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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX D: ACRONYM LIST." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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APPENDIX D

ACRONYM LIST

BASINS Better Assessment Science Integrating point and Nonpoint Sources
BenMAP EPA’s Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program
BIOME-BGC Ecosystem process model from the University of Montana
CENTURY Soil Organic Matter Model from Colorado State University
DCOP Department of Human Resources
DDOE District Department of Environment
DDOT District Department of Transportation
DGS Department of General Services
DOE Department of Energy
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
GHG Greenhouse Gas
GSA General Services Administration
HSPF Hydrological Simulation Program—Fortran
LIDAR Light Detection and Ranging
LTER Long-term Ecological Research
LTER Long-term Ecological Research
NAIP National Agriculture Imagery Program
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NPS National Park Service
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
R&D Research and Development
SIP State Implementation Plan
STEW-MAP Stewardship Mapping and Assessment Project
SWMM Storm Water Management Model
TMDL Total Maximum Daily Load
UF Urban Forestry
UFA Urban Forestry Administration
UHI Urban Heat Island
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USFS United States Forest Service
VOC Volatile Organic Compound
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX D: ACRONYM LIST." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX D: ACRONYM LIST." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Page 61
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX D: ACRONYM LIST." National Research Council. 2013. Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18370.
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Page 62
Next: APPENDIX E: STATEMENT OF TASK »
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Much of the ecological research in the past decades has focused on rural or wilderness areas. Today, however, ecological research has been taking place in our cities, where our everyday decisions can have profound effects on our environment. This research, or urban ecology, includes an important element, trees. Trees have had a variety of environmental benefits for our environment including the sequestering carbon, reducing urban heat island effects, providing vital habitat for wildlife, and making nature accessible. These benefits have important impacts on the physical, socio-economic, and mental health of humans as well. Being exposed to trees has been shown to enhance social cohesion, improve health and recreational opportunities, and increase real estate values.

In order to gain more knowledge into this urban forestry, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) held a workshop February 25-26, 2013. The workshop brought together more than 100 people with various interests in urban forestry research to share information and perspectives, foster communication across specific areas of ecosystem service research, and consider integrated approaches that cut across these realms. The workshop specifically examined current capabilities to characterize and quantify the benefits, key gaps in our understanding, the challenges of planning urban forests in a way that optimizes multiple ecosystem services and more.

Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda: A Workshop Summary presents an overview of the issues discussed by the workshop's breakout groups; summarizes presentations from the four panels which included Biophysical Services of the Urban Forest; and context for the study with introductory material from the workshop.
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