National Academies Press: OpenBook

Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report (2012)

Chapter:Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
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I

Acronyms and Abbreviations

21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership
ABS antilock braking system
A/C air conditioning
ACES Advanced Collaborative Emission Study
AEC MOU Advanced Engine Combustion Memorandum of Understanding
AH ampere-hour
AHHPS advanced heavy hybrid propulsion system
ALVW adjusted loaded vehicle weight
ANL Argonne National Laboratory
APBF advanced petroleum based fuels
API American Petroleum Institute
APU auxiliary power unit
ARC Automotive Research Center
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
AT aftertreatment
ATA American Trucking Association
ATRI American Transportation Research Institute
AVTA Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity
   
BAC blood alcohol content
bbl/day barrels per day
bhp-h brake horsepower-hour
BMEP brake mean effective pressure
BSHR brake specific heat rejection
BTE brake thermal efficiency
BTL biomass-to-liquids
BTU British thermal unit
   
CAC compressor after cooler
CARB California Air Resources Board
CAT Caterpillar
CDL commercial driver’s license
CERDEC Communications-Electronics Research, Development and Engineering Center
CFD computational fluid dynamics
CH4 methane
CLEERS Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulations
CLOSE Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions
CMV commercial motor vehicle
CO carbon monoxide
CO2 carbon dioxide
CO2-eq CO2-equivalent
CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
CRC Coordinating Research Council
CRS Caterpillar Regeneration System
CTEI Commercial Traffic Effects Institute
   
DCT Diesel Crosscut Team
DDC Detroit Diesel Corporation
DEC Diesel Emission Control
DEER Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (formerly Diesel Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research)
DEF Diesel Exhaust Fluid
DERA Diesel Emission Reduction Act
DME dimethyl ether
DOC diesel oxidation catalyst
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOT U.S. Department of Transportation
DPF diesel particulate filter
DPIM Dual Power Inverter Model
   
ECU environmental control unit
EERE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Office of)
EGR exhaust gas recirculation
EIA Energy Information Administration
EISA Energy Independence and Security Act
EMA Engine Manufacturers Association
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
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EMD engine manufacturer diagnostic
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPAct 2005 Energy Policy Act of 2005
EPS Electrified Parking Spaces
ESC electronic stability control
EU European Union
   
FACE Fuels for Advanced Combustion Engines
FAME fatty acid methyl esters
FCFP FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership
FCVT FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (Office of)
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
FMVSS Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards
FOA Funding Opportunity Announcement
FOH fuel-operated heater
FOT field operational test
F-T Fischer-Tropsch
FTP Federal Test Procedure
FY fiscal year
   
GAC granular activated carbon
gal gallon
g/bhp-h grams per brake horsepower-hour
GCW gross combined weight
GES General Estimates System
GFIC ground-fault interrupter circuit
GHG greenhouse gas
g/mi grams per mile
gpm gallons per mile
GPS global positioning system
GREET Greenhouse Gas Regulated Emissions, and Transportation
GTL gas-to-liquid
GVW gross vehicle weight
GVWR Gross Vehicle Weight Rating
   
HC hydrocarbon
HCCI homogeneous-charge compression ignition
HD heavy-duty
HECC High Efficiency Clean Combustion
HEI Health Effects Institute
HEMTT Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck
HEV hybrid electric vehicle
HFC halogenated fluororcarbon
HFRR high frequency reciprocating rig
HHDDE heavy heavy-duty diesel engine
HHDDT Heavy Heavy-Duty Dieset Truck
HHV hybrid heavy-duty electric vehicle
HLA hydraulic lift assist
HMMWV High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle
HP high pressure
hp horsepower
HPV high productivity vehicle (aka LCV)
HTHS high temperature high shear
HTML High Temperature Materials Laboratory
HVAC heating, ventilation, and air conditioning
HVD high-volatility diesel
HWFET highway fuel economy test
   
IC internal combustion
ICE internal combustion engine
IGBT insulated gate bipolar transistor
IRS Internal Revenue Service
ISG integrated starter-generator
ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
ITS Intelligent Transportation Systems
IVBSS Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems
   
