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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Driving Action and Progress on
Obesity Prevention and Treatment

Proceedings of a Workshop

Steve Olson, Rapporteur

Roundtable on Obesity Solutions

Food and Nutrition Board

Health and Medicine Division

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This project was supported by Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; Alliance for a Healthier Generation; American Academy of Pediatrics; American College of Sports Medicine; American Council on Exercise; American Heart Association; American Society for Nutrition; Bipartisan Policy Center; Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation; The California Endowment; ChildObesity180/Tufts University; Edelman; General Mills Foundation; Greater Rochester Health Foundation; HealthPartners; Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation; The JPB Foundation; Kaiser Permanente; The Kresge Foundation; Mars, Inc.; Nemours; Nestlé Nutrition; Nestlé USA; Novo Nordisk; The Obesity Society; Partnership for a Healthier America; Reebok, International; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Salud America!; and YMCA of the USA. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45743-9
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45743-2
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24734

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/24734.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON DRIVING ACTION AND PROGRESS ON OBESITY PREVENTION AND TREATMENT—A WORKSHOP1

WILLIAM (BILL) H. DIETZ (Chair), Director, Sumner M. Redstone Global Center for Prevention and Wellness, Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC

CAPT. HEIDI BLANCK, Obesity Chief, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CHRISTINA ECONOMOS, Vice-Chair and Director, ChildObesity180, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts

DAVID D. FUKUZAWA, Managing Director, Health and Human Services, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

BECKY JOHNSON, Executive Director, Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation, Washington, DC

BILL PURCELL, Attorney, Farmer Purcell White & Lassiter, PLLC, Nashville, Tennessee

Health and Medicine Division Staff

LYNN PARKER, Scholar (until April 2017)

LESLIE J. SIM, Senior Program Officer

HEATHER DEL VALLE COOK, Senior Program Officer

AMANDA NGUYEN, Research Associate

DARA SHEFSKA, Research Assistant

RENEE GETHERS, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON OBESITY SOLUTIONS1

BILL PURCELL (Chair), Farmer Purcell White & Lassiter, PLLC, Nashville, Tennessee

RUSSELL R. PATE (Vice Chair), University of South Carolina, Columbia

MARY T. STORY (Vice Chair), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

SHARON ADAMS-TAYLOR, American Association of School Administrators, Alexandria, Virginia

CAPT. HEIDI BLANCK, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

JEANNE BLANKENSHIP, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Washington, DC

DON W. BRADLEY, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

CEDRIC X. BRYANT, American Council on Exercise, San Diego, California

HEIDI F. BURKE, Greater Rochester Health Foundation, Rochester, New York

DEBBIE I. CHANG, Nemours Children’s Health System, Newark, Delaware

JOHN COURTNEY, American Society for Nutrition, Bethesda, Maryland

ANNE DATTILO, Nestlé Nutrition, Florham Park, New Jersey

CHRISTINA ECONOMOS, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts

IHUOMA ENELI, American Academy for Pediatrics, Columbus, Ohio

DAVID D. FUKUZAWA, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

PAUL GRIMWOOD, Nestlé USA, Glendale, California

MARJORIE INNOCENT, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Baltimore, Maryland

BECKY JOHNSON, Healthy Weight Commitment Foundation, Washington, DC

SCOTT I. KAHAN, George Washington University, Washington, DC

SHIRIKI KUMANYIKA, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

CATHERINE KWIK-URIBE, Mars, Inc., Germantown, Maryland

THEODORE (TED) KYLE, The Obesity Society, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

MATT LONGJOHN, YMCA of the USA, Chicago, Illinois

LISEL LOY, Bipartisan Policy Center, Washington, DC

MYETA M. MOON, United Way Worldwide, Alexandria, Virginia

BARBARA PICOWER, The JPB Foundation, New York, New York

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. Responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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SUE POLIS, National League of Cities, Washington, DC

AMELIE G. RAMIREZ, Salud America!, San Antonio, Texas

OLIVIA ROANHORSE, Notah Begay III Foundation, Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico

KEVIN R. RONNEBERG, HealthPartners, Minneapolis, Minnesota

SYLVIA ROWE, S.R. Strategy, LLC, Washington, DC

JAMES F. SALLIS, University of California, San Diego

EDUARDO J. SANCHEZ, American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas

LAWRENCE SOLER, Partnership for a Healthier America, Washington, DC

LOEL S. SOLOMON, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California

MARION STANDISH, The California Endowment, Oakland, California

MAHA TAHIRI, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota

KATHLEEN TULLIE, Reebok, International, Canton, Massachusetts

TISH VAN DYKE, Edelman, Washington, DC

MONICA HOBBS VINLUAN, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, New Jersey

HOWELL WECHSLER, Alliance for a Healthier Generation, New York, New York

JAMES R. WHITEHEAD, American College of Sports Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

JENNIFER ZUCKERMAN, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation, Durham

TRACY ZVENYACH, Novo Nordisk, Inc., Washington, DC

Health and Medicine Division Staff

LYNN PARKER, Scholar (until April 2017)

LESLIE J. SIM, Senior Program Officer

HEATHER DEL VALLE COOK, Senior Program Officer

AMANDA NGUYEN, Research Associate

DARA SHEFSKA, Research Assistant

RENEE GETHERS, Senior Program Assistant

GERALDINE KENNEDO, Administrative Assistant

ANN L. YAKTINE, Director, Food and Nutrition Board

Consultant

WILLIAM (BILL) H. DIETZ, George Washington University, Washington, DC

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop:

CATHERINE KWIK-URIBE, Mars, Inc.

THEODORE (TED) KYLE, The Obesity Society

MEGAN NECHANICKY, General Mills, Inc.

APRIL OH, National Cancer Institute

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by CONNIE WEAVER, Purdue University. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Driving Action and Progress on Obesity Prevention and Treatment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24734.
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After decades of increases in the obesity rate among U.S. adults and children, the rate recently has dropped among some populations, particularly young children. What are the factors responsible for these changes? How can promising trends be accelerated? What else needs to be known to end the epidemic of obesity in the United States?

To examine these and other pressing questions, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions, of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, held a workshop in September 2016. The workshop brought together leaders from business, early care and education, government, health care, and philanthropy to discuss the most promising approaches for the future of obesity prevention and treatment. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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