successful and currently ongoing parasite eradication programs. Veterinary Parasitology 139(4):293-307.

Bowman, D., S. E. Little, L. Lorentzen, J. Shields, M. P. Sullivan, and E. P. Carlin. 2009. Prevalence and geographic distribution of dirofilaria immitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs in the United States: Results of a national clinic-based serologic survey. Veterinary Parasitology 160(1-2):138-148.

Branda, J. A., M. E. Aguero-Rosenfeld, M. J. Ferraro, B. J. Johnson, G. P. Wormser, and A.C. Steere. 2010. 2-tiered antibody testing for early and late Lyme disease using only an immunoglobulin g blot with the addition of a vlse band as the second-tier test Clinical Infectious Diseases 50(1):20-26.

Breitschwerdt, E. B., R. G. Maggi, W. L. Nicholson, N. A. Cherry, and C. W. Woods. 2008. Bartonella sp bacteremia in patients with neurological and neurocognitive dysfunction. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 46(9):2856-2861.

Breitschwerdt, E. B., R. G. Maggi, B. B. Chomel, and M. R. Lappin. 2010a. Bartonellosis: An emerging infectious disease of zoonotic importance to animals and human beings. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care 20(1):8-30.

Breitschwerdt, E. B., R. G. Maggi, P. Farmer, and P. E. Mascarelli. 2010b. Molecular evidence of perinatal transmission of bartonella vinsonii subsp berkhoffii and bartonella henselae to a child. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48(6):2289-2293.

Breitschwerdt, E. B., R. G. Maggi, P. M. Lantos, C. W. Woods, B. C. Hegarty, and J. M. Bradley. 2010c. Bartonella vinsonii subsp berkhoffii and bartonella henselae bacteremia in a father and daughter with neurological disease. Parasites & Vectors 3.

Brouqui, P., P. Parola, P. E. Fournier, and D. Raoult. 2007. Spotted fever rickettsioses in southern and eastern Europe. FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 49(1):2-12.

Brown, C. R., A. Y. Lai, S. T. Callen, V. A. Blaho, J. M. Hughes, and W. J. Mitchell. 2008. Adenoviral delivery of interleukin-10 fails to attenuate experimental Lyme disease. Infection and Immunity 76:5500-5507.

Brown, J. P., J. F. Zachary, C. Teuscher, J. J. Weis, and R. M. Wooten. 1999. Dual role of interleukin-10 in murine Lyme disease: Regulation of arthritis severity and host defense. Infection and Immunity 67:5142-5150.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Brown, W. C., D. P. Norimine, D. P. Knowles, and W. L. Goff. 2006. Immune control of babesia bovis infection. Veterinary Parasitology 138:2856-2861.

Browne, B. J., B. Edwards, and R. L. Rogers. Dermatologic emergencies. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice 33(3):685-695.

Bruehl, S., C. R. Carlson, and J. A. McCubbin. 1993. 2 brief interventions for acute pain. Pain 54(1):29-36.

Brunner, J. L., and R. S. Ostfeld. 2008. Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hosts. Ecology 89(8):2259-2272.

Buckingham, S. C., G. S. Marshall, G. E. Schutze, C. R. Woods, M. A. Jackson, L. E. R. Patterson, and R. F. Jacobs. 2007. Clinical and laboratory features, hospital course, and outcome of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in children. Journal of Pediatrics 150(2): 180-184.

Buskila, D., L. Neumann, G. Vaisberg, D. Alkalay, and F. Wolfe. 1997. Increased rates of fibromyalgia following cervical spine injury—A controlled study of 161 cases of traumatic injury. Arthritis and Rheumatism 40(3):446-452.

Buskila, D., F. Atzeni, and P. Sarzi-Puttini. 2008. Etiology of fibromyalgia: The possible role of infection and vaccination. Autoimmunity Reviews 8(1):41-43.

Butler, C. M., D. J. Houwers, F. Jongejan, and J. H. van der Kolk. 2005. Borrelia burgdorferi infections with special reference to horses. A review. Veterinary Quarterly 27(4):146-156.

Cabello, F. C., H. P. Godfrey, and S. A. Newman. 2007. Hidden in plain sight: Borrelia burgdorferiand the extracellular matrix. Trends in Microbiology 15(8):350-354.

Cable, R. G., and D. A. Leiby. 2003. Risk and prevention of transfusion-transmitted babesiosis and other tick-borne diseases. Current Opinion in Hematology 10(6):405-411.

Cain, K. C., M. E. Jarrett, R. L. Burr, V. L. Hertig, and M. M. Heitkemper. 2007. Heart rate variability is related to pain severity and predominant bowel pattern in women with irritable bowel syndrome. Neurogastroenterology and Motility 19(2):110-118.

Canica, M. M., F. Nato, L. Du Merle, C. Mazie, G. Baranton, and D. Postic. 1993. Monoclonal antibodies for identification of Borrelia afzelii sp. Nov. Associated with late cutaneous manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 25(4):441-448.

Cerar, D., T. Cerar, E. Ruzic-Sabljic, G. P. Wormser, and F. Strle. 2010. Subjective symptoms after treatment of early Lyme disease. American Journal of Medicine 123(1):79-86.

Chandra, A., G. P. Wormser, M. S. Klempner, R. P. Trevino, M. K. Crow, N. Latov, and A. Alaedini. 2010. Anti-neural antibody reactivity in patients with a history of Lyme borreliosis and persistent symptoms. Brain Behavior and Immunity 24(6):1018-1024.

Chapman, A. S., J. S. Bakken, S. M. Folk, C. D. Paddock, K. C. Bloch, A. Krusell, D. J. Sexton, S. C. Buckingham, G. S. Marshall, G. A. Storch, G. A. Dasch, J. H. McQuiston, D. L. Swerdlow, S. J. Dumler, W. L. Nicholson, D. H. Walker, M. E. Eremeeva, and C. A. Ohl. 2006a. Diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichioses, and anaplasmosis—United States: A practical guide for physicians and other health-care and public health professionals. MMWR Recommendations and Reports 55(RR-4):1-27.

Chapman, A. S., S. M. Murphy, L. J. Demma, R. C. Holman, A. T. Curns, J. H. McQuiston, J. W. Krebs, and D. L. Swerdlow. 2006b. Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the United States, 1997-2002. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 6(2):170-178.

Chen, S., J. S. Dumler, J. S. Baken, and D. Walker. 1994. Identification of granulocytic ehrlichia species as the eitiologic agent of human disease. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 32:589-595.

Chomel, B. B., R. W. Kasten, C. Williams, A. C. Wey, J. B. Henn, R. Maggi, S. Carrasco, J. Mazet, H. J. Boulouis, R. Maillard, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2009. Bartonella endo-

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

carditis: A pathology shared by animal reservoirs and patients. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1166:120-126.

Chu, C.-Y., W. Liu, B.-G. Jiang, D.-M. Wang, W.-J. Jiang, Q.-M. Zhao, P.-H. Zhang, Z.-X. Wang, G.-P. Tang, H. Yang, and W.-C. Cao. 2008. Novel genospecies of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from rodents and ticks in southwestern China. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 46(9):3130-3133.

Cisak, E., J. Sroka, J. Zwolinjski, and J. Chmielewska-Badora. 1999. Risk of tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) virus infection among people occupationally exposed to tick bites. Wiad Parazytology 45(3):375-380.

Cisak, E., J. Chmielewska-Badora, J. Zwolinski, A. Wojcik-Fatla, J. Polak, and J. Dutkiewicz. 2005. Risk of tick-borne bacterial diseases among workers of Roztocze National Park (south-eastern Poland). Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 12(1):127-132.

Clark, R. P., and L. T. Hu. Prevention of Lyme disease and other tick-borne infections. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22(3):381-396.

Clauw, D. J., and P. Katz. 1995. The overlap between fibromyalgia and inflammatory rheumatic disease: When and why does it occur? Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 1(6):335-342.

Clauw, D. J., C. C. Engel, R. Aronowitz, E. Jones, H. M. Kipen, K. Kroenke, S. Ratzan, M. Sharpe, and S. Wessely. 2003. Unexplained symptoms after terrorism and war: An expert consensus statement. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 45(10):1040-1048.

Coburn, J., J. R. Fischer, and J. M. Leong. 2005. Solving a sticky problem: New genetic approaches to host cell adhesion by the Lyme disease spirochete. Molecular Microbiology 57:1182-1195.

Coleman, J. L., J. A. Gebbia, J. Piesman, J. L. Degen, T. H. Bugge, and J. L. Benach. 1997. Plasminogen is required for efficient dissemination of B. burgdorferi in ticks and for enhancement of spirochetemia in mice. Cell Microbiology 89:1111-1119.

Conlon, P. J., G. W. Procop, V. Fowler, M. A. Eloubeidi, S. R. Smith, and D. J. Sexton. 1996. Predictors of prognosis and risk of acute renal failure in patients with Rocky Mountain spotted fever. American Journal of Medicine 101(6):621-626.

Connally, N. P., A. J. Durante, K. M. Yousey-Hindes, J. I. Meek, R. S. Nelson, and R. Heimer. 2009. Peridomestic Lyme disease prevention results of a population-based case-control study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 37(3):201-206.

Connelly, M., F. J. Keefe, G. Affleck, M. A. Lumley, T. Anderson, and S. Waters. 2007. Effects of day-to-day affect regulation on the pain experience of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Pain 131(1-2):162-170.

Conrad, P. A., A. M. Kjemptrup, and R. A. Carreno. 2006. Description of babesia ducani n.Sp. (apicomplexa: Babesiidae) from humans and its differentiation from other piroplasms. International Journal for Parasitology 36:779-789.

Coulter, P., C. Lema, D. Flayhart, A. S. Linhardt, J. N. Aucott, P. G. Auwaerter, and J. S. Dumler. 2005. Two-year evaluation of Borrelia burgdorferi culture and supplemental tests for definitive diagnosis of Lyme disease. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 43(10):5080-5084.

Coutte, L., D. J. Botkin, L. Gao, and S. J. Norris. 2009. Detailed analysis of sequence changes occurring during vlse antigenic variation in the mouse model of Borrelia burgdorferi infection. PLoS Pathogens 5(2):e1000293.

Crandall, H., D. M. Dunn, Y. Ma, R. M. Wooten, J. F. Zachary, J. H. Weis, R. B. Weiss, and J. J. Weis. 2006. Gene expression profiling reveals unique pathways associated with differential severity of Lyme arthritis. Journal of Immunology 177:7930-7942.

Crofford, L. J., E. A. Young, N. C. Engleberg, A. Korszun, C. B. Brucksch, L. A. McClure, M.B. Brown, and M. A. Demitrack. 2004. Basal circadian and pulsatile acth and cortisol

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

secretion in patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome. Brain Behavior and Immunity 18(4):314-325.

