National Academies Press: OpenBook

Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition (2019)

Chapter:Aviation-Related Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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Suggested Citation:"Aviation-Related Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14275.
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286 A4A Airlines for America A/A air/air A/C aircraft A/G air to ground A/I accident(s)/incident(s) AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AAC aircraft approach category AAE accredited airport executive AALS advanced approach and landing system AASR airways and airport surveillance radar ABT about ABV above AC advisory circular ACAD automated computer-aided design (operator-input+display system) ACE airport certified employee ACI Airports Council International ACID aircraft identification (ICAO) ACI-NA Airports Council International–North America ACIP Airports Capital Improvement Plan ACL altimeter check location ACM airport certification manual ACPT accept or accepted ACR air carrier ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ACS airport certification specifications AD airworthiness directive ADA Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADF automatic direction finding ADG airplane design group ADM administrative/administration ADO Airports district office ADPG ATM data processing sub-group ADS-B automatic dependent surveillance–broadcast ADZ advise ADZD advised ADZY advisory AEP airport emergency plan AFB Air Force base Aviation-Related Abbreviations

Aviation-Related Abbreviations 287 AFFF aqueous film-forming foam AFSS automated flight service station AGL above ground level AIM Aeronautical Information Manual AIP Airport Improvement Program ALP airport layout plan ALPA Air Line Pilots Association, International ALRT alert ALS approach lighting system ALT alternate ALT altitude AMGR airport manager AMP airport master plan AOA air operations area AOC airport operating certificate AOCI Airport Operators Council International AOPA Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association AOZO airport overlay zoning ordinance AP airport APAPI abbreviated precision approach path indicator APCH approach APL aircraft parking line limit APLGT airport lighting APP approach center/control (office/service) APRC approach reference code APRT airport APT airport(s) APV approach with vertical guidance (for GPS approaches) ARC airport reference code ARFF aircraft rescue and firefighting ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated (a nonprofit corporation owned by member airlines to define form, fit and functions of avionics equipment) ARP airport reference point ARTCC air route traffic control center ARTS automated radar terminal system ASC airport security coordinator ASD air service development ASDA accelerate-stop distance available ASMGCS advanced surface movement guidance and control systems ASOS automated surface observation system ASPH asphalt ASR airport surveillance radar ATA actual time of arrival ATC air traffic control ATCT airport traffic control tower ATIS automatic terminal information service ATO Air Traffic Organization ATP airline transport pilot AUTH authority AUTH authorized or authorization AUTOCAD automatic computer-aided design

288 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports AVAIL available AVBL available AVG average AVGAS aviation gasoline AWOS Automated Weather Observing System BAS building automation system BASE cloud base BASH bird aircraft strike hazard BC patches (meteo) BCN beacon BKN broken (meteo) BL blowing (meteo) BRL building restriction line BYD beyond CAP civil air patrol CATEX categorical exclusion CAT I facility providing operation down to 200-feet decision height and runway visual range not less than 2,600 feet CAT II a facility providing operation with no decision height limit to and along the surface of the runway, with external visual reference during final phase of landing and with a runway visual range not less than 700 feet CAT II facility providing operation down to 100-feet decision height and runway visual range not less than 1,200 feet CAT x Category x precision approach (I, II or III) Cat category CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection CCTV closed-circuit television CEQ Council on Environmental Quality CFC customer facility charge CFI certified flight instructor CFR Code of Federal Regulations CHRC fingerprint-based criminal history records checks CIG(s) ceiling(s) CIP capital improvement program CMG cockpit to main gear CMSND commissioned COM communications (ICAO) CONC concrete CONDAR conflict detection and resolution CONDOR confidential direct occurrence report CONF conflict CONFACP conflict accept CONOPS Concept of Operations Mode S in Europe CONP connection-oriented network protocol ConRACs consolidated rental car facilities CONS continuous CONST construction or constructed CSPP construction safety and phasing plan CTAF common traffic advisory frequency DA decision altitude dB decibel

