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29 VIII. CHICAGO REGION ENVIRONMENTAL AND 276 TRANSPORTATION EFFICIENCY PROGRAM (CREATE) A. Introduction 276 The Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program (CREATE) is âa first-of-its-kind public/private partnershipâ among the State of Illinois, City of Chicago, various railroads, and the Commuter Rail Division of the RTA (Metra) to improve railroad efficiency and reduce congestion, as well as to befit Metra.109 Statutes and Regulations 277 B. National Environmental Policy Actâs Applicability to CREATE 277 The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) applies to the CREATE program because it is partially funded with federal funds, and, therefore, must be reviewed by a federal agency.110 C. TIGER Program Under the American Recovery and 278 Reinvestment Act The DOTâs TIGER program established by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act includes funding for passenger and freight rail transportation projects.111 Articles 278 D. Overview of CREATEâs Origin, Purpose, Projects, and Funding 278 A 2013 report by the Infrastructure Council of the Illinois Chamber of Commerce provides an overview of CREATEâs origin, purpose, projects, and funding and describes the Chicago areaâs need for the CREATE program.112 109 Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program (CREATE), âWhat is CREATE?,â available at: http://www.aurora- il.org/documents/cnrailway/docs_meeting/Call%20to%20Action%20CREATE%20Exhibit.pdf (last accessed Mar. 31, 2015). 110 42 U.S.C. Â§ 4332 (2014); CREATE: Final Feasibility Plan (2005), available at: http://www.createprogram.org/linked_files/final_feasibility_plan_orig.pdf (last accessed Mar. 31, 2015). 111 Pub. L. No. 111-5, 123 Stat. 115, 516 (Feb. 19, 2009). 112 Benjamin J. Brockschmidt, Infrastructure Council of the Illinois Chamber of Commerce, CREATE Ten Years: The Past, Present, and Future of the Chicago Regionâs Railroads (2013), at 2â3, available at: http://www.cmap.illinois.gov/documents/10180/125910/CREATE-Report-Final.pdf/382726e9-8c31- 4b58-ab8b-8ddb65dc72cf (last accessed Mar. 31, 2015).