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Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants (2014)

Chapter:Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Appendix A

Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff

Norman P. Neureiter, Ph.D., Chair, is a senior advisor at the Center for Science Diplomacy and acting director of the Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). He is also the U.S. co-chair of the Indo-U.S. Science and Technology Forum—an organization created by the two governments for furthering scientific cooperation between the United States and India. Dr. Neureiter received a B.A. in chemistry from the University of Rochester in 1952 and a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Northwestern University in 1957. In 1957, he joined Humble Oil and Refining (now part of Exxon) in Baytown, Texas, as a research chemist, also teaching German and Russian at the University of Houston. He joined the International Affairs Office of the U.S. National Science Foundation in 1963 and managed the newly established U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science Program. Entering the U.S. Foreign Service in 1965, he was named deputy scientific attache at the U.S. Embassy in Bonn. In 1967, he was transferred to Warsaw as the first U.S. Scientific Attache in Eastern Europe with responsibility for Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia. Dr. Neureiter returned to Washington in 1969 as assistant for international affairs to the President’s science advisor in the White House Office of Science and Technology. He left the government in 1973 and joined Texas Instruments (TI), where he held a number of staff and management positions including vice president of TI Asia, based in Tokyo from 1989 to 1994. After retirement from TI in 1996, he worked as a consultant until being appointed as the first science and technology adviser to the U.S. Secretary of State in September 2000. Finishing the 3-year assignment in 2003, he was made a Distinguished Presidential

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Fellow for International Affairs at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. In 2008, he was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and also received the Public Welfare Medal of the National Academy of Sciences. He received the Order of the Rising Sun–Gold and Silver Star from the Emperor of Japan in 2010, for fostering scientific cooperation between the United States and Japan. He speaks German, Russian, Polish, French, Spanish and Japanese.

B. John Garrick, Ph.D., Vice Chair, was appointed as chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board by President George W. Bush in 2004. Dr. Garrick is an executive consultant on the application of the risk sciences to complex technological systems in the space, defense, chemical, marine, transportation, and nuclear fields. His areas of expertise include risk assessment and nuclear science and engineering. He served for 10 years (1994-2004), 4 years as chair, on the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Nuclear Waste. A founder of the firm PLG, Inc., Dr. Garrick retired as president, chairman, and chief executive officer in 1997. Before PLG’s acquisition and integration into a new firm, it was an international engineering, applied science, and management consulting firm. Dr. Garrick received his Ph.D. in engineering and applied science and an M.S. in nuclear engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a B.S. in physics from Brigham Young University. He is past president of the Society for Risk Analysis (1989-1990) and recipient of that Society’s most prestigious award, the Distinguished Achievement Award. Dr. Garrick was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1993. He has been a member and chair of several National Research Council committees and recently chaired the National Academy of Engineering Committee on Combating Terrorism. He is a member of the first class of lifetime National Associates of the National Academies.

Robert A. Bari, Ph.D., is senior physicist and senior advisor at Brookhaven National Laboratory. He has been involved in the design and safety assessments of complex, high-technology facilities since he joined the applied programs at the laboratory in 1974. He has worked on projects and issues regarding nuclear safety and nonproliferation technologies, nuclear waste management, and development of advanced nuclear reactors and has directed numerous studies of advanced nuclear energy concepts. Dr. Bari is currently international co-chairman of the working group that has developed a comprehensive methodology for evaluation of proliferation resistance and physical protection of all new nuclear energy concepts being proposed within the multinational Generation IV International Forum. He continues to be a frequent delegate to the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna and has participated in several programs for the Organ-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

isation for Economic Co-operation and Development in Paris. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Brandeis University and his B.S. in physics from Rutgers University. He has served as an adjunct faculty member and advisor to several major universities in the field of nuclear technology as well as on the board of directors of the American Nuclear Society. He is also past president of the International Association for Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management and past chairman of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) Consensus Standards Committee for Probabilistic Risk Assessment. For his achievements in nuclear safety, Dr. Bari was awarded the Theo J. “Tommy” Thompson Award in 2003 by ANS. In 2004, he received the Brookhaven National Laboratory Award for Outstanding Achievement in Science and Technology. Dr. Bari was awarded membership in the Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and Sigma Pi Sigma honor societies and is an elected fellow of ANS and of the American Physical Society.