Aviation-Related Abbreviations 289 DBE disadvantaged business enterprise DEL delete DEP depart, departure DIS distance DME distance measuring equipment DNL day-night average sound level DOT department of transportation DR low drifting (followed by DU SA or SN) DS dust storm (meteo) DSPLCD displaced DTG distance-to-go DU dust (meteo) DUATS Direct User Access Terminal Service DW dual wheels DZ drizzle EA environmental assessment EAA Experimental Aircraft Association EAS Essential Air Service EDDA environmental due diligence audit EFAS En Route Flight Advisory Service EIS environmental impact statement ELT emergency locator transmitter EMAS engineered materials arresting system EMMP equipment maintenance management program END stop-end (related to runway visual range) EPA Environmental Protection Agency EST estimated ETA estimated time of arrival/estimating arrival ETD estimated time of departure ETE estimated time of entry FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAR Federal Aviation Regulations FBO fixed-base operator FCC Federal Communications Commission FDR full-depth reclamation FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FG fog (meteo) FICON field condition FIDS flight information display system FIMs facility improvement measures FLD field FLT flight FLT/PLN flight plan FMV fair market value FNS Federal NOTAM System FOD foreign object damage (debris) FONSI finding of no significant impact FRONT front (relating to weather) FRQ frequent FSD federal security director FSDO Flight Standards District Office

290 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports FSL full stop landing FSS flight service station FU smoke (meteo) FZ freezing (meteo) FZDZ freezing drizzle FZFG freezing fog FZRA freezing rain G gusts (meteo) G/G ground/ground GA general aviation GAMA General Aviation Manufacturers Association GHG greenhouse gases GIS Geographic Information System GMT Greenwich Mean Time GND ground level GOVT government GP glide path GPS global positioning system GPU ground power unit GQS glide path qualification surface (now vertical guidance surface) GR hail > 5 mm (meteo) GRASS grass landing area GRVL gravel GS glide slope indicator GS small hail or snow pellets (meteo) GW gross weight HDG heading HIRL high-intensity runway lights HURCN hurricane HVY heavy IAAE International Association of Airport Executives IC ice crystals (meteo) (very small; also known as diamond dust) ICAA International Civil Airports Association ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization IFE independent fee estimate IFR instrument flight rules ILS instrument landing system IM inner marker INOP inoperative INSTR instrument INTST intensity IROPS irregular operations IATA International Air Transport Association ITP into plane KPI key performance indicator LAA local airport advisory LAAS local area augmentation system LAHSO land and hold short operations LCTD located LDA landing distance available LDI landing direction indicator

Aviation-Related Abbreviations 291 LED light-emitting diode LEED® Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design LF low frequency LGT light or lighting LGTD lighted LIH light intensity high LIL light intensity low LIM light intensity medium LLWAS low-level windshear alert system LNAV lateral navigation (for GPS approaches) LOA letter of agreement LOC localizer (part of an ILS system) LPV localizer performance with vertical guidance (for GPS approaches) LSA light sport aircraft LVL level LVP low-visibility procedure LYR layer or layered MAG magnetic MAGVAR magnetic variation MAINT maintenance MALS medium-intensity approach lighting system MALSF medium-intensity approach lighting system with sequenced flashers MALSR medium-intensity approach lighting system with runway alignment indicator lights MAP missed approach point MAP military airport program Mb millibars MDA minimum descent altitude MET meteorological (office) MET meteorological or request METAR METAR meteorological aviation routine weather report/actual report MHVDF medium, high and very high frequency direction-finding station (at the same location) MHz megahertz MID midpoint (related to runway visual range) MIL military MIN minimum Min minutes MIRL medium-intensity runway light MLS microwave landing system MM middle marker MN magnetic north MOA memorandum of agreement MOA military operations area MOD moderate (used to indicate the intensity of weather phenomena, interference or static reports, e.g., MOD RA = moderate rain) MOGAS motor gasoline MOS minimum operating strip MOS modification to standards MOU memorandum of understanding MPH statute miles per hour