JCAP Japanese Clean Air Program
JCS Johnson Controls-SAFT
JP-8 Jet Propellant 8
   
KOH potassium hydroxide
kWh kilowatt-hour
   
L liter
LANL Los Alamos National Laboratory
lb pound
LCFS Low Carbon Fuel Standard
LCV Long Combination Vehicle (aka HPV)
LD light-duty
LDT light-duty truck
LDT1 light-duty truck 1
LDV light-duty vehicle
LDW lane departure warning
LEV Low Emission Vehicle
LHDDE light heavy-duty diesel engine
LI lithion-ion
LLNL Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
LNT lean NOx trap
LP low pressure
LSD low sulfur diesel
LS/SF long sleeper tractor and straight frame
LTC low-temperature combustion
LVW loaded vehicle weight
   
µm micrometer
MBRC Miles Between Road Call
MD/HD medium-duty/heavy-duty
MDPV medium-duty passenger vehicle
MDV medium-duty vehicle
MET More Electric Truck
MFC Model Fund Consortium
MHDDE medium heavy-duty diesel engine
MHDV medium- and heav-duty vehicle
mi mile
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
×
mpg miles per gallon
mph miles per hour
msec millisecond
MYPP Multi-Year Program Plan
   
N2O nitrous oxide
NAC National Automotive Center
NAC NOx Absorber Catalysts
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCSU North Caroline State University
NEC National Electric Code
NETL National Energy Technology Laboratory
NFAC National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex
NHWBS next-generation wide base single (tires)
NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
nm nanometer
NMHC nonmethane hydrocarbon
NOx oxides of nitrogen
NPBF non-petroleum based fuels
NPRM Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
NRC National Research Council
NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NTE Not-to-Exceed
NTP National Toxicology Program
NTSB National Transportation Safety Board
   
OBD on-board diagnostic
OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
OEM original equipment manufacturer
OHVT Office of Heavy Vehicles Technology
ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory
   
PART Program Assessment Rating Tool
PC passenger car
PCCI pre-mixed charge compression ignition
PEM polymer electrolyte membrane
PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
PM particulate matter
PM2.5 particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (also PM10)
PNGV Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles
PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
ppm parts per million
PSAT Powertrain Systems Analysis Toolkit
psi pounds per square inch
PTO power take-off
PZEV Partial Zero Emission Vehicle
   
R&D research and development
RFS Renewable Fuels Standards
rpm revolutions per minute
   
SAE Society of Automotive Engineers
SCR selective catalytic reduction
SECA Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance
SET Supplemental Emission Test
SI spark-ignited
SNL Sandia National Laboratories
SNS Spellation Neutron Source
SO2 sulfur dioxide
SOFC solid oxide fuel cell
STEP Shorepower Truck Electrification Project
SULEV Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle
SUV sport utility vehicle
   
21CTP 21st Century Truck Partnership
TACOM U.S. Army Tank-Automotive Command
TARDEC Tank-Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center
TMA Truck Manufacturers Association
TRB Transportation Research Board
TSE truck stop electrification
   
UDDS Urban Dynamic Driving Schedule
UFP ultra-fine particulates
ULEV Ultra Low Emission Vehicle
ULSD ultralow-sulfur diesel
USABC U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium
USCAR U.S. Council for Automotive Research
UTQGS Uniform Tire Quality Grading System
V2I vehicle to infrastructure
V2V vehicle to vehicle
VG variable geometry
VIUS Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey
VMT vehicle miles traveled
VSST Vehicle Systems Simulation and Testing
VT viscous transmission
VVA variable valve actuation
   
WBS wide base single
Wh/kg watt-hours per kilogram
WHR waste heat recovery
   
ZEV Zero Emission Vehicle
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
×
Page174
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
×
Page175
Suggested Citation:"Appendix I: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2012. Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Second Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13288.
×
Page176
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In July 2010, the National Research Council (NRC) appointed the Committee to Review the 21st Century Truck Partnership, Phase 2, to conduct an independent review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership (21CTP). The 21CTP is a cooperative research and development (R&D) partnership including four federal agencies-the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-and 15 industrial partners. The purpose of this Partnership is to reduce fuel consumption and emissions, increase heavy-duty vehicle safety, and support research, development, and demonstration to initiate commercially viable products and systems. This is the NRC's second report on the topic and it includes the committee's review of the Partnership as a whole, its major areas of focus, 21CTP's management and priority setting, efficient operations, and the new SuperTruck program.

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