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Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two (2017)

Chapter: Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.


Committee Biographical Information

JOHN G. KASSAKIAN, Chair, is professor emeritus of electrical engineering and former director of the Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His expertise is in the use of electronics for the control and conversion of electrical energy, industrial and utility applications of power electronics, electronic manufacturing technologies, and automotive electrical and electronic systems. Prior to joining MIT, he served in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Kassakian is on the boards of directors of a number of companies and has held numerous positions with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), including founding president of the IEEE Power Electronics Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), a life fellow of the IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE’s William E. Newell Award for Outstanding Achievements in Power Electronics (1987), the IEEE Centennial Medal (1984), and the IEEE Power Electronics Society’s Distinguished Service Award (1998). He has served on a number of committees of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Committee on Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase One, the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to the Deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles, and the Committee on Light-Duty Vehicle Technologies to Improve Fuel Economy. He has an Sc.D. in electrical engineering from MIT.

EVELYN L. HU, Vice Chair, is the Tarr-Coyne Professor of Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering in the Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Prior to her appointment at Harvard, Dr. Hu was the scientific co-director of the California Nanosystems Institute, a University of California, Los Angeles–University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), collaborative California Institute for Science and Innovation. Her research focuses on high-resolution fabrication of compound semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices, candidate structures for the realization of quantum computation schemes, and novel device structures formed through the heterogeneous integration of materials. Dr. Hu is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the NAE, and Academica Sinica. She is a recipient of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Lifetime Mentor Award and was named a National Science Foundation (NSF) Distinguished Teaching Scholar. She was named the 2005 UCSB Faculty Research Lecturer. She is a fellow of the IEEE, the American Physical Society (APS), and the AAAS, and holds an honorary doctorate of engineering from the University of Glasgow. From 1975 to 1981, Dr. Hu was a member of technical staff at Bell Laboratories in Holmdel, New Jersey. From 1981 to 1984, she served as a supervisor for VLSI (very-large-scale integration) patterning processes at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, New Jersey. In 1984, she joined UCSB as a professor of electrical and computer engineering. She received her B.A. in physics (summa cum laude) from Barnard College and her M.A. and Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University.

IAIN BLACK is senior director, Operations Matrix Platform, at Philips Lumileds. In this capacity he leads a team including several sub-con operations in Asia and a dedicated L2 factory in Penang, with the objective of building “up integrated” LED solutions in the illumination market. Previously, Mr. Black served as vice president, World Wide Manufacturing Engineering, Technology and Innovation, and focused on providing structure, vision, and direction for innovation, cost down, capacity expansion, dfx, and new product and technology introduction. He was general manager of the Lumileds San Jose plant from 2008 to 2010. Prior to his arrival at Lumileds, Mr. Black was for 8 years at Anadigics in Warren, New Jersey, where he was director of supply chain and a member of the senior management staff for wafer fabrication operations. From 1989 to 2000, he was with National Semiconductor UK where his duties focused on manufacturing lithography and etch fabrication. He holds a B.Sc. (honors) in electrical and electronic engineering from the University of Dundee.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.

NANCY CLANTON is founder and president of Clanton & Associates, a lighting design firm specializing in sustainable design. She is a fellow of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES, formerly the IESNA) and is a LEED-accredited professional. Ms. Clanton is a past member of the board of directors of the International Association of Lighting Designers (IALD) and the International Dark Sky Association (IDA) and serves as chairperson for the IES Outdoor Environmental Lighting Committee, the IES/IDA Model Lighting Ordinance Task Force, and the IES Mesopic Committee. Additionally, she serves as a member of the advisory committee of Environmental Building News, the professional advisory board for the Engineering Department at the University of Colorado, Boulder, and the U.S. Green Building Council. Ms. Clanton is a topic editor for the IESNA Lighting Handbook (9th edition), and her committee was responsible for the production of the IESNA Recommended Practices on Outdoor Lighting. She was group leader for the “Greening of the White House” initiative and received the 1999 Contribution to the Built Environment Award from the Colorado North Chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA). In 2001, Ms. Clanton served as a final editor for the Advanced Lighting Guidelines written by the California Energy Commission. She speaks throughout the nation on topics relating to sustainable design, energy efficiency, and light pollution. Her firm’s lighting design projects reflect her sustainable philosophy, and 10 of its projects have been named to the AIA Committee on the Environment Earth Day Top Ten List. Projects for which Clanton & Associates designed the lighting are LEED rated and several current projects are registered, certification pending. She obtained her B.S. in architectural engineering, illumination emphasis, from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and she is a registered professional engineer in the states of Colorado and Oregon.