292 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports MPO metropolitan planning organization MSL mean sea level MTOW maximum takeoff weight MUNI municipal MVAR magnetic variation NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAS National Airspace System NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration (U.S.) NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NAS-Plan National Airspace System Plan NATA National Air Transportation Association NAV navigation NAVAID navigational aid NBAA National Business Aviation Association NDB nondirectional beacon NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NextGen Next Generation Air Transportation System NFPA National Fire Protection Association NIMS National Incident Management System NM nautical mile (= 1.1508 statute miles) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NONSTD nonstandard NOSIG no significant change (used in trend-type landing forecasts) NOTAM Notice to Airmen NOTAMC NOTAM cancelling another NOTAM NOTAMN new NOTAM NOTAMR NOTAM replacing another NOTAM NPA nonprecision approach NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPE nonprimary entitlement NPIAS National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems NPRM notice of proposed rulemaking (FAA) NTAP Notice to Airmen publication NTSB National Transportation Safety Board (U.S.) NWS National Weather Service OBSC obscured, obscure or obscuring OBST obstacle, obstruction OBSTL obstruction lights OCS obstacle clearance surface OE/AAA Obstruction Evaluation/Airport Airspace Analysis OFA object-free area OFZ obstacle-free zone OJT on-the-job training OPLAN operational plan OPS operations OTS out of service OVC overcast (meteo) OVR over PA precision approach PAPI precision approach path indicator PAT pattern

Aviation-Related Abbreviations 293 PAX passengers PBN performance-based navigation PCI pavement condition index PCL pilot-controlled lighting PE ice pellets PFC passenger facility charge PIREP pilot weather report (ICAO) PNR prior notice required PPR prior permission required PRKG parking PRL pilot request, level (service) PRM precision runway monitor PROP propeller R right (runway identification) RADAR radio detecting and ranging RAG runway arresting gear RAI runway alignment indicator RAIL runway alignment indicator lights RAPCON radar approach control facility RCAM runway condition assessments matrix RCL runway center line RCLL runway center line lights RCMT regulation compliance management tool RCR runway condition reading RDC runway design code REDL runway edge light(s) REIL runway end identifier lights RENL runway end light(s) RESA runway end safety area (ICAO) RF radio frequency RFF rescue and firefighting RFI request for information RFQ request for qualifications RL runway lights RMK remark(s) RNAV area navigation (generic acronym for any device capable of aircraft guidance between pilot-defined waypoints) RNP required navigation performance ROD record of decision RPZ runway protection zone RQRD required RSA runway safety area RTE route RTHL runway threshold light(s) RTN return or returned or returning RTO reduced takeoff and landing RTS return to service RVR runway visual range RVRM runway visual range midpoint RVRR runway visual range rollout RVRT runway visual range touchdown

294 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports RW runway RWEWP runway end waypoint RWIWP runway intercept waypoint RWY WP runway waypoint RWY runway SA sand (meteo) SASO specialized aviation service operation SCASDP Small Community Air Service Development Program SG snow grains (meteo) SGHAT Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool SICP snow and ice control plan SID standard instrument departure (route) SIDA secure identification display area SIGMET significant meteorological information (broadcast warnings of weather hazards) SIGWX significant weather SIR packed or compacted snow and ice on runway(s) SMGC surface movement guidance and control SMO FAA system management office SMS safety management system SN snow (meteo) SNOWTAM A special series NOTAM noting the presence or removal of hazardous conditions due to snow, ice, slush or standing water associated with snow, slush and ice on the movement area, by means of a specific pro forma SOP standard operating procedures SOQ statement of qualifications SPCC spill prevention, control and countermeasure plan SRA safety risk assessment SRE snow removal equipment SRM safety risk management SS sand storm (meteo) SSI sensitive security information STA sequence/scheduled time of arrival STA straight-in approach STAR standard terminal arrival route STD scheduled time of departure STD standard (altimeter setting) STN station STOL short takeoff and landing SUA special-use airspace sUAV small unmanned aerial vehicle SVC service (message) SVCBL serviceable SVFR special VFR SWOT strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats SWPPP stormwater pollution prevention plan SWY stopway (ICAO) T temperature T/O takeoff TA traffic advisory (ACAS/TCAS)