Percy (Pat) M. Beard, Jr., Ph.D., is a retired nuclear utility executive. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1958 and received a Ph.D. in nuclear physics in 1964 from Duke University under a special Navy postgraduate program. Dr. Beard then entered the nuclear submarine program and served on five submarines including command of the Francis Scott Key. Following his retirement from the Navy, he joined the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations in 1981, serving in various capacities including vice president of the Evaluation and Assistance Group and vice president and director of Government Relations. Dr. Beard was senior vice president of nuclear operations at the Florida Power Corporation from 1989 to 1997. He served on the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) Strategic Issues Advisory Committee (SIAC) (1994-1997); NEI SAIC Steering Group (1994-1997); University of Florida Nuclear Engineering Sciences Advisory Board (1995-1997); Virginia Power Nuclear Oversight Board (1994-1997); National Nuclear Accrediting Board (1995-2005); Executive Oversight Board for South Texas Project Nuclear Station (2003-2006); and Nuclear Safety Review Boards for three Exelon nuclear stations (2001-2003).

Jan Beyea, Ph.D., is chief scientist at Consulting in the Public Interest where he consults on energy/environmental topics for local, national, and international organizations. He has expertise in energy technologies and associated environmental and health concerns and has written numerous articles on energy and the environment, including articles on planning for reactor accidents. His current research interests are in the field of epidemiology. Dr. Beyea previously served as chief scientist and vice president of the National Audubon Society and held positions at Holy Cross College, Columbia University, and Princeton University’s Center for Energy and Environmental Studies. He received a B.A. from Amherst College and a

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University. Dr. Beyea has been a member of numerous advisory committees and panels, including the National Research Council’s Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Energy Engineering Board, Committee on Assessment of the Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy, Committee on America’s Energy Future, Committee on Alternative Energy R&D Strategies, Committee to Review DOE’s Fine Particulates Research Plan, and Committee on Alternatives for Controlling the Release of Solid Materials from Nuclear Regulatory Commission-Licensed Facilities. He currently is a member of the World Trade Center Health Registry Scientific Advisory Committee. He has also served on the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board’s Task Force on Economic Modeling, has been a member of the policy committee of the Recycling Advisory Council, and has advised various studies of the Office of Technology Assessment. He recently served as a guest editor for and contributor to a theme issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists on the subject of risks from low-level radiation. Dr. Beyea is an elected fellow of the American Physical Society.

M. Quinn Brewster, Ph.D., is currently the Hermia G. Soo Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. He conducts fundamental scientific and engineering research in radiation heat transfer, solid propellant and metal combustion, thermophysical properties of materials, and laser-aided materials processing. Dr. Brewster was involved in the Academic Strategic Alliance Program and a multidisciplinary university research initiative whose objectives were to develop a scientific basis for understanding solid rocket motors and energetic materials combustion. Dr. Brewster holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. He has authored one book on thermal radiative transfer and chapters in four other books and several publications on combustion science. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Dr. Brewster served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage.

Michael L. Corradini, Ph.D., is chair and professor in the Department of Engineering Physics at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Dr. Corradini’s research focus is nuclear engineering and multiphase flow with specific interests that include light-water reactor safety, fusion reactor design and safety, waste management and disposal, vapor explosions research and molten core–concrete interaction research, and energy policy analysis. He received his B.S. in mechanical engineering from Marquette University and his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the American Institute of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Engineering Education, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. Dr. Corradini has received numerous awards including the National Science Foundation’s Presidential Young Investigator Award, the American Nuclear Society reactor safety best paper award, and the University of Wisconsin, Madison, campus teaching award. He has served on various technical review committees, including the research review panel of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He currently serves on the Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards and is past president of the American Nuclear Society. Dr. Corradini was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1998.

