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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for
U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications

A Workshop Summary

Robert J. Katt, Rapporteur

Air Force Studies Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

                OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS     500 Fifth Street, NW     Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This is a report of work supported by Grant FA9550-12-1-0413 between the U.S. Air Force and the National Academy of Sciences. Any views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

ISBN-13: 978-0-309-29261-0
ISBN-10: 0-309-29261-1

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr. is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr. are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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COMMITTEE ON ASSESSMENT OF DIRECTED ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR U.S. AIR FORCE APPLICATIONS: A WORKSHOP

RONALD E. KEYS, RK Solution Enterprises, LLC, Chair

WILLIAM L. BAKER, Independent Consultant, Sandia Park, New Mexico

JACQUELINE G. GISH, Independent Consultant, Glendale, California

MATT L. MLEZIVA, Wildwood Strategic Concepts, LLC

THOMAS E. ROMESSER, Independent Consultant, Torrance, California

DAVID J. SCOTT, Independent Consultant, Payton, Colorado

FRANK J. SERNA, The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.

ANDEW M. SESSLER, E.O Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Staff

CARTER W. FORD, Program Officer

MARGUERITE E. SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
×

AIR FORCE STUDIES BOARD

GREGORY S. MARTIN, GS Martin Consulting, Chair

BRIAN A. ARNOLD, Raytheon Company

CLAUDE M. BOLTON, JR., Defense Acquisition University

STEVEN R.J. BRUECK, University of New Mexico

THOMAS J. BURNS, Science Applications International Corporation

FRANK CAPPUCCIO, Cappuccio and Associates, LLC

BLAISE J. DURANTE, U.S. Air Force (retired)

DONALD C. FRASER, Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (retired)

MICHAEL J. GIANELLI, The Boeing Company (retired)

DANIEL HASTINGS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

RAYMOND E. JOHNS, JR., U.S. Air Force (retired)

PAUL G. KAMINSKI, Technovation, Inc.

ROBERT LATIFF, R. Latiff Associates

NANCY G. LEVESON, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MARK J. LEWIS, IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute

LESTER L. LYLES, The Lyles Group

MATT L. MLEZIVA, Wildwood Strategic Concepts

C. KUMAR N. PATEL, Pranalytica, Inc.

GERALD F. PERRYMAN, JR., Independent Consultant

RICHARD V. REYNOLDS, The VanFleet Group, LLC

J. DANIEL STEWART, University of Tennessee

STARNES E. WALKER, University of Hawaii System

DAVID A. WHELAN, The Boeing Company

REBECCA WINSTON, Winston Strategic Management Consulting

Staff

TERRY J. JAGGERS, Director

DIONNA ALI, Research Assistant

JESSICA R. BROKENBURR, Financial Assistant

GREGORY EYRING, Senior Program Officer

CARTER W. FORD, Program Officer

CHRIS JONES, Financial Manager

MARGUERITE E. SCHNEIDER, Administrative Coordinator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
×

Acknowledgment of Reviewers

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

William L. Baker, Independent Consultant, Sandia Park, New Mexico,

Ken Bruner, U.S. Pacific Command,

John H. Hammond, Independent Consultant, Fairfax, Virginia,

Lester L. Lyles, The Lyles Group,

Matt L. Mleziva, Wildwood Strategic Concepts, LLC, and

Julia M. Phillips, Sandia National Laboratories.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the views presented at the workshop, nor did they see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Robert A. Frosch, Harvard University and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Appointed by the NRC, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the author and the institution.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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ACRONYMS

ACC Air Combat Command
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
AoA Analysis of Alternatives
ARDEC Armaments Research, Development and Engineering Center
   
C-RAM counter rocket, artillery, and mortar
CHAMP Counter-electronics HPM Advanced Missile Project
COCOM Combatant Command
CONOPS operational concept(s)
   
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DEW directed-energy weapon
DIRCM Directed Infrared Countermeasures
DoD Department of Defense
DRFM digital radio frequency memory
   
EO electro-optical
   
HEL high-energy laser
HEL-JTO High Energy Laser Joint Technology Office
HELLADS High Energy Liquid Laser Area Defense System
HPM high-powered microwave
   
IED improvised explosive device
IR infrared
IRCM infrared countermeasures
IRST infrared search and track
   
JCIDS Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System
JCTD Joint Capability Technology Demonstration
JHPSSL Joint High Power Solid State Laser
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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LADAR laser direction and range-finding
LAIRCM Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures
   
MAJCOM major command
MDA Missile Defense Agency
   
NKCE non-kinetic counter-electronics
   
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
R&D research and development
   
RDECOM Research and Development Command
RELI Robust Electric Laser Initiative
RPA remotely piloted aircraft
   
S&T science and technology
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 2013. Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18497.
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The U. S. Air force currently invests significantly in science and technology for directed-energy weapon (DEW) systems. Key elements of this investment include high-energy lasers and high-power microwaves. Other DEW research and development efforts include: optical beam control for high-energy lasers; vulnerability and lethality assessments; and advanced non-conventional and innovative weapons.

Selected Directed Energy Research and Development for U.S. Air Force Aircraft Applications is the summary of three workshop sessions convened between February and April, 2013 by the Air Force Studies Board of the National Academies' National Research Council. Representatives from the Air Force science and technology community and DEW experts from the U.S. Army, U.S. Navy, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency presented and discussed threats that DEW capabilities might defend against and assessments of foreign progress in DEW. This report examines the current status of DEW capabilities both in the U.S. and abroad, and considers future applications of DEW systems.

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