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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

People Living
with Disabilities

HEALTH EQUITY,
HEALTH DISPARITIES, AND
HEALTH LITERACY

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Joe Alper, Rapporteur

Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity

Roundtable on Health Literacy

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and Abbvie Inc.; Aetna Foundation; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HHSP23337024); American Dental Association; Bristol-Myers Squibb; The Colorado Trust; East Bay Community Foundation (Kaiser Permanente); Eli Lilly and Company; Health Literacy Media; Health Literacy Partners; Health Resources and Services Administration (HHSH25034011T); Humana; Institute for Healthcare Advancement; The Kresge Foundation; Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp.; National Institutes of Health (HHSN26300054); National Library of Medicine; Northwell Health; Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (HHSP23337043); Office of Minority Health at the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services; UnitedHealth Group; and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Health Equity. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45789-7
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45789-0
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24741

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People living with disabilities: Health equity, health disparities, and health literacy: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24741.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON PEOPLE LIVING WITH DISABILITIES: HEALTH EQUITY, HEALTH DISPARITIES, AND HEALTH LITERACY1

MARIN P. ALLEN, Deputy Associate Director for Communications and Public Liaison and Director of Public Information, National Institutes of Health

WILMA ALVARADO-LITTLE, Principal and Founder, Alvarado-Little Consulting, LLC

CINDY BRACH, Senior Health Policy Researcher, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

IRENE DANKWA-MULLAN, Deputy Director and Medical Officer, Division of Scientific Programs, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health

VANESSA NEHUS, Principal Investigator, Partners for Inclusive Communities, University of Arkansas

CHRISTINE RAMEY, Deputy Director, Office of Health Equity, Health Resources and Services Administration

MELISSA A. SIMON, Vice Chair of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, George H. Gardner Professor of Clinical Gynecology, Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Preventive Medicine and Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

HEATHER WILLIAMSON, Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Northern Arizona University

Project Staff

KAREN ANDERSON, Senior Program Officer

MELISSA FRENCH, Program Officer

LYLA HERNANDEZ, Senior Program Officer

ANNA MARTIN, Senior Program Assistant

ALEXIS WOJTOWICZ, Senior Program Assistant

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON THE PROMOTION OF HEALTH EQUITY1

ANTONIA M. VILLARRUEL (Chair), Professor and Margaret Bond Simon Dean of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

PATRICIA BAKER, President and CEO, Connecticut Health Foundation

JULIE A. BALDWIN, Professor, Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Human Services, Northern Arizona University

GILLIAN BARCLAY, Healthcare Industry Specialist, Nevada Governor’s Office of Economic Development

REBECCA BRUNE, Senior Vice President, Strategic Planning and Growth, Methodist Healthcare Ministries of South Texas, Inc.

NED CALONGE, President and CEO, The Colorado Trust

LUTHER T. CLARK, Executive Director of Global Scientific Medical and Patient Perspective, Office of the Chief Medical Officer, Merck & Co., Inc.

FRANCISCO GARCÍA, Director and Chief Medical Officer, Pima County Department of Health

J. NADINE GRACIA, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Minority Health, Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

JEFFREY A. HENDERSON, President and CEO, Black Hills Center for American Indian Health

EVE J. HIGGINBOTHAM, Vice Dean, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

CARA V. JAMES, Director, Office of Minority Health, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

MELENIE MAGNOTTA, Director of Operations, Aetna Foundation

OCTAVIO N. MARTINEZ, Executive Director, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, Associate Vice President, Division of Diversity and Community Engagement, Clinical Professor, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin

NEWELL E. McELWEE, Assistant Vice President, Market Partners, Center for Observational and Real World Evidence, Merck Research Laboratories, Merck & Co., Inc.