Crowder, C. D., H. E. Matthews, S. Schutzer, M. A. Rounds, B. J. Luft, O. Nolte, S. R. Campbell, C. A. Phillipson, F. Li, R. Sampath, D. J. Ecker, and M. W. Eshoo. 2010. Genotypic variation and mixtures of Lyme borrelia in ixodes ticks from North America and Europe. Plos One 5(5):e10650, 10651-10659.

Dalton, M. J., M. J. Clarke, R. C. Holman, J. W. Krebs, D. B. Fishbein, J. G. Olson, and J. E. Childs. 1995. National surveillance for Rocky Mountain spotted fever, 1981-1992—epidemiologic summary and evaluation of risk-factors for fatal outcome. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 52(5):405-413.

Daltroy, L. H., and C. Phillips. 2007. A controlled trial of a novel primary prevention program for Lyme disease and other tick-borne illnesses. Health Education & Behavior 34(3):531-542.

Daniel, M., K. Zitek, V. Danielova, B. Kriz, J. Valter, and I. Kott. 2006. Risk assessment and prediction of Ixodes ricinus tick questing activity and human tick-borne encephalitis infection in space and time in the Czech Republic. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 296 (Suppl 40):41-47.

Daniels, T. J., D. Fish, and I. Schwartz. 1993. Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (acari: Ixodidae) and Lyme disease risk by deer exclusion. J Med Entomol 30(6):1043-1049.

Dantzer, R., J. C. O’Connor, G. G. Freund, R. W. Johnson, and K. W. Kelley. 2008. From inflammation to sickness and depression: When the immune system subjugates the brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 9(1):46-57.

De Silva, A. M., and E. Fikrig. 1995. Growth and migration of Borrelia burgdorferi in ixodes ticks during blood feeding. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 53(4):397-404.

de Waal, D. T., and M. P. Combrink. 2006. Live vaccines against bovine babesiosis. Veterinary Parasitology 138(1-2):88-96.

Deblinger, R. D., and D. W. Rimmer. 1991. Efficacy of a permethrin-based acaricide to reduce the abundance of ixodes dammini (acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 28(5):708-711.

Deblinger, R. D., M. L. Wilson, D. W. Rimmer, and A. Spielman. 1993. Reduced abundance of immature ixodes-dammini (acari, ixodidae) following incremental removal of deer. Journal of Medical Entomology 30(1):144-150.

Dedert, E. A., J. L. Studts, I. Weissbecker, P. G. Salmon, P. L. Banis, and S. E. Sephton. 2004. Religiosity may help preserve the cortisol rhythm in women with stress-related illness. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 34(1):61-77.

DelaPaz, R., A. Lignelli, K. M. Corbera, H. A. Sackeim, and B. A. Fallon. 2005. MR imaging in persistent Lyme encephalophathy. Paper presented at the X International Congress on Lyme Borreliosis, Vienna, Austria.

Demma, L. J., M. E. Eremeeva, W. L. Nicholson, M. Traeger, D. Blau, C. D. Paddock, M. Levin, G. A. Dasch, J. E. Cheek, D. L. Swerdlow, and J. McQuiston. 2006. An outbreak of Rocky Mountain spotted fever associated with a novel tick vector, rhipicephalus sanguineus, in Arizona, 2004: Preliminary report. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1078:342-343.

Dessau, R. B., T. Ejlertsen, and J. Hilden. 2010. Simultaneous use of serum IgG and IgM for risk scoring of suspected early Lyme borreliosis: Graphical and bivariate analyses. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et immunologica Scandinavica 118(4):313-323.

Didierlaurent, A., J. Goulding, S. Patel, R. Snelgrove, L. Low, M. Bebien, T. Laurence, L. S. Van Rijt, B. N. Lambrecht, J. C. Sirard, and T. Hussell. 2008. Sustained desensitization

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

to bacterial toll-like receptor ligands after resolution of respiratory influenza infection. Journal of Experimental Medicine 205:323-329.

Dietrich, F., T. Schmidgen, R. G. Maggi, D. Richter, F. R. Matuschka, R. Vonthein, E. B. Breitschwerdt, and V. A. J. Kempf. 2010. Prevalence of Bartonella henselae and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato DNA in Ixodes ricinus ticks in Europe. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76(5):1395-1398.

Dolan, M. C., N. S. Zeidner, E. Gabitzsch, G. Dietrich, J. N. Borchert, R. M. Poche, and J. Piesman. 2008. Short report: A doxycycline hyclate rodent bait formulation for prophylaxis and treatment of tick-transmitted Borrelia burgdorferi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 78(5):803-805.

Donta, S. 1997. Tetracycline therapy of chronic Lyme disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases 25:52-56.

Doudier, B., J. Olano, P. Parola, and P. Brouqui. 2010. Factors contributing to emergence of ehrlichia and anaplasma spp. As human pathogens. Veterinary Parasitology 167(2-4):149-154.

Dresser, A. R., P. O. Hardy, and G. Chaconas. 2009. Investigation of the genes involved in antigenic switching at the vlse locus in Borrelia burgdorferi: An essential role for the ruvab branch migrase. PLoS Pathogens 5(12):e1000680.

Dumler, J. S. 2005. Anaplasma and ehrlichia infection. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1063(1):361-373.

Dumler, J. S., and J. S. Bakken. 1995. Ehrlichial diseases of humans: Emerging tick-borne infections. Clinical Infectious Diseases 20(5):1102-1110.

Dumler, J. S., A. F. Barbet, C. P. J. Bekker, G. A. Dasch, G. H. Palmer, S. C. Ray, Y. Rikihisa, and F. R. Rurangirwa. 2001. Reorganization of genera in the families rickettsiaceae and anaplasmataceae in the order rickettsiales: Unification of some species of ehrlichia with anaplasma, cowdria with ehrlichia and ehrlichia with neorickettsia, descriptions of six new species combinations and designation of ehrlichia equi and ‘hge agent’ as subjective synonyms of Ehrlichia phagocytophila. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51:2145-2165.

Eikeland, R., Å. Mygland, K. Herlofson, and U. Ljøstad. 2011. European neuroborreliosis: Quality of life 30months after treatment. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 123(6).

Elchos, B. N., and J. Goddard. 2003. Implications of presumptive fatal Rocky Mountain spotted fever in two dogs and their owner. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 223(10):1450-1452.

Engin, A., S. Arslan, S. Kizildag, H. Ozturk, N. Elaldi, I. Dokmetas, and M. Bakir. 2010a. Toll-like receptor 8 and 9 polymorphisms in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Microbes and Infection 12(12-13):1071-1078.

Engin, A., S. Ugurlu, E. Caglar, A. Y. Oztop, D. Inan, N. Elaldi, I. Dokmetas, and M. Bakir. 2010b. Serum levels of mannan-binding lectin in patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10(10):1037-1041.

Fahrer, H., S. M. Vanderlinden, M. J. Sauvain, L. Gern, E. Zhioua, and A. Aeschlimann. 1991. The prevalence and incidence of clinical and asymptomatic Lyme borreliosis in a population at risk. Journal of Infectious Diseases 163(2):305-310.

Fahrer, H., M. J. Sauvain, E. Zhioua, C. Van Hoecke, and L. E. Gern. 1998. Longterm survey (7 years) in a population at risk for Lyme borreliosis: What happens to the seropositive individuals? European Journal of Epidemiology 14(2):117-123.

Fallon, B. A., and J. A. Nields. 1994. Lyme disease: A neuropsychiatric illness. The American Journal of Psychiatry 151(11):1571-1583.

Fallon, B. A., J. G. Keilp, K. M. Corbera, E. Petkova, C. B. Britton, E. Dwyer, I. Slavov, J. Cheng, J. Dobkin, D. R. Nelson, and H. A. Sackeim. 2008. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of repeated IV antibiotic therapy for Lyme encephalopathy. Neurology 70(13):992-1003.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Fallon, B. A., E. S. Levin, P. J. Schweitzer, and D. Hardesty. 2010. Inflammation and central nervous system Lyme disease. Neurobiology of Disease 37(3):534-541.

FDA (Food and Drug Administration). 2008. Biological product and hematopoietic cell therapy/product (hct/p) deviation report—annual summary for fiscal year 2008. http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/ReportaProblem/BiologicalProductDeviations/ucm12.

Feder, H. M., Jr., B. J. Johnson, S. O’Connell, E. D. Shapiro, A. C. Steere, and G. P. Wormser. 2007a. A critical appraisal of “chronic Lyme disease.” New England Journal of Medicine 357(14):1422-1430.

Feder, H. M., Jr., B. J. Johnson, S. O’Connell, E. D. Shapiro, A. C. Steere, G. P. Wormser, W.A. Agger, H. Artsob, P. Auwaerter, J. S. Dumler, J. S. Bakken, L. K. Bockenstedt, J. Green, R. J. Dattwyler, J. Munoz, R. B. Nadelman, I. Schwartz, T. Draper, E. McSweegan, J. J. Halperin, M. S. Klempner, P. J. Krause, P. Mead, M. Morshed, R. Porwancher, J. D. Radolf, R. P. Smith, Jr., S. Sood, A. Weinstein, S. J. Wong, and L. Zemel. 2007b. A critical appraisal of “chronic Lyme disease.” New England Journal of Medicine 357(14):1422-1430.

Feng, H. M., and D. H. Walker. 2004. Mechanisms of immunity to Ehrlichia muris: A model of monocytotropic ehrlichiosis. Infection and Immunity 72:966-971.

Fish, D., and J. E. Childs. 2009. Community-based prevention of Lyme disease and other tickborne diseases through topical application of acaricide to white-tailed deer: Background and rationale. Vector Borne & Zoonotic Diseases 9(4):357-364.

Fletcher, M. A., X. R. Zeng, K. Maher, S. Levis, B. Hurwitz, M. Antoni, G. Broderick, and N.G. Klimas. 2010. Biomarkers in chronic fatigue syndrome: Evaluation of natural killer cell function and dipeptidyl peptidase IV/CD26. Plos One 5(5).

Florin-Christensen, M., L. Schnittger, M. Dominguez, M. Mesplet, A. Rodriguez, L. Ferreri, G. Asenzo, S. Wilkowsky, M. Farber, I. Echaide, and C. Suarez. 2007. Search for babesia bovis vaccine candidates. Parassitologia 49 (Suppl 1):9-12.

Fukunaga, M., A. Hamase, K. Okada, and M. Nakao. 1996. Borrelia tanukii sp. Nov. and Borrelia turdae sp. Nov. Found from ixodid ticks in Japan: Rapid species identification by 16s rna gene-targeted pcr analysis. Microbiology and Immunology 40(11):877-881.

Ganta, R. R., M. J. Wilkerson, C. Cheng, A. M. Rokey, and S. K. Chapes. 2002. Persistent Ehrlichia chaffeensis infection occurs in the absence of functional major histocompatibility complex class II genes. Infection and Immunity 70:380-388

Gebbia, J. A., J. L. Coleman, and J. L. Benach. 2004. Selective induction of matrix metalloproteinases by Borrelia burgdorferi via toll-like receptor 2 in monocytes. Journal of Infectious Diseases 189:113-119.