Vijay K. Dhir, Ph.D., is a distinguished professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and has been dean of UCLA’s Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science since 2003. He also leads the boiling heat transfer laboratory, which conducts pioneering work in fundamental and applied sciences involving boiling, an efficient process of heat removal. Currently, his laboratory is involved in the study of flow boiling, microgravity boiling, and nuclear reactor thermal hydraulics. Born in India, Dr. Dhir received his B.Sc. from Punjab Engineering College in Chandigarh, India, and his Master of Technology from the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur, India. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Kentucky. In the late 1960s, he worked for a short period in industry as an engineer, and for the past 35 years he has been a consultant for numerous organizations. Dr. Dhir served as chair of the UCLA Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering from 1994 to 2000. In 2004, he was selected as an inductee into the University of Kentucky’s Engineering Hall of Distinction, and in 2012 he received his alma mater’s Honorary Ph.D. degree. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) has honored him with the Heat Transfer Memorial Award and the Robert Henry Thurston Lecture Award. The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) honored him with the Donald Q. Kern Award and the Max Jakob Memorial Award (awarded jointly with ASME). He is recipient of the Technical Achievement Award of the Thermal Hydraulics Division of the American Nuclear Society. Most recently, he received the Lifetime Achievement Award at ICCES (the International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences). Dr. Dhir has more than 300 publications in archival journals and proceedings of conferences. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2006.

Michael W. Golay, Ph.D., is a professor of nuclear science and engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he has worked since 1971. He is director of the Reactor Technology Course for Utility

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Executives and the Nuclear Operational Risk Management Course, both cosponsored by MIT and the National Academy for Nuclear Training. Most recently he has focused his research and teaching on improving nuclear power performance both in the United States and internationally, particularly through use of probabilistic and dynamic methods of analysis. He has also been an active advisor to governmental and industrial organizations, particularly concerning risk-informed regulation and nuclear nonproliferation. Dr. Golay received his Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from Cornell University in 1969 and performed postdoctoral research at Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute. In 1980, he was a visiting researcher at Électricité de France. He has served on the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations Advisory Council, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Research Review Committee, the Department of Energy’s TOPS Committee (on nonproliferation), and national laboratory and nuclear power plant oversight committees. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Nuclear Society.

Barbara L. Hamrick, J.D., CHP, is the radiation safety officer at the University of California, Irvine Medical Center where she oversees the use of radiation and radioactive materials in medical and research applications, including use in radiology, nuclear medicine, radiation oncology, pathology, and neurology. Ms. Hamrick received a B.S. and an M.S. in physics from the University of California, Irvine, in 1985 and 1987, respectively. She also received a J.D. from Loyola Law School in Los Angeles and was admitted to the California State Bar in 1999. Prior to joining the staff at the Medical Center, Ms. Hamrick worked for 18 years in regulatory agencies at the local, state, and federal levels, including the Los Angeles County Office of Radiation Management, the California Department of Public Health, and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Her work involves the application of health physics to a diverse set of problems, including survey and remediation at decommissioning facilities, external and internal dose assessments, air and water effluent modeling and monitoring, emergency planning, population monitoring, and radioactive waste management and disposal. Ms. Hamrick also has extensive experience and knowledge related to federal and state statutes and regulations governing the use of radiation and radioactive materials. She has participated in and co-chaired interagency working groups established to develop regulation, policy, and guidance related to the use of radiation and radioactive material in coordination with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Organization of Agreement States, and the Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors. Ms. Hamrick is currently serving

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
as president of the Health Physics Society. She was certified by the American Board of Health Physics in 2002.

Shelley A. Hearne, Dr.P.H., is a visiting professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Department of Health Policy and Management and director of the Big Cities Health Coalition at the National Association of County and City Health Officials. Previously, she was managing director of the Pew Health Group at The Pew Charitable Trusts, working to improve the health and well-being of Americans by reducing unnecessary risks in food, medical, and consumer products. She is also a member of the Board of Councilors of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF). RERF collects and analyzes health information on the World War II atomic bombing survivors. Dr. Hearne holds a B.A. in chemistry and environmental studies from Bowdoin College and a Dr.P.H. in environmental health sciences from Columbia University School of Public Health. She was the founding executive director of Trust for America’s Health—a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization dedicated to preventing epidemics and protecting people, and she was the national recipient of the 2004 Delta Omega Curriculum Award honoring innovative public health teaching. She has worked in various roles in government, environmental nonprofits, and philanthropy, ranging from serving as the executive director of the Pew Environmental Health Commission to acting director of the New Jersey Pollution Prevention Office. Dr. Hearne is the past chair of the American Public Health Association Executive Board and was the former vice president of the Council on Education for Public Health, which accredits graduate public health institutions.

