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Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary (2013)

Chapter:Front Matter

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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ORAL HEALTH

LITERACY

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Maria Hewitt, Rapporteur

Roundtable on Health Literacy

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
     OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS   500 Fifth Street, NW   Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This study was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and Aetna, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HHSP233200900537P), the American College of Physicians Foundation, America’s Health Insurance Plans, GlaxoSmithKline, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HHSH25034004T), Humana, Johnson & Johnson, the East Bay Foundation (Kaiser Permanente), Merck and Co., Inc., the Missouri Foundation for Health (09-0290-HL-09), and the UnitedHealth Group. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-26289-7

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-26289-5

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2013. Oral health literacy: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
×

Knowing is not enough; we must apply.
Willing is not enough; we must do.

—Goethe

image

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
        OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advising the Nation. Improving Health.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Charles M. Vest is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. Charles M. Vest are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE ON ORAL HEALTH LITERACY1

SHARON BARRETTT, Health Literacy Staff Consultant, Association of Clinicians for the Underserved

BENARD P. DREYER, Professor of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, and Chair, American Academy of Pediatrics Health Literacy Program Advisory Committee

ALICE M. HOROWITZ, Research Associate Professor, School of Public Health, University of Maryland

CLARENCE PEARSON, Consultant, Global Health Leadership and Management

RIMA RUDD, Senior Lecturer on Society, Human Development & Health, Harvard School of Public Health

_____________________

1Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON HEALTH LITERACY1

GEORGE ISHAM (Chair), Medical Director and Chief Health Officer, HealthPartners

WILMA ALVARADO-LITTLE, Director, Community Engagement/Outreach Center for the Elimination of Minority Health Disparities, University of Albany

CINDY BRACH, Senior Health Policy Researcher, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

BENARD P. DREYER, Professor of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine, and Chair, American Academy of Pediatrics Health Literacy Program Advisory Committee

LEONARD EPSTEIN, Senior Advisor, Clinical Quality and Culture, Health Resources and Services Administration

LAURIE FRANCIS, Senior Director of Clinic Operations and Quality, Oregon Primary Care Association

DEBBIE FRITZ, Director, Policy and Standards, Health Management Innovations Division, GlaxoSmithKline

MARTHA GRAGG, Vice President of Program, Missouri Foundation for Health

JILL GRIFFITHS, Vice President, Communications, Aetna

LINDA HARRIS, Team Leader, Health Communication and eHealth Team, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

BETSY L. HUMPHREYS, Deputy Director, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

JOAN KELLY, Director, Consumer Experience, Humana, Inc.

JEAN KRAUSE, Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer, American College of Physicians Foundation

MARGARET LOVELAND, Senior Director, Global Medical Affairs, Merck & Co., Inc.

PATRICK McGARRY, Senior Manager for Health Activities and Programs, American Academy of Family Physicians

RUTH PARKER, Professor of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine

KAVITA PATEL, Managing Director for Clinical Transformation and Delivery, The Brookings Institution

_____________________

1Institute of Medicine forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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CLARENCE PEARSON, Consultant, Global Health Leadership and Management

SUSAN PISANO, Director of Communications, America’s Health Insurance Plans

ANDREW PLEASANT, Health Literacy and Research Director, Canyon Ranch Institute

SCOTT C. RATZAN, Vice President, Global Health, Johnson & Johnson

WILL ROSS, Associate Dean for Diversity, Associate Professor of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine

RIMA RUDD, Senior Lecturer on Society, Human Development & Health, Harvard School of Public Health

STEVEN RUSH, Director, Health Literacy Innovations Program, UnitedHealth Group

PAUL M. SCHYVE, Senior Vice President, The Joint Commission

PATRICK WAYTE, Vice President, Marketing and Health Education, American Heart Association

WINSTON F. WONG, Medical Director, Community Benefit, Disparities Improvement and Quality Initiatives, Kaiser Permanente

IOM Staff

LYLA M. HERNANDEZ, Roundtable Director

ANDREW LEMERISE, Research Associate

ANGELA MARTIN, Senior Program Assistant

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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Reviewers

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Patrick McGarry, American Academy of Family Physicians

Dionne J. Richardson, Mississippi State Department of Health

Gary Rozier, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Pamela Yodicka, Health Resources and Services Administration

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Hugh Tilson, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2013. Oral Health Literacy: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13484.
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Acknowledgments

Without the support of the sponsors of the Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Health Literacy it would not have been possible to plan and conduct the workshop on oral health literacy which this report summarizes. Sponsorship for the Roundtable comes from Aetna, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the American College of Physicians Foundation, America’s Health Insurance Plans, GlaxoSmithKline, the Health Resources and Services Administration, Humana, Johnson & Johnson, the East Bay Foundation (Kaiser Permanente), Merck and Co., Inc., the Missouri Foundation for Health, and the UnitedHealth Group.

The Roundtable wishes to express its appreciation to Congressman Elijah Cummings for taking the time from his busy schedule to give an inspiring keynote presentation that set the stage for the remainder of the day. The roundtable is also grateful to the speakers at the workshop who provided presentations that stimulated discussion and encouraged exploration of issues surrounding oral health literacy. The speakers are RADM William Bailey, Marsha Butler, Mary Lee Conicella, Kimon Divaris, Ralph Fucillio, Alice M. Horowitz, Amid Ismail, Matt Jacob, Dushanka Kleinman, Gregory B. McClure, Kathy O’Loughlin, Gary Podschun, Lindsey Robinson, and Scott Wolpin.

The Roundtable would also like to thank the members of the workshop planning committee for their efforts in developing an excellent workshop agenda. Members of the planning committee were Sharon Barrett, Benard P. Dreyer, Alice M. Horowitz, Clarence Pearson, and Rima Rudd.

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The Institute of Medicine (IOM) Roundtable on Health Literacy focuses on bringing together leaders from the federal government, foundations, health plans, associations, and private companies to address challenges facing health literacy practice and research and to identify approaches to promote health literacy in both the public and private sectors. The roundtable serves to educate the public, press, and policy makers regarding the issues of health literacy, sponsoring workshops to discuss approaches to resolve health literacy challenges. It also builds partnerships to move the field of health literacy forward by translating research findings into practical strategies for implementation. The Roundtable held a workshop March 29, 2012, to explore the field of oral health literacy.

The workshop was organized by an independent planning committee in accordance with the procedures of the National Academy of Sciences. The planning group was composed of Sharon Barrett, Benard P. Dreyer, Alice M. Horowitz, Clarence Pearson, and Rima Rudd. The role of the workshop planning committee was limited to planning the workshop. Unlike a consensus committee report, a workshop summary may not contain conclusions and recommendations, except as expressed by and attributed to individual presenters and participants. Therefore, the summary has been prepared by the workshop rapporteur as a factual summary of what occurred at the workshop.

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