PHYLLIS D. MEADOWS, Senior Fellow, Health Program, The Kresge Foundation

CHRISTINE RAMEY, Deputy Director, Office of Health Equity, Health Resources and Services Administration

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

MELISSA A. SIMON, Vice Chair of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, George H. Gardner Professor of Clinical Gynecology, Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Preventive Medicine and Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

PATTIE TUCKER, Associate Director for Health Equity, Division of Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

UCHE S. UCHENDU, Executive Director, Office of Health Equity, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

ROHIT VARMA, Grace and Emery Beardsley Professor and Chair, University of Southern California (USC) Department of Ophthalmology, Director, USC Eye Institute, Associate Dean for Strategic Planning and Network Development, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

WINSTON F. WONG, Medical Director, Community Benefit Director, Disparities Improvement and Quality Initiatives, Kaiser Permanente

Health and Medicine Division Staff

KAREN M. ANDERSON, Senior Program Officer

ANNA W. MARTIN, Senior Program Assistant

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON HEALTH LITERACY1

BERNARD ROSOF (Chair), Chief Executive Officer, Quality in Healthcare Advisory Group, LLC

MARIN P. ALLEN, Deputy Associate Director for Communications and Public Liaison and Director of Public Information, National Institutes of Health

WILMA ALVARADO-LITTLE, Principal and Founder, Alvarado-Little Consulting, LLC

SUZANNE BAKKEN, Alumni Professor of Nursing and Professor of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University

CINDY BRACH, Senior Health Policy Researcher, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

GEM DAUS, Public Health Analyst, Health Resources and Services Administration

TERRY DAVIS, Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

CHRISTOPHER DEZII, Director, Healthcare Quality and Performance Measures, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company

JENNIFER DILLAHA, Medical Director for Immunizations, Medical Advisor, Health Literacy and Communication, Arkansas Department of Health

JAMES (JAY) DUHIG, Head, Risk Communication and Behavioral Systems, Office of Patient Safety, AbbVie Inc.

ALICIA FERNANDEZ, Professor of Clinical Medicine, University of California, San Francisco

LAURIE FRANCIS, Senior Director of Clinic Operations and Quality, Oregon Primary Care Association

LORI HALL, Advisor, Health Health Literacy, Eli Lilly and Company

LINDA HARRIS, Division Director, Health Communication and eHealth Team, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

BETSY L. HUMPHREYS, Acting Director, National Library of Medicine

MARGARET LOVELAND, Senior Director, Global Medical Affairs, Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp.

LAURIE MYERS, Global Health Literacy Director, Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp.

CATINA O’LEARY, President and Chief Executive Officer, Health Literacy Missouri

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

MARYLYNN OSTROWSKI, Executive Director, Aetna Foundation

MICHAEL PAASCHE-ORLOW, Associate Professor of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine

TERRI ANN PARNELL, Principal and Founder, Health Literacy Partners

KIM PARSON, Strategic Consultant, Proactive Care Strategies, Humana

KAVITA PATEL, Managing Director for Clinical Transformation and Delivery, The Brookings Institution

ANDREW PLEASANT, Senior Director for Health Literacy and Research, Canyon Ranch Institute

LINDSEY A. ROBINSON, Thirteenth District Trustee, American Dental Association

STACEY ROSEN, Associate Professor of Cardiology, and Vice President, Women’s Health, The Katz Institute for Women’s Health, Hofstra North Shore–Long Island Jewish School of Medicine

RIMA RUDD, Senior Lecturer on Health Literacy, Education, and Policy, Harvard School of Public Health

STEVEN RUSH, Director, Health Literacy Innovations, UnitedHealth Group

PAUL M. SCHYVE, Senior Advisor, Healthcare Improvement, Joint Commission

MICHAEL VILLAIRE, Chief Executive Officer, Institute for Healthcare Advancement

EARNESTINE WILLIS, Kellner Professor in Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin

MICHAEL WOLF, Professor, Medicine and Learning Sciences, Associate Division Chief–Research Division of General Internal Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

WINSTON F. WONG, Medical Director, Community Benefit Director, Disparities Improvement and Quality Initiatives, Kaiser Permanente