Paul A. Locke, Dr.P.H., J.D., M.P.H., an environmental health scientist and attorney, is an associate professor at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. He holds his primary appointment in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences and a joint appointment in the Department of Health Policy and Management. Dr. Locke directs the Doctor of Public Health Program in Environmental Health Sciences. Dr. Locke’s research and practice focus on how decision makers use scientific data and research in regulation and policy making and how environmental health sciences influence the policy-making process. His areas of study include designing and evaluating radiation protection initiatives and radiation policies, especially in low-dose radiation science, radon risk reduction, safe disposal of high-level radioactive waste, and uranium mining and recovery operations. He holds an M.P.H from Yale University School of Medicine, a Dr.P.H. from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, and a J.D. from Vanderbilt University School of Law. Dr. Locke was a member of the National Academy of Sci-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

ences Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board from 2003 to 2009, and chaired the National Academy’s Committee on Uranium Mining in Virginia. He is a member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Low Radiation and is on the board of directors of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Dr. Locke is admitted to practice law before the bars of New York and the District of Columbia, the Southern District Court of New York, and the U.S. Supreme Court.

James E. Matheson, Ph.D., is chairman and chief financial officer of SmartOrg, Inc. and a world-recognized leader in the development and application of decision analysis. Dr. Matheson has been a consulting professor in the Department of Management Science and Engineering at Stanford University since 1967. He received a B.S. in electrical engineering from the Carnegie Institute of Technology and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University, where he studied in the computer-coordinated systems track of the Engineering-Economic Systems Program. During and after college, Dr. Matheson worked at the Westinghouse Research Laboratories where he was on the design team of an early process control computer and co-developed the first digital solutions to magnetic and electrical field problems that revolutionized the analysis and design of many products. In the mid 1960s, Dr. Matheson created and directed SRI International’s Decision Analysis Group, which for 15 years led the profession of decision analysis consulting. He also led the initial development of R&D portfolio analysis for major industrial and pharmaceutical firms. He personally co-invented influence diagrams, which have become a standard professional tool for capturing the interrelationships among decisions, uncertainties, and values. Dr. Matheson was awarded the Ramsey Medal, the highest honor in the field of decision analysis, by the Institute for Operations Research and Management Sciences. He serves on the advisory board of Right Side Capital Management, an early-stage venture capital fund. He also was a founder and a member of the board of directors of the Decision Education Foundation, a nonprofit dedicated to helping individuals learn to make better personal decisions.

Thomas G. Moser, U.S. Navy (retired), is the chief of staff of Osprey Global Solutions, where he coordinates corporate business development and project management activities and provides antiterrorism and security expertise to federal, state, and local government entities and private-sector clients. He holds a B.S. in business administration from Waynesburg College in Pennsylvania and an M.B.A. from Southern Illinois University. While on active service as a career Navy SEAL Officer, Mr. Moser served as commanding officer of the Navy’s unique antiterrorism RED CELL team, com-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

manding officer of SEAL Team FOUR, commanding officer of the Naval Special Warfare Development Group (a classified special SEAL Unit), and as chief of staff at the Joint Special Operations Command. Following his naval career, Mr. Moser served as a counterterrorism and special operations consultant and exercise planner for Department of Defense Special Operations Units. He developed plans to exercise the nation’s military and first-responder units’ response to incidents involving the use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapons of mass destruction. He later worked with the Department of Energy (DOE) as the site manager of the Andrews Air Force Base laboratory facility that was responsible for one of the nation’s Nuclear Emergency Search Teams. Following service at DOE, Mr. Moser was selected to serve as one of the first Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Protective Security Advisors (PSAs) and served as PSA to the State of South Carolina, representing DHS as an onsite critical infrastructure and vulnerability assessment specialist. Mr. Moser participated in comprehensive security assessments at nuclear power plants and material production facilities in North and South Carolina and served on the National Research Council Committee on Risk-Based Approaches for Securing the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex. More recently, Mr. Moser participated in a survey and assessment of the Coast Guard Service of a Gulf Coast Cooperative member state, addressing counterpiracy and countersmuggling missions in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. Mr. Moser is an American Society of Industrial Security Certified Protection Professional and Physical Security Professional.