Genchi, C. 2007. Human babesiosis, an emerging zoonosis. Parassitologia 49 (Suppl 1):29-31.

Gerber, M. A., E. D. Shapiro, P. J. Krause, R. G. Cable, S. J. Badon, and R. W. Ryan. 1994. The risk of acquiring Lyme-disease or babesiosis from a blood-transfusion. Journal of Infectious Diseases 170(1):231-234.

Ghosh, S., P. Azhahianambi, and J. de la Fuente. 2006. Control of ticks of ruminants, with special emphasis on livestock farming systems in India: Present and future possibilities for integrated control—a review. Experimental & Applied Acarology 40(1):49-66.

Ginsberg, H. S. 1993. Transmission risk of Lyme-disease and implications for tick management.American Journal of Epidemiology 138(1):65-73.

Ginsberg, H. S., K. E. Hyland, R. J. Hu, T. J. Daniels, and R. C. Falco. 1998. Tick population trends and forest type. Science 281(5375):349-350.

Ginsberg, H. S., P. A. Buckley, M. G. Balmforth, E. Zhioua, S. Mitra, and F. G. Buckley. 2005. Reservoir competence of native North American birds for the Lyme disease spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi. Journal of Medical Entomology 42(3):445-449.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Gockel, M., H. Lindholm, L. Niemisto, and H. Hurri. 2008. Perceived disability but not pain is connected with autonomic nervous function among patients with chronic low back pain. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 40(5):355-358.

Gomes-Solecki, M. J. C., L. Meirelles, J. Glass, and R. J. Dattwyler. 2007. Epitope length, genospecies dependency, and serum panel effect in the ir6 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 14(7):875-879.

Gould, L. H., R. S. Nelson, K. S. Griffith, E. B. Hayes, J. Piesman, P. S. Mead, and M. L. Cartter. 2008. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding Lyme disease prevention among Connecticut residents, 1999-2004. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 8(6):769-776.

Gracely, R. H., F. Petzke, J. M. Wolf, and D. J. Clauw. 2002. Functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence of augmented pain processing in fibromyalgia. Arthritis and Rheumatism 46(5):1333-1343.

Granquist, E. G., S. Stuen, L. Crosby, A. M. Lundgren, A. R. Alleman, and A. F. Barbet. 2010. Variant-specific and diminishing immune responses towards the highly variable msp2(p44) outer membrane protein of anaplasma phagocytophilum during persistent infection in lambs. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 133:117-124.

Gubernot, D. M., H. L. Nakhasi, P. A. Mied, D. M. Asher, J. S. Epstein, and S. Kumar. 2009. Transfusion-transmitted babesiosis in the United States: Summary of a workshop. Transfusion 49(12):2759-2771.

Halperin, J. J., and M. P. Heyes. 1992. Neuroactive kynurenines in Lyme borreliosis. Neurology 42(1):43-50.

Hassett, A. L., D. C. Radvanski, S. Buyske, S. V. Savage, and L. H. Sigal. 2009. Psychiatric comorbidity and other psychological factors in patients with “chronic Lyme disease.” American Journal of Medicine 122(9):843-850.

Hatcher, J. C., P. D. Greenberg, J. Antique, and V. E. Jimenez-Lucho. 2001. Severe babesiosis in Long Island: Review of 34 cases and their complications. Clinical Infectious Diseases 32(8):1117-1125.

Hattwick, M. A. W., H. Retailliau, R. J. O’Brien, M. Slutzker, R. E. Fontaine, and B. Hanson. 1978. Fatal Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Journal of the American Medical Association 240(14):1499-1503.

Heim, C., U. Ehlert, J. P. Hanker, and D. H. Hellhammer. 1998. Abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder and alterations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in women with chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 60(3):309-318.

Herwaldt, B. L., D. Persing, and E. A. Precigout. 1996. A fatal case of babesiosis in Missouri: Identification of another piroplasm that infects humans. Annals of Internal Medicine 124:643-650.

Herwaldt, B. L., S. Caccio, and F. Gherlinzoni. 2003. Molecular characterization of a non-babesia divergens organism causing zoonotic babesiosis in Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases 9:942-948.

Hickie, I., T. Davenport, D. Wakefield, U. Vollmer-Conna, B. Cameron, S. D. Vernon, W. C. Reeves, and A. Lloyd. 2006. Post-infective and chronic fatigue syndromes precipitated by viral and non-viral pathogens: Prospective cohort study. British Medical Journal 333(7568):575.

Hildebrandt, A., K. P. Hunfeld, M. Baier, A. Krumbholz, S. Sachse, T. Lorenzen, M. Kiehntopf, H. J. Fricke, and E. Straube. 2007. First confirmed autochthonous case of human babesia microti infection in Europe. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 26(8):595-601.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Hilton, E., J. DeVoti, J. L. Benach, M. L. Halluska, D. J. White, H. Paxton, and J. S. Dumler. 1999. Seroprevalence and seroconversion for tick-borne diseases in a high-risk population in the northeast United States. American Journal of Medicine 106(4):404-409.

Hirschfeld, M., C. J. Kirschning, R. Schwandner, H. Wesche, J. H. Weis, R. M. Wooten, and J. J. Weis. 1999. Cutting edge: Inflammatory signaling by Borrelia burgdorferi lipoproteins is mediated by toll-like receptor 2. Journal of Immunology 163:2382-2386.

Hodzic, E., S. Feng, K. Holden, K. J. Freet, and S. W. Barthold. 2008. Persistence of Borrelia burgdorferi following antibiotic treatment in mice. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 52(5):1728-1736.

Holman, R. C., C. D. Paddock, A. T. Curns, J. W. Krebs, J. H. McQuiston, and J. E. Childs. 2001. Analysis of risk factors for fatal Rocky Mountain spotted fever: Evidence for superiority of tetracyclines for therapy. Journal of Infectious Diseases 184(11):1437-1444.

Holman, R. C., J. H. McQuiston, D. L. Haberling, and J. E. Cheek. 2009. Increasing incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever among the American Indian population in the United States. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 80(4):601-605.

Horan, J. J., and J. K. Dellinge. 1974. In vivo emotive imagery—preliminary test. Perceptual and Motor Skills 39(1):359-362.

Ismail, N., L. Soong, J. W. McBride, G. Valbuena, J. P. Olano, H. M. Feng, and D. H. Walker. 2004. Overproduction of tnf-alpha by CD8(+) type 1 cells and down-regulation of ifn-gamma production by CD4(+) Th1 cells contribute to toxic shock–like syndrome in an animal model of fatal monocytotropic ehrlichiosis. Journal of Immunology 172(3):1786-1800.

Ismail, N., H. L. Stevenson, and D. H. Walker. 2006. Role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (tnf-alpha) and interleukin-10 in the pathogenesis of severe murine monocytotropic ehrlichiosis: Increased resistance of tnf receptor p55-and p75-deficient mice to fatal ehrlichial infection. Infection and Immunity 74(3):1846-1856.

Ismail, N., E. C. Crossley, H. L. Stevenson, and D. H. Walker. 2007. Relative importance of T-cell subsets in monocytotropic ehrlichiosis: A novel effector mechanism involved in ehrlichia-induced immunopathology in murine ehrlichiosis. Infection and Immunity 75(9):4608-4620.

Ismail, N., K. C. Bloch, and J. W. McBride. 2010. Human ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine 30(1):261-292.

Johnson, M., and H. M. Feder. 2010. Chronic Lyme disease: A survey of Connecticut primary care physicians. Journal of Pediatrics 157(6):1025-1029.e1022.

Jones, C. G., R. S. Ostfeld, M. P. Richard, E. M. Schauber, and J. O. Wolff. 1998. Chain reactions linking acorns to gypsy moth outbreaks and Lyme disease risk. Science 279(5353):1023-1026.

Jones, K. E., N. G. Patel, M. A. Levy, A. Storeygard, D. Balk, J. L. Gittleman, and P. Daszak. 2008. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451(7181):990-U994.

Jordan, R. A., T. L. Schulze, and M. B. Jahn. 2007. Effects of reduced deer density on the abundance of Ixodes scapularis (acari: Ixodidae) and Lyme disease incidence in a northern New Jersey endemic area. Journal of Medical Entomology 44(5):752-757.

Kalish, R. A., J. M. Leong, and A. C. Steere. 1993. Association of treatment-resistant chronic Lyme arthritis with HLA-dr4 and antibody reactivity to ospa and ospb of Borrelia-burgdorferi. Infection and Immunity 61(7):2774-2779.

Kato, K., P. F. Sullivan, B. Evengard, and N. L. Pedersen. 2008. A population-based twin study of functional somatic syndromes. Psychological Medicine doi:10.1017/S0033291708003784.

Kaufman, W. R., and P. A. Nuttall. 1996. Amblyomma variegatum(acari: Ixodidae): Mechanism and control of arbovirus secretion in tick saliva. Experimental Parasitology 82(3):316-323.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Kawabata, H., T. Masuzawa, and Y. Yanagihara. 1993. Genomic analysis of Borrelia japonica sp. Nov. Isolated from Ixodes ovatus in Japan. Microbiology and Immunology 37(11):843-848.

Keesing, F., J. Brunner, S. Duerr, M. Killilea, K. LoGiudice, K. Schmidt, H. Vuong, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2009. Hosts as ecological traps for the vector of Lyme disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society B—Biological Sciences 276(1675):3911-3919.

Keirans, J. E., and L. A. Durden. 2005. Tick systematics and identification. In Tick-borne diseases of humans, edited by J. L. Goodman, D. T. Dennis, and D. E. Sonenshine. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology Press. Pp. 123-143.

Kelly, P. J. 2006. Rickettsia africae in the West Indies. Emerging Infectious Diseases 12(2):224-226.

Killilea, M. E., A. Swei, R. S. Lane, C. J. Briggs, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2008. Spatial dynamics of Lyme disease: A review. Ecohealth 5(2):167-195.

Kindberg, E., A. Mickiene, C. Ax, B. Akerlind, S. Vene, L. Lindquist, A. Lundkvist, and L. Svensson. 2008. A deletion in the chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) gene is associated with tickborne encephalitis. Journal of Infectious Diseases 197(2):266-269.

Kinjo, Y., E. Tupin, D. Wu, M. Fujio, R. Garcia-Navarro, M. R. Benhnia, D. M. Zajonc, G. Ben-Menachem, G. D. Ainge, G. F. Painter, A. Khurana, K. Hoebe, S. M. Behar, B. Beutler, I. A. Wilson, M. Tsuji, T. J. Sellati, C. H. Wong, and M. Kronenberg. 2006. Natural killer T cells recognize diacylglycerol antigens from pathogenic bacteria. Nature Immunology 7:978-986.

Kirkland, K. B., W. E. Wilkinson, and D. J. Sexton. 1995. Therapeutic delay and mortality in cases of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Clinical Infectious Diseases 20(5):1118-1121.