Aviation-Related Abbreviations 295 TACAN UHF tactical air navigation aid (azimuth and DME) TALPA takeoff and landing performance assessment TAS traffic advisory system TBA to be advised TBD to be determined (defined) TBL triple bottom line TCAS traffic (alert and) collision avoidance system TCH threshold crossing height TDG taxiway design group TDR transfer of development rights TDZ LGT touchdown zone lights TDZ touchdown zone TDZL touchdown zone lights TEMP temperature TERPS U.S. terminal instrument procedures TFMSC traffic flow management system counts TFR temporary flight restriction TGL touch-and-go landing THDG true heading TIP transportation improvement program TLOF touchdown and lift-off area TN true north TO takeoff TODA takeoff distance available TORA takeoff run available TRB Transportation Research Board TRSA terminal radar service area TSA taxiway safety area TSA Transportation Security Administration TSR transportation security regulation TW taxiway TWS Terminal Weather Service (ICAO) TWY taxiway TWYL taxiway lights UAS unmanned aircraft system UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UFA user-fee airports UFN until further notice UFO unidentified flying object UGM urban growth management UHF ultra high frequency UNAVBL unavailable UNL unlimited UNLGT unlighted UNMKD unmarked UNMNT unmonitored U.S.C. United States Code USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USFWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service UTC Universal Time Coordinates VALE Voluntary Airport Low Emissions Program

296 Guidebook for Managing Small Airports VASI visual approach slope indicator VDP visual descent point VFR visual flight rules VGS vertical guidance surface (formerly glide path qualification surface) VHF very high frequency VIS visibility VLJ very light jet VNAV vertical navigation (for GPS approaches) VOL volume VOR VHF omnidirectional range VOR-DME VHF omnidirectional range/distance measurement equipment VORTAC, combined VOR and TACAN VOR/TAC or VOR-TACAN VSB visibility VTOL vertical takeoff and landing WAAS wide area augmentation system WAC world aeronautical chart WAFS World Area Forecast System WHA wildlife hazard assessment WHMP wildlife hazard management plan WHSV wildlife hazard site visit WHWG wildlife hazard working group WILCO will comply WINDMG wind magnitude WINDR wind direction WKN weaken or weakening WND wind WPT waypoint WQC water quality certificate WRNG warning WS wind shear WSPD wind speed WSR wet snow on runway(s) WT weight WTR water on runway(s) WTWS wind shear and turbulence warning system WWW World Wide Web (Internet) WX weather X-BAND frequency range between 8,000 and 12,500 MHz XFSS auxiliary flight service station XMIT transmit X-Wind crosswind XX heavy (used to qualify weather such as rain; e.g., heavy rain = XX RA) Z Zulu time (Greenwich Mean Time)

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Guidebook for Managing Small Airports - Second Edition Get This Book
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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports. Second Edition is designed to help airport practitioners, owners, operators, managers, and policymakers of small airports, who may have varying degrees of experience and backgrounds, to fulfill their responsibilities in such areas as financial management, oversight of contracts and leases, safety and security, noise impacts, community relations, compliance with federal and state obligations, facility maintenance, and capital improvements.

The first edition has been edited and reformatted for currency, relevance, and usability and updated with additional information and new subject areas (e.g., unmanned aircraft systems, geographic information systems, digital Notices to Airmen, social media, and federal and state obligations).

Since the publication of ACRP Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports (2009), a significant amount of research that could be of direct benefit to small airports has been completed, and the Federal Aviation Administration, state agencies, and trade and industry groups have developed and initiated new policies and guidance. In addition, small airports are facing new industry challenges not addressed in the first edition (e.g., unmanned aerial systems). Therefore, an update was needed.

ACRP WebResource 6: Resources for Managing Small Airports is a companion to ACRP Research Report 16: Guidebook for Managing Small Airports, 2nd edition. The web resource serves as an electronic library delivering additional resources and tools to allow small airport managers to dig deeper into topics of interest frequently encountered in their airport manager roles. It also contains implementation resources and tools associated with recommendations in the guidebook.

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