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Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments (2018)

Chapter:Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Appendix F

List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots

Many of the plots in this report were generated by staff of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine using publicly available data from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to examine historical degree completions trends. These data were accessed via the online Web-based Computer-Assisted Science Policy Analysis and Research (WebCASPAR) System, managed by the National Science Foundation (NSF), https://ncsesdata.nsf.gov/webcaspar/. Minimal computation was applied (for example, adding, multiplying, or dividing one data set by another) to retrieved data prior to plotting. In general, lines connecting the data points were plotted without symbols representing each point to make the plots easier to read. This appendix describes details of what data were used in each of these plots—including Data Source, Survey, and Classifications Variables—for the interested reader who might want to reproduce these data sets. The descriptions are organized by figure number in the following.

FIGURE 2.1

Caption:

Historical year-to-year U.S. production of bachelor’s degrees in computer and information science and support services (CIS, black line), core CS (dark gray line), and computer engineering (CE, light gray line), in absolute number (top row) and as a percentage (bottom row) of all bachelor’s degrees at all institutions (left column) and at not-for-profit institutions (right column). The total number of bachelor’s degrees produced in the United States each year in all fields is included in the top row for all institutions (left panel) and for not-for-profit institutions

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

(right panel) as a dashed line for reference, with the vertical scale indicated on the right-hand axis.

IPEDS Data:

Number of Degrees, All Institutions

CIS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Core CS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

CE degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09 (Computer Engineering)

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Total degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Number of Degrees, Not-for-Profit Institutions

Plot includes data for only 1987 on, as for-profits were not directly identified prior to 1987.

CIS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Core CS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

CE degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09 (Computer Engineering)

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Total degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Share: Percentages determined by dividing CS and CE bachelor’s degree completions by year (described earlier), respectively, each by the total number of bachelor’s degrees produced in each year (left-hand plot) and the total number of degrees produced at not-for-profit institutions (right-hand plot) in the corresponding year.

FIGURE 2.2

Caption:

Number and share of U.S. degrees in CIS awarded to students designated as temporary residents of the United States (foreign students).

IPEDS Data:

Number of CIS Degrees Awarded to Temporary Residents over Time

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Race & Ethnicity (survey-specific): Temporary Resident

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees, Master’s Degrees, Doctorate Degrees (including Doctorate Degrees, Doctorate Degree-Research/Scholarship, Doctorate Degree-Professional Practice, Doctorate Degree-Other)

Plot includes data for only 1977 on. Data for all category of “Doctorate” degree in a given year was added together to yield the total.

Percentage of CIS Degrees Awarded to Temporary Residents over Time

Absolute numbers of each level of CS degree completed by temporary residents produced in a given year were divided by the total number of the corresponding type of CS degree produced in the corresponding year to yield

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

the data plotted. Total numbers of each level of CS degree were obtained via the following query:

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race(NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees, Master’s Degrees, Doctorate Degrees (including Doctorate Degrees, Doctorate Degree-Research/Scholarship, Doctorate Degree-Professional Practice, Doctorate Degree-Other)

FIGURE 2.3

Caption:

Bachelor’s degree production from 1987 to 2015 in CIS and CE at public, private, and for-profit institutions reporting to IPEDS.

IPEDS Data:

CIS Degree completions by year and for-profit status

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit, Private Institutions: For-Profit

Computer Engineering Degree completions by year and for-profit status

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09 (Computer Engineering)

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (standardized): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit, Private Institutions: For-Profit

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

FIGURE 2.4

Caption:

Total annual bachelor’s degree production over time for public, private, and for-profit institutions (all academic fields). Private not-for-profit and private for-profit institutions were not distinguished prior to 1987.

IPEDS Data:

Bachelor’s degree completions by year and institution type

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit, Private Institutions: For-Profit

Prior to 1987, IPEDS did not distinguish between private for-profit and private not-for-profit institutions; the total number of degrees completed at all private institutions is plotted as a dashed line prior to 1987. Degrees awarded at institutions without a designated Institutional Control (of which there are relatively few) are not plotted.

FIGURE 2.5

Caption:

CIS bachelor’s degree production by category of institution. Categories include only not-for-profit institutions, unless otherwise indicated.

