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Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles (2012)

Chapter:Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
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Appendix C

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAV      amphibious assault vehicle
ACAV      armored cavalry assault vehicle
AEM/S      Advanced Enclosed Mast/Sensor
AFOSR      U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research
AFRL      Air Force Research Laboratory
AGATE      Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiments
AIM      accelerated insertion of materials
AMPTIAC      Advanced Materials and Process Technology Information Analysis Center
AP      armor piercing
APC      armored personnel carrier
ARVN      Army of the Republic of Vietnam
ATD      advanced technology demonstration
 
CBM      condition-based maintenance
CCM      composite crew module
CTE      coefficient of thermal expansion
 
DARPA      Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DoD      U.S. Department of Defense
 
EFP      explosively formed projectile
EFV      expeditionary fighting vehicle
EME      electromagnetic environment/effects
 
FCS      Future Combat System
FSW      friction stir welding
 
GAO      U.S. Government Accountability Office
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
×
 
HMMWV      High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
HSLA      high-strength, low-alloy
 
ICME      integrated computational materials engineering
IDF      Israeli Defense Force
IED      improvised explosive device
 
JHSV      joint high-speed vessel
JLOTS      joint logistics over the shore
JLTV      joint light tactical vehicle
 
LASS      lightweight construction applications at sea
LCAC      landing craft, air cushion
LCS      littoral combat ship
LCU      landing craft, utility
LSV      logistic support vessel
 
ManTech      U.S. Department of Defense Manufacturing Technology Program
MMC      metal matrix composite
MRL      manufacturing readiness level
 
NDE      non-destructive evaluation
NRC      National Research Council
NSTC      National Science and Technology Council
 
O&S      operations and support
ONR      U.S. Office of Naval Research
 
RDT&E      research, development, test, and evaluation
RPA      remotely piloted aircraft
RPG      rocket-propelled grenade
 
S&T      science and technology
SES      surface effect ship
SLWT      super-lightweight tank
SOC      special operations craft
SSC      ship-to-shore connector
 
TARDEC      Tank Automotive Research, Development & Engineering Center
TMS      Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
TRL      technology readiness level
 
UAV      unmanned aerial vehicle
 
VARTM      vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
×
Page146
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
×
Page147
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Aircraft, Vessels, and Vehicles. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13277.
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Lightweighting is a concept well known to structural designers and engineers in all applications areas, from laptops to bicycles to automobiles to buildings and airplanes. Reducing the weight of structures can provide many advantages, including increased energy efficiency, better design, improved usability, and better coupling with new, multifunctional features. While lightweighting is a challenge in commercial structures, the special demands of military vehicles for survivability, maneuverability and transportability significantly stress the already complex process.

Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Vehicles, Vessels, and Aircraft assesses the current state of lightweighting implementation in land, sea, and air vehicles and recommends ways to improve the use of lightweight materials and solutions. This book considers both lightweight materials and lightweight design; the availability of lightweight materials from domestic manufacturers; and the performance of lightweight materials and their manufacturing technologies. It also considers the "trade space"--that is, the effect that use of lightweight materials or technologies can have on the performance and function of all vehicle systems and components. This book also discusses manufacturing capabilities and affordable manufacturing technology to facilitate lightweighting.

Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Vehicles, Vessels, and Aircraft will be of interest to the military, manufacturers and designers of military equipment, and decision makers.

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