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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Making a World of Difference: Engineering Ideas into Reality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18966.
Page 57
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Making a World of Difference: Engineering Ideas into Reality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18966.
Page 58
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Making a World of Difference: Engineering Ideas into Reality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18966.
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Making a World of Difference: Engineering Ideas into Reality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18966.
Page 60
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academy of Engineering. 2014. Making a World of Difference: Engineering Ideas into Reality. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18966.

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“The Nobel Prize in Physics 2000,” Nobel Media “The Emergence of the Compact Disc,” Ray W. Clough and Edward L. Wilson, “Early Finite REFERENCES AB 2014, physics/laureates/2000/. Communications Magazine, IEEE, no. 48 (January 2010), 10–17, Element Research at Berkeley,” Fifth U.S. National Conference on Computational Mechanics, August jsp?tp=&arnumber=5394021. 4–6, 1999, “The Integrated Circuit: 1961–Present,” Chips Etc., class_notes/papers/fe-history.pdf. Lasers in Ophthalmology: Basic, Diagnostic, and Surgical Aspects: A Review, ed. Franz Fankhauser and “707 Family,” Boeing, Brian Bergstein, “Fortran Creator John Backus Dies,” 1964: Dawn of the Digital Age Associated Press, March 20, 2007, http://www. Sylwia Kwasniewska (The Hague: Kugler Publications, 2003), 115. commercial/707family/ Introduction “Boeing 727-223,” Museum of Flight, http://www. “A History of the Laser,” National Laser Company, George Constable and Bob Somerville, A Century of “Scientific Computing’s Future: Can Any Coding Innovation: Twenty Engineering Achievements That Language Top a 1950s Behemoth?” Ars Technica, “Table 1-40: U.S. Passenger Miles (Millions),” Bureau Transformed Our Lives (Washington, DC: National May 7, 2014, “Charles H. Townes–Biographical,” Nobel Media of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department Academy of Engineering and Joseph Henry Press, scientific-computings-future-can-any-coding- AB 2014, of Transportation, 2003), 10. language-top-a-1950s-behemoth/. physics/laureates/1964/townes-bio.html. sites/ transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.html. “Grace Murray Hopper,” homes/tap/Files/hopper-story.html. Electronics: Smaller, Faster, Cheaper “A History of the Laser,” National Laser Company. “COBOL: Introduction,” National Museum of American The World at Home: “ENIAC: Celebrating Penn Engineering History,” Penn “Argon Laser Photocoagulation in the Management of History, The Environmental Challenge Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, http://www.seas. introduction. Retinal Detachment and Predisposing Lesions,” Lasers in Surgery and Medicine (1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm. “Paul Muller–Biographical,” Nobel Media AB 2014, Time-Life Books, Software (Alexandria, VA: 1990), Time-Life Books, Computer Basics (Alexandria, VA: 1985), 27–28. laureates/1948/muller-bio.html. 59–60. “The Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-8, Frequently “How Important Was Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in “Programming the ENIAC,” Columbia University The World Above and Beyond: Asked Questions,” The PDP-8 Collection by Douglas the Recovery of Bald Eagles and Other Bird Species?” Computing History, Space Exploration W. Jones, The University of Iowa, Department of Scientific American, August 21, 2012, http://www. computinghistory/eniac.html 2/6. Computer Science, http://homepage.cs.uiowa. Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, edu/~jones/pdp8/faqs/. 