IPEDS Data:

Bachelor’s degree completions by year and institution type

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Carnegie Classification 2010, Basic (survey-specific): Research Universities-Very High Research Activity, Research Universities-High Re-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

search Activity, Doctoral/Research Universities, Master’s Colleges and Universities, Baccalaureate Colleges, Associate’s Colleges

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit, Private Institutions: For-Profit

Data retrieved were added together to create the categories plotted as indicated in the text.

FIGURE 2.6

Caption:

Historical CIS bachelor’s degree production at not-for-profit doctoral (Ph.D.granting) institutions, including very-high-research-activity institutions, high-research-activity institutions, and other doctoral institutions, 1987-2017.

IPEDS Data:

CIS bachelor’s degree completions by year and institution type

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Carnegie Classification 2010, Basic (survey-specific): Research Universities-Very High Research Activity, Research Universities-High Research Activity, Doctoral/Research Universities

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Data series for public institutions and private non-profit institutions were combined to provide total number of degrees produced in each category at known nonprofit institutions. Institutions for which for-profit status was unknown were not included.

FIGURE 2.7

Caption:

Historical annual degree production in CIS by level of degree. All institutions are illustrated in the left-hand panel, and not-for-profits only in the right-hand panel. Data are for all institutions that reported to IPEDS.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

IPEDS Data:

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): All

Data series for public institutions and private non-profit institutions were combined to provide total number of degrees produced in each category at known non-profit institutions. Institutions for which for-profit status was unknown were not included. Data for all types of doctorate degree and for all types or certificate, respectively, were combined.

FIGURE 3.2

Caption:

Share of undergraduates participating in CS bachelor’s degree programs at the beginning and end of the undergraduate career. The dotted line indicates the fraction of freshmen at U.S. not-for-profit institutions intending to major in CS from 1971 to 2015, according to the HERI CIRP survey results. The fraction of bachelor’s degree recipients from 1966 to 2015 whose degrees were in CIS and core CS, according to the IPEDS NCES completions data, is included for all institutions prior to 1987 (dashed line), and not-for-profit institutions from 1987 to 2015 (solid line).

IPEDS Data:

CS bachelor’s degree completions at not-for profit institutions were divided by the total number of bachelor’s degree completions at nonprofit institutions for each year.

CIS bachelor’s degree completions

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Core CS bachelor’s degree completions

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Total degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

FIGURE 3.13

Caption:

U.S. degree production for 2015 in several STEM fields, defined using the “detailed” CIPs from IPEDS (here, “Computer Science” corresponds to the entire 11 series of CIPs). The left-hand panel displays total number of degrees for each field, broken down by level of degree. The right-hand panel displays the percentage of the total accounted for by each level of degree for each field. Includes degrees and certificates awarded at all institutions; excluding the for-profits does not have a major impact on the distribution of degree types for a given field.

IPEDS Data:

Total numbers of each degree type in each discipline were divided by the total number of bachelor’s degrees in a given year in that discipline to yield their corresponding share of the total for the discipline.

Degree completions by year and field

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2015

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Electrical Engineering, Physics, Mathematics and Statistics, Computer Science, Biological Sciences, Psychology, Economics

Level of Degree or Other Award: All

CE degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2015

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09 (Computer Engineering)

Level of Degree or Other Award: All

Total degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2015

Level of Degree or Other Award: All

FIGURE 3.15

Caption:

Ph.D. production in CS and related fields; for-profit Ph.D.s have been excluded. Top panel shows the number of Ph.D.s conferred in a given year in CIS (CIP 11.x series, solid black line), core CS (CIPs 11.0101 and 11.0701, short-dashed black line), and IS (CIP 11.0401, long-dashed black line). Bottom panel illustrates the share of these degrees going to temporary U.S. residents (international students).

IPEDS Data:

CIS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Doctorate Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Core CS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Doctorate Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

IS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0401, “Information Science/Studies”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Doctorate Degrees

Institutional Control: Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

FIGURE 4.1

Caption:

The number of computer workers (defined as “Computer Systems Analysts,” “Computer Scientists,” and “Computer Software Developers”) holding bachelor’s degrees (in any field) over time compared to the cumulative number of CIS bachelor’s degrees awarded over time (1994-2015), in millions.

