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The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States (2018)

Chapter:Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
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Appendix A

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

B. Ned Calonge, M.D., M.P.H. (Co-Chair), is president and CEO of The Colorado Trust, a private foundation dedicated to achieving health equity for all Coloradans. Prior to joining the Trust, he served as chief medical officer of the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Dr. Calonge also served as chief of the Department of Preventive Medicine for the Colorado Permanente Medical Group (CPMG) and as a CPMG family physician for 10 years. His current academic appointments include associate professor of family medicine, Department of Family Medicine, University of Colorado Denver (UCD) School of Medicine, and associate professor of epidemiology, UCD Colorado School of Public Health. Nationally, Dr. Calonge is past chair of the United States Preventive Services Task Force and a member of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Task Force on Community Preventive Services, as well as the CDC’s Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection and Control Advisory Committee. He is a past member and chair of the CDC’s Evaluating Genomic Applications for Practice and Prevention Workgroup, and is a consultant for and past member of the Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children in the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration. Dr. Calonge serves on the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice and the Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity in the Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He has been board-certified in both family medicine and preventive medicine, and was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2011. He

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

earned an M.P.H. from the University of Washington and an M.D. from the University of Colorado.

Helene D. Gayle, M.D., M.P.H. (Co-Chair), is president and CEO of the Chicago Community Trust. Before assuming leadership of the Trust in October 2017, she served as CEO of McKinsey Social Initiative, a nonprofit organization that implements programs that bring together varied stakeholders to address complex global social challenges. A member of the National Academy of Medicine, Dr. Gayle was previously president and CEO of CARE USA, a leading international humanitarian organization with approximately 10,000 staff, whose poverty-fighting programs reached more than 97 million people in 87 countries. An expert on global development, humanitarianism, and health issues, she also spent 20 years with the CDC, focused primarily on combating HIV/AIDS. She was appointed as the first director of the National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, and achieved the rank of rear admiral and assistant surgeon general in the U.S. Public Health Service. Dr. Gayle also served as AIDS coordinator and chief of the HIV/AIDS division for the U.S. Agency for International Development. She then directed the HIV, TB and Reproductive Health Program at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, directing programs on HIV/AIDS and other global health issues. She earned her M.D. at the University of Pennsylvania and an M.P.H. at Johns Hopkins University. She is board-certified in pediatrics.

Wendy R. Brewster, M.D., Ph.D., is a professor and gynecologic oncologist in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and an adjunct professor of epidemiology at the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill. She is also director of the UNC Center for Women’s Health Research. Dr. Brewster is a co-investigator for several projects designed to identify populations at risk for disparate treatment and poor outcomes in endometrial, colon, ovarian, and cervical cancers. Her recent work has focused on the paradigm for treatment of gynecologic malignancies where obstacles to treatment exist for high-risk groups in limited-resource areas. Prior to her move to UNC, Dr. Brewster was faculty at the University of California, Irvine. She received her M.D. and completed her residency in obstetrics and gynecology at the University of California, Los Angeles. She completed a fellowship in gynecologic oncology and earned a Ph.D. in environmental analysis and design at the University of California, Irvine. She is board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology and gynecologic oncology.

Lee A. Fleisher, M.D., is currently professor and chair of anesthesiology at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine. His research includes perioperative risk assessment, perioperative quality metrics, and

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

risk adjustment modeling to assess quality of care. He has been involved as a member and chair of professional society guidelines committees and funded by both the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and societies to perform evidence-based reviews. Dr. Fleisher was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 2007. He has been involved in developing performance metrics for both the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the American College of Cardiology. He was chair and is currently a member of the Consensus Standards Advisory Committee and co-chair of the Surgery Standing Committee of the National Quality Forum, and was a member of the Administrative Board of the Council of Faculty and Academic Specialties of the Association of American Medical Colleges. He is also a member of the Medical Advisory Panel of the Technology Evaluation Center of the Blue Cross/Blue Shield Association. He received his M.D. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, from which he received the Distinguished Alumni Award.

