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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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COMMUNITY VIOLENCE
AS A POPULATION
HEALTH ISSUE

Proceedings of a Workshop

Darla Thompson and Joe Alper, Rapporteurs

Roundtable on Population Health Improvement

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Health and Medicine Division

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Aetna Foundation, The California Endowment (#10002009), Fannie E. Rippel Foundation, Health Resources and Services Administration (DHHS-10002817), New York State Health Foundation (#10001272), and Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (#10001270). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45047-8
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45047-0
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/23661

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community violence as a population health issue: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/23661.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
×

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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON COMMUNITY VIOLENCE AS A POPULATION HEALTH ISSUE1

THOMAS LaVEIST (Chair), Professor and Chair, Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University

THEODORE CORBIN, Associate Professor, Department of Emergency Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine

RACHEL DAVIS, Managing Director, Prevention Institute

AMANDA GELLER, Clinical Associate Professor of Sociology, New York University

MARTHE R. GOLD, Visiting Scholar, The New York Academy of Medicine

GARY GUNDERSON, Vice President of Faith & Health Ministries, Medical Center Administration; Professor, Social Sciences & Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine

JOHN RICH, Professor, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University

THERESE S. RICHMOND, Andrea B. Laporte Professor of Nursing and Associate Dean for Research and Innovation, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania

LOURDES RODRÍGUEZ, Program Officer, New York State Health Foundation

DANIEL WEBSTER, Professor, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Director, Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research; Deputy Director for Research, Johns Hopkins Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence

__________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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ROUNDTABLE ON POPULATION HEALTH IMPROVEMENT1

GEORGE J. ISHAM (Co-Chair), Senior Advisor, HealthPartners, and Senior Fellow, HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research

SANNE MAGNAN (Co-Chair), former President and Chief Executive Officer, Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement

DAVID A. KINDIG (Co-Chair Emeritus), Professor Emeritus and Emeritus Vice Chancellor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

TERRY ALLAN, Health Commissioner, Cuyahoga County Board of Health

JOHN AUERBACH, Associate Director for Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Acting Director, Office for State, Tribal, Local and Territorial Support, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CATHERINE BAASE, Global Director of Health Services, The Dow Chemical Company

RAYMOND J. BAXTER, Senior Vice President, Community Benefit, Research and Health Policy, Kaiser Permanente and President, Kaiser Permanente International

RAPHAEL BOSTIC, Professor and Judith and John Bedrosian Chair in Governance and Public Enterprise, Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California

DEBBIE I. CHANG, Vice President, Policy and Prevention, Nemours

CHARLES J. FAZIO, Senior Vice President and Medical Director, HealthPartners

GEORGE R. FLORES, Program Manager, The California Endowment

ALAN GILBERT, Director, Global Government and NGO Strategy, GE Healthymagination

MARY LOU GOEKE, Executive Director, United Way of Santa Cruz County

MARTHE R. GOLD, Visiting Scholar, The New York Academy of Medicine

GARTH GRAHAM, President, Aetna Foundation

GARY GUNDERSON, Vice President of Faith & Health Ministries, Medical Center Administration; Professor, Social Sciences & Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine

ROBERT M. KAPLAN, Chief Science Officer, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

__________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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JAMES KNICKMAN, Derzon Clinical Professor, Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York University School of Medicine

PAULA LANTZ, Professor and Associate Dean for Research and Policy Engagement, Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan

MICHELLE LARKIN, Assistant Vice President, Program Portfolios, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

THOMAS A. LaVEIST, Professor and Chair, Department of Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University

JEFFREY LEVI, Professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University

SARAH R. LINDE, Rear Admiral, U.S. Public Health Service, Chief Public Health Officer, Health Resources and Services Administration

PHYLLIS D. MEADOWS, Senior Fellow, The Kresge Foundation, and Associate Dean for Practice and Clinical Professor, School of Public Health, University of Michigan

BOBBY MILSTEIN, Director, ReThink Health

JOSÉ T. MONTERO, Vice President of Population Health and Health Systems Integration, Cheshire Medical Center/Dartmouth Hitchcock Keene

MARY PITTMAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, Public Health Institute

PAMELA RUSSO, Senior Program Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

DAVID SANDMAN, President and Chief Executive Officer, New York State Health Foundation

Health and Medicine Division Staff

ALINA BACIU, Roundtable Director

COLIN FINK, Senior Program Assistant

DARLA THOMPSON, Program Officer

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director

Consultant

JOE ALPER, Rapporteur

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop:

Delores Jones-Brown, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York

Desmond Patton, Columbia University

Amanda Stylianou, Safe Horizon

Mark A. Zimmerman, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by Ned Calonge, The Colorado Trust. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Acknowledgments

The sponsors of the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement have made it possible to plan and conduct “Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: A Workshop,” which this Proceedings of a Workshop summarizes. Federal sponsorship was provided by the Health Resources and Services Administration. Non-federal sponsorship was provided by the Aetna Foundation, The California Endowment, New York State Health Foundation, Rippel Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

The roundtable wishes to express its appreciation to the following speakers at the workshop for their engaging and informative presentations: DeVone Boggan, Advance Peace; Charles Branas, University of Pennsylvania; Jeffrey Butts, John Jay College of Criminal Justice; Medina Howard, Center for Court Innovation; Thea James, Boston Medical Center; Steve Marans, Yale School of Medicine; John Markovic, U.S. Department of Justice; Howard Pinderhughes, University of California, San Francisco, School of Nursing; John Rich, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University; Roberto Rodríguez, Stand Up to Violence at Jacobi Medical Center; and Daniel Webster, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The roundtable also wishes to express its thanks to the planning committee for its knowledge and enthusiasm in arranging the workshop: Thomas LaVeist (Chair), Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University; Theodore Corbin, Department of Emergency Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine; Rachel Davis,

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Prevention Institute; Amanda Geller, New York University; Marthe R. Gold, The New York Academy of Medicine; Gary Gunderson, Wake Forest School of Medicine; John Rich, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University; Therese S. Richmond, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania; Lourdes Rodríguez, New York State Health Foundation; and Daniel Webster, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The roundtable also extends its thanks to Brenda Grandell, a member of the Board of Trustees at Lutheran Medical Center, and Rev. Don Stiger, the senior vice president, Mission and Spiritual Care, New York University Lutheran Medical Center. They both provided crucial assistance to the staff by making it possible to hold the workshop in a community setting at the Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd in Brooklyn, New York.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Page xvii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Community Violence as a Population Health Issue: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23661.
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Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
ACE adverse childhood experience
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
COPS Office of Community Oriented Policing Services
DOJ U.S. Department of Justice
IOM Institute of Medicine
NIH National Institutes of Health
OMB Office of Management and Budget
PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
RWJF Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
SUV Stand Up to Violence
VIAP Violence Intervention Advocacy Program
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On June 16, 2016, the Roundtable on Population Health Improvement held a workshop at the Lutheran Church of the Good Shepherd in Brooklyn, New York, to explore the influence of trauma and violence on communities. The workshop highlighted examples of community-based organizations using trauma-informed approaches to treat violence and build safe and healthy communities. Presentations showcased examples that can serve as models in different sectors and communities and shared lessons learned. This publication summarizes the presentation and discussion of the event.

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