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Page 23
Suggested Citation:"5. Appendix B." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A Review of the Department of Transportation's Plan for Analyzing and Testing Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Letter Report (Phase 2). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24903.
Page 24
Suggested Citation:"5. Appendix B." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A Review of the Department of Transportation's Plan for Analyzing and Testing Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Letter Report (Phase 2). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24903.
Page 25
Suggested Citation:"5. Appendix B." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A Review of the Department of Transportation's Plan for Analyzing and Testing Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Letter Report (Phase 2). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24903.
Page 26
Suggested Citation:"5. Appendix B." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A Review of the Department of Transportation's Plan for Analyzing and Testing Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Letter Report (Phase 2). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24903.

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  15 Appendix B Biographical Information: Committee on the Review of Department of Transportation Testing of Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Louis J. Lanzerotti, Chair, is Distinguished Research Professor in the Department of Physics at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. He is a retired Distinguished Member of Technical Staff of Bell Laborato- ries Lucent Technologies, where his responsibilities included supervision of laboratories and research and development. His principal research interests include space plasmas, geophysics, and engineering prob- lems related to the impacts of atmospheric and space processes and the space environment on space and terrestrial technologies. He has served as chair of a number of National Research Council boards and committees, including the Space Studies Board, the Committee on Electric Vehicle Controls and Unin- tended Acceleration, the Committee on the Assessment of Options for Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope, and the Committee on Safety and Security of Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage. Dr. Lanzerotti also served three terms as a member of the Academies’ Report Review Committee. He has been principal investigator (PI) on National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and commer- cial space satellite missions; he is PI for instruments on the currently flying NASA dual spacecraft Van Allen Probes mission. Dr. Lanzerotti was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1988. He received a PhD in physics from Harvard University. Mehdi Ahmadian is Dan Pletta Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), where he is also Director of the Center for Vehicle Systems and Safety (CVeSS) and the Railway Technologies Laboratory (RTL). He is the founding director of CVeSS, RTL, the Virginia Institute for Performance Engineering and Research, and the Advanced Vehicle Dy- namics Laboratory. Before joining Virginia Tech, Dr. Ahmadian worked as Lead Design Engineer at General Electric Transportation Systems and in various engineering and management positions at Lord Corporation. He has authored more than 130 archival journal publications and more than 250 conference publications and has given a number of keynote lectures. He has edited six technical proceedings and has made more than 300 technical presentations on topics related to advanced technologies for ground vehi- cles. He holds 10 U.S. and international patents and has edited four technical volumes. He serves as Edi- tor for the International Journal of Vehicle System Dynamics, Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Vibration and Control, and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Shock and Vibration. He has served as Editor-in-Chief for Advances in Automobile Engineering (2010–2014) and as Associate Editor for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Journal of Vibration and Acoustics (1989–1996), the American Institute of Aero- nautics and Astronautics Journal (2000–2008), and Shock and Vibration (2003–2011). Dr. Ahmadian is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, a Fellow of the Society of Automotive Engi- neers (SAE International), and an Associate Fellow of the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astro- nautics. His most recent professional awards include the 2008 SAE International Forest R. McFarland Award; the 2014 SAE International L. Ray Buckendale Award with a plenary lecture on Integrating Elec- tromechanical Systems in Commercial Vehicles for Improved Handling, Stability, and Comfort; and the 2015 SAE Lloyd L. Withrow Distinguished Speaker Award. Dr. Ahmadian is an active member of SAE International. His activities include Member, Executive Nominating Committee; Member-at-Large, SAE Membership Board; Executive Council Member, SAE International Commercial Vehicle Engineering

