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Suggested Citation:"Glossary ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2013. Model Mutual Aid Agreements for Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22542.

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25 Advisory Circular: The instructions from FAA on how to comply with federal aviation laws and regulations. Airport Emergency Plan (AEP): A comprehensive plan for dealing with all hazards reasonably expected to affect a given airport, required for all Part 139 airports and recom- mended for all other airports. All-hazards: The full range of potential threats—natural and man-made disasters, pandemics, and industrial accidents. Annual inspection: All airports subject to FAR Part 139 are required to be inspected annually by an FAA inspector. At least once in three years, this inspection must include a full- scale exercise, and this triennial inspection will determine the recertification of the airport for commercial operations. In the intervening years, a table-top exercise is typically used as part of the inspection. Certification: All Part 139 airports are required to have air- port operating certificates. Incident Command System (ICS): A systematic tool used for the command, control, and coordination of emergency response. It is the organizational doctrine used to execute a response under NIMS. Index: This term specifically refers to the Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Index that relates the rescue and firefighting capabilities required at a Part 139 airport. The ARFF Index is based on the largest regularly scheduled aircraft using an airport. Mutual Aid Agreement: A voluntary, non-contractual arrange- ment to provide emergency or disaster assistance between two or more entities. It typically does not involve payment, reimbursement, liability, or mandatory responses. National Incident Management System (NIMS): The stan- dard system for managing emergencies and disasters by all federal agencies and federally funded activities. Part 139 Airport: A U.S. airport served by commercial air- liners with 10 seats or more, and therefore subject to the requirements in 14 CFR Part 139. Regional: Ambiguous term that could mean “interlocal” or “comprising several states.” Reliever airports: High-activity airports that provide general aviation with alternatives to congested hubs (where their presence might cause additional delay). Safety Management System: The formal, top-down business approach to managing safety risk, which includes a sys- temic approach to managing safety, including the neces- sary organizational structures, accountabilities, policies, and procedures. Stafford Act: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emer- gency Assistance Act (Public Law 93-288) as amended is the statutory authority for most federal disaster response activities as they pertain to the Federal Emergency Man- agement Agency and its programs. GLOSSARY

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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 45: Model Mutual Aid Agreements for Airports presents information on mutual aid agreements, addressing nearly every type of emergency that could affect airports and require outside resources. The report is designed to assist airport operators in creating and sustaining effective emergency management mutual aid partnerships by documenting the specifics of existing agreements.

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