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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2015. Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21910.
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138 Endnotes to Chapter 6 1. Commodity Flow Survey Metropolitan Areas. (n.d.) U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 2014 from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/2007/ metropolitan_areas/index.html#dc 2. Comparison between FAF1, FAF2, and FAF3. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. (June 2012). Retrieved July 2014 from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/index.htm#s14 3. Table 3 FAF Domestic Regions. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. (June 2012). Retrieved July 2014 from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/index.htm#t3 4. Table 4 FAF Foreign Regions. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. (June 2012). Retrieved July 2014 from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/index.htm#t4 5. Table 4-4 and 4-5. Carload Waybill Sample Reference Guide. (October 18, 2013). Retrieved July 1, 2014, from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2012 STB Waybill Reference Guide - FINAL.pdf 6. Difference between T-100 Market and T-100 Segment Airline Traffic Data. (2011, March 21). Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/help_with_data/commodity_flow_survey.html#naics_table. 7. Table 4-4 and 4-5. Carload Waybill Sample Reference Guide. (October 18, 2013). Retrieved July 1, 2014, from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2012 STB Waybill Reference Guide - FINAL.pdf 8. Difference between T-100 Market and T-100 Segment Airline Traffic Data. (2011, March 21). Retrieved from https://ntl.custhelp.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/398/~/difference-between-t-100-market-and-t- 100-segment-airline-traffic-data 9. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 10. Middendorf, D. (January 1998). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/ 11. Commodity Flow Survey Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (2012). Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012html 12. Fatal Crash Data Overview. (April 2005). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/FARS Brochure.pdf 13. Description of the Foreign Trade Statistical Program. (July 14, 2004). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/ foreign-trade/guide/sec2.html 14. About the Foreign Trade Programs and Products. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/about/ 15. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/ freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/#t2 16. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http:// Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/ 17. Data Dictionary. Waterway Network Link Commodity Data. (September 2, 2014). Retrieved from http:// www.navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddlink.htm 18. Waterway Network Link Commodity Data. (September 2, 2014). Retrieved from http://www.navigation datacenter.us/data/datalink.htm 19. Program Documentation. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. (April 12, 2006). Retrieved from https://www. census.gov/svsd/www/vius/ProgramDocumentation.pdf 20. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. Carload Waybill Sample. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20 Guide_JN.pdf References

References 139 21. Rail Waybill Data. Freight and Trade Data. Center for Transportation Research and Education. Retrieved from http://www.ctre.iastate.edu/research/bts_wb/cd-rom/freight/rail.htm 22. Waybill. Business Dictionary. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/waybill. html 23. Washington State Rail Plan. Washington State Department of Transportation. (August 2013). Retrieved from http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/NR/rdonlyres/A8A477E1-2BB1-4399-8443-32BEBAE631BB/0/RailPlanFindings_ Aug2013.pdf 24. Middendorf, D. (January 1998). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/ 25. Table 3-3. Middendorf, D. (January 1998). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/#tbl3-3 26. Commodity Flow Survey Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (2012). Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012html 27. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 28. UN and NA Numbers. Safety Emporium. (May 9, 2010). Retrieved from http://www.ilpi.com/msds/ref/ unna.html 29. The Hazardous Materials Regulations CFR 49 Parts 100 to 185. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. Retrieved from https://hazmatonline.phmsa.dot.gov/services/publication_documents/ HowToUse0507.pdf 30. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 31. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ guide/sec2.html 32. Commodity Classifications. Description of the Foreign Trade Statistics Program. Retrieved from https:// www.census.gov/foreign-trade/www/sec2.html#classification 33. U.S. Imports of Merchandise. Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www. census.gov/foreign-trade/reference/products/catalog/impDVD.html 34. Table 2–FAF Commodity Codes. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Federal Highway Administration. (June 2012) Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/#t2 35. Type of Commodity. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Federal Highway Administration. (June 2012) Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/#s22 36. Description and Available Reports. MCMIS Catalog and Documentation. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://mcmiscatalog.fmcsa.dot.gov/c_chap3.asp 37. Inspection HAZMAT Table. Inspection File Data Element Definitions. MCMIS Catalog and Documen- tation. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://mcmiscatalog.fmcsa.dot. gov/d_inspection3.asp#HM 38. Census Master Table. Census File–Data Element Definitions. MCMIS Catalog and Documentation. Fed- eral Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://mcmiscatalog.fmcsa.dot.gov/d_census_ daEleDef.asp 39. Quick Stats Tools. National Agricultural Statistics Service. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from http://www.nass.usda.gov/Quick_Stats/ 40. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http:// Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/ 41. National Waterway Network. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. Retrieved from http://www. navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddnwn.htm 42. Vessel Entrances and Clearances. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. Retrieved from http://www. navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddclen.htm 43. Foreign Cargo Inbound and Outbound. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. Retrieved from http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddimex.htm 44. Vessel Characteristics. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. Retrieved from http://www.navigation datacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddvess.htm 45. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey Documentation (April 12, 2006). Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/ProgramDocumentation.pdf 46. Ibid. 47. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 48. Information available from http://www.cbp.gov/document/guidance/ace-development-and-deployment- schedule