134–41. spring-1972-ddt-ban-birds-thrive/. “John Bardeen, William Shockley,Walter Brattain: Invention of the Transistor–Bell Laboratories,” American “PDP-1 Restoration Project,” Computer History Paul Dickson, “Sputnik’s Impact on America,” “The Pine River Statement: Human Health Physical Society, 2008, Museum, excerpted from Sputnik: The Shock of the Century Consequences of DDT Use,” Environmental Health outreach/history/historicsites/transistor.cfm. index.php?f=theme&s=1. (Walker and Company: 2001), Perspectives (2009), wgbh/nova/space/sputnik-impact-on-america.html. pmc/articles/PMC2737010/. “The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956,” Nobel Media AB “DEC’s Blockbuster: The PDP-8,” Computer History 2013, Museum, “Rocket Principles,” NASA, http://exploration.grc.nasa. “DDT–A Brief History and Status,” U.S. Environmental laureates/1956/. minicomputers/11/331. gov/education/rocket/TRCRocket/rocket_principles. Protection Agency, html. factsheets/chemicals/ddt-brief-history-status.htm. “CDC 6600’s Five-Year Reign,” Computer History “DEC PDP-11: Benchmark for the First 16/32-Bit Museum, Generation,”, http://www.cpushack. Paul E. Ceruzzi, Beyond the Limits: Flight Enters the “Clean Air Act, United States,” The Encyclopedia of supercomputers/10/33. com/CPU/cpu3.html. Computer Age (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 1989), Earth, “The History of Supercomputers,” ExtremeTech, April 10, 94–105. “PDP-7 Definition,” Linux Information Project (20005– Sharon Bertsch McGrayne, Prometheans in the Lab: 2012, 2007), “Syncom 3,” NASA, Chemistry and the Making of the Modern World (New history-of-supercomputers. York: McGraw-Hill, 2001), 79–105. Digital at Work: Snapshots from the First Thirty- “The Genius: Meet Seymour Cray, Father of the Five Years, ed. Jamie Parker Pearson (Burlington, “History of the NOAA Satellite Program,” National George R. Tilton, Clair Cameron Patterson, 1922–1995, Supercomputer,” Businessweek, 1990 (updated 1997), MA: Digital Press, 1992), Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (updated A Biographical Memoir (Washington, DC: National downloads/decinfo/decdigitalatwork1992-102630350. June 2011), Academy of Sciences and National Academy Press, htm. pdf. JRS012504-GD.pdf. 1998), biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/patterson-clair-c. “Heavyweights of the Supercomputing World,” Rick W. Sturdevant, “NAVSTAR, the Global Positioning pdf. TechRadar, February 1, 2009, System: A Sampling of Its Military, Civil, and news/computing/heavyweights-of-the-supercomputing- Harnessing Light: Commercial Impact,” in Societal Impact of Spaceflight, Patterson, Clair. Interview by Shirley K. Cohen. world-515223. The Power of Lasers and Fiber Optics ed. Steven J. Dick and Roger D. Launius (Washington, Pasadena, California, March 5, 6 and 9, 1995. Oral Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, History Project, California Institute of Technology Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, 206–13. 2009). Archives, 54–57. OH_Patterson.pdf. Paul E. Ceruzzi, Computing: A Concise History “Einstein Predicts Stimulated Emission,” This Month in Physics History, American Physical Society, http:// “1995 Tyler Laureate Clair C. Patterson,” Tyler Prize (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012), 86–90. Up, Up, and Away for Environmental Achievement, NAE Awards, Draper Prize 1989, http://www.nae. cfm. NAE Awards, Draper Prize 1991, http://www.nae. dept/LAS/tylerprize/laureates/tyler1995.html. edu/Projects/Awards/DraperPrize/DraperWinners/ edu/Projects/Awards/DraperPrize/DraperWinners/ Charles H. Townes, “The First Laser,” in A Century of “Lead Air Quality Standards,” U.S. Environmental page19898887/55087.aspx. page1991/55077.aspx. Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science Protection Agency, “Robert Noyce: Statesman of Silicon Valley,” History, Intel and the World, ed. Laura Garwin and Tim Lincoln “Origins of the Finite Element Method,” Center for standards.html. Museum, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), http:// Aerospace Structures, University of Colorado Boulder, “Leaded Gas Phaseout, Air Quality Fact Sheet, history/museum-robert-noyce.html. June 1995,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, townes.html. IFEM.d/IFEM.AppO.d/IFEM.AppO.pdf. Leaded+Gas+Phaseout. 56 MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE

