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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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ENHANCING PARTICIPATION IN THE

U.S. GLOBAL
CHANGE RESEARCH
PROGRAM

Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Board on Environmental Change and Society
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS · 500 Fifth Street, NW · Washington, DC 20001

This study was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under award numbers NNH14CK78B and NNH14CK79D. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-38026-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-38026-X
DOI: 10.17226/21837

Additional copies of this report are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; Internet, http://www.nap.edu/.

Copyright 2016 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America.

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

COMMITTEE TO ADVISE THE U.S. GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM

WARREN WASHINGTON (Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

KAI LEE (Vice Chair), David and Lucile Packard Foundation (ret.), Los Altos, California

DOUG ARENT, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

SUSAN AVERY, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Massachusetts

ARRIETTA CHAKOS, Urban Resilience Strategies, Berkeley, CA

PETER DASZAK, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York

THOMAS DIETZ, Michigan State University, East Lansing

KRISTIE L. EBI, University of Washington, Seattle

BARUCH FISCHHOFF, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

NANCY B. GRIMM, Arizona State University, Tempe

HENRY JACOBY, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

ANTHONY C. JANETOS, Boston University, Massachusetts

HAROON S. KHESHGI, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, New Jersey

RICHARD H. MOSS, University of Maryland, College Park

IAN NOBLE, ND-GAIN, Vienna, Virginia

MARGO OGE, Environmental Protection Agency (ret.), McLean, Virginia

KATHLEEN SEGERSON, University of Connecticut, Storrs

KATHLEEN TIERNEY, University of Colorado, Boulder

CHARLES J. VOROSMARTY, City University of New York, New York

National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Staff:

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

PAUL STERN, Senior Scholar, Board on Environmental Change and Society

AMANDA PURCELL, Research and Financial Associate, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

A.R. RAVISHANKARA (Chair), Colorado State University, Fort Collins

GERALD A. MEEHL (Vice Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

LANCE F. BOSART, State University of New York, Albany

MARK A. CANE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

SHUYI S. CHEN, University of Miami, Florida

HEIDI CULLEN, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

PAMELA EMCH, Northrup Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, California

ARLENE FIORE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

WILLIAM B. GAIL, Global Weather Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

LISA GODDARD, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

MAURA HAGAN, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

TERRI S. HOGUE, Colorado School of Mines, Golden

ANTHONY JANETOS, Boston University, Massachusetts

EVERETTE JOSEPH, SUNY University at Albany, New York

RONALD “NICK” KEENER, JR., Duke Energy Corporation, Charlotte, North Carolina

JOHN R. NORDGREN, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

JONATHAN OVERPECK, University of Arizona, Tucson

STEPHEN W. PACALA, Princeton University, New Jersey

ARISTIDES A.N. PATRINOS, New York University, Brooklyn

S.T. RAO, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

DAVID A. ROBINSON, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway

CLAUDIA TEBALDI, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

Ocean Studies Board Liaison

DAVID HALPERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California

Polar Research Board Liaison

JENNIFER FRANCIS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Marion, Massachusetts

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Director

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

KATHERINE THOMAS, Program Officer

LAUREN EVERETT, Program Officer

AMANDA PURCELL, Research and Financial Associate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

SHELLY FREELAND, Financial Associate

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

MICHAEL HUDSON, Program Assistant

ERIN MARKOVICH, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND SOCIETY

RICHARD H. MOSS (Chair), University of Maryland, College Park

JOSEPH ARVAI, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

ANTHONY J. BEBBINGTON, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts

WILLIAM U. CHANDLER, Transition Energy, Annapolis, Maryland

F. STUART CHAPIN III, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

RUTH DEFRIES, Columbia University, New York, New York

KRISTIE L. EBI, University of Washington, Seattle

MARIA CARMEN LEMOS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

RICHARD NEWELL, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

DENNIS OJIMA, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

JONATHAN OVERPECK, University of Arizona, Tucson

STEPHEN POLASKY, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

J. TIMMONS ROBERTS, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Honeywell, Inc. (Retired), Los Angeles, California

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

MARY ELLEN O’CONNELL, Acting Director

PAUL C. STERN, Senior Scholar

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in their review of this report:

Roger Beachy, University of California, Davis

Adam Rose, University of Southern California, Los Angeles

Lee Kump, Pennsylvania State University, University Park

Richard Wright, National Institute of Standards and Technology (ret.), Montgomery Village, MD

Amber Pairis, San Diego Climate Alliance, California

Kathy Jacobs, University of Arizona, Tucson

Roberta Johnson, National Earth Science Teachers Association, Boulder, CO

William Clark, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Kenneth H. Brink, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, appointed by the Division on Earth and Life Studies, and David M. Karl, University of Hawaii at Manoa, appointed by the Report Review Committee, who were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Enhancing Participation in the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21837.
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The US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is a collection of 13 Federal entities charged by law to assist the United States and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change. As the understanding of global change has evolved over the past decades and as demand for scientific information on global change has increased, the USGCRP has increasingly focused on research that can inform decisions to cope with current climate variability and change, to reduce the magnitude of future changes, and to prepare for changes projected over coming decades.

Overall, the current breadth and depth of research in these agencies is insufficient to meet the country's needs, particularly to support decision makers. This report provides a rationale for evaluating current program membership and capabilities and identifying potential new agencies and departments in the hopes that these changes will enable the program to more effectively inform the public and prepare for the future. It also offers actionable recommendations for adjustments to the methods and procedures that will allow the program to better meet its stated goals.

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