WENDY DAVIS is an associate professor in lighting, the director of illumination design, and the associate dean (education) in the faculty of Architecture, Design and Planning at the University of Sydney. Prior to this appointment, she spent 7 years as a vision scientist in the Lighting and Color Group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States. Dr. Davis’s research focuses on lighting and color, with a particular interest in novel illumination applications of emerging and next-generation energy efficient lighting technologies. She is a member of the IES Color Committee, was the chair of the CIE (International Commission on Illumination, the Commission Internationale d’Eclerage) technical committee 1-69, “Colour Rendition by White Light Sources,” and was a member of the National Academies’ Committee on Assessment of Advanced Solid-State Lighting. With a colleague at NIST, she developed the color quality scale (CQS) to evaluate the color rendering properties of light sources for general illumination, leading to a 2009 U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal Award for Scientific/Engineering Achievement for developing measurement methods and technical standards to accelerate the commercialization of energy efficient, solid-state lighting products. Dr. Davis earned her Ph.D. (2004) and M.S. (2001) degrees from the University of California, Berkeley, in vision science after completing her B.A. (1999) in psychology and physiology at the University of Minnesota.

MICHAEL ETTENBERG is currently working with New York University (NYU) as a presidential fellow to help improve the educational process and create new opportunities for commercialization of NYU’s technologies. He retired from Sarnoff Corporation (formerly RCA Laboratories) after 35 years, ending as senior vice president in charge of all of Sarnoff’s device research, including a small silicon integrated circuit fabrication, TV displays, optoelectronics, and cameras. Dr. Ettenberg was elected to membership in the NAE for his work on optoelectronic components, including the evolution of practical and reliable semiconductor lasers. He also has extensive experience with III-V materials and optoelectronic devices. He developed the dielectric mirrors used on all of today’s laser diodes. Dr. Ettenberg has published 110 papers and has been awarded 35 patents, mainly in the area of optoelectronics. He also was president of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society and was a member of the Defense Science Board. He received his B.S. from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn and his M.S. and Ph.D. from NYU.

PEKKA HAKKARAINEN is vice president of government and industry relations at Lutron Electronics. He has held several technical, market development, and business development positions since joining Lutron in 1990. Dr. Hakkarainen has been involved in National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) activities since the mid-1990s, and he is the immediate past chair of the Lighting Systems Division. He currently chairs the High Performance Building Council as well as the Daylight Management Council. Dr. Hakkarainen has also served on the board of the Global Lighting Association and is the current chair of the General Assembly of the Connected Lighting Alliance. He is also a voting member of the ASHRAE 90.1 Committee and a member of the IES. Dr. Hakkarainen has served on two committees for the National Academies charged with evaluating public spending on solid-state lighting. He received B.A. and M.A. degrees in mathematics from Cambridge University, England, and a Ph.D. in plasma physics from MIT. He holds seven U.S. patents.

NADARAJAH NARENDRAN is director of research at the Lighting Research Center (LRC) and professor in the School of Architecture at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. He spearheads LRC’s Solid-State Lighting program with concentrated research efforts in the areas of light-emitting diode (LED) lighting performance, packaging, and appli-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.

cation. Dr. Narendran is a fellow member of the IES and organizes the Alliance for Solid-State Illumination Systems and Technologies. He has been awarded the Taylor Technical Talent Award for Best Technical Paper from the IES and the Pew Teaching Leadership Award. Dr. Narendran received a B.S. in physics from the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, and a Ph.D. and M.S. in physics from the University of Rhode Island.

