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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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DEVELOPING A NATIONAL
STEM WORKFORCE STRATEGY

A WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Joe Alper, Rapporteur

Board on Higher Education and Workforce

Policy and Global Affairs Division

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, DC

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS500 Fifth Street, NWWashington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract No. DGE-1449332 with the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-39158-0
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-39158-X
Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/21900

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Copyright 2016 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE NATIONAL SUMMIT ON DEVELOPING A STEM WORKFORCE STRATEGY

RODNEY C. ADKINS (Chair), Senior Vice President of Partnership Strategy (retired), IBM

DANIEL E. ATKINS, III, Professor Emeritus of Information and Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan

GREGORY CAMILLI, Professor, Graduate School of Education, Rutgers University

REBECCA DERNBERGER, Vice President and General Manager, Northeast Division, Manpower, Inc.

KIMBERLY A. GREEN, Executive Director, National Association of State Directors of Career and Technical Education Consortium

MARY ALICE MCCARTHY, Senior Policy Analyst, Higher Education Initiative, New America Foundation

DeRIONNE P. POLLARD, President, Montgomery College

RUSSELL W. RUMBERGER, Professor of Education, Gevirtz Graduate School of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara

DEBRA W. STEWART, Former President, Council of Graduate Schools

HOLLY ZANVILLE, Strategy Director, Lumina Foundation

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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BOARD ON HIGHER EDUCATION AND WORKFORCE

WILLIAM E. KIRWAN (Chair), Chancellor Emeritus, University System of Maryland

F. KING ALEXANDER, President and Chancellor, Louisiana State University

JOHN SEELY BROWN, Visiting Scholar, University of Southern California, and Independent Co-chairman, Deloitte Center for the Edge

ANGELA BYARS-WINSTON, Associate Professor of Medicine, University of Wisconsin–Madison

CARLOS CASTILLO-CHAVEZ, Regents and Joaquin Bustoz Professor of Mathematical Biology, and Director, Mathematical, Computational and Modeling Sciences Center, Arizona State University

JARED L. COHON, President Emeritus and University Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University

RITA COLWELL, Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland, College Park and Johns Hopkins University

APRILLE ERICSSON, Aerospace Engineer, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

RICHARD FREEMAN, Herbert Ascherman Professor of Economics, Harvard University

EARL LEWIS, President, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

SALLY MASON, President Emerita, University of Iowa

FRANCISCO RODRIGUEZ, Chancellor, Los Angeles Community College District

SUBHASH SINGHAL, Battelle Fellow Emeritus, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

TOM RUDIN, Director, Board on Higher Education and Workforce

ELIZABETH O’HARE, Program Officer (until January, 2016)

NINA BOSTON, Research Associate

IRENE NGUN, Research Associate

Consultant

JOE ALPER, Rapporteur

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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Acknowledgments

The committee thanks the National Science Foundation (NSF) for its support of this summit and for the many experts within NSF with whom it met in the course of planning the summit, each of whom provided valuable insights and ideas in shaping the project.

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for quality and objectivity. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Daniel Atkins, University of Michigan; Scott Ellsworth, Business Leaders United for Workforce Partnerships; Richard Freeman, Harvard University; Melvin Greer, Lockheed Martin; Peter Henderson, University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and William Rudman, AHIMA Foundation.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Marigold Linton, University of Kansas. Appointed by the Academies, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AHIMA American Health Information Management Association
ALL Adult Literacy and Lifeskills Survey
APS American Physical Society
ASVAB Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
CGS Council of Graduate Schools
CRO clinical research organization
ED U.S. Department of Education
ETS Educational Testing Service
EXITE Exploring Interests in Technology and Engineering
IT information technology
K-12 kindergarten through 12th grade
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MOOC massive open online course
MOORP massive open online research project
NAEP National Assessment of Education Progress
NCI National Cancer Institute
NIH National Institutes of Health
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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NSA National Security Agency
NSB National Science Board
NSF National Science Foundation
NSF-EHR NSF’s Directorate on Education and Human Resources
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
PIAAC Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies
R&D research and development
RSS Rich Site Summary
S&E science and engineering
STEAM science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
UMBC University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Developing a National STEM Workforce Strategy: A Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21900.
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The future competitiveness of the United States in an increasingly interconnected global economy depends on the nation fostering a workforce with strong capabilities and skills in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). STEM knowledge and skills enable both individual opportunity and national competitiveness, and the nation needs to develop ways of ensuring access to high-quality education and training experiences for all students at all levels and for all workers at all career stages.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) holds a primary responsibility for overseeing the federal government’s efforts to foster the creation of a STEM-capable workforce. As part of its efforts in this endeavor, NSF’s Directorate on Education and Human Resources asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a workshop that would contribute to NSF’s preparation of a theoretical and evidence-based STEM Workforce Development R&D Core Framework. Participants discussed research themes, identified gaps and emerging research opportunities, and recommended refinements in the goals of the framework. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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