National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences

Panel on Model-Assimilated Data Sets for Atmospheric and Oceanic Research

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1991

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Frank Press is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Robert M. White is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Samuel O. Thier is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Frank Press and Dr. Robert M. White are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council.

Support for this project was provided by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number ATM-8819538.

Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 91-61622

International Standard Book Number 0-309-04536-3

Additional copies of this report are available from:
National Academy Press
2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, DC 20418

S373

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×

PANEL ON MODEL-ASSIMILATED DATA SETS FOR ATMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC RESEARCH

DONALD R. JOHNSON,

University of Wisconsin, Madison,

Chairman

JOHN R. BATES,

National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Goddard Space Flight Center

GUY P. BRASSEUR,

National Center for Atmospheric Research

MICHAEL GHIL,

University of California, Los Angeles

ANTHONY HOLLINGSWORTH,

European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts

ROY L. JENNE,

National Center for Atmospheric Research

KIKURO MIYAKODA,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

EUGENE RASMUSSON,

University of Maryland, College Park

EDWARD S. SARACHIK,

University of Washington

THOMAS T. WARNER,

Pennsylvania State University

JOHN S. PERRY, Staff Director

KENNETH H. BERGMAN, Staff Officer

DONALD H. HUNT, Consultant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×

BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

JOHN A. DUTTON,

Pennsylvania State University,

Chairman

JON F. BARTHOLIC,

Michigan State University

E. ANN BERMAN,

Tri-Space, Inc.

RAFAEL L. BRAS,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MOUSTAFA T. CHAHINE,

California Institute of Technology

ROBERT A. DUCE,

University of Rhode Island

THOMAS E. GRAEDEL,

AT&T Bell Laboratories

DAVID D. HOUGHTON,

University of Wisconsin, Madison

EUGENIA KALNAY,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

RICHARD S. LINDZEN,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

SYUKURO MANABE,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

GERALD R. NORTH,

Texas A&M University

JAMES J. O'BRIEN,

Florida State University

JOANNE SIMPSON,

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Ex-Officio Members

ERIC J. BARRON,

Pennsylvania State University

PETER V. HOBBS,

University of Washington

CHARLES E. KOLB,

Aerodyne Research, Inc.

DONALD J. WILLIAMS,

The Johns Hopkins University

JOHN S. PERRY, Staff Director

WILLIAM A. SPRIGG, Associate Staff Director

KENNETH H. BERGMAN, Staff Officer

DONALD H. HUNT, Consultant

FRED D. WHITE, Consultant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×

COMMISSION ON GEOSCIENCES, ENVIRONMENT, AND RESOURCES

M. GORDON WOLMAN,

The Johns Hopkins University,

Chairman

ROBERT C. BEARDSLEY,

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

B. CLARK BURCHFIEL,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

RALPH J. CICERONE,

University of California, Irvine

PETER S. EAGLESON,

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

HELEN M. INGRAM,

University of Arizona

GENE E. LIKENS,

New York Botanical Garden

SYUKURO MANABE,

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

JACK E. OLIVER,

Cornell University

PHILIP A. PALMER,

E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company

FRANK L. PARKER,

Vanderbilt University

DUNCAN T. PATTEN,

Arizona State University

MAXINE L. SAVITZ,

Allied Signal Aerospace Company

LARRY L. SMARR,

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

STEVEN M. STANLEY,

Case Western Reserve University

KARL K. TUREKIAN,

Yale University

SIR CRISPIN TICKELL,

Radcliffe Observatory

IRVIN L. WHITE,

N.Y. State Energy Research and Development Authority

JAMES H. ZUMBERGE,

University of Southern California

STEPHEN RATTIEN, Executive Director

STEPHEN D. PARKER, Associate Executive Director

JANICE E. MEHLER, Assistant Executive Director

JEANETTE SPOON, Administrative Associate

CARLITA PERRY, Administrative Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences Get This Book
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This volume explores and evaluates the development, multiple applications, and usefulness of four-dimensional (space and time) model assimilations of data in the atmospheric and oceanographic sciences and projects their applicability to the earth sciences as a whole.

Using the predictive power of geophysical laws incorporated in the general circulation model to produce a background field for comparison with incoming raw observations, the model assimilation process synthesizes diverse, temporarily inconsistent, and spatially incomplete observations from worldwide land, sea, and space data acquisition systems into a coherent representation of an evolving earth system.

The book concludes that this subdiscipline is fundamental to the geophysical sciences and presents a basic strategy to extend the application of this subdiscipline to the earth sciences as a whole.

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