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Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment (2012)

Chapter:Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
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TABLE C-1 PTSD Programs in the Department of Defense by Branch of Service

Program Name DoD wide Army Army Reserve Army National Guard Air Force Air Force Reserve Air National Guard Navy Navy Reserve Marine Corps Marine Corps Reserve
Adaptive Disclosure Training               X   X  
After Deployment X                    
Air Force Special Operations Command Resiliency Program         X            
Air Force Suicide Prevention Program         X X X        
Air Force Wounded Warrior Program         X X X        
Air National Guard Psychological Health Program             X        
Army Wounded Warrior Program   X X X              
Automated Behavioral Health Clinic Program   X X X              
Automated Tools and Outcome Measures X                    
Battlemind   X X X              
Brigade Resiliency Teams   X                  
Buddy-to-Buddy Program       X     X        
Care Provider Support Programs   X X X              
Caregiver Optimization Systems (CAREOPS)   X   X           X  
Center for Deployment Psychology X                    
Center for Spiritual Leadership   X X X              
Cognitive-Behavioral Couple Therapy for Combat Street Reactions and Intimate Relationship Problems   X     X            
Cognitive Processing Therapy for PTSD   X                  
Combat and Operational Stress Reaction/Staff Resiliency Program               X X    
Combat Stress Control Team   X X X              
Community Behavioral Health Services   X                  
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Comprehensive Combat and Complex Casualty Care Program X         X    
Defender's Edge         X      
Deployment Health Clinical Center Specialized Care Program X              
DESTRESS-PC (Delivery of Self Training and Education for Stressful Situations-Primary Care) X              
Domestic Violence Among Returning Servicemembers with PTSD X              
DSTRESS             X X
Effects of Integration Restoration (iRest) on Sleep and Perceived Stress   X            
Elmendorf Air Force Base TBI Clinic   X     X   X  
Evolution   X     X      
Family Advocacy Program (Army)   X X X        
Family Optimization Systems (FAMOPS)   X   X        
Family Strong Hawaii   X X X        
Federal Recovery Coordination Program X              
Fort Bliss Restoration and Resilience Center   X X X        
Fort Hood Resilience and Restoration Center's Warrior Combat Stress Reset Program   X X X        
HeartMath         X X X  
Installation Suicide Response Team   X            
Integrative Pain Center X              
Integrative Restoration (iRest) X              
Marine Corps Combat and Operational Stress Control             X X
Marine Corps Operational Stress Training Program             X  
Marine Corps Wounded Warrior Regiment Psychological Health and TBI Clinical Services Staff           X X  
Medical Soldier Readiness Processing   X     X      
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Program Name DoD wide Army Army Reserve Army National Guard Air Force Air Force Reserve Air National Guard Navy Navy Reserve Marine Corps Marine Corps Reserve
Military Pathways X                    
Mind-Body Skills Groups for the Treatment of War Zone Stress in Military and Veteran Populations X                    
Mind-Body Trauma First Aide   X X X              
Mobile Telehealth Program X                    
National Center for Telehealth and Technology Mobile Applications X                    
National Guard Psychological Health Program       X     X        
National Guard Transition Assistance Advisors       X     X        
The National Intrepid Center of Excellence X                    
Navy Operational Stress Control               X X    
Operation BRAVE (Building Resilience and Valuing Empowered) Families   X                  
Operational Stress Control and Readiness (OSCAR)                   X X
Outcomes of Prolonged Exposure and Cognitive
Processing Therapy Used in the Treatment of Combat Operational Stress in Deployed Locations
X                    
Physical Medicine and Integrative Care Services X                    
Post Deployment Open House Program         X X X        
Postdeploymenthealth.com X                    
Post-Traumatic Stress Residential Rehabilitation Program   X                  
Psychiatric Service Dog Society Research X                    
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Psychological Health Pathways Program X              
PTSD Training Program   X X X        
PTSD Treatment in Primary Care Settings X              
Randomized Exploratory Study to Evaluate Two Acupuncture Methods for the Treatment of Headaches Associated with TBI X              
Recovery Coordination Program X              
Re-engineering Healthcare Integration Programs X X     X   X  
Reset   X            
RESPECT-MIL   X            
Return to Duty Performance Validation Program (TBI Program)   X X X X      
Returning Warrior Workshops             X X
Scripps Military Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program X              
Seeking Safety X              
Sesame Workshop Military Families Initiative X              
SimCoach X              
Soldier 360°   X            
Soldier Evaluation for Life Fitness   X            
STEPS UP (Stepped Enhancement of PTSD Services Using Primary Care)   X            
Stress Gym X              
Strong Families, Strong Forces X              
STRONG STAR (South Texas Research Organizational Network Guiding Studies on Trauma and Resilience) Research Consortium X              
Suicide Awareness Voices of Education         X X   X
Theater of War X              
Third Location Decompression             X  
Traumatic Stress Response Team         X X X    
TRICARE Assistance Program X              
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Program Name DoD wide Army Army Reserve Army National Guard Air Force Air Force Reserve Air National Guard Navy Navy Reserve Marine Corps Marine Corps Reserve
Virtual Behavioral Telehealth Pilot at Fort Richardson X
Virtual Behavioral Telehealth Pilot at Tripler Army Medical Center X
Virtual Reality and Innovative Technology Applications X
Virtual Reality Graded Exposure Therapy with Physiological Monitoring X X
Virtual Reality Iraq/Afghanistan X
Warrior and Family Assistance Center X
Warrior Mind Training X X X
Warrior Resilience & Thriving X X X
Warrior Restoration Center X
Warrior Strengthening Program X
Warrior Transition Units X X X
Warrior’s Huddle X
Wellness and Resiliency Assessment–Post-Deployment X X X
Wounded Warrior Regiment X
Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program (Air Force) X X
Yellow Ribbon Reintegration Program (Army) X X

SOURCE: Weinick, R. M., E. B. Beckjord, C. M. Farmer, K. T. Martin, E. M. Gillen, J. D. Acosta, M. P. Fisher, J. Garnett, G. C. Gonzalez, T. C. Helmus, K. H. Jaycox, K. A. Reynolds, N. Salcedo, and D. M. Scharf. 2011. Programs addressing psychological health and traumatic brain injury among U.S. military servicemembers and their families. Arlington, VA: RAND Corporation; adapted with permission from RAND Corporation.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Page392
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Page393
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Page394
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Page395
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Programs in the Department of Defense." Institute of Medicine. 2012. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13364.
×
Page396
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Prior to the military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, wars and conflicts have been characterized by such injuries as infectious diseases and catastrophic gunshot wounds. However, the signature injuries sustained by United States military personnel in these most recent conflicts are blast wounds and the psychiatric consequences to combat, particularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which affects an estimated 13 to 20 percent of U.S. service members who have fought in Iraq or Afghanistan since 2001. PTSD is triggered by a specific traumatic event - including combat - which leads to symptoms such as persistent re-experiencing of the event; emotional numbing or avoidance of thoughts, feelings, conversations, or places associated with the trauma; and hyperarousal, such as exaggerated startle responses or difficulty concentrating.

As the U.S. reduces its military involvement in the Middle East, the Departments of Defense (DoD) and Veterans Affairs (VA) anticipate that increasing numbers of returning veterans will need PTSD services. As a result, Congress asked the DoD, in consultation with the VA, to sponsor an IOM study to assess both departments' PTSD treatment programs and services. Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Military and Veteran Populations: Initial Assessment is the first of two mandated reports examines some of the available programs to prevent, diagnose, treat, and rehabilitate those who have PTSD and encourages further research that can help to improve PTSD care.

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