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Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
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List of Acronyms


AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System


CAC

Climate Analysis Center, NOAA National Meteorological Center

CD-ROM

Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory

CIRES

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado

CLIMAP

Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction

COADS

Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set


DAT

Data Acquisition Tape

DERF

Dynamic Extended-Range Forecasts


ECMWF

European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts

ENSO

El Niño-Southern Oscillation

EOS

Earth Observing System, NASA

EOSDIS

Earth Observing System Data and Information System

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ERF

Extended-Range Forecasting

ERL

Environmental Research Laboratories, NOAA

ESA

European Space Agency


FGGE

First GARP Global Experiment (see GWE)

FIFE

First ISLSCP Field Experiment

Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×

FNOC

Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center, U.S. Navy

FOCAL

Français Ocean et Climat dans l'Atlantique Equatorial

FSL

Forecast Systems Laboratory, NOAA


GARP

Global Atmospheric Research Program

GCM

General Circulation Model

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GFDL

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory, NOAA

GLA

Goddard Laboratory for Atmospheres, NASA

GPCP

Global Precipitation Climatology Project

GTS

Global Telecommunications System, WWW

GWE

Global Weather Experiment (initially designated as the First GARP Global Experiment, FGGE)


HAPEX

Hydrological-Atmospheric Pilot Experiment


ISLSCP

International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project


JGOFS

Joint Global Ocean Flux Study


LAPS

Local Analysis and Prediction System, Colorado State University

LAWS

Laser Atmospheric Wind Sounder

LFV

Low-Frequency Variability

LIMS

Limb Infrared Monitor of the Stratosphere

LINNMI

Linear Normal-Mode Initialization

LRF

Long-Range Forecasting


MADS

Model-Assimilated Data Set

MAPS

Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System

McIDAS

Man-Computer Interactive Data Access System

MOODS

Master Ocean Observations Data Set

MRF

Medium-Range Forecasting


NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASDA

National Space Development Agency (of Japan)

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCDC

National Climatic Data Center, NOAA (World Data Center A, WMO)

NMC

National Meteorological Center, NOAA, U.S. National Weather Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NODC

National Oceanographic Data Center, U.S. Navy

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

NWS

National Weather Service


OI

Optimal Interpolation

OLR

Outgoing Long-Wave Radiation


PNA

Pacific-North America Low-Frequency Atmospheric Oscillation


RAFS

Regional Analysis and Forecast System, NWS

Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×

SAMS

Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder

SBUV

Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Spectrometer

SEASAT-A

U.S. Oceanographic Satellite Monitoring System

SEQUAL

Seasonal Equatorial Atlantic Experiment

SMHI

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute

SO

Southern Oscillation

SST

Sea Surface Temperature


TOGA

Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere Program, WMO

TOMS

Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission


UARS

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

UCAR

University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UKMO

United Kingdom Meteorological Office

UNIDATA

University Data Broadcast Project


WCRP

World Climate Research Program, WMO

WMO

World Meteorological Organization, Geneva

WOCE

World Ocean Circulation Experiment

WSR-88D

U.S. National Weather Service 1988 Doppler Weather Radar System (initially designated in planning documents as NEXRAD, Next Radar System)

WWW

World Weather Watch, WMO


XBT

Expendable Bathythermograph

Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×
Page76
Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×
Page77
Suggested Citation:"List of Acronyms." National Research Council. 1991. Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1830.
×
Page78
Four-Dimensional Model Assimilation of Data: A Strategy for the Earth System Sciences Get This Book
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This volume explores and evaluates the development, multiple applications, and usefulness of four-dimensional (space and time) model assimilations of data in the atmospheric and oceanographic sciences and projects their applicability to the earth sciences as a whole.

Using the predictive power of geophysical laws incorporated in the general circulation model to produce a background field for comparison with incoming raw observations, the model assimilation process synthesizes diverse, temporarily inconsistent, and spatially incomplete observations from worldwide land, sea, and space data acquisition systems into a coherent representation of an evolving earth system.

The book concludes that this subdiscipline is fundamental to the geophysical sciences and presents a basic strategy to extend the application of this subdiscipline to the earth sciences as a whole.

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