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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Suggested Readings." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1991. Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles: Guide for the Evaluation of Toxic Hazards. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1869.
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Page85
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Suggested Readings." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1991. Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles: Guide for the Evaluation of Toxic Hazards. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1869.
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Page86

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Appendix E SUGGESTED READINGS Bukowski, R. W., W. W. Jones, B. C. Levin, and C. L. Forney. 1989. Hazard I. Fire Hazard Assessment Method,. NIST Handbook 146, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD. Clarke, F. B., R. W. Bukowski, S. W. Stiefel, I. R. Hall, Ir., and S. A. Steele. 1990. "The National Fire Risk Assessment Research Project: Final Report, National Fire Protection Research Foundation, Quincy, MA. Hartzell, G. E. 1991. Combustion Products and Their Effects on Life Safety, Fire Protection Handbook Seventeenth Edition. National Fire Protection Association. Quincy, MA. ISO. 1989. Toxicity Testing of Fire Effluents," ISO/TR 9122. International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland. Kaplan, H. L., A. F. Grand, and G. E. HartzelI. 1983. Combustion Toxicology: Principles and Teat Methods, Technomic Publishing Company, Inc., Lancaster, PA. Klimisch, H. I., I. E. Doe, G. E. Hartzell, S. C. Packham, I. Pauluhn, and D. A. Purser. 1987. Bioassay Procedures for Fire Effluents: Basic Principles, Criteria and Metho~iology,~ Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 5, pp. 71-145. Purser, D. A. 1988. Toxicity Assessment of Combustion Products and Modeling of Toxic and Thermal Hazards in Fired SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, Section I, pp. 200-245. 85

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Noteworthy progress has been made recently toward understanding and quantifying the smoke toxicity factors involved in fire hazard assessment. Such progress has led to increased attention to the significance of fire growth parameters for toxic hazard. Methodology has been proposed to use fire test data, including information on the toxic potency of smoke in engineering calculations for the assessment of overall fire hazard. Confidence in the methodology may evolve from comparison with full-scale fire tests as well as from human fire fatality experience.

This report addresses fire modeling, fire testing, smoke toxicity testing, fire hazard assessment, and fire risk assessment. In the assessment of potential toxic hazards in the event of fires in mass transit vehicles, the report concludes that selection of candidate materials should be based on analyses using both toxicological and engineering considerations.

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