140 Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary 49. Foreign Trade Statistics, Report Descriptions, U.S. Census Bureau. Available at www.census.gov/foreign- trade/reference/products/catalog/ftdproducts.html 50. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http:// www.rita.dot.gov/bts/help_with_data/Transborder_surface_freight_data.html 51. Information available from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/Trans borderFreightDataProgram.pdf 52. A Description of the FAF3 Regional Database and How It Is Constructed. Freight Analysis Framework Version 3 (FAF3) User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Administration. (June 16, 2011). Retrieved from http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Data/FAF3ODDoc611.pdf 53. ER-755, 37 FR 19726. (Sept. 21, 1972). Available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/14/part-241 54. Annual Survey of Manufacturers. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/manufacturing/ asm/about_the_surveys/index.html 55. How the Data are Collected (Coverage and Methodology). County Business Patterns. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/methodology.htm 56. A Description of the FAF3 Regional Database and How It Is Constructed. The Freight Analysis Framework Version 3 (FAF3) User Guide, p. 6. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Administration. (June 16, 2011). Retrieved from http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Data/FAF3ODDoc611.pdf 57. State Data Series. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/aip/elom. html 58. T-100 Domestic Segment (All Carriers). Aircraft Group. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ 59. Ibid. 60. Ibid. 61. Analytical Data Users Manual 1975–2010. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). (September 2013). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811529.pdf 62. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 63. Table Structure and Data Fields for Raw Data Time Series. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/ Transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html 64. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey Overview and Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012.html 65. Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic)–All Carriers. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=111 66. Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic)–All Carriers. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/DatabaseInfo.asp?DB_ID=111&Link=0 67. Information retrieved from: http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_ flow_survey/html/methodology_2012.html 68. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 69. Section 2–Description of the Foreign Trade Statistics Program. Foreign Trade. Retrieved from https://www. census.gov/foreign-trade/www/sec2.html 70. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/user guide/ 71. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey Overview and Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012.html 72. Blower, D. Evaluation of the Motor Carrier Management Information System Crash File–Phase One. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. (March 2003) Retrieved from http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/ handle/2027.42/1542/97644.0001.001.pdf?sequence=2 73. Transborder Freight Data Program. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder. bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 74. Ibid. 75. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey Documentation (April 12, 2006). Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/ProgramDocumentation.pdf 76. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey Overview and Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012.html

References 141 77. Ibid. 78. Analytical Data Users Manual 1975–2010. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (September 2013) Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/ 811529.pdf 79. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 80. Table 1. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/#t1 81. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 82. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey Overview and Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012.html 83. Transborder Freight Data Program. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder. bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 84. Retrieved from https://www.railinc.com/rportal/documents/18/260749/RAR.pdf 85. FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports. Office of Railroad Safety. (July 1, 2011). 86. Question 27, North American Transborder Freight Data: FAQ. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/TBDR_FAQs.html#27 87. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 88. A Description of the FAF3 Regional Database and How It Is Constructed. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http:// faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Data/FAF3ODDoc611.pdf 89. Table 1. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/ index.htm#t1 90. Transborder Freight Data Program. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder. bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 91. Ibid. 92. Ibid. 93. Rail Waybill Data. Center for Transportation Research and Education. Retrieved from http://www.ctre. iastate.edu/research/bts_wb/cd-rom/freight/rail.htm 94. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 95. Question 27, North American Transborder Freight Data: FAQ. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/TBDR_FAQs.html#27 96. Navigation Data Center User’s Guide. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. (June 1996). Retrieved from http:// www.navigationdatacenter.us/pdf/userguid.pdf 97. Transportation Statistics–Method of Transportation. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec2.html#mot 98. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/ 99. Transportation Statistics–Method of Transportation. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec2.html#mot 100. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/ 101. North American Transborder Freight Data: Major Changes. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/TBDR_MajorChanges.html 102. Ibid. 103. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 104. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/ 105. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 106. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Federal Highway Administration. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/faf3_guide.pdf 107. Middendorf, D. (January 1998). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/

