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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
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Appendix C

Acronyms

AAHL Australian Animal Health Laboratory
ABSL-3E animal biosecurity level 3 enhanced
ACE2 angiotensin I converting enzyme 2
AI avian influenza
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
ASF African swine fever
BHI brain heart infusion
BSL biosafety level
BT Bluetongue
C cloacal
CCD colony collapse disorder
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDV canine distemper virus
CNISN Chinese National Influenza-Like Illness Surveillance Network
CoV coronavirus
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DPP4 dipeptidyl peptidase-4
DURC dual-use research of concern
ECE embryonating chicken egg
EHD epizootic hemorrhagic disease
EID emerging infectious disease
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
×
EPT emerging pandemic threat
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
GALT gut-associated lymphoid tissue
GISN Global Influenza Surveillance Network
GISRS Global Influenza Surveillance and Response System
HA hemagglutinin
HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy
HEPA high-efficiency particulate air
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HPAI highly pathogenic avian influenza
HPAIV highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
IHR International Health Regulations
ILI influenza-like illness
IOM Institute of Medicine
IRAT Influenza Risk Assessment Tool
ISG interferon-stimulated gene
iv intravenous
LBM live bird market
LPAI low pathogenic avian influenza
MDG Millennium Development Goal
MERS Middle East respiratory syndrome
NA neuraminidase
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIH National Institutes of Health
NRC National Research Council
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OIE World Organization for Animal Health (formally known as
Office International des Epizooties)
OP oropharyngeal
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PEDV porcine epidemic diarrhea virus
PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PHEIC public health emergency of international concern
PIP Pandemic Influenza Preparedness
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
×
PRCV porcine respiratory coronavirus
ProMED Program for Monitoring Emerging Diseases
PUE Pneumonia of Unknown Etiology
PVS Tool for the Evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services
RIG-I retinoic acid-inducible protein I
RNA ribonucleic acid
SARI Severe Acute Respiratory Infection
SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
SBV Schmallenberg virus
SDCV swine delta-coronavirus
SEPRL Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
SIV Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
SPF specific-pathogen-free
STLV Simian T-lymphotropic Virus
TGEV transmissible gastroenteritis virus
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
WHO World Health Organization
WNS white-nose syndrome
WNV West Nile virus
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2015. Emerging Viral Diseases: The One Health Connection: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18975.
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In the past half century, deadly disease outbreaks caused by novel viruses of animal origin - Nipah virus in Malaysia, Hendra virus in Australia, Hantavirus in the United States, Ebola virus in Africa, along with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), several influenza subtypes, and the SARS (sudden acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronaviruses - have underscored the urgency of understanding factors influencing viral disease emergence and spread.

Emerging Viral Diseases is the summary of a public workshop hosted in March 2014 to examine factors driving the appearance, establishment, and spread of emerging, re-emerging and novel viral diseases; the global health and economic impacts of recently emerging and novel viral diseases in humans; and the scientific and policy approaches to improving domestic and international capacity to detect and respond to global outbreaks of infectious disease. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the event.

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