“CPSC Announces Final Ban on Lead-containing Paint,” U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission 1989: The Shrinking Globe “The History of Email,” History%20of%20the%20Internet/email.html. “Carl D. Keith, a Father of the Catalytic Converter, Dies at 88,” New York Times, November 15, 2008, (September 2, 1977), Introduction “Batch processing,” Startup, New Mexico Museum Recalls/1977/CPSC-Announces-Final-Ban-On-Lead- Jarle Simensen, “Democracy and Globalization: 1989 of Natural History and Sciences, http://startup. “Historical Evolution of Powered Vehicles and Catalytic Containing-Paint/. and ‘The Third Wave,’” Journal of World History 10, no. Converter,” National Science Teachers Association, Michael Rotman, “Cuyahoga River Fire,” Cleveland 2 (Fall 1999), 391–412. “Time-Sharing System Evolution,” http://en.wikipedia. Historical, “Fall of the Berlin Wall and Reunification 1989–1990,” org/wiki/Time-sharing_system_evolution. “Driving to 54.5 MPG: The History of Fuel Economy,” show/63#.Up5c7CfB-So. Clean Energy Project, Pew Project on National reunification-1989-1990/a-16762692. “Timesharing,” Startup, New Mexico Museum Michael Scott, “Cuyahoga River Fire 40 Years Ago Security, Energy, and Climate (April 20, 2011), http:// of Natural History and Sciences, http://startup. Ignited an Ongoing Campaign,” The Plain Dealer (June “Globalization and the Collapse of the Soviet Union,” 22, 2009), sheets/2011/04/20/driving-to-545-mpg-the-history- ssf/2009/06/cuyahoga_river_fire_40_years_a.html. of-fuel-economy. globalization-collapse-soviet-union. “America’s Sewage System and the Price of Birth of the World Wide Web “Milestones in Mobile Source Air Pollution Control and Engineering and Human Welfare: Proceedings of the Optimism,” Time, August 1, 1969, http://content.time. Regulation,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 25th Annual Meeting of the National Academy of “Lunch with the FT: Tim Berners-Lee,” September 7, com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,901182,00.html. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, http://www. Engineering, ed. Hedy E. Sladovich (Washington, DC: 2012, “Clean Water Act, United States,” The Encyclopedia of National Academy of Engineering, 1990), 10–11. 11e1-9fff-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2wr33vI9P. Earth, “Catalytic Converters,” UCDavis ChemWiki, http:// 896bb431f690bc0/. “Where the Web Was Born,” Building the Digital Highway about/topics/birth-web/where-web-was-born. Case_Studies/Catalytic_Converters. “Earth Day and EPA History,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Ceruzzi, Computing, 121–32. “Berners-Lee: World Finally Realizes Web Belongs to “Top 10 Improvements in Engine Design,” http://auto. history.htm. No One,” Wired, June 6, 2012, “A Brief History of the Internet,” Internet Society, wiredenterprise/2012/06/sir-tim-berners-lee/. design.htm. internet/history-internet/brief-history-internet. “History of the Web,” World Wide Web Foundation, “Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities, 1900–2008,” To Your Health: The Engineering of Medical Imaging and Therapies “Internet History–1980s,” Computer History Museum, web/. statistics/2011/pdf/fi200.pdf. “General Nuclear Medicine,” Radiological Society of “Information Management: A Proposal,” Tim Berners- internet_history_80s.html. “Air Quality Trends,” U.S. Environmental Protection North America, Lee, CERN, March 1989, May 1990, Agency, cfm?pg=gennuclear#part_five. “The Launch of NSFNET,” America’s Investment in the History/1989/proposal.html. Future, “Cleaning Up Coal: Knocking the NOx Out of Coal,” Gordon L. Brownell, “A History of Positron Imaging,” “The World Wide Web Browser,” internet/launch.htm. U.S. Department of Energy, October 