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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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POPULATION AND LAND USE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

REPORT OF A WORKSHOP

Carole L. Jolly and Barbara Boyle Torrey, Editors

Committee on Population

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
Washington, D.C.
1993

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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National Academy Press
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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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COMMITTEE ON POPULATION

SAMUEL H. PRESTON (Chair),

Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania

RONALD D. LEE (Chair-elect),

Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley

JOSE-LUIS BOBADILLA,

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

JOHN B. CASTERLINE,

Department of Sociology, Brown University

KENNETH H. HILL,

Department of Population Dynamics, Johns Hopkins University

DEAN T. JAMISON,

School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles

ANNE R. PEBLEY,

The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California

RONALD R. RINDFUSS,

Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina

T. PAUL SCHULTZ,

Department of Economics, Yale University

SUSAN C.M. SCRIMSHAW,

School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles

BETH J. SOLDO,

Department of Demography, Georgetown University

MARTA TIENDA,

Population Research Center, University of Chicago

BARBARA BOYLE TORREY,

Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C.

JAMES TRUSSELL,

Office of Population Research, Princeton University

AMY O. TSUI,

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

LINDA MARTIN, Director*

BARNEY COHEN, Research Associate

SUSAN COKE, Senior Project Assistant*

KAREN A. FOOTE, Research Associate

DIANE GOLDMAN, Administrative Assistant**

JAMES N. GRIBBLE, Program Officer

CAROLE L. JOLLY, Program Officer

PAULA J. MELVILLE, Senior Project Assistant

*  

through June 1993

**  

through July 1992

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS

Presenters

BARBARA BOYLE TORREY+ (Chair),

Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C.

RICHARD BILSBORROW,

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

HANS BINSWANGER,

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

BILLIE R. DEWALT,

Center for Latin American Studies, and the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh

ROBERT E. EVENSON,

Department of Economics, Yale University

UMA LELE,

Food and Resource Economics Department, University of Florida

WOLFGANG LUTZ,

Population and Sustainable Development Project, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria

MICHAEL MORTIMORE,

University of Cambridge, England

THEODORE PANAYOTOU,

Harvard Institute for International Development, and Department of Economics, Harvard University

STEWARD T.A. PICKETT,

Institute of Ecosystem Studies, New York Botanical Garden, Millbrook, N.Y.

SAMUEL H. PRESTON+,

Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania

VERNON W. RUTTAN,

Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Minnesota

BILLIE L. TURNER II,

George Perkins Marsh Institute, Clark University

M. GORDON WOLMAN,

Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University

ISAAK S. ZONNEVELD,

International Institute of Aerial Survey and Earth Science, Enschede, The Netherlands

Other Participants and Paper Coauthors

BARBARA CRANE,

Department of Population Planning and International Health, University of Michigan

MARIA CONCEPCION J. CRUZ

WILFRIDO CRUZ,

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

RUTH DEFRIES,

Department of Geography, University of Maryland

ALENE GELBARD,

Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C.

SARAH L. HAMILTON,

Center for Computational Sciences, University of Kentucky

EINAR HOLM,

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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SERGEI IVANOV,

Population Division, United Nations, New York

JEFF JORDAN,

Population Resource Center, Princeton, N.J.

CAROLYN MAKINSON,

Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York

MELANIE MARLETT,

Office of Strategic Planning, Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C.

WILLIAM McGREEVEY,

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

TOM MERRICK,

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

TOM MORRIS,

Office of Strategic Planning, Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C.

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, IV,

Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New York

J. BRAD SCHWARTZ,

Center for International Development, Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, N.C.

ELLEN STARBIRD,

Office of Population, Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C.

C. SHANNON STOKES,

Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Pennsylvania State University

TERRY TIFFANY,

Office of Population, Agency for International Development, Washington, D.C.

JAMES TRUSSELL,+

Office of Population Research, Princeton University

MICHAEL VLASSOFF,

Population Division, United Nations, New York

STEPHEN VOSTI,

International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.

National Research Council Staff

CARLA CARLSON,

Board on Agriculture

E. WILLIAM COLGLAZIER,

Office of International Affairs

ROB COPPOCK,

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

DIANE GOLDMAN,

Committee on Population

JAMES N. GRIBBLE,

Committee on Population

CAROLE L. JOLLY,

Committee on Population

LINDA G. MARTIN,

Committee on Population

JOAN MONTGOMERY HALFORD,

Committee on Population

JAMES REARDON-ANDERSON,

Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China, Office of International Affairs

PAUL STERN,

Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change

SUSANNE STOIBER,

Division of Social and Economic Studies, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

JAMES TAVARES,

Board on Agriculture

+  

Member, Committee on Population

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
×

Preface

This report summarizes the discussions and papers presented at a Committee on Population workshop on population growth and land use change in developing countries. The workshop, held December 5–6, 1991, at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C., brought together researchers from different disciplines to discuss recent research on the effects of population growth on land use.

