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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Research Opportunities Concerning the
Causes and Consequences of

Child Food Insecurity and Hunger

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Nancy Kirkendall, Carol House, and Constance F. Citro, Rapporteurs


Committee on National Statistics

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Food and Nutrition Board

Institute of Medicine

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL AND
                                 INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE                 
                     OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS    500 Fifth Street, NW    Washington, DC 20001

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract/Grant No. AG-32SB-C-12-0001 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Support of the work of the Committee on National Statistics is provided by a consortium of federal agencies through a grant from the National Science Foundation (No. SES-1024012). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

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International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-29284-0

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Suggested citation: National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (2013). Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: A Workshop Summary. N. Kirkendall, C. House, and C.F. Citro, Rapporteurs. Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
×

STEERING COMMITTEE FOR THE
WORKSHOP ON RESEARCH GAPS—
CAUSES AND CONSE QUENCES OF
CHILD FOOD INSECURITY AND HUNGER

James P. Ziliak (Chair), Center for Poverty Research and Department of Economics, University of Kentucky

Judith S. Bartfeld, Department of Consumer Science, University of Wisconsin—Madison

Deborah A. Frank, Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine

Sonya Jones, Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina

Susan L. Parish, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University

Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Office of Community Health and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health

Nancy Kirkendall, Study Director

Carol House, Senior Program Officer

Agnes E. Gaskin, Administrative Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
×

COMMITTE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS
2013–2014

Lawrence D. Brown (Chair), Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

John M. Abowd, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University

Mary Ellen Bock, Department of Statistics, Purdue University

David Card, Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley

Alicia Carriquiry, Department of Statistics, Iowa State University

Michael E. Chernew, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School

Constantine Gatsonis, Center for Statistical Sciences, Brown University

James S. House, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Michael Hout, Survey Research Center, University of California, Berkeley

Sallie Keller, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Polytechnic Institute

Lisa Lynch, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University

Colm O’Muircheartaigh, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago

Ruth Peterson, Criminal Justice Research Center, Ohio State University

Edward H. Shortliffe, Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University and Arizona State University

Hal Stern, Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences, University of California, Irvine

Constance F. Citro, Director

Jacqueline R. Sovde, Program Assocate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
×

FOOD AND NUTRITION BOARD

Suzanne P. Murphy (Chair), Epidemiology Program, University of Hawaii Cancer Center

Cheryl A.M. Anderson, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego

Patsy M. Brannon, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University

Fergus M. Clydesdale, Food Science Policy Alliance, Department of Food Science, University of Massachusetts

Richard J. Deckelbaum, Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University Medical Center

Sharon M. Donovan, Nutrition and Health, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Lee-Ann Jaykus, Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutritional Sciences, North Carolina State University

Gordon L. Jensen, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Pennsylvania State University

Joanne R. Lupton, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Texas A&M University

Susan T. Mayne, Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale Schools of Public Health and Medicine

James M. Ntambi, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Office of Community Health and Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health

Martin Philbert, Toxicology and Senior Associate Dean for Research, University of Michigan, School of Public Health

Mary T. Story, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota

Patrick J. Stover, Division of Nutritional Sciences and Institute for Nutritional Genomics, Cornell University

Connie M. Weaver, Department of Food and Nutrition, Purdue University

Ann Yaktine, Interim Director

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
×

Reviewers

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the summary meets institutional standards for clarity, objectivity, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary: Helen H. Jensen, Food and Nutrition Policy Division of the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University; Sonya Jones, Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina; Robert A. Moffitt, Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University; and Parke E. Wilde, Friedman School of Nutrition and Policy, Tufts University.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this summary was overseen by Alicia Carriquiry, Department of Statistics, Iowa State University. Appointed by the NRC, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this summary rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. 2013. Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18504.
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Section 141 of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 20101 provides funding for a research program on the causes and consequences of childhood hunger and food insecurity, and the characteristics of households with childhood hunger and food insecurity, with a particular focus on efforts to improve the knowledge base regarding contributing factors, geographic distribution, programmatic effectiveness, public health and medical costs, and consequences for child development, well-being, and educational attainment. The Economic Research Service and Food and Nutrition Service of the US Department of Agriculture conducted two outreach efforts to obtain input from the research community and other stakeholders to help focus on areas and methods with the greatest research potential. First, Food and Nutrition Service sought written comments to selected questions through publication of a Federal Register Notice. The second option was to convene a workshop under the auspices of the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine.

Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger is the summary of that workshop, convened in Fall 2012 to examine research gaps and opportunities to advance understanding of the causes and consequences of child hunger in the United States. This report reviews the adequacy of current knowledge, identifies substantial research gaps, and considers data availability of economic, health, social, cultural, demographic, and other factors that contribute to childhood hunger or food insecurity. It also considers the geographic distribution of childhood hunger and food insecurity; the extent to which existing federal assistance programs reduce childhood hunger and food insecurity; childhood hunger and food insecurity persistence, and the extent to which it is due to gaps in program coverage; and the inability of potential participants to access programs, or the insufficiency of program benefits or services.

Research Opportunities Concerning the Causes and Consequences of Child Food Insecurity and Hunger will be a resource to inform discussions about the public health and medical costs of childhood hunger and food insecurity through its focus on determinants of child food insecurity and hunger, individual, community, and policy responses to hunger, impacts of child food insecurity and hunger, and measurement and surveillance issues.

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