15, 1999, http://neurosurgery.mgh.harvard. People/Berners-Lee/WorldWideWeb.html. gov/education/energylessons/coal/coal_cct3.html. edu/docs/PEThistory.pdf. “Networking: Vision and Packet-Switching 1959–1968, Intergalactic Vision to Arpanet,” in James Pelkey, “Marc Andreessen, Internet Evangelist,” Entrepreneur, “Climate Change and Greenhouse Gases,” in Changing “Hal Anger: Nuclear Medicine’s Quiet Genius,” Journal October 10, 2008, Entrepreneurial Capitalism and Innovation: A History by Degrees: Steps to Reduce Greenhouse Gases, U.S. of Nuclear Medicine (vol. 44, no. 11 November 2003), article/197600. (Marc Andreessen) of Computer Communications 1968–1988 (2007), Office of Technology Assessment, 1991, http://www. “Amazon Talks Strategy, International Growth,” Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, Book/2/2.1-IntergalacticNetwork_1962-1964.html. December 10, 2008, “Overview of Greenhouse Gases,” U.S. Environmental 158–161, 166–67. amazon/2008/12/10/amazon-talks-strategy- “Memorandum For: Members and Affiliates of the Protection Agency, Intergalactic Computer Network,” http://worrydream. international-growth/. climatechange/ghgemissions/gases/co2.html. “Tests and Procedures: MRI,” Mayo Clinic, http:// com/refs/Licklider-IntergalacticNetwork.pdf. “History and Timeline of the ISS,” Center for the “Concentrating Solar Power: Energy from Mirrors,” definition/prc-20012903. Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, March 2001, 146–53. “What is a PET Scan?” Medical News Today, http:// “Space Shuttle Program: Spanning 30 Years of Dr. Lawrence G. Roberts, “Internet Chronology 1960– “Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Technologies,” 2001,” Discovery,” NASA, Solar Energy Development Programmatic EIS, Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, pages/shuttle/main/index.html. 182–89. “TCP (Transmission Control Protocol),” TechTarget, “6 Coolest Space Shuttle Science Experiments,” Space. “Huge Thermal Plant Near Primm Opens as Solar John Adam, “Making Hearts Beat,” Innovative Lives, TCP. com July 1, 2011, Industry Grows,” Las Vegas Sun February 13, 2014, coolest-space-shuttle-science-experiments.html. lecture09.html. “Introduction to TCP/IP,” Hubble Space Telescope, Science, NASA, http://www. thermal-plant-opens-solar-industry-grows. W.J. Kolff, “Artificial Organs, 40 Years and Beyond,” COMM/TCPIP.HTM. “Interesting Wind Energy Facts,” Wind Energy “IP Address (Internet Protocol Address,” http:// U9YG5oBdUY2. kolff.html. Foundation interesting-wind-energy-facts. “Willem Kolff, Doctor Who Invented Kidney and Heart definition/Internet-Protocol. Machines, Dies at 97,” New York Times, February Clean and Efficient Energy “WindPACT,” National Renewable Energy Laboratory, “A Brief History of the NSF and the Internet– Fact 12, 2009, Wind Research, Sheet,” August 13, 2003, “OPEC,” in Chapter 5 of Modern Industrial health/13kolff.html?pagewanted=all. html. news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=103050. Organization, 4th ed., Dennis W. Carlton and Jeffrey “Robert Jarvik on the Jarvik 7,” http://www.jarvikheart. M. Perloff (Prentiss Hall, 2004), “The History of Nuclear Energy,” U.S. Department Ray Tomlinson, “The First Network Email,” http:// com/basic.asp?id=69. aw_carltonper_modernio_4/21/5566/ of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and content/index.html. Technology, History%20of%20Nuclear%20Energy_0.pdf. ENGINEERING IDEAS INTO REALITY 57