142 Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary 108. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 109. Stagl, J. New UMLER system will enable car owners to communicate more clearly and quickly, Railinc says. Progressive Railroading. (July 2009). Retrieved from http://www.progressiverailroading.com/mechanical/ article/New-UMLER-system-will-enable-car-owners-to-communicate-more-clearly-and-quickly-Railinc- says--20810 110. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 111. Middendorf, D. (1998, January). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/ 112. A Description of the FAF3 Regional Database and How It Is Constructed. The Freight Analysis Framework Version 3 (FAF3). Federal Highway Administration. (June 16, 2011). Retrieved from http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/ Data/FAF3ODDoc611.pdf 113. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey Documentation (April 12, 2006). Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/ProgramDocumentation.pdf 114. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010 STB Waybill Reference Guide_JN.pdf 115. Analytical Data Users Manual 1975–2010. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National High- way Traffic Safety Administration. (September 2013) Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/ Pubs/811529.pdf 116. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 117. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/ 118. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http:// www.rita.dot.gov/bts/help_with_data/Transborder_surface_freight_data.html 119. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey Overview and Methodology. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/ methodology_2012.html 120. Analytical Users Manual 1975–2010. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (September 2013) Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811529.pdf 121. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Official Website. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/FARS 122. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 123. Frequently Asked Questions. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from https://csa. fmcsa.dot.gov/FAQs.aspx?faqid=1203 124. Federal Railroad Administration Official Website. Retrieved from https://www.fra.dot.gov/ 125. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Official Website. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/FARS 126. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 127. Ibid. 128. Carrier Safety Measurement System (CSMS) Methodology–Version 3.0.3. CSA. (September 2014). Retrieved from https://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov//Documents/SMSMethodology.pdf 129. Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS) Methodology–Version 3.0.1. CSA. (August 2013). Retrieved from http://csa.fmcsa.dot.gov/Documents/Driver_SMSMethodology.pdf 130. Two measurement systems were designed in the SMS: the Carrier Safety Measurement System (CSMS) and the Driver Safety Measurement Systems (DSMS). 131. Reporting Criteria Changes–1990-Current. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. (March 2011). Retrieved from http://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/reports/safety/docs/IncidentReportingCriteria History1990-2011.pdf 132. Retrieved from http://phmsa.dot.gov/pv_obj_cache/pv_obj_id_BA1B26D970823D0EF3A2A5BE71A5E0D F4B691800/filename/DQA Report.pdf 133. More Railroad Equipment Accident/Incident Reporting Threshold can be found at the following source: Railroad Equipment Accident/Incident Reporting Threshold. Federal Railroad Administration. (January 31, 2012). Retrieved from https://www.fra.dot.gov/eLib/details/L03622 134. FRA Guide Preparing Accident Incident Reports. Federal Railroad Administration. Office of Safety. (May 2011). Retrieved from https://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/publicsite/Newregulation.aspx?doc=FRA GuideforPreparingAccIncRe portspubMay2011.pdf