Kleba, B., T. R. Clark, E. I. Lutter, D. W. Ellison, and T. Hackstadt. 2010. Disruption of the Rickettsia rickettsii sca2 autotransporter inhibits actin-based motility. Infection and Immunity 78:2240-2247.

Klein, J. D., S. C. Eppes, and P. Hunt. 1996. Environmental and life-style risk factors for Lyme disease in children. Clinical Pediatrics 35(7):359-363.

Klempner, M. S., L. T. Hu, J. Evans, C. H. Schmid, G. M. Johnson, R. P. Trevino, D. Norton, L. Levy, D. Wall, J. McCall, M. Kosinski, and A. Weinstein. 2001. Two controlled trials of antibiotic treatment in patients with persistent symptoms and a history of Lyme disease. New England Journal of Medicine 345(2):85-92.

Klenerman, P., and A. Hill. 2005. T cells and viral persistence: Lessons from diverse infections. Nature Immunology 6(9):873-879.

Klich, M., M. W. Lankester, and K. W. Wu. 1996. Spring migratory birds (aves) extend the northern occurrence of blacklegged tick (acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 33:581-585.

Klompen, H., and D. Grimaldi. 2001. First mesozoic record of a parasitiform mite: A larval argasid tick in cretaceous amber (acari: Ixodida: Argasidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94(1):10-15.

Krause, P. J., S. R. Telford, 3rd, A. Spielman, V. Sikand, R. Ryan, D. Christianson, G. Burke, P. Brassard, R. Pollack, J. Peck, and D. H. Persing. 1996. Concurrent Lyme disease and babesiosis. Evidence for increased severity and duration of illness. Journal of the American Medical Association 275(21):1657-1660.

Krause, P. J., A. Spielman, S. R. Telford, V. K. Sikand, K. McKay, D. Christianson, R. J. Pollack, P. Brassard, J. Magera, R. Ryan, and D. H. Persing. 1998. Persistent parasitemia after acute babesiosis. New England Journal of Medicine 339(3):160-165.

Krause, P. J., K. McKay, C. A. Thompson, V. K. Sikand, R. Lentz, T. Lepore, L. Closter, D. Christianson, S. R. Telford, D. Persing, J. D. Radolf, A. Spielman, and G. Deer-Associated Infect Study. 2002. Disease-specific diagnosis of coinfecting tickborne zoonoses: Babesiosis, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, and Lyme disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases 34(9):1184-1191.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Krause, P. J., K. McKay, J. Gadbaw, D. Christianson, L. Closter, T. Lepore, S. R. Telford, V. Sikand, R. Ryan, D. Persing, J. D. Radolf, A. Spielman. 2003. Increasing health burden of human babesiosis in endemic sites. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 68(4):431-436.

Krause, P. J., D. T. Foley, G. S. Burke, D. Christianson, L. Closter, and A. Spielman. 2006. Reinfection and relapse in early Lyme disease. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 75(6):1090-1094.

Krause, P. J., J. Daily, S. R. Telford, E. Vannier, P. Lantos, and A. Spielman. 2007. Shared features in the pathobiology of babesiosis and malaria. Trends in Parasitology 23(12):605-610.

Krause, P. J., B. E. Gewurz, D. Hill, F. M. Marty, E. Vannier, I. M. Foppa, R. R. Furman, E. Neuhaus, G. Skowron, S. Gupta, C. McCalla, E. L. Pesanti, M. Young, D. Heiman, G. Hsue, J. A. Gelfand, G. P. Wormser, J. Dickason, F. J. Bia, B. Hartman, S. R. Telford, 3rd, D. Christianson, K. Dardick, M. Coleman, J. E. Girotto, and A. Spielman. 2008. Persistent and relapsing babesiosis in immunocompromised patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases 46(3):370-376.

Krupp, L. B., L. G. Hyman, R. Grimson, P. K. Coyle, P. Melville, S. Ahnn, R. Dattwyler, and B. Chandler. 2003. Study and treatment of post lyme disease (stop-ld). Neurology 60(12):1923-1930.

Kugeler, K. J., K. S. Griffith, L. H. Gould, K. Kochanek, B. J. Delorey, and P. S. Mead. 2011. A review of death certificates listing lyme disease as a cause of death in the United States. Clinical Infectious Diseases 52(3):364-367.

Kumaran, D., S. Eswaramoorthy, B. J. Luft, S. Koide, J. J. Dunn, C. L. Lawson, and S. Swaminathan. 2001. Crystal structure of outer surface protein c (ospc) from the lyme disease spirochete, borrelia burgdorferi. European Molecular Biology Organization Journal 20(5):971-978.

Lane, R. S., S. A. Manweiler, H. A. Stubbs, E. T. Lennette, J. E. Madigan, and P. E. Lavoie. 1992. Risk-factors for Lyme-disease in a small rural-community in northern California. American Journal of Epidemiology 136(11):1358-1368.

Larsson, C., M. Andersson, and S. Bergstrom. 2009. Current issues in relapsing fever. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases 22(5):443-449.

Lashley, F. R. 2007. Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and babesiosis. In Emerging infectious diseases: Trends and issues. 2 ed, edited by F. R. Lashley and J. D. Durham. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc. Pp. 255-265.

Le Fleche, A., D. Postic, K. Girardet, O. Peter, and G. Baranton. 1997. Characterization of Borrelia lusitaniae sp. Nov. By 16s ribosomal DNA sequence analysis. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47(4):921-925.

Lederberg, J., R. E. Shope, S. C. Oaks. 1992. Emerging infections. Committee on Emerging Microbal Threats. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Leiby, D. A. 2011. Transfusion-transmitted babesia spp.: Bull’s-eye on babesia microti. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 24(1):14-28.

Levin, M., J. F. Levine, S. Yang, P. Howard, and C. S. Apperson. 1996. Reservoir competence of the Southeastern five-lined skink (eumeces inexpectatus) and the green anole (anolis carolinensis) for Borrelia burgdorferi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 54(1):92-97.

Ley, C., E. M. Olshen, and A. L. Reingold. 1995. Case-control study of risk-factors for incident Lyme-disease in California. American Journal of Epidemiology 142(9):S39-S47.

Lin, T., L. Gao, D. G. Edmondson, M. B. Jacobs, M. T. Philipp, and S. J. Norris. 2009. Central role of the Holliday junction helicase RuvAB in visE recombination and infectivity of Borrelia burgdorferi. PLoS Pathogens 5(12):e1000679.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Liu, N., R. R. Montgomery, S. W. Barthold, and L. K. Bockenstedt. 2004. Myeloid differentiation antigen 88 deficiency impairs pathogen clearance but does not alter inflammation in Borrelia burgdorferi-infected mice. Infection and Immunity 72:3195-3203.

Livengood, J. A., and J. R. D. Gilmore. 2006. Invasion of human neuronal and glial cells by an infectious strain of Borrelia burgdorferi. Microbes and Infection 8(14-15):2832-2840.

Ljostad, U., and A. Mygland. 2010. Remaining complaints 1 year after treatment for acute Lyme neuroborreliosis. Frequency, pattern and risk factors. European Journal of Neurology 17(1):118-123.

Logigian, E. L., K. A. Johnson, M. F. Kijewski, R. F. Kaplan, J. A. Becker, K. J. Jones, B. M. Garada, B. L. Holman, and A. C. Steere. 1997. Reversible cerebral hypoperfusion in Lyme encephalopathy. Neurology 49(6):1661-1670.

LoGiudice, K., R. S. Ostfeld, K. A. Schmidt, and F. Keesing. 2003. The ecology of infectious disease: Effects of host diversity and community composition on Lyme disease risk. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(2):567-571.

Lopez, J. E., P. A. Beare, R. A. Heinzen, J. Normine, K. K. Lahmers, G. H. Palmer, and W. C. Brown. 2008. High-throughput identification of t-lymphocyte antigens from anaplasma marginale expressed using in vitro transcription and translation. Journal of Immunological Methods 332((1-2)):129-141.

Lu, Z., M. Broker, and G. Liang. 2008. Tick-borne encephalitis in mainland China. Vector Borne & Zoonotic Diseases 8(5):713-720.

Ma, Y., K. P. Seiler, E. J. Eichwald, J. H. Weis, C. Teuscher, and J. J. Weis. 1998. Distinct characteristics of resistance to Borrelia burgdorferi-induced arthritis in c57bl/6n mice. Infection and Immunity 66:161-168.

Ma, Y., J. C. Miller, H. Crandall, E. T. Larsen, D. M. Dunn, R. B. Weiss, M. Subramanian, J.H. Weis, J. F. Zachary, C. Teuscher, and J. J. Weis. 2009. Interval-specific congenic lines reveal quantitative trait Loci with penetrant Lyme arthritis phenotypes on chromosomes 5,11,12. Infection and Immunity.

Maggi, R. G., M. P. B. J., B.C. Hegarty, E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2010. Enhanced molecular detection and isolation of bartonella species from human blood samples using the bartonella alpha proteobacteria growth medium (bapgm) platform. Paper read at 24th Meeting of the American Society of Rickettsiology, July 31-August 3, 2010, Stevenson, Washington.

Marconi, R., D. Liveris, and I. Schwartz. 1995. Identification of novel insertion elements, restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns, and discontinuous 23s rrna in Lyme disease spirochetes: Phylogenetic analyses of rrna genes and their intergenic spacers in Borrelia japonica sp. Nov. and genomic group 21038 (Borrelia andersonii sp. Nov.) isolates. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 33(9):2427-2434.

Margos, G., S. A. Vollmer, M. Cornet, M. Garnier, V. Fingerle, B. Wilske, A. Bormane, L. Vitorino, M. Collares-Pereira, M. Drancourt, and K. Kurtenbach. 2009. A new borrelia species defined by multilocus sequence analysis of housekeeping genes. Applied Environtal Microbiology 75(16):5410-5416.

Markowski, D., H. S. Ginsberg, K. E. Hyland, and R. J. Hu. 1998. Reservoir competence of the meadow vole (rodentia : Cricetidae) for the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Journal of Medical Entomology 35(5):804-808.

Marques, A., M. R. Brown, and T. A. Fleisher. 2009. Natural killer cell counts are not different between patients with post-Lyme disease syndrome and controls. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 16(8):1249-1250.

Martin, M. E., K. Caspersen, and J. S. Dumler. 2001. Immunopathology and ehrlichial propagation are regulated by interferon-gamma and interleukin-10 in a murine model of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis. American Journal of Pathology 158(5):1881-1888.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Martinez-Medina, M. A., G. Alvarez-Hernandez, J. G. Padilla-Zamudioa, and M. G. Rojas-Guerra. 2007. Rocky Mountain spotted fever in children: Clinical and epidemiological features. Gaceta Medicina De Mexico 143(2):137-140.

Mast, W. E., and W. M. Burrows. 1976. Erythema chronicum migrans and Lyme arthritis. Journal of the American Medical Association 236(21):2392-2392.