“U.S. Nuclear Generating Statistics,” Nuclear Energy Knowing Ourselves: “Sequencing Human Genome: The Contributions of “Fast Internet Is Chattanooga’s New Locomotive,” New Institute (updated April 2014), Biomedical Engineering Francis Collins and Craig Venter,” Nature Education York Times, February 4, 2014, http://www.nytimes. Knowledge-Center/Nuclear-Statistics/US-Nuclear- 1(1):133, com/2014/02/04/technology/fast-internet-service- Power-Plants/US-Nuclear-Generating-Statistics. “Paul Berg Creates First Recombinant DNA Molecules,” speeds-business-development-in-chattanooga. sequencing-human-genome-the-contributions-of- Genetics and Genomics Timeline, Genome News html?ref=todayspaper&_r=0. francis-686. Network, resources/timeline/1972_Berg.php. J. Craig Venter Biography, “New Study Quantifies Use of Social Media in Arab Building for Safety about/bios/jcventer/. Spring,” University of Washington, September 2011, “Milestones in Biotechnology,” Genetic Engineering & “Historic Earthquakes,” U.S. Geological Service, 1993, Biotechnology News, “International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium study-quantifies-use-of-social-media-in-arab-spring/. timeline/#null. Describes Finished Human Genome Sequence,” events/1989_10_18.php. National Human Genome Research Institute, October “A Brief History of Genetic Modification,” gmeducation. “San Francisco Passes Landmark Earthquake Retrofit 20, 2004, org, A Cleaner World Law,” SPUR, April 24, 2013, brief-history-of-genetic-modification.html. “Winner: The Revolution Will Be Prosthetized,” blog/2013-04-24/san-francisco-passes-landmark- “Acid Rain Imperils Adirondacks Fish,” New York Times, earthquake-retrofit-law. Spectrum, IEEE, January 1, 2009, July 7, 1988, “Recombinant DNA: Example Using Insulin,” Explore org/robotics/medical-robots/winner-the-revolution- nyregion/acid-rain-imperils-adirondacks-fish.html. More, “Base Isolation: Origins and Development,” National will-be-prosthetized. insulin.cfm. Information Service for Earthquake Engineering, “How Much Energy Does a Person Use in a Year?” U.S. “Towards an EMG Controlled Prosthetic Hand Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia. “Genomes,” Genome News Network, http://www. Using a 3-D Electromagnetic Positioning gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=85&t=1. “William Henry Robinson, Citation on the Award of System,” 2007, http://www.articles-abstracts. genome/Chp1_1_1.shtml#genome1. Life Membership, April 2008,” New Zealand Society com/article.php?id=498706&author=Yu_Su_ “Energy Intensity,” U.S. Energy Information for Earthquake Engineering Inc., http://www.nzsee. Fisher_M_H_Wolczowski_A_Bell_G_D_Burn_D_J_ Administration, December 2013, AllAbouttheHumanGenomeProject/ Gao_R_X&title=Towards_an_EMG_Controlled_ forecasts/aeo/er/early_intensity.cfm. henry-robinson/. GuidetoYourGenome07_vs2.pdf. Prosthetic_Hand_Using_a_3_D_Electromagnetic_ “Progress Cleaning the Air and Improving People’s Positioning_System. Robert K. Reitherman, Earthquakes and Engineers: An “An Introduction to DNA and Chromosomes,” Health,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, http:// International History (Reston, VA: American Society of Huntington’s Outreach Project for Education at “Tissue Engineering,” Nature Biotechnology 18, IT56– Civil Engineers, 2012), 380–83. Stanford (HOPES), IT58 (2000) “Low-Temperature Combustion Enables Cleaner, hopes/cgi-bin/wordpress/2011/02/an-introduction-to- n10s/full/nbt1000_IT56.html. “Seismic Design Hailed for Averting Hospital Damage,” More Efficient Engines,” Sandia National Laboratories, dna-and-chromosomes-text-and-audio/#what-are- Los Angeles Times, March 24, 1994, http://articles. “Tissue Engineering: How to Build a Heart,” Nature, August 2013, complementary-strands-making-the-double-helix. July 3, 2013, news_releases/ltc_diesel/#.UurHvCiChLU. isolation. “The Human Genome Project Completion: Frequently engineering-how-to-build-a-heart-1.13327. Tier 3 Motor Vehicle Emission and Fuel Standards, Asked Questions,” National Human Genome Research “City Hall Getting Latest Quake Upgrade,” Los Congressional Research Service 7-5700 R43497, April Institute, Angeles Times, March 22, 1995, http://articles.latimes. 