MAXINE SAVITZ is a retired general manager of technology partnerships at Honeywell, Inc. Dr. Savitz was vice president of the NAE from 2006 to 2014. She has managed large research and development (R&D) programs in the federal government and the private sector. Some of her positions include the following: chief, Buildings Conservation Policy Research, Federal Energy Administration; professional manager, Research Applied to National Needs, NSF; division director, Buildings and Industrial Conservation, Energy Research and Development Administration; deputy assistant secretary for conservation, U.S. Department of Energy; president, Lighting Research Institute; and general manager, Ceramic Components, AlliedSignal, Inc. (now Honeywell). Dr. Savitz has extensive technical experience in materials, fuel cells, batteries and other storage devices, energy efficiency, and R&D management. She is a member of the NAE, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Science, and has been, or is serving as, a member of numerous public- and private-sector boards and has served on many energy-related and other National Academies committees. She has a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from MIT.

MICHAEL G. SPENCER is professor of electrical engineering at the Cornell University. His research interests are in the epitaxial and bulk growth of compound semiconductors, such as GaAs, SiC, and AlN (growth techniques include molecular beam epitaxy, vapor phase epitaxy, liquid phase epitaxy, and sublimation); microwave devices; solar cells; and electronic materials characterization techniques (including deep level transient spectroscopy and photoluminescence). His particular interest has been in the correlation of device performance with material growth and processing parameters. Dr. Spencer’s work has emphasized wide bandgap materials, and his group was the first to produce conducting AlN and thick films of beta SiC grown by the bulk sublimation technique. More recently, he has been involved with two-dimensional materials graphene and boron nitride. He is a recipient of the Presidential Young Investigator Award for 1985, the Alan Berman Research Publication Award from the Naval Research Laboratories in 1986 (for research leading to the first identification of a self interstitial defect in AlGaAs), the White House Initiative Faculty Award for Excellence in 1988, a Distinguished Visiting Scientist appointment at Jet Propulsion Laboratories in 1989, and a 1992 recipient of a NASA Certificate of Recognition. He is on the permanent committee for the Electronic Materials Conference and the Compound Semiconductor Conference, and he helped initiate and form the International Conference on Silicon Carbide and Related Materials.

CHING TANG is professor of chemical engineering at the University of Rochester. His research interests lie in the general areas of chemical and condensed matter physics and, in particular, organic electronics. Dr. Tang has been recognized for the invention of the high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Based on this key invention, a superior flat-panel display technology has been developed for electronics display applications from cellular phones to large-area high-definition television screens. He has also been recognized for the discovery of the organic hetero-junction diode. This discovery has been recognized as a milestone contribution to the field of organic electronics and opto-electronics. The hetero-junction device structure has been found to be the key to obtaining high performance in organic-based, thin-film devices, including OLEDs and solar cells. Dr. Tang’s recent research projects include the following: applications of organic electronic devices, OLEDs, solar cells, photoconductors, image sensors, and photoreceptors; basic studies of organic thin-film devices (charge injection, transport, recombination and luminescence properties) and metal-organic and organic-organic junction phenomena; and development of flat-panel display technology based on OLEDs. He has a Ph.D. from Cornell University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.
Page 87
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.
Page 88
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24619.
Page 89
Next: Appendix B: Committee Meetings and Presentations »
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The standard incandescent light bulb, which still works mainly as Thomas Edison invented it, converts more than 90% of the consumed electricity into heat. Given the availability of newer lighting technologies that convert a greater percentage of electricity into useful light, there is potential to decrease the amount of energy used for lighting in both commercial and residential applications. Although technologies such as compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) have emerged in the past few decades and will help achieve the goal of increased energy efficiency, solid-state lighting (SSL) stands to play a large role in dramatically decreasing U.S. energy consumption for lighting.

Since the publication of the 2013 National Research Council report Assessment of Advanced Solid-State Lighting, the penetration of SSL has increased dramatically, with a resulting savings in energy and costs that were foreshadowed by that study. What was not anticipated then is the dramatic dislocation and restructuring of the SSL marketplace, as cost reductions for light-emitting diode (LED) components reduced profitability for LED manufacturers. At the same time, there has been the emergence of new applications for SSL, which have the potential to create new markets and commercial opportunities for the SSL industry.

Assessment of Solid-State Lighting, Phase Two discusses these aspects of change—highlighting the progress of commercialization and acceptance of SSL and reviewing the technical advances and challenges in achieving higher efficacy for LEDs and organic light-emitting diodes. This report will also discuss the recent trends in SSL manufacturing and opportunities for new applications and describe the role played by the Department of Energy (DOE) Lighting Program in the development of SSL.

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