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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Curricula Vitae." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1991. Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles: Guide for the Evaluation of Toxic Hazards. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1869.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Curricula Vitae." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 1991. Fires in Mass Transit Vehicles: Guide for the Evaluation of Toxic Hazards. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/1869.
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Page88

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Appendix F CURRICULA VITAE MARTIN SUMMERFIELD, Chairman, received a B.S. degree from Brooklyn College and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from the California Institute of Technology. He was a professor of aeronautical engineering at Princeton University and after retirement from the university became the chief scientist at Princeton Combustion Research Laboratories. Dr. Summerfield is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. His research interests include combustion, jet engines, and heat transfer. WALTER G. BERL received B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physical chemistry from the Carnegie Institute of Technology and an M.S. degree from Harvard University. He is presently a principal staff chemist at the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University. His research interests include combustion, propulsion, fuels and propellants, fuel cells, and instrumental analysis. J. WESLEY CLAYTON, JR., earned an A.B. degree from Wheaton College and A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in toxicology from the University of Pennsylvania. He currently holds the faculty rank of professor emeritus of pharmacology and toxicology at the University of Arizona, and ~ president of Consultants in Toxicology, Inc. His research interests include toxicology of fluorocarbons, action of fluoro-olefins on renal function, combustion toxicology of polymers, and the inhalation and pulmonary toxicology of asbestos and man- made mineral fibers. FRANCIS E. [ENDELL earned his A.B., M.A., and Ph.D. degrees in physics and applied mathematics from Harvard University. He is presently employed at TRW Space and Technology Group. His research interests include aerothermochemistry, laminar flame propagation in gaseous premixtures, liquid propellants, char-forming solids, fluid dynamics and fire modeling. 87 1

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Noteworthy progress has been made recently toward understanding and quantifying the smoke toxicity factors involved in fire hazard assessment. Such progress has led to increased attention to the significance of fire growth parameters for toxic hazard. Methodology has been proposed to use fire test data, including information on the toxic potency of smoke in engineering calculations for the assessment of overall fire hazard. Confidence in the methodology may evolve from comparison with full-scale fire tests as well as from human fire fatality experience.

This report addresses fire modeling, fire testing, smoke toxicity testing, fire hazard assessment, and fire risk assessment. In the assessment of potential toxic hazards in the event of fires in mass transit vehicles, the report concludes that selection of candidate materials should be based on analyses using both toxicological and engineering considerations.

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