Arthur T. Motta, Ph.D., is chair of the Nuclear Engineering Program and a professor of nuclear engineering and of materials science and engineering at Penn State University. His research focuses on the environmental degradation of materials in the reactor environment with specific emphasis on nuclear fuel cladding. His research interests include radiation damage, corrosion and hydrogen ingress, mechanical behavior of materials, and materials characterization. He holds a B.Sc. in mechanical engineering and an M.Sc. in nuclear engineering from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and a Ph.D. in nuclear engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Before coming to Penn State, he worked for the CEA at the Centre for Nuclear Studies in Grenoble, France, and for Atomic Energy of Canada Limited at the Chalk River Laboratories in Canada. He is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Nuclear Materials. He received the Penn State Engineering Society Outstanding Advising Award in 2001 and the Outstanding Research Award in 2012, and the Outstanding Research Achievement Award from the Materials Science and Technology Division of the American Nuclear Society in 2010.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

John A. Orcutt, Ph.D., is a distinguished professor of geophysics at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and a secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanography Chair. He received his B.S. in mathematics and physics from the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, his M.Sc. in physical chemistry as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Liverpool, and his Ph.D. in earth sciences from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He served as a submariner in the U.S. Navy and was the Chief Engineer on USS Kamehameha including a shipyard overhaul with refueling of the nuclear plant. His research interests include the exploitation of information technology for the collection and processing of real-time environmental data as well as marine and continental seismology and geophysics. He is the principal investigator for the National Science Foundation Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction Ocean Observatories Initiative Cyberinfrastructure Implementing Organization. He is also chair of the MEDEA Ocean Panel and recently completed a review of hydroacoustics monitoring by the UN Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Office in the Indian Ocean. He is a charter member of the National Research Council Ocean Studies Board and just began another term nearly 25 years after his first. He is the principal investigator of a BP research institute at Scripps, which began operations in 2004. He received the Ewing Medal from the U.S. Navy and the American Geophysical Union (AGU) in 1994; the New-comb-Cleveland Prize from the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1983; and the Marine Technology Society’s Lockheed Martin Award for Ocean Science and Technology in 2007. He chaired the National Research Council review of the NOAA Tsunami Warning System and the Ocean Panel of the Climate, Energy and National Security Committee. He served as president of the American Geophysical Union from 2004 to 2006 and was elected as an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society in 2005. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2002 and the National Academy of Engineering in 2011.

Emilie M. Roth, Ph.D., is the owner and principal scientist of Roth Cognitive Engineering. A cognitive psychologist, Dr. Roth’s work involves the analysis of human problem solving and decision making in real-world environments (e.g., military command and control, intelligence analysis, nuclear power plant emergencies, railroad operations, and surgery), and the impacts of support systems (e.g., computerized procedures, alarm systems, advanced graphical displays, and new forms of automation) on cognitive performance. Dr. Roth has conducted empirical studies of naturalistic decision making, developed and applied cognitive task analysis and cognitive work analysis techniques for understanding the cognitive demands imposed by work environments, and developed principles for effective decision support for individuals and teams. Dr. Roth has supported design of first-of-a-kind

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

systems including the command center for a next-generation Navy ship; a next-generation nuclear power plant control room; and work-centered support systems for flight planning and monitoring for an Air Force organization. She received her Ph.D. in cognitive psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She serves on the editorial board of the journals Human Factors and Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making. She was elected a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. She recently participated in the National Research Council Committee on Human-System Design Support for Changing Technology.

Joseph E. Shepherd, Ph.D., is the C. L. “Kelly” Johnson Professor of Aeronautics and Mechanical Engineering and, since 2009, the dean of graduate studies at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). His research interests are fluid and solid dynamics, combustion chemistry, thermodynamics, and dynamic structural response with applications to explosions, propulsion, high-speed flight, and energy technology. Since 1980, he has carried out research on hydrogen combustion behavior during severe accidents in nuclear power plants as well as in nuclear material processing and storage facilities. He has worked with private industry, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. national laboratories, and international organizations to evaluate hydrogen control methodologies and assess potential hazards including the effects of explosions. He received his Ph.D. in applied physics from Caltech in 1980, served as a member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories from 1980 to 1986, and was an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute from 1986 to 1993. He has been on the faculty at Caltech since 1993. Dr. Shepherd served on the National Research Council Committee on Determining Basic Research Needs to Interrupt the Improvised Explosive Device Delivery Chain.