Consultant

RUTH PARKER, Professor of Medicine, Pediatrics, and Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine

Health and Medicine Division Staff

LYLA M. HERNANDEZ, Senior Program Officer

MELISSA FRENCH, Program Officer

ALEXIS WOJTOWICZ, Senior Program Assistant (from May 2016)

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Senior Board Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

HANK HOANG, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

ALICE M. HOROWITZ, University of Maryland School of Public Health

TERRI ANN PARNELL, Health Literacy Partners

MICHAEL VILLAIRE, Institute for Healthcare Advancement

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by ENRIQUETA BOND, Burroughs Wellcome Fund. She was responsible for making certain that an indepen-

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

dent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

Acknowledgments

The roundtables are grateful to the sponsors of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Roundtable on Health Literacy, who made it possible to plan and conduct the workshop on the relevance of health equity, health disparities, and health literacy to persons living with disabilities, which this Proceedings of a Workshop summarizes. Federal sponsorship was provided by the Agency for Healthcare Resources and Quality; Health Resources and Services Administration; National Institutes of Health; National Library of Medicine; Office of Disease Prevention and Promotion; Office of Minority Health at the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services; and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Health Equity. Non-federal sponsorship was provided by Abbvie Inc.; Aetna Foundation; American Dental Association; Bristol-Myers Squibb; The Colorado Trust; East Bay Community Foundation (Kaiser Permanente); Eli Lilly and Company; Health Literacy Media; Health Literacy Partners; Humana; Institute for Healthcare Advancement; The Kresge Foundation; Merck Sharpe & Dohme Corp.; Northwell Health; and UnitedHealth Group.

The workshop presentations and subsequent discussions were both interesting and stimulating, and the roundtables would like to thank each of the speakers and panel moderators. Speakers and moderators were, in alphabetical order, Susan Aarup, Toyin Ajayi, Marin P. Allen, Katherine Bishop, Sherman Gillums, Jr., Susan M. Havercamp, Robert (Bob) E. Johnson, Diane Kearns, Beth Marks, Karen L. Marshall, Monika Mitra, Vanessa Nehus, Michael Paasche-Orlow, Rosa Palacios, Christine Ramey, Bernard Rosof, Melissa Simon, Eva Marie Stahl, Antonia Villarruel, Heather J. Williamson, Tom Wilson, and Silvia Yee.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×
Page xviii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ACA Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
ADA Americans with Disabilities Act
ADAPT Americans Disabled Attendant Programs Today
AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
AIAN American Indian and Alaska Native
ASL American Sign Language
CBO community-based organization
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CHIPRA Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act
CLASS Community Living Assistance and Support Services
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
DALY disability-adjusted life year
DoD U.S. Department of Defense
DSRIP Delivery System Reform Incentive Payment
EHR electronic health record
HCS Home Community-Based Service
HEDIS Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set
HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
MDCP Medically Dependent Children Program
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
×
NH non-Hispanic
NHIS National Health Interview Survey
NHPI Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
NIH National Institutes of Health
NY-START New York Systemic, Therapeutic, Assessment, Resource, and Treatment system
PACE Program for All-Inclusive Care of the Elderly
PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
SSI Supplemental Security Income
STAR State of Texas Access Reform
START Systemic, Therapeutic, Assessment, Resource, and Treatment
UCEDD University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities
UNH University of New Hampshire
VA U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
WHO World Health Organization
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. People Living with Disabilities: Health Equity, Health Disparities, and Health Literacy: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24741.
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Poor health literacy has many negative consequences for achieving the quadruple aim of better care, improving the health of the community and the population, providing affordable care, and improving the work life of health care providers, and those consequences disproportionately affect those individuals with disabilities and those who experience health disparities. To better understand how health literacy, health equity, and health disparities intersect for individuals living with disabilities, the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity and the Elimination of Health Disparities and the Roundtable on Health Literacy jointly sponsored a workshop that was held on June 14, 2016, in Washington, DC. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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