IPEDS Data:

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

The number of CIS bachelor’s degrees were added cumulatively over time to obtain the plotted data.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

FIGURE 4.2

Caption:

Share of computer workers who hold bachelor’s degrees (in any field) between 23 and 29 years of age (solid line), and share of all bachelor’s degrees awarded in CIS (dashed line) each year from 1994 to 2015.

IPEDS Data:

CIS degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Total degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

FIGURE 5.2

Caption:

Percentage of reported CIS bachelor’s degrees conferred to women at for-profit (dotted gray line), not-for-profit (dotted black line), and all (solid black line) institutions.

IPEDS Data:

The number of women completing CIS bachelor’s degrees at not-for-profit institutions (public plus private) and for-profit institutions was divided by the total number of CIS bachelor’s degrees completed for the same institutional control to yield the plotted data.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

CIS bachelor’s degree completions by year for women

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control: All

FIGURE 5.3

Caption:

Share of all reported CIS bachelor’s degrees conferred, by race/ethnicity for all institutions (top panel) and not-for-profit institutions (bottom panel). The curve labeled “URM” is the combined share of the following underrepresented minority groups: black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic or Latino; and American Indian or Alaska Native. “Other/unknown race/ethnicity” includes students of two or more races and students for whom race/ethnicity is unknown. “Temporary resident” corresponds to foreign students, and is exclusive of the other categories, as defined by NCES. Categories displayed add to 100 percent at any point in time.

IPEDS Data:

The number of students identified by race/ethnicity completing CIS bachelor’s degrees at all institutions (left panel), and not-for-profit institutions (public plus private, right-hand panel) was divided by the total number of CIS bachelor’s degrees completed each year to yield the plotted data.

CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): All

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

FIGURE 5.4

Caption:

Share of reported CIS bachelor’s degrees conferred to underrepresented minority groups at all (top panel) and not-for-profit (bottom panel) institutions.

IPEDS Data:

The data plotted were obtained as were those in Figure 5.3; each underrepresented minority group is plotted separately.

FIGURE 5.5

Caption:

Number of CIS bachelor’s degrees reported (solid lines, left vertical axis) from 1990 to 2015 to Hispanic or Latino, non-Hispanic black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and non-Hispanic white students, by “institutional control,” including for-profit status of institution. The total number of CIS bachelor’s degrees produced over time for all races/ethnicities is plotted as a reference (dashed line, right vertical axis).

IPEDS Data:

CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Institutional Control: All

FIGURE 5.6

Caption:

Number of CIS bachelor’s degrees reported (1990-2015) to female (left panel) and underrepresented minority female (right panel) students, by for-profit status of institution. The total number of degrees produced over time for all races/ethnicities is plotted as a reference (dashed line, right vertical axis).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

IPEDS Data:

CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control: All

FIGURE 5.8

Caption:

Reported share of bachelor’s degrees in core CS, CE, and IS at not-for-profit institutions conferred to women between 2009 and 2015.

IPEDS Data:

Bachelor’s degree completions by year

Core CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control(survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

IS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0401, “Information Science/Studies”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control(survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

CE bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09, “Computer Engineering”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

The number of degrees for women was divided by the total number of degrees in each year to obtain the plotted data.

FIGURES 5.9–5.11

Caption (FIGURE 5.9):

Share of bachelor’s degrees in core CS, CE, and IS at not-for-profit institutions reported for black, non-Hispanic students between 2009 and 2015.

Caption (FIGURE 5.10):

Share of bachelor’s degrees in core CS, CE, and IS at not-for-profit institutions reported for American Indian or Alaska Native (non-Hispanic) students between 2009 and 2015.

Caption (FIGURE 5.11):

Share of bachelor’s degrees in core CS, CE, and IS at not-for-profit institutions reported for Hispanic or Latino students between 2009 and 2015.

IPEDS Data for Figures 5.9-5.11:

Core CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0101, “Computer and Information Sciences, General”; 11.0701, “Computer Science”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

IS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Academic Discipline, 6-Digit CIP: 11.0401, “Information Science/Studies”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

CE bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: 2009-2015

Academic Discipline, 4-Digit CIP: 14.09, “Computer Engineering”

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

FIGURE 5.12

Caption:

Share of female (left panel) and male (right panel) undergraduates at U.S. not-for-profit institutions participating in CS bachelor’s degree programs at the beginning and end of the undergraduate career. The dotted lines indicate the fraction of female (left panel) and male (right panel) freshmen intending to major in CS from

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

1970 to 2015, according to the HERI CIRP survey. The solid line indicates the fraction of female (left panel) and male (right panel) bachelor’s degree recipients from 1966 to 2015 whose degree was in CIS, according to the IPEDS NCES completions data for all not-for-profit institutions.