16 Congress (COMVEC); Activity Chair, COMVEC 2015; Activity Chair, COMVEC 2010; and past Chair of the SAE Chassis and Suspension Committee. He received a PhD in mechanical engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo. Marshall Beck, of M. Beck Consulting, LLC, is the former Senior Vice President of Marketing and Sales at New York Air Brake Company (retired). During his 25-year career at New York Air Brake, he provid- ed leadership on corporate vision and product innovation efforts, including the design and launch of the locomotive computer control brake (CCB II), EP-60, and LEADER train-handling technologies. Mr. Beck holds a number of related patents. Before he joined New York Air Brake, he was the Director of Market- ing at Bombardier, where he was responsible for passenger rail in both commuter and intercity markets. He has a master’s degree and a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the Royal Military Col- lege of Canada. Philip J. Daum is a Principal at Engineering Systems, Inc. He specializes in mechanical engineering, re- search, development, and experimental testing. He has conducted complex, multidisciplinary research and failure and accident investigations pertaining to freight and transit railroads, cargo and portable tanks, transportation equipment systems and components, and hazardous materials. Mr. Daum has investigated reliability, durability, crashworthiness, security performance, and regulatory compliance. His industrial experience over 35 years includes design of railroad rolling stock, trucks and bogies, brakes, draft sys- tems, valves, pressure relief devices, safety equipment, and operating components and systems. He is also experienced in technology evaluations, intellectual property analysis, equipment qualification, health monitoring, and maintenance. Mr. Daum received a BS in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and holds professional engineering licenses in Illinois and California. Jenny L. Ferren is the manager of the Structural Dynamics and Product Assurance Section at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI). She leads a team of engineers and technicians engaged in applied research, development, and independent testing services for the aerospace, automotive, nuclear, roadside safety, telecommunications, marine, and oil and gas industries and for the U.S. military. She has more than 20 years of experience in experimental structural dynamics, physical environmental testing, failure mode analysis, data acquisition, and analysis, as well as mechanical design and product development, for which she holds two patents. Her project work at SwRI has primarily included engineering stress screening and qualification testing to assess functionality, structural integrity, and compatibility of equipment subjected to extreme environmental conditions. She oversees reliability evaluations and model validation testing to support structural and dynamic analysis of large-scale systems. Ms. Ferren is responsible for business de- velopment efforts, including financial growth and promotional activities for the section, and serves as the system administrator responsible for maintaining the Structural Engineering Department’s ISO 9001, ISO 17025, and NQA-1 quality programs. She received a BS in mechanical engineering from Texas A&M University and an MBA from Texas A&M University–San Antonio. Roger L. McCarthy, of McCarthy Engineering, is a private engineering consultant and a director of Shui on Land, Ltd., which is involved in large-scale urban redevelopment in the People’s Republic of China. Dr. McCarthy has substantial experience in the analysis of failures of an engineering or scientific nature. He has investigated the grounding of the Exxon Valdez, the explosion and loss of the Piper Alpha oil plat- form in the North Sea, the fire and explosion on the semisubmersible Glomar Arctic II, and the rudder failure on the very large crude carrier Amoco Cadiz. Previously, Dr. McCarthy was chairman emeritus of Exponent, Inc., and chairman of Exponent Science and Technology Consulting Company, Ltd. (Hang- zhou, China). In 1992, he was appointed by the first President Bush to the President’s Commission on the National Medal of Science. Dr. McCarthy served as a member of the National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council Committee on the Analysis of Causes of the Deepwater Horizon Explo- sion, Fire, and Oil Spill to Identify Measures to Prevent Similar Accidents in the Future and of the Com- mittee on Options for Implementing the Requirement of Best Available and Safest Technologies for Off-

