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Guidebook for Developing Ramp Control Facilities (2017)

Chapter: ACRP Research Report 167 Guidebook for Developing Ramp Control Facilities

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Suggested Citation:"ACRP Research Report 167 Guidebook for Developing Ramp Control Facilities ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Guidebook for Developing Ramp Control Facilities. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24668.
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1 Introduction 1.1 Why Is This Guidebook Needed? Many U.S. airports experience aircraft congestion in the non-movement areas of their airport. This congestion is often attributed to compacted demand for gate space and/or inefficient terminal/gate configurations. This can result in delays for aircraft and passengers as well as create risks to ground crew safety. To manage this type of congestion, some large and medium hubs have implemented ramp control management efforts and procedures; however, airport ramp control efforts vary widely. This variance is due to three major factors: • No common definition of ramp control exists in the industry, • No guidance or regulations [such as Advisory Circulars (ACs)] on ramp control management have been promulgated, and • No requirements have been created or standardized for those conducting ramp control activi- ties [e.g., standard operating procedures (SOPs) or certification processes]. At the time of this printing, 28 airports in the U.S. currently engage in ramp control activi- ties (see Appendix E). Among these airports, ramp control services are conducted by either an airline, the airport, or a third party under contract to the airport. In some cases, a combination of these parties provides ramp control service. At only two airports are ramp control activities conducted solely by airport personnel—Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD) and McCarran International Airport (LAS). Of the airports interviewed as part of this guidance, those that decided to take on ramp con- trol responsibility said they did so for reasons unique to their own airport management vision, e.g., to avoid conflicts between competing airlines (to ensure equitable distribution of access), to support a common-use operating environment, or to resolve/mitigate ramp-related safety and/or operational challenges when no airline was willing to take on ramp control responsibility. Considering the changes in the markets served by the airlines that have occurred over the past few years, creating or increasing air traffic demand where none or little existed, the potential for increased delays at many airports due to ramp congestion or lack of gate availability has grown. Airports experiencing these types of operational challenges may want to consider various options for managing ramps and/or gate usage in order to more effectively monitor and control these areas, even though that may require an effort to modify or renegotiate existing tenant agreements. In many airport situations, effective ramp control has reduced ramp congestion through better managed decision making, which enables the airport to maximize gate usage and optimize use of available ramp space. This guidance may also be helpful as airports consider the implications of emerging technolo- gies that have the potential to enhance situational awareness related to surface traffic manage- ment. New technologies are anticipated to link an airport’s surface operations to the capacity C h a p t e r 1

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TRB's Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Research Report 167: Guidebook for Developing Ramp Control Facilities provides guidance to airport operators considering providing ramp control services. An accompanying

Ramp Control Decision Support Tool

assists users through most considerations before providing ramp control services, including facility requirements, staffing, training, and technology and other factors, allowing the user to determine the best way to move forward.

The Ramp Control Decision Support Tool is implemented in a sequence of HTML files and Javascript libraries that can be navigated using a web browser. The current version of the tool supports Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox browsers.

In order to use the install and start the tool please use the following steps:

1. Copy the provided zip file with the tool to a local directory.

2. Unzip the contents of the zip file to this directory.

3. Open index.html file using either Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox.

4. The welcome page provides a general overview of the tool.

5. Click on the Get Started button to start uisng the tool. This will lead to Step 1 questions.

6. Provide responses to questions included in Step 1 and when done click on the Next button.

7. Repeat for Steps 2 and 3.

8. When done answering the questions for all three steps click on Report to automatically generate a report with all provided answers.

9. The report can be printed by clicking on Print button.

Disclaimer: This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB") be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

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