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Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing (2017)

Chapter:Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24650.
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Appendix D

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ALOS

Advanced Land Observing Satellite

ASCENDS

Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, & Seasons

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AVO

Alaska Volcano Observatory

CALIPSO

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation

CIDER

Cooperative Institute for Dynamic Earth Research

CIG

Computational Infrastructure for Geodynamics

CMG

Collaboration in Mathematical Geosciences

COSMO-SkyMed

Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation

CSEDI

Cooperative Studies of the Earth’s Deep Interior

DOAS

Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy

ENSO

El Niño–Southern Oscillation

FTIR

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy

GeoPRISMs

Geodynamic Processes at Rifting and Subducting Margins

GNSS

Global Navigation Satellite System

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GPS

Global Positioning System

IASI

Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer

InSAR

interferometric synthetic aperture radar

IR

infrared

IRIS

Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer

MLS

Microwave Limb Sounder

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR

National Center for Atmospheric Research

NERSC

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24650.
×

NSF

National Science Foundation

OMI

Ozone Monitoring Instrument

OMPS

Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite

PASSCAL

Portable Array Seismic Studies of the Continental Lithosphere

PDC

pyroclastic density current

PREVENTS

Prediction of and Resilience against Extreme Events

SAGE

Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment

SEES

Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability

TanDEM-X

TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

VDAP

Volcano Disaster Assistance Program

VEI

Volcano Explosivity Index

XSEDE

Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24650.
×
Page121
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24650.
×
Page122
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Volcanic eruptions are common, with more than 50 volcanic eruptions in the United States alone in the past 31 years. These eruptions can have devastating economic and social consequences, even at great distances from the volcano. Fortunately many eruptions are preceded by unrest that can be detected using ground, airborne, and spaceborne instruments. Data from these instruments, combined with basic understanding of how volcanoes work, form the basis for forecasting eruptions—where, when, how big, how long, and the consequences.

Accurate forecasts of the likelihood and magnitude of an eruption in a specified timeframe are rooted in a scientific understanding of the processes that govern the storage, ascent, and eruption of magma. Yet our understanding of volcanic systems is incomplete and biased by the limited number of volcanoes and eruption styles observed with advanced instrumentation. Volcanic Eruptions and Their Repose, Unrest, Precursors, and Timing identifies key science questions, research and observation priorities, and approaches for building a volcano science community capable of tackling them. This report presents goals for making major advances in volcano science.

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