Carol J. Rowland Hogue, Ph.D., M.P.H., is professor of epidemiology and Jules and Uldeen Terry professor of maternal and child health (MCH) at the Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University. She is also director of the Women’s and Children’s Center and the Health Resources and Services Administration-sponsored Center of Excellence in MCH Education, Science, and Practice. A former director of the federal CDC’s Division of Reproductive Health (1988–1992) and on faculties in biometry at the University of Arkansas for Medical Science (1977–1982) and the UNC School of Public Health’s Department of Biostatistics (1974–1977), Dr. Hogue initiated many of the current CDC reproductive health programs, including the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System, and the National Infant Mortality Surveillance project, that launched the national- and state-level development and use of linked birth and death records. In addition, she led the first research on maternal morbidities—the precursor to the current safe motherhood initiative—and the initial innovative research on racial disparities in preterm delivery. She has published broadly in maternal health, including studies of long-term complications of induced abortion, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, unintended pregnancy, contraceptive failure, and reproductive cancers. Her current research projects include the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network’s population-based case control study of stillbirth, an implementation fidelity study of elementary school-based health centers, and a CDC-sponsored study of the life-course health of adolescents and adults living with congenital heart defects. Among her many honors, Dr. Hogue served as president of the Society for Epidemiologic Research (1988–1989), served on the Institute of Medicine Committee on Unintended Pregnancy (1993–1995), was chair of the Regional Advisory Panel

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

for the Americas of the World Health Organization’s Human Reproduction Programme (1997–1999), was president of the American College of Epidemiology (2002–2004), was senior fellow of the Emory Center for the Study of Law and Religion (2001–2006), and received the MCH Coalition’s National Effective Practice Award in 2002 and Greg Alexander Award for Advancing Knowledge in 2016. In 2017 she received Emory University’s Thomas Jefferson Award, the highest honor awarded to a faculty member.

Jody Rae Lori, Ph.D., R.N., C.N.M., is an associate professor and associate dean for Global Affairs at the University of Michigan School of Nursing (UMSN). She also serves as director of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Nursing and Midwifery at UMSN. A fellow in the American College of Nurse Midwives and the American Academy of Nursing, Dr. Lori focuses her research on the development and testing of new models of care to address the high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. With diverse funding sources, including the National Institutes of Health-Fogarty, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and private foundations, she currently has research projects in Liberia and Zambia examining the impact of maternity waiting homes as a system-based intervention to increase access to quality intrapartum care for women living in remote, rural areas far from a skilled provider. She recently completed the first study of group antenatal care for low- and nonliterate women in sub-Saharan Africa. She holds a Ph.D. in nursing from the University of Arizona and an M.S. in midwifery from the University of Michigan.

Jeanne Miranda, Ph.D., M.S., is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). She is a mental health services researcher who has focused her work on providing mental health care to low-income and minority communities. Dr. Miranda’s major research contributions have been in evaluating the impact of mental health care for ethnic minority communities. She is currently working with two community partners—TIES for Families and the Center for Adoption Support and Education—to evaluate an intervention her team developed to provide care for families adopting older children from foster care. She is also working to develop appropriate depression interventions for young women in Uganda and evaluating a government microfinance program in Uganda. Dr. Miranda is an investigator in two UCLA centers focused on improving disparities in health care for ethnic minorities. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and a recipient of the Emily Mumford Award for Contributions to Social Medicine from Columbia University. She holds a Ph.D. in clinical psychology

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

from the University of Kansas and completed postdoctoral training at the University of California, San Francisco.

Ruth Murphey Parker, M.D., is professor of medicine at the Emory University School of Medicine. She holds secondary appointments in pediatrics and in epidemiology at the university’s Rollins School of Public Health and is a senior fellow of the Center for Ethics. Her primary research interests and activities are in health services of underserved populations, particularly health literacy. She recently completed a position as chair of the Nonprescription Drug Advisory Committee for the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and has served as an expert in label comprehension for various FDA advisory committees representing issues related to health literacy and patient/consumer understanding of drug information. She is a member of a Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute advisory group and serves on an expert panel for the U.S. Pharmacopeia. Dr. Parker was principal investigator in the Robert Wood Johnson Literacy in Health Study and co-authored the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults, a measurement tool for quantifying patients’ ability to read and understand health information. She chaired the American Medical Association Foundation steering committee for the national program on health literacy and also chaired the American College of Physicians Foundation Patient Literacy Advisory Board. She consults with various federal and state agencies, professional societies, and members of industry regarding their efforts to advance health literacy. She earned her M.D. at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She holds board certification in both internal medicine and pediatrics and is an appointed associate of the National Research Council.

