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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Review of the Draft Interagency Report

on the Impacts of Climate Change

on Human Health in the United States

Committee to Review the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate
Change on Human Health in the United States

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Institute of Medicine

title

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS    •     500 Fifth Street, NW     •     Washington, DC 20001

This study was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under contract number NNH13CI84B, task NNH13CI96D. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-37727-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-37727-7

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Copyright 2015 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

title

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

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The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

COMMITTEE TO REVIEW THE DRAFT INTERAGENCY REPORT ON THE
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON HUMAN HEALTH IN THE UNITED STATES

DANIEL S. GREENBAUM (Chair), Health Effects Institute

HEIDI E. BROWN, University of Arizona

PETER DASZAK, EcoHealth Alliance

LINDA A. MCCAULEY, Emory University

SABRINA MCCORMICK, George Washington University

CHRISTOPHER J. PORTIER, Environmental Defense Fund

ARTHUR L. REINGOLD, University of California, Berkeley

ARMISTEAD G. RUSSELL, Georgia Institute of Technology

M. CRISTINA TIRADO, University of California, Los Angeles

BENJAMIN ZAITCHIK, Johns Hopkins University

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff:

LAUREN EVERETT, Associate Program Officer

SHELLY FREELAND, Administrative and Financial Assistant

MICHAEL HUDSON, Program Assistant

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

 

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

A.R. RAVISHANKARA (Chair), Colorado State University, Fort Collins

GERALD A. MEEHL (Vice Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

LANCE F. BOSART, State University of New York, Albany

MARK A. CANE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

SHUYI S. CHEN, University of Miami, Florida

HEIDI CULLEN, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

PAMELA EMCH, Northrup Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, California

ARLENE FIORE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

WILLIAM B. GAIL, Global Weather Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

LISA GODDARD, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

MAURA HAGAN, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

TERRI S. HOGUE, Colorado School of Mines, Golden

ANTHONY JANETOS, Joint Global Change Research Institute, College Park, Maryland

EVERETTE JOSEPH, SUNY University at Albany, New York

RONALD “NICK” KEENER, JR., Duke Energy Corporation, Charlotte, North Carolina

JOHN R. NORDGREN, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

JONATHAN OVERPECK, University of Arizona, Tucson

STEPHEN W. PACALA, Princeton University, New Jersey

ARISTIDES A.N. PATRINOS, New York University, Brooklyn

S.T. RAO, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

DAVID A. ROBINSON, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway

CLAUDIA TEBALDI, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

Ocean Studies Board Liaison

DAVID HALPERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California

Polar Research Board Liaison

JENNIFER FRANCIS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Marion, Massachusetts

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Director

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

KATHERINE THOMAS, Program Officer

LAUREN EVERETT, Associate Program Officer

ALISON MACALADY, Postdoctoral Fellow

KRISTINA PISTONE, Postdoctoral Fellow

AMANDA PURCELL, Research and Financial Associate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

SHELLY FREELAND, Administrative and Financial Assistant

MICHAEL HUDSON, Program Assistant

 

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

BOARD ON POPULATION HEALTH AND PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE

ELLEN W. CLAYTON (Chair), Vanderbilt University

HORTENSIA D. AMARO, University of Southern California

JULIA A. BALDWIN, University of South Florida

SHEILA P. BURKE, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

BRUCE N. CALONGE, The Colorado Trust

SUSAN J. CURRY, The University of Iowa

CARLOS DEL RIO, Emory University

SUSAN DENTZER, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

GARTH N. GRAHAM, Aetna Foundation

KENNETH W. KIZER, University of California, Davis

GRACE M. LEE, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute

HOWARD MARKEL, University of Michigan Medical School

RICARDO MARTINEZ, North Highland Worldwide

LINDA A. MCCAULEY, Emory University

DANIEL POLSKY, University of Pennsylvania

JOHN A. RICH, Drexel University School of Public Health

JOSHUA M. SHARFSTEIN, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

STEVEN M. TEUTSCH, Independent Consultant

JAMES N. WEINSTEIN, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

WINSTON F. WONG, Kaiser Permanente

WILLIAM A. YASNOFF, National Health Information Infrastructure Advisor

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Director

KATHLEEN STRATTON, Scholar

KAREN ANDERSON, Senior Program Officer

ALINA BACIU, Senior Program Officer

KAREN HELSING, Senior Program Officer

LYLA HERNANDEZ, Senior Program Officer

AMY GELLER, Program Officer

GURU MADHAVAN, Program Officer

MELISSA FRENCH, Associate Program Officer

LESLIE KWAN, Research Associate

ANDREW LEMERISE, Research Associate

ALEJANDRA MARTIN, Research Associate

ERIN RUSCH, Research Associate

KINPRITMA SANGHA, Research Associate

TINA RITTER, Research Assistant

HOPE HARE, Administrative Assistant

COLIN F. FINK, Senior Program Assistant

ANGELA MARTIN, Senior Program Assistant

ANNA MARTIN, Senior Program Assistant

EMILY VOLLBRECHT, Senior Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in their review of this report:

Nils Daulaire, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo

Dennis Devlin, Exxon Mobil Corporation, Irving, TX

Maria Duik-Wasser, Columbia University, New York, NY

Inez Y. Fung, University of California, Berkeley

Richard C. Flagan, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena

Elizabeth Martin Perera, Sierra Club, Washington, DC

S.T. Rao, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

Connie Roser-Renouf, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Lynn R. Goldman, George Washington University, Washington, DC, appointed by the Report Review Committee, and Robert F. Sawyer, University of California, Berkeley, appointed by the Division on Earth and Life Studies, who were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21787.
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The U.S. National Climate Assessment identified a number of ways in which climate change is affecting, and is likely to affect, people, infrastructure, natural resources, and ecosystems. Those impacts, in turn, are increasingly having important current and potential future consequences for human health. There is a need to probe more deeply into how climate change impacts on the environment can create environmental stressors that, in turn, are having and/or have the potential to have significant impact on human health in a number of dimensions. In response to this need, the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has initiated an interagency Scientific Assessment on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. The Assessment is intended to inform public health authorities, other planning and policy entities, and the general public.

Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States evaluates the scientific basis, findings, and key messages of the USGCRP Draft Assessment. This report offers a number of overarching suggestions on how the USGCRP report authors can enhance their identification and assessment of the science and better communicate their conclusions to all of their target audiences. These recommendations this help the Assessment to play a significant role in continued efforts to examine and explore the impacts of climate change on human health.

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