References 143 135. Conforming the Federal Railroad Administration’s Accident/Incident Reporting Requirements to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Revised Reporting Requirements; Other Amendments. Federal Railroad Administration. Federal Register, Vol. 68, No. 41. (March 3, 2003). Retrieved from http:// www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2003-03-03/pdf/03-4633.pdf 136. Blower, D. Evaluation of the Motor Carrier Management Information System Crash File, Phase One. Fed- eral Motor Carrier Safety Administration. (March 2003). Retrieved from http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/ bitstream/handle/2027.42/1542/97644.0001.001.pdf?sequence=2 137. Data Quality. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://ai.fmcsa.dot.gov/ DataQuality/DataQuality.asp?redirect=about_datatools_desc.asp 138. Crash Data Sources. Crash Statistics. Retrieved from http://ai.volpe.dot.gov/CrashProfile/datasource.asp 139. T-100 Domestic Market (U.S. Carriers). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Fields.asp?Table_ID=258 140. FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports. Office of Railroad Safety. (July 1, 2011). 141. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 142. FRA Guide for Preparing Accident/Incident Reports. Office of Railroad Safety. (July 1, 2011). 143. Ibid. 144. Air Carrier Financial Reports (Form 41 Financial Data). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=135 145. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 146. Ibid. 147. Ibid. 148. 2002 Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://apps.bts. gov/publications/commodity_flow_survey/2002/hazardous_materials/html/2002_commodity_flow_ survey.html 149. Transborder Freight Data Program. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder. bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 150. Description of the Foreign Trade Statistical Program. (July 14, 2004). Retrieved from http://www.census. gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec2.html 151. Difference between T-100 Market and T-100 Segment Airline Traffic Data. U.S. Department of Transporta- tion. (March 21, 2011). Retrieved from https://ntl.custhelp.com/app/answers/detail/a_id/398 152. Border Crossing/Entry Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts. gov/programs/international/Transborder/TBDR_BC/TBDR_BC_Index.html#howto 153. Air Carrier Statistics (Form 21 Traffic). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=110&DB_Name=Air%20Carrier%20Statistics%20% 28Form%2041%20Traffic%29-%20%20U.S.%20Carriers&DB_Short_Name=Air%20Carriers 154. Fiscal Year. United States Senate. Retrieved from http://www.senate.gov/reference/glossary_term/fiscal_ year.htm 155. Data Library: Aviation. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats. bts.gov/databases.asp?mode_id=1&mode_desc=aviation&subject_id2=0 156. Data Profile. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ databaseinfo.asp?DB_ID=111 157. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 158. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traf- fic Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/fars/ftp.nhtsa.dot.gov/FARS/FARS-DOC/ FARS%20Analytical%20Data users%20Manual%201975-2012_FINAL-2013-11-01.pdf 159. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 160. Freight Analysis Framework Data Dictionary. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http:// www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/netwkdbflow/database/fafdb_datadictionary.pdf 161. Highway Performance Monitoring System Field Manual. Office of Highway Policy Information. (March 2014). Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/hpms/fieldmanual/HPMS_2014.pdf 162. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Freight Management and Operations. Federal Highway Admin- istration. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/user guide/index.htm 163. Highway Performance Monitoring System Field Manual. Office of Highway Policy Information. (March 2014). Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/hpms/fieldmanual/HPMS_2014.pdf 164. Ibid.