Masuzawa, T., N. Takada, M. Kudeken, T. Fukui, Y. Yano, F. Ishiguro, Y. Kawamura, Y.Imai, and T. Ezaki. 2001. Borrelia sinica sp. Nov., a Lyme disease-related borrelia species isolated in China. IInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 51(5):1817-1824.

Mattner, J., K. L. DeBord, N. Ismail, R. D. Goff, C. Cantu, D. P. Zhou, P. Saint-Mezard, V. Wang, Y. Gao, N. Yin, K. Hoebe, O. Schneewind, D. Walker, B. Beutler, L. Teyton, P. B. Savage, and A. Bendelac. 2005. Exogenous and endogenous glycolipid antigens activate NKT cells during microbial infections. Nature 434(7032):525-529.

McBeth, J., Y. H. Chiu, A. J. Silman, D. Ray, R. Morriss, C. Dickens, A. Gupta, and G. J. Macfarlane. 2005. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis function and the relationship with chronic widespread pain and its antecedents. Arthritis Research & Therapy 7(5):R992-R1000.

McCabe, G. J., and J. E. Bunnell. 2004. Precipitation and the occurrence of Lyme disease in the northeastern United States. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 4(2):143-148.

McKisic, M. D., W. L. Redmond, and S. W. Barthold. 2000. Cutting edge: T cell-mediated pathology in murine Lyme borreliosis. Journal of Immunology 164:6096-6099.

McLean, S. A., D. A. Williams, R. E. Harris, W. J. Kop, K. H. Groner, K. Ambrose, A. K. Lyden, R. H. Gracely, L. J. Crofford, M. E. Geisser, A. Sen, P. Biswas, and D. J. Clauw. 2005. Momentary relationship between cortisol secretion and symptoms in patients with fibromyalgia. Arthritis and Rheumatism 52(11):3660-3669.

McQuiston, J. H. 2011. Rickettsia diseases: spectrum of disease, spatial, clustering, at-risk populations, and research needs. Presented to the IOM Committee on Lyme Disease and Other Tick-borne Diseases: The State of the Science. Washington, DC.

McQuiston, J. H., R. C. Holman, A. V. Groom, S. F. Kaufman, J. E. Cheek, and J. E. Childs. 2000. Incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever among American Indians in Oklahoma. Public Health Reports 115(5):469-475.

Medical News. 1976. What may be new form of arthritis is discovered in New England area. Journal of the American Medical Association 236: 241-242.

Miller, J. C., Y. Ma, J. Bian, K. C. Sheehan, J. F. Zachary, J. H. Weis, R. D. Schreiber, and J.J. Weis. 2008. A critical role for type I ifn in arthritis development following Borrelia burgdorferi infection of mice. Journal of Immunology 181:8492-8503.

Miller, J. C., H. Maylor-Hagen, Y. Ma, J. H. Weis, and J. J. Weis. 2010. The Lyme disease spirochete borrelia burgdorferi utilizes multiple ligands, including RNA, for interferon regulatory factor 3-dependent induction of type I interferon-responsive genes. Infection and Immunity 78:3144-3153.

Miranda, H., L. Kaila-Kangas, M. Heliovaara, P. Leino-Arjas, E. Haukka, J. Liira, and E. Viikari-Juntura. 2010. Musculoskeletal pain at multiple sites and its effects on work ability in a general working population. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 67(7):449-455.

Mixson, T. R., S. R. Campbell, J. S. Gill, H. S. Ginsberg, M. V. Reichard, T. L. Schulze, and G. A. Dasch. 2006. Prevalence of ehrlichia, borrelia, and rickettsial agents in amblyomma americanum (acari : Ixodidae) collected from nine states. Journal of Medical Entomology 43(6):1261-1268.

Morgen, K., R. Martin, R. D. Stone, J. Grafman, N. Kadom, H. F. McFarland, and A. Marques. 2001. Flair and magnetization transfer imaging of patients with post-treatment lyme disease syndrome. Neurology 57(11):1980-1985.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Morrison, T. B., Y. Ma, J. H. Weis, and J. J. Weis. 1999. Rapid and sensitive quantification of borrelia burgdorferi-infected mouse tissues by continuous fluorescent monitoring of pcr. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 37:987-992.

Munderloh, U. G., and T. J. Kurtti. 1995. Cellular and molecular interrelationships between ticks and prokaryotic tick-borne pathogens. Annual Review of Entomology 40:221-243.

Mygland, A., U. Ljostad, V. Fingerle, T. Rupprecht, E. Schmutzhard, and I. Steiner. 2010. Efns guidelines on the diagnosis and management of European Lyme neuroborreliosis. European Journal of Neurology 1:8-16.

Nau, R., H.-J. Christen, and H. Eiffert. 2009. Lyme disease—current state of knowledge. Deutsches Arzteblatt International 106(5):72-81; quiz 82.

Niebylski, M. L., and M. G. Peacock. 1999. Lethal effect of Rickettsia rickettsii on its tick vector (dermacentor andersoni). Applied & Environmental Microbiology 65(2):773.

Nigrovic, L. E., and S. L. Wingerter. Tularemia. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22(3):489-504.

Norris, S. J., J. Coburn, J. M. Leong, L. T. Hu, and M. Höök. 2010. Pathobiology of Lyme disease borrelia. In Borrelia: Molecular biology, host interaction and pathogenesis, edited by D. S. Scott and J. D. Radolf. Hethersett, Norwich, UK: Caister Academic Press. Pp. 299-331.

Nowakowski, J., R. B. Nadelman, R. Sell, D. McKenna, L. F. Cavaliere, D. Holmgren, A. Gaidici, and G. P. Wormser. 2003. Long-term follow-up of patients with culture-confirmed Lyme disease. American Journal of Medicine 115(2):91-96.

O’Garra, A., and K. M. Murphy. 2009. How pathogens and their products stimulate apcs to induce T (h) 1 development. Nature Immunology 10:929-932.

Ogata, H., P. Renesto, S. Audic, C. Robert, G. Blanc, P. E. Fournier, H. Parinello, J. M. Claverie, and D. Raoult. 2005. The genome sequence of Rickettsia felis identifies the first putative conjugative plasmid in an obligate intracellular parasite. Plos Biology 3(8):1391-1402.

Olano, J. R., E. Masters, W. Hogrefe, and D. H. Walker. 2003. Human monocytotropic ehrlichiosis, Missouri. Emerging Infectious Diseases 9(12):1579-1586.

Oliveira, A. M., R. G. Maggi, C. W. Woods, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2010. Suspected needle stick transmission of bartonella vinsonii subspecies berkhoffii to a veterinarian. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 24(5):1229-1232.

Olson, S. H., and J. A. Patz. 2010. Global environmental change and tick-borne disease incidence. Paper presented at Institute of Medicine Committee on Lyme Disease and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The State of the Science, Washington, DC.

Olson, Jr., C. M., T. C. Bates, H. Izadi, J. D. Radolf, S. A. Huber, J. E. Boyson, and J. Anguita. 2009. Local production of ifn-gamma by invariant NKT cells modulates acute Lyme carditis. Journal of Immunology 182:3728-3734.

One Health Initiative. One Health Initiative—One World One Medicine One Health. http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/mission.php.

Oosting, M., A. Berende, P. Sturm, H. J. Ter Hofstede, D. J. de Jong, T. D. Kanneganti, J.W. van der Meer, B. J. Kullberg, M. G. Netea, and L. A. Joosten. 2010. Recognition of Borrelia burgdorferi by nod2 is central for the induction of an inflammatory reaction. Journal of Infectious Diseases 201:1849-1858.

Openshaw, J. J. 2010. Rocky mountain spotted fever in the United States, 2000-2007: Interpreting contemporary increases in incidence (vol 83, pg 174, 2010). American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 83(3):729-730.

Orloski, K. A., G. L. Campbell, C. A. Genese, J. W. Beckley, M. E. Schriefer, K. C. Spitalny, and D. T. Dennis. 1998. Emergence of Lyme disease in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, 1993: A case-control study of risk factors and evaluation of reporting patterns. American Journal of Epidemiology 147(4):391-397.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Ostfeld, R. S. 2009. Biodiversity loss and the rise of zoonotic pathogens. Clinical Microbiology & Infection 15 (Suppl 1):40-43.

Ostfeld, R. S., C. G. Jones, and J. O. Wolff. 1996. Of mice and mast. Bioscience 46(5):323-330.

Ostfeld, R. S., C. D. Canham, K. Oggenfuss, R. J. Winchcombe, and F. Keesing. 2006. Climate, deer, rodents, and acorns as determinants of variation in Lyme-disease risk. Plos Biology 4:1058-1068.

Paddock, C. D., and S. R. Telford III. 2010. Through a glass, darkly: The global incidence of tick-borne diseases. Paper presented at Institute of Medicine Committe on Lyme Disease and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The State of the Science, Washington, DC.

Paddock, C. D., and M. J. Yabsley. 2007. Ecological havoc, the rise of white-tailed deer, and the emergence of amblyomma americanum-associated zoonoses in the United States. Current Topics in Microbiology & Immunology 315:289-324.

Palmer, G. H., F. R. Rurangirwa, K. M. Kocan, and W. C. Brown. 1999a. Molecular basis for vaccine development against the ehrlichial pathogen anaplasma marginale. Parasitology Today 15(7):281-286.

Palmer, M. V., D. L. Whipple, and S. C. Olsen. 1999b. Development of a model of natural infection with mycobacterium bovis in white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 35:450-457.

Panda, A., F. Qian, S. Mohanty, D. Van Duin, F. K. Newman, L. Zhang, S. Chen, V. Towle, R. Belshe, and E. Fikrig. 2010. A generalized, age-associated defect in toll-like receptor function in primary human dendritic cells. Journal of Immunology 184:2518-2527.

Persing, D. H., B. L. Herwaldt, C. Glaser, R. S. Lane, J. W. Thomford, D. Mathiesen, P. J. Krause, D. F. Phillip, and P. A. Conrad. 1995. Infection with a babesia-like organism in northern california. New England Journal of Medicine 332(5):298-303.

Petzke, M. M., A. Brooks, M. A. Krupna, D. Mordue, and I. Schwartz. 2009. Recognition of Borrelia burgdorferi, the Lyme disease spirochete, by tlr7 and tlr9 induces a type I ifn response by human immune cells. Journal of Immunology 183:5279-5292.

Phillips, C. B., M. H. Liang, O. Sangha, E. A. Wright, A. H. Fossel, R. A. Lew, K. K. Fossel, and N. A. Shadick. 2001. Lyme disease and preventive behaviors in residents of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 20(3):219-224.

Piesman, J., J. G. Donahue, T. N. Mather, and A. Spielman. 1986. Transovarially acquired Lyme-disease spirochetes (Borrelia-burgdorferi) in field-collected larval ixodes-dammini (acari, ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 23(2):219-219.