Elizabeth Q. Ten Eyck is president of ETE Consulting, Inc. She is an expert in domestic and international nuclear safeguards and security for government-owned and -licensed commercial nuclear facilities and is involved in consulting work on vulnerability assessments of U.S. critical infrastructure for the Department of Homeland Security through Argonne National Laboratory. Ms. Ten Eyck received her B.S. in electrical engineering from the University of Maryland. She has over 30 years of career federal service, first as a security engineer for the U.S. Secret Service, then as director of the Office of Safeguards and Security for the U.S. Department of Energy, and, until she retired in 2000, as director of the Division of Fuel Cycle Safety and Safeguards for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC), where she managed the safety and safeguards regulatory program for commercial fuel cycle facilities. During her career at the USNRC, she also managed

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

transportation activities and the safeguards program for nuclear power reactors. Ms. Ten Eyck served on the National Research Council Committee on Transportation of Radioactive Waste.

Frank N. von Hippel, Ph.D., is a senior research physicist and professor of public and international affairs emeritus at Princeton University’s Program on Science and Global Security, which he co-founded. In 1989, he co-founded the journal Science & Global Security. He co-founded and is currently co-chair of the nongovernmental International Panel on Fissile Materials, which includes experts from 17 countries and develops proposals for initiatives to reduce global stocks of plutonium and highly enriched uranium and the numbers of locations where they can be found. He received a Ph.D. in nuclear physics from University of Oxford and a B.A. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. As a former assistant director for national security in the White House Office of Science and Technology, Dr. von Hippel’s areas of policy research include nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, energy, and checks and balances in policy making for technology. He has been involved in reactor safety issues since he served as a member of he American Physical Society’s 1974-1975 Study Group on Light Water Reactor Safety. Prior to coming to Princeton, he worked for 10 years in the field of elementary-particle theoretical physics. Dr. von Hippel’s awards include the American Physical Society (APS) 2010 Leo Szilard Lectureship Award for outstanding work and leadership in using physics to illuminate public policy on nuclear arms control and nonproliferation, nuclear energy, and energy efficiency; the American Association for the Advancement of Science 1994 Hilliard Roderick Prize for Excellence in Science, Arms Control and International Security; a MacArthur Foundation Prize Fellowship (1993-1998); and the 1977 APS Forum Award for Promoting the Understanding of the Relationship of Physics and Society. Dr. von Hippel recently served on the National Research Council Committee on Best Practices for Nuclear Materials Protection, Control and Accounting.

Loring A. Wyllie, Jr., M.S., is chairman emeritus of the board and senior principal at Degenkolb Engineers. He has more than 45 years of professional experience in seismic evaluations, analysis, and design of strengthening measures for improved seismic performance. He serves as consultant to several University of California campuses, various commercial and architectural clients, Department of Energy laboratories, and many others. He received his B.S. and M.S. from the University of California, Berkeley. He is a past chairman of the state historical building safety board, whose mandate is to evaluate and analyze methods for strengthening buildings that preserve their historic character. He is also the past president of the

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI). His contributions to the profession of structural engineering were recognized by his election to the National Academy of Engineering in 1990. In 2007, he was honored with the prestigious Outstanding Projects and Leaders Lifetime Achievement Award by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). He was made an honorary member of the Structural Engineers Association of Northern California and Earthquake Engineering Research Institute. In recognition of his expertise in concrete design and performance, the American Concrete Institute named him an honorary member in 2000. Mr. Wyllie was elected an honorary member of ASCE in 2001.

Technical Advisor

Najmedin Meshkati, Ph.D., CPE, is a professor of civil/environmental engineering and a professor of industrial and systems engineering at the Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California (USC). For the past 25 years, he has been teaching and conducting research on risk reduction and reliability enhancement of complex technological systems, including nuclear power, aviation, and petrochemical and transportation industries. Dr. Meshkati simultaneously received a B.S. in industrial engineering and a B.A. in political science from Sharif (Arya-Meher) University of Technology and Shahid Beheshti University (National University of Iran), respectively; an M.S. in engineering management from USC; and a Ph.D. in industrial and systems engineering from USC. He was a Jefferson Science Fellow and a senior science and engineering advisor in the Office of Science and Technology Adviser to the U.S. Secretary of State (2009-2010). Dr. Meshkati has inspected many petrochemical and nuclear power plants around the world, including Chernobyl. He is an elected fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, an AT&T faculty fellow in industrial ecology, a NASA faculty fellow (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 2003 and 2004), and a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF). He is the 2007 recipient of the Oliver Keith Hansen Outreach Award from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES) and was honored by the HFES for his scholarly efforts on human factors of complex, large-scale technological systems. He is also a certified professional ergonomist. He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering/National Research Council’s Committee on the Analysis of Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Explosion, Fire, and Oil Spill to Identify Measures to Prevent Similar Accidents in the Future.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Staff