28, 2014, com/1995-03-22/local/me-45619_1_base-isolation. “The Human Genome Project,” Genetics Home uploads/asset/crs/R43497.pdf. “A Tested, Inexpensive Way to Protect Buildings from Reference, 2014: A Healthier, Cleaner, “New-Car Average Fuel Economy Rose to 24.8 MPG hgp?show=all. Earthquakes,” NOVA Next, More Connected World in 2013,” Green Car Reports, January 9, 2014, http:// nova/next/tech/rubber-bearings-seismic-protection/. Human Genome Project Information Archive, 1990–2003, Introduction average-fuel-economy-rose-to-24-8-mpg-in-2013. “Largest High-Rise Seismic Sensor Network in CA Human_Genome/index.shtml. ICT Facts and Figures 2014, installed in One Rincon Hill,” The San Francisco Appeal, “South Coast Air Basin Smog Trend,” South Coast Air May 30, 2012, “A History of the Human Genome Project,” Science, ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx. Quality Management District, high-rise-seismic-sensor-network-in-ca-installed-in- 291, no. 5507 (February 16, 2001), 1195, http://www. docs/default-source/air-quality/historical-data-by- one-rincon-hill/. year/ozone-trend-chart-from-historical-data-by-year. Tiny Powerhouses, Global Reach pdf. “Seismic Analysis Using Finite Elements,” International “The Human Genetic Code—The Human Genome Association of the Engineering Modeling, Analysis and Project and Beyond,” Center for Genetics Education, “60 Years of the Transistor: 1947–2007,” http://www. “2014 Most and Least Efficient Vehicles,” U.S. Simulation Community (NAFEMS), http://www.nafems. Department of Energy, org/events/nafems/2008/seismic_dec/. Resources/Genetics-Fact-Sheets/FactSheet24. “Ultrafast Deep UV Lithography with Excimer Lasers,” feg/best-worst.shtml. “UC Berkeley Shaking Table,” Pacific Earthquake “Scientists Complete the First Draft of Human DNA Electron Device Letters, IEEE 3, no. 3 (March 1982), “Cross Country Rally: By the Numbers,” Tesla Motors, Engineering Research Center, Blueprint,” Human Genome Project, The, February 2014, laboratories/shaking_table.html. June 26, 2000, =true&arnumber=1482581. cross-country-rally-numbers. human-genome-project. “Magnetic Field of Dreams,” Businessweek, “Full-on testing at full-scale earthquake testing “Building Energy Efficiency Program,” California facility,”, http://www. “Machines and the Human Genome Project,” Lawrence April 17, 1994, Energy Commission, Berkley National Laboratory, Spring 1992, http://www. stories/1994-04-17/magnetic-field-of-dreams. title24/. on-testing-at-full-scale-2012-06/. “Creators of Lithium-Ion Battery and Pioneers of “California Energy Consumption,” U.S. Department mapping-sequencing.html. Innovative Education Model Win Engineering’s “Progress Toward a Safer Future Since the 1989 Loma of Energy, Prieta Earthquake,” U.S. Geological Service (Fact Sheet “Computers and the Human Genome Project,” http:// Highest Honors,” National Academy of Engineering, consumption.cfm/state=CA. 151 created November 3,1999, updated May 6, 2005), January 2014, MediaRoom/20095/69135/106261.aspx. “How a Company Found a Business in Measuring projects/2000-01/computers-and-the-hgp/. Leaking Methane,” ClimateWire, August 2, 2013, http:// “What a Cell Phone Can Do for a Nigerian Farmer: Quail,” Radio Netherlands Worldwide, February 12, 2013, phone-can-do-a-nigerian-farmer-quail. 58 MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE

“Professor Ferdinand Porsche Created the First “Gas Pains,” Conservation, June 2013, “Fatality Analysis Reporting System,” National A World of Embedded Intelligence Functional Hybrid Car,” Porsche Press Release, April Highway Safety Traffic Administration, 20, 2011, “Auto Correct: Has the Self-Driving Car At Last php?id=642. Arrived?” The New Yorker, November 2013, http:// Renewable Energy “Cars of Futures Past,” Hemmings Daily, August fact_bilger?currentPage=all. “Sick Water? The Central Role of Waste-Water 15, 2013, “The 10 Biggest Turbines in the World,” Wind Power Management in Sustainable Development.” United Dr. Leah H. Jamieson, John A. Edwardson Dean of php/2013/08/15/cars-of-futures-past-1901-lohner- Monthly, Nations Environment Programme, UN-HABITAT, 2010, Engineering and Ransburg Distinguished Professor porsche-semper-vivus-and-mixte/. biggest-turbines. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue “From Model T to Prius: 13 Big Moments in Fuel “Wind Topped All New U.S. Generation Capacity University, interview by John A. Carey, May 2014. “How the World’s Oceans Could Be Running Out of Efficiency History,” Christian Science Monitor, in 2012, Ahead of Gas and Coal,” Greentech Media, Fish,” BBC, September 2012, “Ray Kurzweil: This is Your Future,” CNN, December March 7, 2012, February 7, 2013, future/story/20120920-are-we-running-out-of-fish. 2013, Innovation/2012/0307/From-Model-T-to-Prius-13-big- articles/read/Wind-Topped-All-New-U.S.-Generation- moments-in-fuel-efficiency-history. kurzweil-future-of-human-life/. Capacity-in-2012-Ahead-of-Gas-and-Coal. “Toyota Prius Chronological History,” http://www. Dr. W. Daniel Hillis, chairman and cofounder Applied “Are We on the Cusp of a Solar Energy Boom?” The Minds, LLC, interview with John A. Carey, February Week, May 21, 2013, index/244437/are-we-on-the-cusp-of-a-solar-energy- Looking to the Future 2014. “Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly boom. Introduction Sales Updates,” Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation R and D Center, http://www. “Photovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, “Bad Predictions,” Things People Said, Expanding Our Connections and Near-Term Projections,” U.S. Department of vehicle_monthly_sales.html. Energy, November 2012, Charles O. Holliday Jr., retired chairman of the board fy13osti/56776.pdf. “Predictions of the Future from the Past,” PandoDaily, and CEO, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, “Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles,” U.S. January 2014, interview with John A. Carey, December 2013. Department of Energy, October 2011, http:// Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, “Energy predictions-of-the-future-from-the-past/. Infrastructure Update,” December 2013, http:// “Digital Life in 2025,” Pew Research Center, March uploads/2012/01/Hybrid-and-EV.pdf. “Visit to the World’s Fair of 2014,” New York 2014, infrastructure.pdf. Times, August 1964, life-in-2025/. “Gas Prices Hit Highest Average Ever in 2012,” books/97/03/23/lifetimes/asi-v-fair.html. CNN Money, December 31, 2012, http://money.cnn. “Short-Term Energy Outlook,” U.S. Energy Information “Supersize Me: GE Takes 3D Printing to Massive com/2012/12/31/news/economy/gas-prices/. Administration, July 8, 2014, Gas Turbines,” GE Reports, July 2013, http://www. forecasts/steo/report/electricity.cfm. “Energy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices Brought to You by Engineering takes-3d-printing-to- massive-gas. as Electric Vehicle Sales Double,”, July 19, “How Much Gasoline Does the United States “Grand Challenges for Engineering,” National 2013, Consume?” U.S. Energy Information Administration, Academy of Engineering, 2008, http://www. releases-updated-egallon-prices-electric-vehicle- Making Energy Sustainable sales-double. “Denmark, Portugal, and Spain Leading the World “Alan Kay: Educator and computing pioneer,” TED “Climate Change: Evidence & Causes,” The Royal “Dan Abraham,” Argonne National Laboratory, in Wind Power,” Earth Policy Institute, May 2014, Speaker, Society and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, February 5, 2012, 2014, abraham. highlights46. 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Fifty years ago, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) was founded by the stroke of a pen when the National Academy of Sciences Council approved the NAE's articles of organization. Making a World of Difference commemorates the NAE anniversary with a collection of essays that highlight the prodigious changes in people's lives that have been created by engineering over the past half century and consider how the future will be similarly shaped. Over the past 50 years, engineering has transformed our lives literally every day, and it will continue to do so going forward, utilizing new capabilities, creating new applications, and providing ever-expanding services to people. The essays of Making a World of Difference discuss the seamless integration of engineering into both our society and our daily lives, and present a vision of what engineering may deliver in the next half century.

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