Porwancher, R., C. G. Hagerty, J. Fan, L. Landsberg, B. J. Johnson, M. Kopnitsky, A. C. Steere, K. Kulas, and S. J. Wong. 2011. Multiplex immunoassay for Lyme disease using vlse1IgG and pepc10-IgM antibodies: Improving test performance through bioinformatics. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology doi:10.1128/CVI.00409-10.

Postic, D., N. M. Ras, R. S. Lane, M. Hendson, and G. Baranton. 1998. Expanded diversity among californian borrelia isolates and description of Borrelia bissettii sp. Nov. (formerly borrelia group dn127). Journal of Clinical Microbiology 36(12):3497-3504.

Qiu, W.-G., D. E. Dykhuizen, M. S. Acosta, and B. J. Luft. 2002. Geographic uniformity of the Lyme disease spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) and its shared history with tick vector (Ixodes scapularis) in the northeastern United States. Genetics 160(3):833-849.

Qiu, W. G., J. F. Bruno, W. D. McCaig, Y. Xu, I. Livey, M. E. Schriefer, and B. J. Luft. 2008. Wide distribution of a high-virulence Borrelia burgdorferi clone in Europe and North America. Emerging Infectious Diseases 14(7):1097-1104.

Ramsey, A. H., E. A. Belongia, C. M. Gale, and J. P. Davis. 2002. Outcomes of treated human granulocytic ehrlichiosis cases. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8(4):398-401.

Rand, P. W., C. Lubelczyk, G. R. Lavigne, S. Elias, M. S. Holman, E. H. Lacombe, and R. P. Smith, Jr. 2003. Deer density and the abundance of Ixodes scapularis (acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 40(2):179-184.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Rand, P. W., C. Lubelczyk, M. S. Holman, E. H. Lacombe, and R. P. Smith. 2004. Abundance of Ixodes scapularis (acari : Ixodidae) after the complete removal of deer from an isolated offshore island, endemic for Lyme disease. Journal of Medical Entomology 41(4):779-784.

Ribeiro, J. M., T. N. Mather, J. Piesman, and A. Spielman. 1987. Dissemination and salivary delivery of Lyme disease spirochetes in vector ticks (acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 24(2):201-205.

Ribeiro, J. M., F. Alarcon-Chaidez, I. M. Francischetti, B. J. Mans, T. N. Mather, J. G. Valenzuela, and S. K. Wikel. 2005. An annotated catalog of salivary gland transcripts from ixodes scapularis ticks. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 36(2):111-129.

Richter, D., A. Spielman, N. Komar, and F. R. Matuschka. 2000. Competence of American robins as reservoir hosts for Lyme disease spirochetes. Emerging Infectious Diseases 6(2):133-138.

Richter, D., D. Postic, N. Sertour, I. Livey, F.-R. Matuschka, and G. Baranton. 2006. Delineation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species by multilocus sequence analysis and confirmation of the delineation of Borrelia spielmanii sp. Nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 56(4):873-881.

Rodgers, S. E., C. P. Zolnik, and T. N. Mather. 2007. Duration of exposure to suboptimal atmospheric moisture affects nymphal blacklegged tick survival. Journal of Medical Entomology 44:372-375.

Rodriguez, S. D., M. A. Garcia Ortiz, R. Jimenez Ocampo, and C. A. Vega y Murguia. 2009. Molecular epidemiology of bovine anaplasmosis with a particular focus in Mexico. Infection, Genetics & Evolution 9(6):1092-1101.

Romero, J. R., and K. A. Simonsen. Powassan encephalitis and Colorado tick fever. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22(3):545-559.

Rosa, P. A., K. Tilly, and P. E. Stewart. 2005. The burgeoning molecular genetics of the Lyme disease spirochaete. National Review of Microbiology 3:129-143.

Rosner, F., M. H. Zarrabi, J. L. Benach, and G. S. Habicht. 1984. Babesiosis in splenectomized adults—review of 22 reported cases. American Journal of Medicine 76(4):696-701.

Rovery, C., and D. Raoult. Mediterranean spotted fever. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22(3):515-530.

Rudenko, N., M. Golovchenko, T. Lin, L. Gao, L. Grubhoffer, and J. H. Oliver, Jr. 2009. Delineation of a new species of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, Borrelia americanasp. Nov. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 47(12):3875-3880.

Ruderman, E. M., J. S. Kerr, S. R. Telford III, A. Spielman, L. H. Glimcher, and E. M. Gravellese. 1995. Early murine Lyme carditis has a macrophage predominance and is independent of major histocompatibility complex class II-CD4+ T cell interactions. Journal of Infectious Diseases 171:362-370.

Ruebush Ii, T. K., D. D. Juranek, and A. Spielman. 1981. Epidemiology of human babesiosis on Nantucket Island. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 30(5):937-941.

Rupprecht, T. A., H. W. Pfister, B. Angele, S. Kastenbauer, B. Wilske, and U. Koedel. 2005. The chemokine cxcl13 (blc): A putative diagnostic marker for neuroborreliosis. Neurology 65(3):448-450.

Rydkina, E., S. K. Sahni, L. A. Santucci, L. C. Turpin, R. B. Baggs, and D. J. Silverman. 2004. Selective modulation of antioxidant enzyme activities in host tissues during Rickettsia conorii infection. Microbiology and Pathology 36(6):293-301.

Rydkina, E., L. C. Turpin, and S. K. Sahni. 2010. Rickettsia rickettsii infection of human macrovascular and microvascular endothelial cells reveals activation of both common and cell type-specific host response mechanisms. Infection and Immunity 78(6):2599-2606.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Sahni, S. K., D. J. Van Antwerp, M. E. Eremeeva, D. J. Silverman, V. J. Marder, and L. A. Sporn. 1998. Proteasome-independent activation of nuclear factor kappab in cytoplasmic extracts from human endothelial cells by Rickettsia rickettsii. Infection and Immunity 66(5):1827-1833.

Saito, Y. A., P. Schoenfeld, and G. R. Locke. 2002. The epidemiology of irritable bowel syndrome in North America: A systematic review. American Journal of Gastroenterology 97(8):1910-1915.

Salgo, M. P., E. E. Telzak, B. Currie, D. C. Perlman, N. Litman, M. Levi, G. Nathenson, J. L. Benach, R. Alhafidh, and J. Casey. 1988. A focus of Rocky Mountain spotted fever within New York City. New England Journal of Medicine 318(21):1345-1348.

Samuels, S. D., and J. D. Radolf. 2010. Borrelia: Molecular biology, host interaction, and pathogenesis. Norfolk, England: Caister Academic Press.

Schroder, N. W. J., I. Diterich, A. Zinke, J. Eckert, C. Draing, V. von Baehr, D. Hassler, S. Priem, K. Hahn, K. S. Michelsen, T. Hartung, G. R. Burmester, U. B. Gobel, C. Hermann, and R. R. Schumann. 2005. Heterozygous arg753gln polymorphism of human TLR-2 impairs immune activation by Borrelia burgdorferi and protects from late stage Lyme disease. Journal of Immunology 175(4):2534-2540.

Schroeder, H. W., and L. Cavacini. 2010. Structure and function of immunoglobulins. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 125(2):S41-S52.

Schuijt, T. J., J. W. Hovius, T. van der Poll, A. P. van Dam, and E. Fikrig. 2011. Lyme borreliosis vaccination: The facts, the challenge, the future. Trends in Parasitology 27:40-47.

Schulze, T. L., R. A. Jordan, and R. W. Hung. 1995. Suppression of subadult Ixodes-scapularis(acari, ixodidae) following removal of leaf-litter. Journal of Medical Entomology 32(5):730-733.

Schutze, G. E., and R. F. Jacobs. 1997. Human monocytic ehrlichiosis in children. Pediatrics 100(1):e10.

Schwartz, B. S., and M. D. Goldstein. 1990. Lyme-disease in outdoor workers—risk-factors, preventive measures, and tick removal methods. American Journal of Epidemiology 131(5):877-885.

Schwartz, B. S., M. D. Goldstein, and J. E. Childs. 1994. Longitudinal study of Borrelia-burgdorferi infection in New Jersey outdoor workers, 1988-1991. American Journal of Epidemiology 139(5):504-512.

Scorpio, D. G., J. S. Dumler, N. C. Barat, J. A. Cook, C. E. Barat, B. A. Stillman, K. C. Debisceglie, M. J. Beall, and R. Chandrashekar. 2010. Comparative strain analysis of anaplasma phagocytophilum infection and clinical outcomes in a canine model of granulocytic anaplasmosis. Vector Borne & Zoonotic Diseases 11(3):223-229.

Seinost, G., D. E. Dykhuizen, R. J. Dattwyler, W. T. Golde, J. J. Dunn, I. N. Wang, G. P. Wormser, M. E. Schriefer, and B. J. Luft. 1999. Four clones of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto cause invasive infection in humans. Infection and Immunity 67(7):3518-3524.

Sekirov, I., S. L. Russell, L. C. M. Antunes, and B. B. Finlay. 2010. Gut microbiota in health and disease. Physiology Review 90:859-904.

Shadick, N. A., C. B. Phillips, E. L. Logigian, A. C. Steere, R. F. Kaplan, V. P. Berardi, P. H. Duray, M. G. Larson, E. A. Wright, K. S. Ginsburg, J. N. Katz, and M. H. Liang. 1994. The long-term clinical outcomes of Lyme disease. A population-based retrospective cohort study. Annals of Internal Medicine 121(8):560-567.

Shaw, A. C., A. Panda, S. Joshi, F. Qian, H. G. Allore, and R. R. Montgomery. 2010. Dysregulation of human toll-like receptor function in aging. Ageing Research Review.

Sher, A. 1988. Vaccination against parasites: Special problems imposed by the adaptation of parasitic organisms to the host immune response. In The biology of parasitism, edited by P. T. Englund and A. Sher. New York: Alan R. Liss. Pp. 169-182.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Shih, C. M., L. P. Liu, W. C. Chung, S. J. Ong, and C. C. Wang. 1997. Human babesiosis in Taiwan: Asymptomatic infection with a babesia microti-like organism in a Taiwanese woman. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 35(2):450-454.

Shin, O. S., R. R. Isberg, S. Akira, S. Uematsu, A. K. Behera, and L. T. Hu. 2008. Distinct roles for myd88 and toll-like receptors 2,5, and 9 in phagocytosis of Borrelia burgdorferi and cytokine induction. Infection and Immunity 76:2341-2351.

Sigal, L. H., and S. Williams. 1997. A monoclonal antibody to Borrelia burgdorferi flagellin modifies neuroblastoma cell neuritogenesis in vitro: A possible role for autoimmunity in the neuropathy of Lyme disease. Infection and Immunity 65(5):1722-1728.

Sillanpaa, H., P. Lahdenne, and H. Sarvas. 2007. Immune responses to borrelial vlse ir6 peptide variants. International Journal of Medicinal Microbiology 297:45-52.