In its 1986 report, Population Growth and Economic Development: Policy Questions (National Academy Press), the committee briefly considered the broad issue of population growth and the consequences for natural resources. With regard to land use, the report (National Research Council, 1986:33–34) concluded that "Rapid population growth poses two problems for agriculture. First, if no other conditions of production change, expansion of the agricultural labor force probably reduces labor productivity and correspondingly lowers agricultural wages. Second, population growth can accelerate the degradation of renewable resources.... The extent to which slower population growth would alleviate these problems depends on the degree to which the problems lead to other solutions through institutional and technological adaptation . . . if institutions do not adapt as rapidly as needed, slower population growth can retard the decline of labor productivity and the degradation of common resources."

In the 5 years that followed the publication of the report, public and policymaker interest in environmental issues continued to increase, and the committee decided to undertake another activity in this area. Instead of reviewing again a broad range of issues related to population and economic

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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development, the committee developed a workshop on one aspect of the relationship in developing countries: population growth and land use change. The committee focused mainly on agrarian uses because of their important implications for agricultural production, soil quality, and climate change.

Approximately half of the workshop was devoted to general aspects of the topic: the history of land use change; the measurement of land use change; approaches to the study of population growth and land use; population-induced technological change in agriculture; the use of cross-national data to understand population and land use relationships; and institutional change. Because ecological, economic, demographic, and institutional conditions vary from place to place, the rest of the workshop focused on case studies. The case studies exhibited a variety of analytical strategies for studying the population and land use relationship. The agenda for the workshop is presented in the Appendix. Summary versions of some of the papers, chosen by the editors in consultation with members of the Committee on Population, are published in this report.

A summary of many of the themes of the workshop is contained in the Introduction. The themes represent the views of the individual workshop participants and do not necessarily cover all the important aspects of the population and land use relationship.

The committee wishes to thank the Office of Population of the U.S. Agency for International Development, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, which generously provided the funding for the workshop. The committee also appreciates the efforts of the committee members who developed the workshop. Barbara Boyle Torrey chaired the workshop and devoted a great deal of energy and time to developing the meeting and preparing this report. James Trussell assisted in directing the workshop discussion.

The committee is also very grateful to M. Gordon Wolman, chair of the Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources of the National Research Council, who provided valuable historical background about land use change and initiated much of the workshop discussion. We are also grateful to the other participants for their informed presentations and discussions. A planning meeting, at which topics for the workshop were identified, was attended by Richard Bilsborrow, Hans Binswanger, Steven Mink, Michael Philley, Samuel Preston, Scott Radloff, Ronald Ridker, Susanne Stoiber, and Barbara Boyle Torrey.

Finally, the committee would like to thank the National Research Council staff who assisted in this workshop. Carole L. Jolly had principal responsibility for the workshop and edited this report with Barbara Boyle Torrey. Linda G. Martin provided guidance on structuring the workshop as well as useful comments on earlier drafts of the report. Barney Cohen made helpful suggestions on improving the introduction and took care of unnumerable

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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s

details in the final drafting stages. Diane Goldman completed the logistical arrangements for the workshop, and Susan Coke prepared the papers for publication. Michael Edington copyedited, and Eugenia Grohman, Elaine McGarraugh, and Christine McShane, with Susan Coke, Paula Melville, and Kirsten Johnson, collaborated in the production of this report.

Samuel H. Preston, Chair

Committee on Population

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Research Council. 1993. Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2211.
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Population and Land Use in Developing Countries: Report of a Workshop Get This Book
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This valuable book summarizes recent research by experts from both the natural and social sciences on the effects of population growth on land use. It is a useful introduction to a field in which little quantitative research has been conducted and in which there is a great deal of public controversy. The book includes case studies of African, Asian, and Latin American countries that demonstrate the varied effects of population growth on land use. Several general chapters address the following timely questions: What is meant by land use change? Why are ecological research and population studies so different? What are the implications for sustainable growth in agricultural production?

Although much work remains to be done in quantifying the causal connections between demographic and land use changes, this book provides important insights into those connections, and it should stimulate more work in this area.

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