144 Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary 165. Traffic Monitoring Guide. Highway Administration Traffic Monitory Guide. Federal Highway Administra- tion. (September 2013). Retrieved from http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/tmguide/tmg_fhwa_ pl_13_015.pdf 166. Ibid. 167. Highway Performance Monitoring System Field Manual. Office of Highway Policy Information. (March 2014). Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/hpms/fieldmanual/HPMS_2014.pdf 168. Item 2: Urban_Code. Field Manual Chapter 4: Data Requirements and Specifications. Office of Highway Policy Information. (March 2014). Retrieved from https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/hpms/ fieldmanual/chapter4b.cfm#item2 169. Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States. Volume 1–National Summaries. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/veslchar/pdf/wtlusvl1_12.pdf 170. Trade Definitions. Foreign Trade. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ reference/definitions/ 171. Heavy Vehicle Travel Information System Field Manual. Federal Highway Administration. (May 2001). Retrieved from http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/ohim/tvtw/hvtis.htm 172. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 173. 2012 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System (GES) Coding and Validation Manual. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (November 2013). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811854.pdf 174. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 175. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 176. Ibid. 177. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http:// www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_ terms.html 178. Transborder Freight Data Program. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder. bts.gov/programs/international/Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 179. CropScape–Cropland Data Layer. National Agricultural Statistics Service. Retrieved from http://nassgeo data.gmu.edu/CropScape/ 180. National Corridors Analysis and Speed Tool (N-CAST). American Transportation Research Institute. Retrieved from http://atri-online.org/n-cast/ 181. Transearch. Economics and Country Risk. HIS. Retrieved from http://www.ihs.com/products/global- insight/industry/commerce-transport/database.aspx 182. TREDIS–Freight. TREDIS. Retrieved from http://www.tredis.com/products/tredis-freight Endnotes to Chapter 7 183. 2012 NAICS to SIC Crosswalk. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). (2012). Retrieved from http://www.naics.com/naicswp2014/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NAICS-to-SIC-Crosswalk.pdf 184. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography–Geographic Terms and Concepts–Census Tract. Retrieved March 4, 2015, from https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_ct.html 185. Karp, David, A Quick Guide to Geographic Place Codes (PART III), The Policy Map, Retrieved March 4, 2015, from http://www.policymap.com/blog/2012/08/tips-on-fips-a-quick-guide-to-geographic-place- codes-part-iii/ 186. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Codes for States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Insular Areas of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/geo/ reference/ansi_statetables.html 187. US Census Bureau, Geography–Substantial Changes to Counties and County Equivalent Entities: 1970–Present. Retrieved March 4, 2015, from https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/county-changes.html 188. Missouri Census Data Center, MABLE/Geocorr12: Geographic Correspondence Engine. Retrieved March 2015 from http://mcdc.missouri.edu/websas/geocorr12.html 189. Missouri Census Data Center, MABLE/Geocorr12: Geographic Correspondence Engine. Retrieved March 2015 from http://mcdc.missouri.edu/websas/geocorr12.html 190. Air Carrier Statistics (Form 21 Traffic). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=110&DB_Name=Air%20Carrier%20Statistics%20%28 Form%2041%20Traffic%29-%20%20U.S.%20Carriers&DB_Short_Name=Air%20Carriers

References 145 191. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 192. Statistical Areas. Bureau of Economic Analysis. (November 21, 2013). Retrieved from http://www.bea.gov/ regional/docs/msalist.cfm 193. 2010 ANSI Codes for Places. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/ codes/place.html 194. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 195. Conversion Tables and Units of Quantity. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. (July 14, 2004). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec4.html 196. 2014 TIGER Geodatabase Record Layouts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/ geo/maps-data/data/pdfs/tiger/tgrshp2014/2014_TIGER_GDB_Record_Layouts.pdf 197. T-100 Domestic Segment (All Carriers). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://transtats.bts.gov/Fields.asp?Table_ID=311 198. Conversion Tables and Units of Quantity. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. (July 14, 2004). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec4.html 199. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 200. FAQs. Surface Transportation Board. Retrieved from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/faqs.html 201. 2002 Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://apps.bts.gov/ publications/commodity_flow_survey/2002/hazardous_materials/html/2002_commodity_flow_survey.html 202. Trade Definitions. Foreign Trade. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ reference/definitions/index.html 203. Air Carrier Financial Reports (Form 41 Financial Data). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=135 204. Notice on B1, B11, P11, P12 Examples. TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/showHelp2.asp#_SIGNEXAMPLES 205. Air Carrier Statistics (Form 21 Traffic). TranStats. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.transtats.bts.gov/Tables.asp?DB_ID=110&DB_Name=Air%20Carrier%20Statistics%20 %28Form%2041%20Traffic%29-%20%20U.S.%20Carriers&DB_Short_Name=Air%20Carriers 206. Guide for Railroads. Association of American Railroads. Railinc. (May 30, 2013). Retrieved from https:// www.railinc.com/rportal/documents/18/260641/GuideforRailroads.pdf 207. County Business Patterns (CBP) / Zip Code Business Patterns (ZBP). County Business Patterns. U.S. Cen- sus Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/ 208. Quarterly Services Survey Technical Documentation. Annual & Quarterly Services. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/services/qss/qsstechdoc.html 209. United States Senate. Retrieved from http://www.senate.gov/reference/glossary_term/fiscal_year.htm 210. 2012 Surface Transportation Board Reference Guide. Carload Waybill Sample. (October 18, 2013). Retrieved from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2012%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide%20-%20 FINAL.pdf 211. Conversion Tables and Units of Quantity. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. (2004, July 14). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec4.html 212. Vessel Characteristics. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. Retrieved from http://www.navigation datacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddvess.htm 213. Conversion Tables and Units of Quantity. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. (July 14, 2004). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec4.html 214. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf 215. Trade Definitions. Foreign Trade. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ reference/definitions/ 216. Table Structure and Data Fields for Raw Data Time Series. North American Transborder Freight Data. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/ Transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html 217. SCTG Commodity Codes. 2012 Commodity Flow Survey. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from https://bhs. econ.census.gov/bhs/cfs/Commodity%20Code%20Manual%20(CFS-1200).pdf 218. An Overview of the 2002 Commodity Origin-Destination Database: Methodology and Data. Freight Man- agement and Operations. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved from http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/ freight_analysis/faf/faf2_reports/report1.htm 219. 2002 Microdata Data Dictionary. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. Retrieved from https://www.census. gov/svsd/www/vius/datadictionary2002.pdf