Silverman, D. J. 1984. Rickettsia rickettsii-induced cellular injury of human vascular endothelium in vitro. Infection and Immunity 44(3):545-553.

Silverman, M. N., C. M. Heim, U. M. Nater, A. H. Marques, and E. M. Sternberg. 2010. Neuroendocrine and immune contributors to fatigue. PM & R : the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation 2(5):338-346.

Smith, G., E. P. Wileyto, R. B. Hopkins, B. R. Cherry, and J. P. Maher. 2001. Risk factors for Lyme disease in Chester County, Pennsylvania. Public Health Reports 116:146-156.

Smith, P. F., J. L. Benach, D. J. White, D. F. Stroup, and D. L. Morse. 1988. Occupational risk of Lyme disease in endemic areas of New York State. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 539:289-301.

Smith, R. P., P. W. Rand, E. H. Lacombe, S. R. Morris, D. W. Holmes, and D. A. Caporale. 1996. Role of bird migration in the long-distance dispersal of Ixodes dammini, the vector of Lyme disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases 174(1):221-224.

Smith, T., and F. L. Kilborne. 1893. Investigations into the nature, causation and prevention of Texas or southern cattle fever. Government Print Off, Bureau of Animal Industry Bulletin 1.

Solomon, S. P., E. Hilton, B. S. Weinschel, S. Pollack, and E. Grolnick. 1998. Psychological factors in the prediction of Lyme disease course. Arthritis Care and Research 11(5):419-426.

Stafford, K. C. 1991. Effectiveness of host-targeted permethrin in the control of Ixodes dammini (acari: Ixodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 28(5):611-617.

Stafford, K. C., A. J. Denicola, and H. J. Kilpatrick. 2003. Reduced abundance of Ixodes scapularis (acari : Ixodidae) and the tick parasitoid Ixodiphagus hookeri (hymenoptera : Encyrtidae) with reduction of white-tailed deer. Journal of Medical Entomology 40(5):642-652.

Standaert, S. M., J. E. Dawson, W. Schaffner, J. E. Childs, K. L. Biggie, B. S. Singleton, R.R. Gerhardt, M. L. Knight, and R. H. Hutcheson. 1995. Ehrlichiosis in a golf-oriented retirement community. New England Journal of Medicine 333(7):420-425.

Steere, A. C., and L. Glickstein. 2004. Elucidation of Lyme arthritis. Nature Reviews Microbiology 4:143-152.

Steere, A. C., and V. K. Sikand. 2003. The presenting manifestations of Lyme disease and the outcomes of treatment. New England Journal of Medicine 348(24):2472-2474.

Steere, A. C., S. E. Malawista, and D. R. Snydman. 1977. Lyme arthritis: An epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three Connecticut communities. Arthritis and Rheumatism 20(1):7-17.

Steere, A. C., R. T. Schoen, and E. Taylor. 1987. The clinical evolution of Lyme arthritis. Annals of Internal Medicine 107(5):725-731.

Steere, A. C., E. Dwyer, and R. Winchester. 1990. Association of chronic Lyme arthritis with HLA-dr4 and HLA-dr2 alleles. New England Journal of Medicine 323(4):219-223.

Steere, A. C., V. K. Sikand, F. Meurice, D. L. Parenti, E. Fikrig, R. T. Schoen, J. Nowakowski, C. H. Schmid, S. Laukamp, C. Buscarino, D. S. Krause, and G. Lyme Dis Vaccine Study.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

1998. Vaccination against Lyme disease with recombinant Borrelia burgdorferi outersurface lipoprotein A with adjuvant. New England Journal of Medicine 339(4):209-215.

Steere, A. C., D. Gross, A. L. Meyer, and B. T. Huber. 2001. Autoimmune mechanisms in antibiotic treatment-resistant Lyme arthritis. Journal of Autoimmunity 16:263-268.

Steere, A. C., G. McHugh, C. Suarez, J. Hoitt, N. Damle, and V. K. Sikand. 2003. Prospective study of coinfection in patients with erythema migrans. Clinical Infectious Diseases 36(8):1078-1081.

Steere, A. C., G. McHugh, N. Damle, and V. K. Sikand. 2008. Prospective study of serologic tests for Lyme disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases 47(2):188-195.

Stevenson, H. L., J. A. Jordan, Z. Peerwani, H. Q. Wang, D. H. Walker, and N. Ismail. 2006. An intradermal environment promotes a protective type-1 response against lethal systemic monocytotropic ehrlichial infection. Infection and Immunity 74(8):4856-4864.

Stevenson, H. L., M. D. Estes, N. R. Thirumalapura, D. H. Walker, and N. Ismail. 2010. Natural killer cells promote tissue injury and systemic inflammatory responses during fatal ehrlichia-induced toxic shock–like syndrome. American Journal of Pathology 177(2):766-776.

Stjernberg, L., and J. Berglund. 2005. Detecting ticks on light versus dark clothing. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 37(5):361-364.

Stjernberg, L., K. Holmkvist, and J. Berglund. 2008. A newly detected tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) focus in south-east Sweden: A follow-up study of tbe virus (tbev) seroprevalence. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases 40(1):4-10.

Straubinger, R. K., B. A. Summers, Y. F. Chang, and M. J. Appel. 1997. Persistence of Borrelia burgdorferiin experimentally infected dogs after antibiotic treatment. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 35:111-116.

Stricker, R. B., and E. E. Winger. 2001. Decreased cd57 lymphocyte subset in patients with chronic Lyme disease. Immunology Letters 76(1):43-48.

———. 2003. Musical hallucinations in patients with Lyme disease. Southern Medical Journal 96(7):711-715.

Stricker, R. B., J. J. Burrascano, and E. E. Winger. 2002. Longterm decrease in the cd57 lymphocyte subset in a patient with chronic Lyme disease. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 9(1):111-113.

Sun, T., M. J. Tenenbaum, J. Greenspan, S. Teichberg, R. T. Wang, T. Degnan, and M. H. Kaplan. 1983. Morphologic and clinical observations in human infection with babesiamicroti. Journal of Infectious Diseases 148(2):239-248.

Sun, W., J. W. Ijdo, S. R. Telford III, E. Hodzic, Y. Zhang, S. W. Barthold, and E. Fikrig. 1997. Immunization against the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in a murine model. Journal of Clinical Investigation 100:3014-3018.

Suss, J. 2008. Tick-borne encephalitis in Europe and beyond—the epidemiological situation as of 2007. Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Europeen sur les Maladies Transmissibles = European Communicable Disease Bulletin 13(26):26.

Suss, J., C. Klaus, F.-W. Gerstengarbe, and P. C. Werner. 2008. What makes ticks tick? Climate change, ticks, and tick-borne diseases. Journal of Travel Medicine 15(1):39-45.

Swanson, S. J., D. Neitzel, K. D. Reed, and E. A. Belongia. 2006. Coinfections acquired from ixodes ticks. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 19(4):708-727.

Sykes, J. E., L. L. Lindsay, R. G. Maggi, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2010. Human coinfection with bartonella henselae and two hemotropic mycoplasma variants resembling mycoplasma ovis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 48(10):3782-3785.

Tektonidou, M. G., and M. M. Ward. 2010. Validity of clinical associations of biomarkers in translational research studies: The case of systemic autoimmune diseases. Arthritis Research & Therapy 12:R179.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Thabane, M., and J. K. Marshall. 2009. Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome. World Journal of Gastroenterology 15(29):3591-3596.

Tjernberg, I., M. Carlsson, J. Ernerudh, I. Eliasson, and P. Forsberg. 2010. Mapping of hormones and cortisol responses in patients after Lyme neuroborreliosis. Bmc Infectious Diseases 10.

Tokarz, R., K. Jain, A. Bennett, T. Briese, and W. I. Lipkin. 2010. Assessment of polymicrobial infections in ticks in New York State. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 10(3):217-221.

Tonnetti, L., A. F. Eder, B. Dy, J. Kennedy, P. Pisciotto, R. J. Benjamin, and D. A. Leiby. 2009. Transfusion complications: Transfusion-transmitted babesia microti identified through hemovigilance. Transfusion 49(12):2557-2563.

Tupin, E., M. R. Benhnia, Y. Kinjo, R. Patsey, C. J. Lena, M. C. Haller, M. J. Caimano, M. Imamura, C. H. Wong, S. Crotty, J. D. Radolf, T. J. Sellati, and M. Kronenberg. 2008. NKT cells prevent chronic joint inflammation after infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(50):19863-19868.

U.S. Congress, House, 2009. Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, 2010. Report of the Committee in Appropriations together with Minority Views to accompany H.R. 3293. 111th Cong., 1st sess., pp. 81.

Valbuena, G., and D. H. Walker. 2009. Infection of the endothelium by members of the order rickettsiales. Thromb Haemost 102(6):1071-1079.

Vallings, R. 2010. A case of chronic fatigue syndrome triggered by influenza h1n1 (swine influenza). Journal of Clinical Pathology 63:184-185.

Van Den Eede, F., G. Moorkens, B. Van Houdenhove, P. Cosyns, and S. J. Claes. 2007. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis function in chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychobiology 55(2):112-120.

van Duin, D., V. Thomas, S. Mohanty, R. R. Montgomery, S. Ginter, E. Fikrig, H. G. Allore, R. Medzhitov, and A. C. Shaw. 2007. Age-associated defect in human tlr1 function and expression. Journal of Immunology 178:970-975.

Vannier, E., I. Borggraefe, S. R. Telford, S. Menon, T. Brauns, A. Spielman, J. A. Gelfand, and H. H. Wortis. 2004. Age-associated decline in resistance to Babesia microti is genetically determined. Journal of Infectious Diseases 189(9):1721-1728.

Vannier, E., B. E. Gewurz, and P. J. Krause. 2008. Human babesiosis. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America 22(3):469-488.

Vaughn, M. F., and S. R. Meshnick. 2011. Pilot study assessing the effectiveness of long-lasting permethrin-impregnated clothing for the prevention of tick bites. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, ahead of print.

Vazquez, M., S. S. Sparrow, and E. D. Shapiro. 2003. Long-term neuropsychologic and health outcomes of children with facial nerve palsy attributable to Lyme disease. Pediatrics 112(2):e93-e97.

Vazquez, M., C. Muehlenbein, M. Cartterj, E. B. Hayes, S. Ertel, and E. D. Shapiro. 2008. Effectiveness of personal protective measures to prevent Lyme disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases 14(2):210-216.

von Loewenich, F. D., D. G. Scorpio, U. Reischl, J. S. Dumler, and C. Bogdan. 2004. Frontline: Control of anaplasma phagocytophilum, an obligate intracellular pathogen, in the absence of inducible nitric oxide synthase, phagocyte nadph oxidase, tumor necrosis factor, toll-like receptor (TLR)2 and tlr4, or the TLR adaptor molecule myd88. European Journal of Immunology 34:1789-1797.

