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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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URBAN FORESTRY

Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda

A WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Katie Thomas and Laurie Geller, Rapporteurs

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

Division on Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by the United States Forest Service under Grant # 11-DG-11132650-325 and the National Science Foundation under Award # DEB-1238526. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsoring agency or any of its subagencies.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-28758-6

International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-28758-8

Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu/.

Copyright 2013 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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COMMITTEE ON ESTIMATING THE ECOSYSTEM BENEFITS OF URBAN FORESTRY: A WORKSHOP

GARY G. ALLEN (Chair), Center for Chesapeake Communities, Annapolis, Maryland

MARINA ALBERTI, University of Washington, Seattle

MOLLY BROWN, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

MARIE O’NEILL, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

S. T. RAO, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

KENNETH POTTER, University of Wisconsin, Madison

NRC Staff:

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

KATIE THOMAS, Associate Program Officer

DANIEL MUTH, Postdoctoral Fellow (until December 2012)

SHELLY FREELAND, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
×

BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

ANTONIO J. BUSALACCHI, JR. (Chair), University of Maryland

GERALD A. MEEHL (Vice Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research

LANCE F. BOSART, State University of New York

RICHARD (RIT) CARBONE, National Center for Atmospheric Research

SHUYI S. CHEN, University of Miami

KIRSTIN DOW, University of South Carolina

PAMELA EMCH, Northrup Grumman Aerospace Systems

LISA GODDARD, Columbia University

ISAAC HELD, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

ANTHONY JANETOS, University of Maryland

JOHN E. KUTZBACH, University of Wisconsin-Madison

ARTHUR LEE, Chevron

ROBERT J. LEMPERT, The RAND Corporation

STEPHEN W. PACALA, Princeton University

ARISTIDES A.N. PATRINOS, New York University

RAYMOND T. PIERREHUMBERT, The University of Chicago

KIMBERLY PRATHER, University of California, San Diego

RICH RICHELS, Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.

DAVID A. ROBINSON, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

JOHN T. SNOW, The University of Oklahoma

CLAUDIA TEBALDI, Climate Central

XUBIN ZENG, University of Arizona

NRC Staff

SUSAN ROBERTS, Acting Director

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

MAGGIE WALSER, Program Officer

KATIE THOMAS, Associate Program Officer

LAUREN BROWN, Research Associate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

SHELLY FREELAND, Senior Program Assistant

AMANDA PURCELL, Research and Financial Associate

ELIZABETH FINKLEMAN, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This summary was written by rapporteurs to summarize the discussions at a community workshop held February 25-26, 2013. The successful completion of this summary would not have been possible without the high quality presentations by workshop speakers and the insightful comments of participants during the workshop. Finally, we thank the planning committee for their diligent efforts and enthusiasm in organizing the workshop. Each brought a unique set of insights, experiences, and perspectives to the project and helped shape its content.

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary:

GARY ALLEN, Center for Chesapeake Communities, Annapolis, MD

MICHAEL GALVIN, SavATree Consulting Group, Bedford Hills, NY

STEPHANIE PINCETL, University of California, Los Angeles

KATLEEN L. WOLF, University of Washington, Seattle

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by George Frederick, Falcon Consultants, LLC. Appointed by the National Research Council, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Much of the ecological research in the past decades has focused on rural or wilderness areas. Today, however, ecological research has been taking place in our cities, where our everyday decisions can have profound effects on our environment. This research, or urban ecology, includes an important element, trees. Trees have had a variety of environmental benefits for our environment including the sequestering carbon, reducing urban heat island effects, providing vital habitat for wildlife, and making nature accessible. These benefits have important impacts on the physical, socio-economic, and mental health of humans as well. Being exposed to trees has been shown to enhance social cohesion, improve health and recreational opportunities, and increase real estate values.

In order to gain more knowledge into this urban forestry, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) held a workshop February 25-26, 2013. The workshop brought together more than 100 people with various interests in urban forestry research to share information and perspectives, foster communication across specific areas of ecosystem service research, and consider integrated approaches that cut across these realms. The workshop specifically examined current capabilities to characterize and quantify the benefits, key gaps in our understanding, the challenges of planning urban forests in a way that optimizes multiple ecosystem services and more.

Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary presents an overview of the issues discussed by the workshop's breakout groups; summarizes presentations from the four panels which included Biophysical Services of the Urban Forest; and context for the study with introductory material from the workshop.
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