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Suggested Citation:"Appendixes." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2008. A Guide for Reducing Head-On Crashes on Freeways. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23088.
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Page 84

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A-1 Appendixes The following appendixes are not published in this report. However, they are available online at http://safety.transportation.org. 1 AASHTO RDG Revisions 2 Arkansas DOT, Log of Cable Impacts 3 Comparison of Cable Barrier Systems 4 State DOT Case Studies 5 Wrong Way Entry Checklist Example 6 Oregon Highway Safety Corridor Program A Wisconsin Department of Transportation 2001 Strategic Highway Safety Plan B Resources for the Planning and Implementation of Highway Safety Programs C South African Road Safety Manual D Comments on Problem Definition E Issues Associated with Use of Safety Information in Highway Design Role of Safety in Decision Making F Comprehensive Highway Safety Improvement Model G Choosing the Roadway Related Strategy H What is a Road Safety Audit? I Illustration of Regression to the Mean J Fault Tree Analysis K Lists of Potential Stakeholders L Conducting an Evaluation M Designs for a Program Evaluation N [Not Used] O Estimating the Effectiveness of a Program during the Planning Stages P Key Activities for Evaluating Alternative Program Q Definitions of Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness R FHWA Policy on Life Cycle Costing S Comparisons of Benefit-Cost and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis T Issues in Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness Analyses U Transport Canada Recommended Structure for a Benefit-Cost Analysis Report V Overall Summary of Benefit-Cost Analysis Guide from Transport Canada W Program Evaluation—Its Purpose and Nature X Traffic Safety Plan for a Small Department Y Sample District-Level Crash Statistical Summary Z Sample Intersection Crash Summaries AA Sample Intersection Collision Diagram BB Example Application of the Unsignalized Intersection Guide CC Joint Crash Reduction Programme: Outcome Monitoring

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TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Vol. 20, Guidance for Implementation of the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan: A Guide for Reducing Head-On Crashes on Freeways, provides strategies that can be employed to reduce head-on crashes on freeways.

In 1998, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approved its Strategic Highway Safety Plan, which was developed by the AASHTO Standing Committee for Highway Traffic Safety with the assistance of the Federal Highway Administration, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and the Transportation Research Board Committee on Transportation Safety Management. The plan includes strategies in 22 key emphasis areas that affect highway safety. The plan's goal is to reduce the annual number of highway deaths by 5,000 to 7,000. Each of the 22 emphasis areas includes strategies and an outline of what is needed to implement each strategy.

Over the next few years the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) will be developing a series of guides, several of which are already available, to assist state and local agencies in reducing injuries and fatalities in targeted areas. The guides correspond to the emphasis areas outlined in the AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Each guide includes a brief introduction, a general description of the problem, the strategies/countermeasures to address the problem, and a model implementation process.

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