  17 shore Oil and Gas Operations. He served as a member of the Committee on the Evaluation of the Federal Railroad Administration Research and Development Program. Dr. McCarthy received a PhD in mechani- cal engineering from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was elected to the National Acad- emy of Engineering in 2004. Raúl Radovitzky is Associate Director, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies, and a Professor of Aero- nautics and Astronautics, MIT. He joined MIT’s Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics in 2001 as the Charles Stark Draper Assistant Professor. His research interests are in the development of advanced concepts and material systems for blast, ballistic, and impact protection. To this end, his research group develops theoretical and computational descriptions of the physical event and its effects on structures and humans, including advanced computational methods and algorithms for large-scale simulation. The re- sulting models help to improve understanding of the various physical components of the problem and thus to design protective systems. Dr. Radovitzky’s educational interests include computational mechanics, continuum mechanics, aerospace structures, mechanics of materials, numerical methods, and high- performance computing. He is a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the International Association of Computational Mechanics, the American Academy of Mechanics, the Mate- rials Research Society, the U.S. Association of Computational Mechanics, and the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He has served on the following National Academies committees: the Committee on Review of Test Protocols Used by the DoD to Test Combat Helmets and the Committee on Opportuni- ties in Protection Materials Science and Technology for Future Army Applications. Dr. Radovitzky re- ceived a PhD in aeronautical engineering from the California Institute of Technology. Patrick J. Student is former Director of Hazardous Material and Hazardous Materials Management, Un- ion Pacific Railroad Company (retired). He has more than 41 years of experience in hazardous materials transportation by rail. He was responsible for interpreting hazardous materials regulations and railroad operating rules and developing systems for compliance with them. He was also a consultant on tank car issues and properties of materials being transported. Mr. Student has served as chairman and member of the AAR Hazardous Materials Committee and the AAR Tank Car Committee and has been chairman or a member of many of their task forces. He was a member of the Next Generation Rail Tank Car Project and is a member of the Advanced Tank Car Collaborative Research Project. He is a developer of structured electronic data interchange (EDI) for hazardous materials transportation and has served as chairman of the AAR EDI Hazardous Materials Technical Advisory Group. Mr. Student holds a BS in chemistry from the University of Missouri at Rolla. Gerhard A. Thelen is the former Vice President of Operations Planning and Support for Norfolk South- ern Corporation, where he was responsible for operations planning, policies, budgets, research and tests, and quality management functions from 2006 until he retired in 2013. Mr. Thelen joined Norfolk South- ern in 1977 and served in quality, engineering, research, and mechanical positions—including Assistant Vice President of Research and Tests—before being named Vice President, Mechanical, in 2004. Norfolk Southern began running unit trains with electronically controlled pneumatic brakes on certain lines in late 2007. He served as a member of the National Academies Committee to Review USDOT Five-Year RD&T Strategic Plan and the Committee for Review of the Federal Railroad Administration Research, Development, and Demonstration Programs. Mr. Thelen has a master’s degree in industrial engineering from Pennsylvania State University. Elton Toma is a senior engineer at the Automotive and Surface Transportation portfolio at the National Research Council Canada. In that position he has worked on research projects related to the testing and analysis of all modes of surface transportation, including freight and passenger rail vehicles, heavy-haul highway trucks, and off-road military vehicles. Most recently, he has worked closely with Transport Can- ada on guidelines for the marshaling of trains to reduce in-train forces, on the analysis of emergency stop- ping distances of freight trains, and on route risk analysis. Previously, he was a vehicle dynamics analyst

18 at the Transportation Technology Center, Inc. (TTCI), in Pueblo, Colorado. At TTCI he was involved in the on-track testing and computer modeling of freight and passenger rail vehicles. He has a PhD in me- chanical engineering from Queen’s University. His PhD research focused on the analysis of train derail- ments. His work produced a computer model of a train derailment, which was the only model available for derailment simulation at the time.

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A Review of the Department of Transportation's Plan for Analyzing and Testing Electronically Controlled Pneumatic Brakes Letter Report (Phase 2) Get This Book
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TRB's Committee on the Review of the Department of Transportation's (DOT) Testing of Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Brakes has issued its final letter report. In response to a Congressional request, the committee reviews the conduct of DOT's tests, reports of test results, and analysis comparing the performance of ECP brakes relative to other braking technologies in reducing the incidence and severity of spills of crude oil or ethanol from derailments.

The committee's report reviewing DOT's test and analysis plan, issued in February 2017, recommends that DOT test the timing of brake propagation for alternative systems, conduct statistical analyses of the multiple factors contributing to derailments, and extend its validation of its modeling and simulation approaches for comparing ECP brakes to other brake systems. The committee’s letter report reviewing the results of DOT’s testing and analysis, issued in September 2017, finds that DOT’s efforts to validate its model and simulation approaches are incomplete and unconvincing. Based on the results of testing and analysis provided by DOT, the committee is unable to make a conclusive statement about the emergency performance of ECP brakes relative to other braking systems.

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