National Academies Press: OpenBook

Nutrition During Lactation (1991)

Chapter: Acronyms

« Previous: D Biographical Sketches of Committee Members
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1991. Nutrition During Lactation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1577.



American Academy of Pediatrics


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists


American Dietetic Association


Aid to Families with Dependent Children


American Public Health Association


Body mass index


Basal metabolic rate


Department of Health and Human Services


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations


Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology


Food and Nutrition Board


Human T lymphocytotropic virus


Human immunodeficiency virus-1


Secretory immunoglobulin A


Institute of Medicine


International unit


Luteinizing hormone


National Center for Health Statistics


National Institute of Child Health and Human Development


Recommended Dietary Allowances


Standard deviation


Standard error of the mean


United States Department of Agriculture


World Health Organization


Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants and Children

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1991. Nutrition During Lactation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1577.
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On the basis of a comprehensive literature review and analysis, Nutrition During Lactation points out specific directions for needed research in understanding the relationship between the nutrition of healthy mothers and the outcomes of lactation. Of widest interest are the committee's clear-cut recommendations for mothers and health care providers.

The volume presents data on who among U.S. mothers is breastfeeding, a critical evaluation of methods for assessing the nutritional status of lactating women, and an analysis of how to relate the mother's nutrition to the volume and composition of the milk.

Available data on the links between a mother's nutrition and the nutrition and growth of her infant and current information on the risk of transmission through breastfeeding of allergic diseases, environmental toxins, and certain viruses (including the HIV virus) are included. Nutrition During Lactation also studies the effects of maternal cigarette smoking, drug use, and alcohol consumption.


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