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Suggested Citation:"CONTENTS." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2003. Use of Rear-Facing Position for Common Wheelchairs on Transit Buses. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21951.
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CONTENTS 1 SUMMARY 5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background, 5 Scope, 5 Approach, 6 7 CHAPTER TWO REAR-FACING POSITION: DESCRIPTION, DEPLOYMENT, AND RESEARCH IN EUROPE AND CANADA Rear-Facing System Description, 7 Rear-Facing Position in Europe—Deployment and Research, 9 Rear-Facing Position in Canada—Deployment and Research, 12 14 CHAPTER THREE CURRENT PRACTICE: CANADIAN TRANSIT SYSTEMS, INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS, AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA Survey of Canadian Practice, 14 Introduction of the Combi Design by BC Transit, 17 AC Transit: A Leader in Adopting the Rear-Facing System for Bus Rapid Transit in the United States, 22 Regulatory Status—Europe, Canada, and Australia, 24 27 CHAPTER FOUR EXPERIENCE AND ISSUES RELATED TO THE REAR-FACING SYSTEM Customer Acceptance, 27 Transit System Experience, 28 Safety Experience and Approaches to Prevent Tipping Under Severe Conditions, 28 Other Issues, 29 The Rear-Facing Position and the ADA, 30 Dynamic Forces and Requirements, 31 Application to Bus Rapid Transit, 32 33 CHAPTER FIVE CONCLUSIONS 35 REFERENCES 37 APPENDIX A SURVEY FORMS 42 APPENDIX B CONTACTS

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TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 50: Use of Rear-Facing Position for Common Wheelchairs on Transit Buses describes the international state of the practice with respect to use of the rear-facing position for accommodating “common wheelchairs” (as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act) on large transit buses (more than 30,000 lbs) and identifies pertinent issues related to its transferability to the U.S. context.


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