IPEDS Data:

The number of students of each gender completing CS bachelor’s degrees at not-for-profit institutions was divided by the total number of students of the same gender completing bachelor’s degrees in any field at not-for-profit institutions in a given year to yield the plotted data.

CS bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

Bachelor’s degree completions by year

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Gender: All

Institutional Control (survey-specific): Public Institutions, Private Institutions: Nonprofit

FIGURE 5.13

Caption:

Percentage of students in underrepresented groups at U.S. not-for-profit institutions participating in CS bachelor’s degree programs at the beginning and end of the undergraduate career. The dotted lines indicate the fraction of freshmen of the corresponding group intending to major in CS from 1970 to 2015, according to

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

the HERI CIRP survey. The solid line indicates the fraction completing a bachelor’s degree in CIS in the year indicated, according to IPEDS completions data.

IPEDS Data:

The number of students in each underrepresented minority group completing CIS bachelor’s degrees at not-for-profit institutions was divided by the total number of students in the same underrepresented minority group completing bachelor’s degrees in any field at not-for-profit institutions in a given year to yield the plotted data series.

CIS bachelor’s degree completions by year (underrepresented minority)

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey data by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

Bachelor’s degree completions by year (underrepresented minority)

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Level of Degree or Other Award: Bachelor’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

FIGURE 5.18

Caption:

Share of all U.S. CIS associate’s degrees conferred by race/ethnicity. The curve labeled “URM” is the combined share of the following underrepresented minority groups: black, non-Hispanic; Hispanic or Latino; and American Indian or Alaska Native. “Other or unknown race or ethnicity” includes students of two or more races and students for whom race/ethnicity is unknown. “Temporary resident” corresponds to foreign students, and is exclusive of the other categories, as defined by NCES. The sum of all curves is 100 percent in any given year.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×

IPEDS Data:

Total numbers of CIS associate’s degrees for each race/ethnic group were divided by the total number of CIS associate’s degrees in a given year to yield the corresponding share of all CS associate’s degrees.

CIS associate’s degree completions by year (race)

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey by Race

IPEDS Completions Survey by Race: Degrees/Awards Conferred by Race (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Associate’s Degrees

Race & Ethnicity (Historical): All

FIGURE 5.19

Caption:

Share of all U.S. CIS associate’s degrees conferred to women and to underrepresented minority groups.

IPEDS Data:

Total numbers of CS associate’s degrees for women were divided by the total number of associate’s degrees in a given year to yield the corresponding share of all CS associate’s degrees.

CIS associate’s degree completions by year (gender)

Data Source: IPEDS Completions Survey

IPEDS Completions Survey: Degrees/Awards Conferred (NCES Population of Institutions)

Year: All values

Academic Discipline, Detailed (standardized): Computer Science

Level of Degree or Other Award: Associate’s Degrees

Gender: Female

Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page199
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page200
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page202
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page203
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page205
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page209
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page210
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page211
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page212
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
Page213
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: List of WebCASPAR/IPEDS Database Query Parameters Used to Obtain Data in Report Plots." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24926.
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The field of computer science (CS) is currently experiencing a surge in undergraduate degree production and course enrollments, which is straining program resources at many institutions and causing concern among faculty and administrators about how best to respond to the rapidly growing demand. There is also significant interest about what this growth will mean for the future of CS programs, the role of computer science in academic institutions, the field as a whole, and U.S. society more broadly.

Assessing and Responding to the Growth of Computer Science Undergraduate Enrollments seeks to provide a better understanding of the current trends in computing enrollments in the context of past trends. It examines drivers of the current enrollment surge, relationships between the surge and current and potential gains in diversity in the field, and the potential impacts of responses to the increased demand for computing in higher education, and it considers the likely effects of those responses on students, faculty, and institutions. This report provides recommendations for what institutions of higher education, government agencies, and the private sector can do to respond to the surge and plan for a strong and sustainable future for the field of CS in general, the health of the institutions of higher education, and the prosperity of the nation.

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