146 Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary 220. Trade Definitions. Foreign Trade. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ reference/definitions/ 221. Waterborne Commerce of the United States. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. (September 2, 2014). Retrieved from http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddwcus.htm 222. Complete HS and SITC Conversion and Correspondence Tables along with Detailed Note on its Conver- sion Methodology. Department of Economic and Social Affairs–Statistics Division. United Nations. (2010). Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/conversions/HS%20Correlation%20and%20Conversion%20 tables.htm 223. Analytical User’s Manual 1975–2012. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (January 2014). Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811855.pdf 224. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://mcmiscatalog.fmcsa.dot.gov/ 225. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http:// www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20Guide_JN.pdf 226. Middendorf, D. (January 1998). Intermodal Terminals Database: Concepts, Design, Implementation, and Maintenance. Retrieved from http://cta.ornl.gov/transnet/terminal_doc/ 227. Trade Definitions. Foreign Trade. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/ reference/definitions/ 228. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. Retrieved from http://mcmiscatalog.fmcsa.dot.gov/ 229. General Explanation and Census of Agriculture Report Form. 2007. USDA. National Agricultural Statis- tics Service. Retrieved from http://www.agcensus.usda.gov/Publications/2007/Full_Report/Volume_1,_ Chapter_1_US/usappxb.pdf 230. Waterborne Commerce of the United States. U.S. Waterway Data. Navigation Data Center. (September 2, 2014). Retrieved from http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/data/dictionary/ddwcus.htm 231. Correlation and Conversion Tables Used in the UN Comtrade. Department of Economic and Social Affairs– Statistics Division. United Nations. (February 2012). Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/ conversions/Correlation%20and%20conversion%20tables%20used%20in%20UN%20Comtrade%20- %20General%20Note.pdf 232. Pierce, Justin R. and Peter K. Schott. (2010). Concording U.S. Harmonized System Codes Over Time, Retrieved from http://faculty.som.yale.edu/peterschott/files/research/papers/readme_hs_over_time_33.pdf 233. Schott’s International Economics Resource Page, Trade Data and Concordances, Retrieved from http:// faculty.som.yale.edu/peterschott/sub_international.htm 234. Ibid. 235. Standard International Trade Classification. Series M No. 34/Rev. 4. Department of Economic and Social Affairs–Statistics Division. United Nations. (2006). Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/publication/ SeriesM/SeriesM_34rev4e.pdf 236. Complete HS and SITC Conversion and Correspondence Tables along with Detailed Note on its Conver- sion Methodology. Department of Economic and Social Affairs–Statistics Division. United Nations. (2010). Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/trade/conversions/HS%20Correlation%20and%20Conversion %20tables.htm 237. Correlation and Conversion Tables Used in the UN Comtrade. Department of Economic and Social Affairs–Statistics Division. United Nations. (February 2012). Retrieved from http://unstats.un.org/unsd/ trade/conversions/Correlation%20and%20conversion%20tables%20used%20in%20UN%20Comtrade %20-%20General%20Note.pdf 238. Standard Classification of Transported Goods (SCTG). Statistics Canada. (June 17, 2003). Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/subjects-sujets/standard-norme/sctg-ctbt/sctgintro-ctbtintro-eng.htm 239. A Description of the FAF3 Regional Database and How it is Constructed. The Freight Analysis Framework Version 3 (FAF3). Federal Highway Administration (June 16, 2011). Retrieved from http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/ Data/FAF3ODDoc611.pdf 240. Exports Concordance. Foreign Trade Statistical Program. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http:// censtats.census.gov/cgi-bin/concordance/concordance.pl 241. End-use commodity codes provide detailed commodity information with export and import data aggregated into broader economic categories according to the commodities’ uses. 242. Hi-Tech commodity codes consist solely of high-technology products (products that are the most technology- intensive). 243. 2014 Publication Product List. Railinc Business Services. Retrieved from https://www.railinc.com/rportal/ documents/18/260755/Publications_PriceList.pdf 244. Standard Classification of Transported Goods (SCTG). Statistics Canada. (June 17, 2003). Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/subjects-sujets/standard-norme/sctg-ctbt/sctgintro-ctbtintro-eng.htm 245. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http:// www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/concordances.html