Deborah E. Powell, M.D., is dean emerita of the medical school and professor in the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology at the University of Minnesota. She joined the university in 2002 and led the University of Minnesota Medical School until 2009. She was also assistant vice president for clinical sciences, associate vice president for new models of education, and McKnight presidential leadership chairman at the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. Prior to coming to the University of Minnesota, she served as executive dean and vice chancellor for clinical affairs at the University of Kansas School of Medicine for 5 years. Previously, she served as chairman of the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and as vice chairman and director of diagnostic pathology at the University of Kentucky in Lexington. She is a medical educator and has more than 30 years of experience in academic medicine. Additionally, she has been president of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology and president of the American Board of Pathology. She served as chairman of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

the Council of Deans of the Association of American Medical Colleges and as chair of the Association of American Medical Colleges in 2009–2010. She has served as director of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, Fairview Health System, the University of Minnesota Medical Center, the Association of American Medical Colleges, and Hazelden. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine. Dr. Powell is a board-certified surgical pathologist. She received her medical degree from Tufts University School of Medicine.

Eva K. Pressman, M.D., is Henry A. Thiede Professor and chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) at the University of Rochester. She formerly served as director of maternal fetal medicine (MFM), director of the MFM Fellowship training program, director of reproductive genetics, and director of OB/GYN ultrasound. Before coming to the University of Rochester in 1999, she was an assistant professor at The Johns Hopkins University from 1994 to 1999, where she was also associate director of the OB/GYN Residency Program and director of the Fetal Assessment Center and of the High Risk Obstetrical Clinic. Dr. Pressman is board-certified in OB/GYN and in MFM. Among her current areas of interest are medical complications of pregnancy, including diabetes and psychiatric disorders, and nutrition and metabolism in pregnancy. She received her medical degree at Duke University School of Medicine, where she was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society. Dr. Pressman completed her residency training in OB/GYN as well as a fellowship in MFM at Johns Hopkins University.

Alina Salganicoff, Ph.D., is vice president and director of women’s health policy at the Kaiser Family Foundation. Widely regarded as an expert on women’s health policy, she has written and lectured extensively on health care access and financing for low-income women and their families. Her work focuses on health coverage and access to care for women, with an emphasis on understanding the impact of state and federal policies on underserved women throughout their life span. Dr. Salganicoff was also an associate director of the Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured and worked on the health program staff of The Pew Charitable Trusts. She has served as advisor on women’s health issues to numerous federal agencies, including the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Health Resources and Services Administration, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Women’s Health. She has also served on many state-level and nonprofit advisory committees. Dr. Salganicoff holds a Ph.D. in health policy from The Johns Hopkins University and a B.S. from The Pennsylvania State University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

Paul G. Shekelle, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., is co-director of the Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center at the RAND Corporation. He is a staff physician in internal medicine at the West Los Angeles Veterans Affairs Medical Center and also a professor of medicine at the UCLA School of Medicine. He earned his M.D. from Duke University and his Ph.D. from UCLA.

Susan M. Wolf, J.D., is McKnight Professor of Law, Medicine & Public Policy; Faegre Baker Daniels Professor of Law; and professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota. She is also chair of the university’s Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment & the Life Sciences. Professor Wolf teaches in the areas of health law, law and science, and bioethics. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of The Hastings Center, and a member of the American Law Institute. She has served on a variety of governmental and institutional panels, including the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine’s Ethics Committee, and the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center’s Ethics Committee. Professor Wolf currently serves on the National Academies Committee on Science, Engineering, Medicine, and Public Policy. She is a past chair of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Law, Medicine and Health Care and a past board member of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. She received her J.D. from Yale Law School.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Abortion is a legal medical procedure that has been provided to millions of American women. Since the Institute of Medicine first reviewed the health implications of national legalized abortion in 1975, there has been a plethora of related scientific research, including well-designed randomized clinical trials, systematic reviews, and epidemiological studies examining abortion care. This research has focused on examining the relative safety of abortion methods and the appropriateness of methods for different clinical circumstances. With this growing body of research, earlier abortion methods have been refined, discontinued, and new approaches have been developed.

The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States offers a comprehensive review of the current state of the science related to the provision of safe, high-quality abortion services in the United States. This report considers 8 research questions and presents conclusions, including gaps in research.

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