Kevin D. Crowley is senior board director of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board (NRSB) at the National Research Council–National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. He is responsible for managing the NRSB’s work on nuclear safety and security, radioactive waste management and environmental cleanup, and radiation health effects. He is also the principal investigator for a long-standing cooperative agreement between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Energy to provide scientific support for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima, Japan. Dr. Crowley’s professional interests and activities focus on safety, security, and technical efficacy of nuclear and radiation-based technologies. He has directed over 20 National Research Council studies on these and other topics, including Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage (2004, 2006); Going the Distance? The Safe Transport of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in the United States (2006); Medical Isotope Production Without Highly Enriched Uranium (2009); America’s Energy Future: Technology and Transformation (2009); and Analysis of Cancer Risks in Populations near Nuclear Facilities. Before joining the National Academies staff in 1993, Dr. Crowley held teaching/research positions at Miami University of Ohio, the University of Oklahoma, and the U.S. Geological Survey. He holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees, both in geology, from Princeton University.

Ourania (Rania) Kosti joined the staff of the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board in January 2011. Prior to her current appointment, Dr. Kosti was a postdoctoral fellow at the Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center at Georgetown University Hospital in Washington, D.C., where she conducted research on biomarker development for early cancer detection using case-control epidemiologic study designs. She focused primarily on prostate, breast, and liver cancers and trying to identify those individuals who are at high risk of developing malignancies. She contributed on hypotheses generation, study design, data analysis and management of clinical databases and biospecimen repositories. Dr. Kosti also trained at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) (2005-2007) in the Cancer and Developmental Biology Laboratory; the same period she volunteered in NCI’s Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics. She received a B.Sc. in biochemistry from the University of Surrey, UK, an M.Sc. in molecular medicine from the University College London, and a Ph.D in molecular endocrinology from St. Bartholomew’s Hospital in London, UK.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×

Daniel Pomeroy joined the Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board as a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow in August 2012 before working as postdoctoral fellow from December 2012 until August 2013. He is currently serving as an AAAS Congressional Science and Engineering Fellow for the American Geophysical Union. He received his Ph.D. in experimental high-energy physics from Brandeis University in June 2012. For his graduate research he worked in experimental high-energy physics at CERN in Switzerland. There he helped construct portions of the ATLAS detector and then used it to search for new fundamental physics phenomena, focusing primarily on lepton flavor violation. He received his B.S. from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where he spent his summers interning at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
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×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee, Technical Advisor, and Staff." National Research Council. 2014. Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18294.
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Next: Appendix B: Presentations, Breakout Sessions, and Visits »
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The March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan. They were responsible for more than 15,900 deaths and 2,600 missing persons as well as physical infrastructure damages exceeding $200 billion. The earthquake and tsunami also initiated a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. Three of the six reactors at the plant sustained severe core damage and released hydrogen and radioactive materials. Explosion of the released hydrogen damaged three reactor buildings and impeded onsite emergency response efforts. The accident prompted widespread evacuations of local populations, large economic losses, and the eventual shutdown of all nuclear power plants in Japan.

Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety and Security of U.S. Nuclear Plants is a study of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. This report examines the causes of the crisis, the performance of safety systems at the plant, and the responses of its operators following the earthquake and tsunami. The report then considers the lessons that can be learned and their implications for U.S. safety and storage of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste, commercial nuclear reactor safety and security regulations, and design improvements. Lessons Learned makes recommendations to improve plant systems, resources, and operator training to enable effective ad hoc responses to severe accidents. This report's recommendations to incorporate modern risk concepts into safety regulations and improve the nuclear safety culture will help the industry prepare for events that could challenge the design of plant structures and lead to a loss of critical safety functions.

In providing a broad-scope, high-level examination of the accident, Lessons Learned is meant to complement earlier evaluations by industry and regulators. This in-depth review will be an essential resource for the nuclear power industry, policy makers, and anyone interested in the state of U.S. preparedness and response in the face of crisis situations.

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