References 147 246. Ibid. 247. 2012 to 2007 NAICS. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/2012_to_2007_NAICS.xls 248. Ibid. 249. 2007 to 2002 NAICS. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/2007_to_2002_NAICS.xls 250. Ibid. 251. 2002 to 1997 NAICS. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/2002_NAICS_to_1997_NAICS.xls 252. 2002 to 1987 NAICS. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/2002_NAICS_to_1987_SIC.xls 253. 1997 to 2002 NAICS. Concordances. North American Industry Classification System U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/concordances/1997_NAICS_to_2002_NAICS.xls 254. County Business Patterns, Historical Data. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/historical.htm 255. Economic Census, Industry Classification Updates. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/econ/census/ about/industry_class_updates.html 256. North American Industry Classification System, Concordances, Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/ eos/www/naics/concordances/concordances.html 257. Bridge between NAICS and SIC. 1997 Economic Census. U.S. Census Bureau. (June 2000). Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/prod/ec97/97x-cs3.pdf 258. 2012 NAICS to SIC Crosswalk. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). (2012). Retrieved from http://www.naics.com/naicswp2014/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NAICS-to-SIC-Crosswalk.pdf 259. Historical Data. County Business Patterns. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/ econ/cbp/historical.htm 260. Commodity Flow Survey, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/help_with_data/ commodity_flow_survey.html 261. 2012 NAICS to SIC Crosswalk. North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). (2012). Retrieved from http://www.naics.com/naicswp2014/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/NAICS-to-SIC-Crosswalk.pdf 262. Reference Guide for the 2010 Surface Transportation Board Carload Waybill Sample. (January 26, 2012). Retrieved from http://www.stb.dot.gov/stb/docs/Waybill/2010%20STB%20Waybill%20Reference%20 Guide_JN.pdf 263. Key CFS Terms. Commodity Flow Survey. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www. rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/commodity_flow_survey/html/def_terms.html 264. Guide to Foreign Trade Statistics. Foreign Trade Statistics. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www. census.gov/foreign-trade/guide/sec2.html#mot 265. Freight Analysis Framework 3 User Guide. Federal Highway Administration. (June 2012). Retrieved from http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov/freight/freight_analysis/faf/faf3/userguide/faf3_guide.pdf 266. Transborder Freight Data Program Documentation. North American Transborder Freight Database. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://Transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/ Transborder/PDF/TransborderFreightDataProgram.pdf 267. List of Airline Mergers and Acquisitions. Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ airline_mergers_and_acquisitions 268. Comparison of Industry Coverage. Commodity Flow Survey (CFS). Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/help_with_data/commodity_flow_survey.html#comparison_ of_industry_coverage 269. Analytical Users Manual 1975–2010. Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (September 2013) Retrieved from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811529.pdf 270. Ibid. 271. Program Documentation. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey. (April 12, 2006). Retrieved from https://www. census.gov/svsd/www/vius/ProgramDocumentation.pdf 272. 2002 Data Releases. Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey–Discontinued. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/svsd/www/vius/2002.html 273. Ibid.

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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCFRP) Report 35: Implementing the Freight Transportation Data Architecture: Data Element Dictionary provides the findings of the research effort to develop a freight data dictionary for organizing the myriad freight data elements currently in use.

A product of this research effort is a web-based freight data element dictionary hosted by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS).

The project web page includes a link to supporting appendices not printed with the report.

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