Vrethem, M., L. Hellblom, and M. Widlund. 2002. Chronic symptoms are common in patients with neuroborreliosis – a questionnaire follow-up study. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 106:205-208.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Walker, D. H., and H. N. Kirkman. 1980. Rocky mountain spotted fever and deficiency in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Journal of Infectious Diseases 142(5):771.

Walker, D. H., H. K. Hawkins, and P. Hudson. 1983. Fulminant Rocky Mountain spotted fever—its pathologic characteristics associated with glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase deficiency. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine 107(3):121-125.

Walker, D. H., C. D. Paddock, and J. S. Dumler. 2008. Emerging and re-emerging tick-transmitted rickettsial and ehrlichial infections. Medical Clinics of North America 92(6):1345-1361.

Wang, G., A. P. van Dam, A. Le Fleche, D. Postic, O. Peter, G. Baranton, R. de Boer, L. Spanjaard, and J. Dankert. 1997. Genetic and phenotypic analysis of Borrelia valaisiana sp. Nov. (borrelia genomic groups vs116 and m19). International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47(4):926-932.

Wang, G., C. Ojaima, H. Wu, V. Saksenberg, R. Iyer, D. Liveris, S. A. McClain, G. P. Wormser, and I. Schwartz. 2002. Disease severity in a murine model of Lyme borreliosis is associated with the genotype of the infecting Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto strain. Journal of Infectious Diseases 186:782-791.

Wang, H. L., M. Moser, M. Schiltenwolf, and M. Buchner. 2008. Circulating cytokine levels compared to pain in patients with fibromyalgia—A prospective longitudinal study over 6 months. Journal of Rheumatology 35(7):1366-1370.

Wang, I.-N., D. E. Dykhuizen, W. Qiu, J. J. Dunn, E. M. Bosler, and B. J. Luft. 1999. Genetic diversity of ospc in a local population of borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. Genetics 151(1):15-30.

Wang, T. M., M. Akkoyunlu, R. Banerjee, and E. Fikrig. 2004. Interferon-gamma deficiency reveals that 129sv mice are inherently more susceptible to anaplasma phagocytophilum than c57bl/6 mice. FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 42:299-305.

Warren, J. W., V. Brown, S. Jacobs, L. Horne, P. Langenberg, and P. Greenberg. 2008. Urinary tract infection and inflammation at onset of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. Urology 71(6):1085-1090.

Wei, Q., M. Tsuji, A. Zamoto, M. Kohsaki, T. Matsui, T. Shiota, S. R. Telford, and C. Ishihara. 2001. Human babesiosis in Japan: Isolation of babesia microti-like parasites from an asymptomatic transfusion donor and from a rodent from an area where babesiosis is endemic. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 39(6):2178-2183.

Weintraub, P. 2008. Cure unknown: Inside the Lyme Epidemic. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Weiss, E. 1973. Growth and physiology of rickettsiae. Bacteriology Review 37(3):259-283.

Weissbecker, I., A. Floyd, E. Dedert, R. Salmon, and S. Sephton. 2006. Childhood trauma and diurnal cortisol disruption in fibromyalgia syndrome. Psychoneuroendocrinology 31(3):312-324.

Weller, M., A. Stevens, N. Sommer, H. Wietholter, and J. Dichgans. 1991. Cerebrospinal fluid interleukins, immunoglobulins, and fibronectin in neuroborreliosis. Archives of Neurology 48(8):837-841.

White, D. J., J. Talarico, H. G. Chang, G. S. Birkhead, T. Heimberger, and D. L. Morse. 1998. Human babesiosis in New York State—review of 139 hospitalized cases and analysis of prognostic factors. Archives of Internal Medicine 158(19):2149-2154.

Widhe, M., S. Jarefors, C. Ekerfelt, M. Vrethem, S. Bergstrom, P. Forsberg, and J. Ernerudh. 2004. “Borrelia”-specific interferon-γ and interleukin-4 secretion in cerebrospinal fluid and blood during lyme borreuosis in humans: Association with clinical outcome. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 189(10):1881-1891.

Willadsen, P. 2006. Tick control: Thoughts on a research agenda. Veterinary Parasitology 138(1-2):161-168.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Williams, C. V., J. L. Van Steenhouse, J. M. Bradley, S. I. Hancock, B. C. Hegarty, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2002. Naturally occurring Ehrlichia chaffeensis infection in two prosimian primate species: Ring-tailed lemurs (lemur catta) and ruffed lemurs (varecia variegata). Emerging Infectious Diseases 8(12):1497-1500.

Williams, J. V., R. Martino, N. Rabella, M. Otegui, R. Parody, J. M. Heck, and J. J. E. Crowe. 2005. A prospective study comparing human metapneumovirus with other respiratory viruses in adults with hematologic malignancies and respiratory tract infections. Journal of Infectious Diseases 192(6):1061-1065.

Wilson, M. L., S. R. Telford, 3rd, J. Piesman, and A. Spielman. 1988. Reduced abundance of immature Ixodes dammini (acari: Ixodidae) following elimination of deer. Journal of Medical Entomology 25(4):224-228.

Wingenfeld, K., C. Heim, I. Schmidt, D. Wagner, G. Meinlschmidt, and D. H. Hellhammer. 2008. Hpa axis reactivity and lymphocyte glucocorticoid sensitivity in fibromyalgia syndrome and chronic pelvic pain. Psychosomatic Medicine 70(1):65-72.

Winslow, G. M., E. Yager, K. Shilo, E. Volk, A. Reilly, and F. K. Chu. 2000. Antibody-mediated elimination of the obligate intracellular bacterial pathogen Ehrlichia chaffeensis during active infection. Infection and Immunity 68:2187-2195.

Woldehiwet, Z. 2006. Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ruminants in Europe. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1078:446-460.

Wooten, R. M., Y. Ma, R. A. Yoder, J. P. Brown, J. H. Weis, J. F. Zachary, C. J. Kirschning, and J. J. Weis. 2002. Toll-like receptor 2 is required for innate, but not acquired, host defense to Borrelia burgdorferi. The Journal of Immunology 168:348-355.

Wormser, G. P., D. McKenna, J. Carlin, R. B. Nadelman, L. F. Cavaliere, D. Holmgren, D. W. Byrne, and J. Nowakowski. 2005. Brief communication: Hematogenous dissemination in early Lyme disease. Annals of Internal Medicine 142(9):751-755.

Wormser, G. P., R. J. Dattwyler, E. D. Shapiro, J. J. Halperin, A. C. Steere, M. S. Klempner, P. J. Krause, J. S. Bakken, F. Strle, G. Stanek, L. K. Bockenstedt, D. Fish, J. S. Dumler, and R. B. Nadelman. 2006. The clinical assessment, treatment, and prevention of Lyme disease, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, and babesiosis: Clinical practice guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America Clinical Infectious Diseases 43(9):1089-1134.

Wormser, G. P., D. Brisson, D. Liveris, K. Hanincova, S. Sandigursky, J. Nowakowski, R. B. Nadelman, S. Ludin, and I. Schwartz. 2008a. Borrelia burgdorferi genotype predicts the capacity for hematogenous dissemination during early Lyme disease. Journal of Infectious Diseases 198(9):1358-1364.

Wormser, G. P., J. Nowakowski, R. B. Nadelman, P. Visintainer, A. Levin, and M. E. AgueroRosenfeld. 2008b. Impact of clinical variables on Borrelia burgdorferi-specific antibody seropositivity in acute-phase sera from patients in North America with culture-confirmed early Lyme disease. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology 15(10):1519-1522.

Wormser, G. P., A. Prasad, E. Neuhaus, S. Joshi, J. Nowakowski, J. Nelson, A. Mittleman, M. Aguero-Rosenfeld, J. Topal, and P. J. Krause. 2010. Emergence of resistance to azithromycin-atovaquone in immunocompromised patients with Babesia microti infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases 50(3):381-386.

Wozniak, E. J., L. J. Lowenstine, R. Hemmer, T. Robinson, and P. A. Conrad. 1996. Comparative pathogenesis of human wa-1 and Babesia microti isolates in Syrian hamster model. American Association for Laboratory Animal Science 50(3):507-515.

Yager, J. A., S. J. Best, R. G. Maggi, M. Varanat, N. Znajda, and E. B. Breitschwerdt. 2010. Bacillary angiomatosis in an immunosuppressed dog. Veterinary Dermatology 21(4):420-428.

Young, C., and P. J. Krause. 2009. The problem of transfusion-transmitted babesiosis. Transfusion 2548-2550.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

Zambrano, M. C., A. A. Beklemisheva, A. V. Bryksin, S. A. Newman, and F. C. Cabello. 2004. Borrelia burgdorferi binds to, invades, and colonizes native type I collagen lattices. Infection and Immunity 72(6):3138-3146.

Zautra, A. J., L. M. Johnson, and M. C. Davis. 2005. Positive affect as a source of resilience for women in chronic pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 73(2):212-220.

Zent, O., and M. Broker. 2005. Tick-borne encephalitis vaccines: Past and present. Expert Review of Vaccines 4(5):747-755.

Zhang, J. R., and S. J. Norris. 1998. Kinetics and in vivo induction of genetic variation of vlse in Borrelia burgdorferi. Infection and Immunity 66(8):3689-3697.

Zhang, J. R., J. M. Hardham, A. G. Barbour, and S. J. Norris. 1997. Antigenic variation in Lyme disease borreliae by promiscuous recombination of vmp-like sequence cassettes. Cell 89(2):275-285.

Zhioua, E., L. Gern, A. Aeschlimann, M. J. Sauvain, S. Van der Linden, and H. Fahrer. 1998. Longitudinal study of Lyme borreliosis in a high risk population in Switzerland. Parasite-Journal De La Societe Francaise De Parasitologie 5(4):383-386.

Zintl, A., G. Mulcahy, H. E. Skerrett, S. M. Taylor, and J. S. Gray. 2003. Babesia divergens, a bovine blood parasite of veterinary and zoonotic importance. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 16(4):622-636.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page193
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page194
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page195
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page196
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page197
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page198
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page199
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page200
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page201
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page202
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page203
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page204
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page205
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page206
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page207
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page208
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page209
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page210
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page211
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page212
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page213
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page214
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page215
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page216
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page217
Suggested Citation:"References." Institute of Medicine. 2011. Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13134.
×
Page218
Next: Appendix A: Commissioned Papers »
Critical Needs and Gaps in Understanding Prevention, Amelioration, and Resolution of Lyme and Other Tick-Borne Diseases: The Short-Term and Long-Term Outcomes: Workshop Report Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $107.00 Buy Ebook | $84.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

A single tick bite can have debilitating consequences. Lyme disease is the most common disease carried by ticks in the United States, and the number of those afflicted is growing steadily. If left untreated, the diseases carried by ticks--known as tick-borne diseases--can cause severe pain, fatigue, neurological problems, and other serious health problems. The Institute of Medicine held a workshop October 11-12, 2010, to examine the state of the science in Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!