National Academies Press: OpenBook

Operator Drug- and Alcohol-Testing Across Modes (2012)

Chapter: CHAPTER ONE Objectives

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Suggested Citation:"CHAPTER ONE Objectives." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. Operator Drug- and Alcohol-Testing Across Modes. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/14635.
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2 of illegal drugs, whether on duty or off duty, by those indi- viduals who are involved in the operation of aircraft, train, trucks, and buses. This project had the following objectives: • Synthesize the general DOT procedures for the trans- portation workplace drug and alcohol testing programs. • Synthesize the specific regulations by mode. • Provide DOT alcohol and drug testing statistics. • Identify alternative strategies currently considered or implemented by the regulated community to deter illegal drug and alcohol use among safety-sensitive employees. • Provide suggestions for future research. CHAPTER ONE OBJECTIVES The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) oversees the largest drug and alcohol testing program in the United States. The program is managed and coordinated by the Office of the Secretary of Transportation. DOT regulations are codified in Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR Part 40), which concerns the activities of transpor- tation employers, safety-sensitive transportation employees (including self-employed individuals, contractors, and vol- unteers), and service agents. Compliance and enforcement within the different trans- portation modes are the responsibility of the agency that has regulatory authority over that particular industry. The Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act of 1991 pro- mulgated the elimination of abuse of alcohol and the use

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TRB’s Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 23: Operator Drug- and Alcohol-Testing Across Modes explores practices used to deter drug and alcohol use among operators within the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT’s) regulated community.

The report includes a brief history of the transportation workplace drug- and alcohol-testing program, the general approach, the reasons for testing, some of the issues that impact the validity of the tests, and an outline of the specific regulations by mode.

Some alcohol- and drug-testing statistics are presented in the report to help provide a sense of the scope of the program and of the prevalence of illegal alcohol and drug use among safety-sensitive employees.

The report also highlights alternative strategies aimed at helping to deter illegal alcohol and drug use among employees.

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